Why the Translation Process is the Best Evidence in Favor of the Book of Mormon

Many critics argue that the translation of the Book of Mormon as described by many witnesses is evidence that Joseph Smith was a fraud. A good summary of eye-witness testimony of the translation process can be found here. It is generally accepted by critics and apologists that Joseph Smith placed his own seer stone or the Nephite interpreters into a hat, looked inside, and dictated to his scribes what was revealed to him. It is my argument, however, that if it can be proved that Joseph Smith did in fact dictate the entire Book of Mormon in the way described by witnesses, that this is in fact the best evidence of Joseph Smith’s prophetic calling. Below is a list of some of the reasons why I believe this:

  1. The Number of Biblical References

There are hundreds of references to the Bible found in the Book of Mormon (I have counted well over 800 so far). These references include direct quotes, modified quotes, themes, doctrines, symbols, and names. Many of these references are seamlessly interwoven into the narrative with such subtlety as to go unnoticed by most. Joseph Smith would have needed to be familiar with the entire Bible and have memorized a lexicon of hundreds of Biblical phrases to repeat off the top of his head, and possibly review chapters of the Bible the night before translating so that he could memorize a few more to be used the next day. Some examples of Biblical references in the Book of Mormon can be found in my examination of 2 Nephi 9, Jacob 5, and Alma 5. Consistently using such a large number of Biblical references would make the dictation process extremely difficult and it is remarkable that the use of so many references was maintained for over 500 pages.

  1. The Genealogy of Ether

Moroni provides the genealogy of the prophet Ether, which is comprised of 30 names (Ether 1:6-32). This genealogy includes names from the Bible (i.e., Seth, Levi, Ether, Omer) and names modified from the Bible (i.e., Riplakish, Lib, Hearthom). Joseph Smith would have needed to memorize this list of 30 names or at least list them off the top of his head and then be committed to use them for the rest of his narrative in the Book of Ether. He then repeats this genealogy in reverse order over the 30+ pages of the Book of Ether, including the names and storylines of characters not found in the original genealogy. This would have been an arduous process for Joseph to have to repeatedly review the genealogy and dictate the stories of each of these individuals over the course of several days. Click here for a more in-depth analysis of the genealogy of Ether.

  1. Chiasmus

While I do not believe that the existence of chiasmus in the Book of Mormon is definitive proof of its authenticity (critics point out that other contemporary sources have used chiasmus), I do believe that within the context of the translation process it does provide strong evidence for Joseph Smith’s prophetic calling. Alma 36 is the prime example of chiasmus in the Book of Mormon, and a break-down of its structure can be found here. If Joseph had been dictating with his head buried in an empty hat while only stopping every 30 or so words for the scribe to repeat back what he had written, he would have had to memorize at least 15 themes to be repeated in reverse order over 30 verses when Alma is describing his conversion. It is unlikely that the chiasmus in Alma 36 appeared accidentally, and dictating it intentionally without notes would be an incredible feat.

  1. Unique Language of the Book of Mormon Authors

I do not know much about the science behind identifying an author’s written works based on analyzing the frequency of phrases unique to that author. Regardless, there are many phrases that are found exclusively in the writings of specific Book of Mormon authors that are not found in other authors’ writings. For example, the prophet Zenos uses phrases like “turn their hearts aside” and “in the midst of thy congregations,” which are phrases found in the Old Testament but not anywhere else in the Book of Mormon (click here for more examples). Not only are some of these phrases unique to certain prophets, but they are also found across several books (i.e., Jacob using unique phrases in 2 Nephi 9, and then using these phrases again in the Book of Jacob) suggesting Joseph Smith would have been cognizant that people would analyze whether his Book of Mormon characters had unique writing styles and would have intentionally varied their writing style to make sure it would stand up to scrutiny. This is a level of attention to detail that seems unlikely.

  1. The Structure of Jacob 5

Jacob 5 is a chapter in the Book of Mormon that is layered with complexity that suggests it was meticulously planned and not the product of a man who had a general idea of what he wanted to say and then dictated using his natural ability to speak off the top of his head. First, the length of the allegory of the olive tree is an impressive 77 verses. Second, it uses a variety of references to other Biblical doctrines and phrases and some are modified to fit specifically with the imagery of olive trees. Third, the phrasing of the chapter is structured so that over 20 phrases are repeated over the course of the 77 verses, suggesting Joseph would have needed to memorize these phrases to be repeated systematically and then incorporate them to reflect Biblical doctrines using the unique symbol of an olive tree.

  1. Names in the Book of Mormon

There are a few hundred names of people and places in the Book of Mormon. Many of these names are not found in the Bible. Many of these names, however, seem to be modified from certain root words in the Bible. Click here for a list of many of the names found in the Book of Mormon and their Biblical correlates. Joseph would have needed to identify names scattered across the Bible and then come up with creative ways of modifying and combining them (i.e., “Zarahemla” is a composite of “Zarah” and “Imla”). This would have been a complicated process which he would have needed to do while steeped in the translation. In addition, he would have to be familiar with the meaning of some Hebrew names such as “Ram” and “Zif” in order to use them correctly in the Book of Mormon (see references to “Ziff” and “Rameumptom” in the previously mentioned list of Book of Mormon names).

  1. Consistency in Geography

Whoever wrote the Book of Mormon had a clear picture of the locations where the events of the Book of Mormon took place. For instance, Nephi always describes traveling to Jerusalem as “going up to” Jerusalem, suggesting the author knew Jerusalem was on a hill (this is also consistent with the Bible). Another example is that the Nephites live in the land northward, but they always say they “go up” to the land southward, suggesting that author knew visually that the land southward was a higher physical elevation than the land northward. Click here for a closer look at some of the geographical consistencies in the Book of Mormon. Joseph would have needed to memorize the names and locations of Book of Mormon cities as well as the events that occurred in the narrative or at least be able to regularly reference a map while dictating in order to produce the consistency found in the Book of Mormon.

  1. Translating beginning with Mosiah

After Joseph and Martin Harris lost the first 116 pages of the Book of Mormon, there is strong evidence that they picked up the translation process from where they left off in the Book of Mosiah. They continued through the end of the Book of Moroni, and then returned and translated 1 Nephi through Words of Mormon. This would have been difficult because Joseph makes many references to events that happened to characters in the lost portion of the Book of Mormon that are referenced after the Book of Mosiah. The most cited example is Alma quoting Lehi in Alma 36:22 before Lehi’s quote had been written. Joseph would have needed to remember that he had quoted Lehi and then remember to review the manuscript when he dictated 1 Nephi 1:8 so he could create the exact original quote that Alma was citing. Again, this would have been a remarkable example of Joseph’s attention to detail.

Repeated Phrases in Jacob 5

The following is a list of repeated phrases found in Jacob 5. The frequency of these phrases provide more evidence that Jacob 5 is a chapter in the Book of Mormon that is highly structured and meticulously thought-out (most likely requiring multiple drafts), and not the product of a stream of consciousness writing style.

  1. Come, let us go down into the vineyard
  • “And it came to pass that a long time passed away, and the Lord of the vineyard said unto his servant: Come, let us go down into the vineyard, that we may labor in the vineyard” (v. 15)
  • “And it came to pass that a long time had passed away, and the Lord of the vineyard said unto his servant: Come, let us go down into the vineyard, that we may labor again in the vineyard” (v. 29)

2. It grieveth me that I should lose this tree

  • “It grieveth me that I should lose this tree” (v. 7)
  • “It grieveth me that I should lose this tree” (v. 11)
  • “for it grieveth me that I should lose this tree and the fruit thereof (v. 13)
  • “and now it grieveth me that I should lose this tree” (v. 32)
  • “and it grieveth me that I should lose them” (v. 46)
  • “for it grieveth me that I should lose the trees of my vineyard” (v. 51)
  • “For it grieveth me that I should lose the trees of my vineyard (v. 66)

3. Prune it, dig about it, dung it, and nourish it

  • “I will prune it, and dig about it, and nourish it” (v. 4)
  • “And it came to pass that he pruned it, and digged about it, and nourished it” (v. 5)
  • “it should be digged about, and pruned, and nourished” (v. 11)
  • “Let us prune it, and dig about it, and nourish it a little longer” (v. 27)
  • “Nay, I have nourished it, and I have digged about it, and I have pruned it, and I have dunged it” (v. 47)
  • “Wherefore, dig about them, and prune them, and dung them once more” (v. 64)
  • “for the last time have I nourished my vineyard, and pruned it, and dug about it, and dunged it” (v. 76)

4. And a long time passed away…Come, let us go down into the vineyard

  • “And it came to pass that a long time passed away, and the Lord of the vineyard said unto his servant: Come, let us go down into the vineyard, that we may labor in the vineyard” (v. 15)
  • “And it came to pass that a long time had passed away, and the Lord of the vineyard said unto his servant: Come, let us go down into the vineyard, that we may labor again in the vineyard” (v. 29)

5. Lay up fruit against the season unto mine own self

  • “that I may lay up fruit thereof against the season, unto myself” (v. 13)
  • “and the fruit thereof I shall lay up against the season unto mine own self” (v. 18)
  • “that I may lay up the fruit thereof against the season, unto mine own self” (v. 19)
  • “Take of the fruit thereof, and lay it up against the season, that I may preserve it unto mine own self” (v. 20)
  • “lay it up against the season, that I may preserve it unto mine own self” (v. 23)
  • “wherefore, I must lay up fruit against the season, unto mine own self” (v. 29)
  • “and I have laid up unto myself against the season much fruit” (v. 31)
  • “to have laid up fruit thereof against the season, unto mine own self” (v. 46)
  • “for a long time will I lay up of the fruit of my vineyard unto mine own self against the season” (v. 76)

6. Have joy in the fruit of my vineyard

  • “and that I may have joy again in the fruit of my vineyard” (v. 60)
  • “ye shall have joy in the fruit which I shall lay up” (v. 71)
  • “behold ye shall have joy with me because of the fruit of my vineyard” (v. 75)

7. What could I have done more for my vineyard?

  • “What could I have done more for my vineyard?” (v. 41)
  • “But what could I have done more in my vineyard?” (v. 47)
  • “What could I have done more for my vineyard?” (v. 49)

8. Wild branches have overcome the roots

  • “the wild branches have grown and have overrun the roots thereof; and because that the wild branches have overcome the roots thereof” (v. 37)
  • “have not the branches thereof overcome the roots which are good? And because the branches have overcome the roots thereof” (v. 48)

9. Preserve the roots

  • “that perhaps I might preserve the roots thereof that they perish not” (v. 11)
  • “I know that the roots are good, and for mine own purpose I have preserved them” (v. 36)
  • “I may preserve unto myself the roots thereof for mine own purpose” (v. 53)
  • “wherefore, that I may preserve them also for mine own purpose” (v. 54)
  • “and have preserved the roots of their mother tree” (v. 60)

10. Cast into the fire that they not cumber the ground

  • “these which I have plucked off I will cast into the fire and burn them, that they may not cumber the ground of my vineyard” (v. 9)
  • “Let us go to and hew down the trees of the vineyard and cast them into the fire, that they shall not cumber the ground of my vineyard” (v. 49)
  • “and the bad be hewn down and cast into the fire, that they cumber not the ground of my vineyard” (v. 66)

11. Cast into the fire that they may be burned

  • “and we will cast them into the fire that they may be burned” (v. 7)
  • “and cast them into the fire that they should be burned” (v. 47)

12. Lord and servant went down into the vineyard

  • “And it came to pass that the Lord of the vineyard, and also the servant, went down into the vineyard to labor” (v. 16)
  • “And it came to pass that the Lord of the vineyard and the servant went down into the vineyard” (v. 30)

13. This long time have I nourished it and it hath brought forth fruit

  • “this long time have I nourished it, and it hath brought forth much fruit” (v. 20)
  • “I have nourished it this long time, and thou beholdest that it hath brought forth much fruit” (v. 22)
  • “I have nourished it this long time, and it hath brought forth much fruit” (v. 23)
  • “behold that I have nourished it also, and it hath brought forth fruit” (v. 24)
  • “I have nourished it this long time, and only a part of the tree hath brought forth tame fruit” (v. 25)
  • “Behold, this long time have we nourished this tree, and I have laid up unto myself against the season much fruit” (v. 31)

14. Young and tender branches

  • “shoot forth young and tender branches” (v. 4)
  • “it began to put forth somewhat a little, young and tender branches” (v. 6)
  • “I take away many of these young and tender branches” (v. 8)

15. Natural fruit which is most precious

  • “which natural fruit is good and the most precious above all other fruit” (v. 61)
  • “preserved unto himself the natural fruit, which was most precious unto him from the beginning” (v. 74)

16. Prepare the way

  • “that we may prepare the way, that I may bring forth again the natural fruit” (v. 61)
  • “bring forth the natural fruit, then shall ye prepare the way for them, that they may grow” (v. 64)

17. Roots and tops be equal

  • “that the root and the top may be equal in strength” (v. 66)
  • “and they did keep the root and the top thereof equal, according to the strength thereof” (v. 73)

18. This last time we will nourish the vineyard

  • “that all may be nourished once again for the last time” (v. 63)
  • “For behold, this is the last time that I shall nourish my vineyard” (v. 71)
  • “Behold, for this last time have we nourished my vineyard” (v. 75)
  • “and for the last time have I nourished my vineyard” (v. 76)

19. Nethermost part of the vineyard

  • “And these will I place in the nethermost part of my vineyard” (v. 13)
  • “hid the natural branches of the tame olive tree in the nethermost parts of the vineyard” (v. 14)
  • “Come, let us go to the nethermost part of the vineyard” (v. 19)
  • “Let us go down into the nethermost parts of the vineyard” (v. 38)
  • “they wet down into the nethermost parts of the vineyard” (v. 39)
  • “which I have planted in the nethermost parts of my vineyard” (v. 52)

20. Graft them whithersoever I will

  • “and I will graft them whithersoever I will” (v. 8)
  • “And these will I place in the nethermost part of my vineyard whithersoever I will” (v. 13)
  • “the natural branches of the tree which I planted whithersoever I would are yet alive” (v. 54)

21. Hewn down and cast into the fire

  • “the trees of my vineyard are good for nothing save it be to be hewn down and cast into the fire” (v. 42)
  • “and they are of no worth but to be hewn down and cast into the fire” (v. 46)
  • “And it grieveth me that i should hew down all the trees of my vineyard, and cast them into the fire that they should be burned” (v. 47)
  • “Let us go to and hew down the trees of the vineyard and cast them into the fire” (v. 49)
  • “and the bad be hewn down and cast into the fire” (v. 66)

22. Roots have much strength

  • “that the root thereof hath brought forth much strength” (v. 18)
  • “and because of their much strength they have hitherto brought forth, from the wild branches, good fruit” (v. 36)

23. Go to and labor with your might

  • “Wherefore, go to, and call servants, that we may labor diligently with our might in the vineyard” (v. 61)
  • “Wherefore, let us go to and labor with our might this last time” (v. 62)
  • “Go to, and labor in the vineyard, with your might” (v. 71)
  • “And it came to pass that the servants did go and labor with their mights” (v. 72)

A Closer Look at Some Biblical References Found in the Book of Mormon

The following are some Biblical references found in the Book of Mormon that illustrate the complexity of the Book of Mormon and how subtle Biblical references are masterfully woven into the narrative beyond direct quotes.

  1. Captain of fifty = (Isaiah 3:3)/(1 Nephi 3:31)

This quote from 1 Nephi seems to be a reference to a passage in Isaiah, and yet it is significantly modified to become a subtle part of the Book of Mormon narrative.

  • “How is it possible that the Lord will deliver Laban into our hands? Behold, he is a mighty man, and he can command fifty, yea, even he can slay fifty; then why not us?” (1 Nephi 3:31)
  • The mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient, the captain of fifty, and the honourable man, and the counselor, and the cunning artificer, and the eloquent orator” (Isaiah 3:3)

 

  1. Let good and bad grow together = (Jacob 5:65)/(Matt 13:29-30)

The allegory of the olive tree refers to doctrine found in Jesus’ parable of the wheat and the tares by stating that the Lord’s servants should let both good and bad olives to grow together until the last day. Jesus says that they should let the wheat and tares grow together to prevent ripping out the wheat. Jacob 5 says to let wild and tame fruit grow together so that the roots of the olive tree do not overpower the branches and kill the tame fruit.

  • “But he said, Nay; lest while ye gather up the tares, ye root up also the wheat with them. Let both grow together until the harvest: and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them: but gather the wheat into my barn” (Matthew 13:29-30)
  • “And as they begin to grow ye shall clear away the branches which bring forth bitter fruit, according to the strength of the good and the size thereof; and ye shall not clear away the bad all at once, lest the roots thereof should be too strong for the graft, and the graft thereof shall perish, and I lose the trees of my vineyard” (Jacob 5:65)

 

  1. Jacob/the Nephites have I loved; Esau/the Lamanites have I hated = (Romans 9:13)/(Helaman 15:3-4)/(Malachi 1:2-3)

The author of the Book of Mormon uses the Biblical reference of the Lord hating Esau and loving Jacob but changes the subjects to the Nephites and Lamanites.

  • “They have been a chosen people of the Lord; yea, the people of Nephi hath he loved, and also hath he chastened them…But behold my brethren, the Lamanites hath he hated because their deeds have been evil continually” (Helaman 15:3-4)
  • “yet I loved Jacob, and I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste” (Malachi 1:2-3)
  • “As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated” (Romans 9:13)

 

  1. Make it after the pattern shown thee in the mount = (1 Nephi 17:7-8)/(Exodus 25:40)/(Hebrews 8:5)

The Lord tells Nephi to get into the mountain and construct a ship after the manner which was shown to him. This is a reference to Moses who constructed the tabernacle after being shown its construction in the mount.

  • “Arise, and get thee into the mountain…Thou shalt construct a ship, after the manner which I shall show thee” (1 Nephi 17:7-8)
  • “And look that thou make them after the pattern, which was shewed thee in the mount” (Exodus 25:40)
  • “Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount” (Hebrews 8:5)

 

  1. Man/Nations are nothing; less than nothing/dust (Helaman 12:7)/(Isaiah 40:15-17)

The language has been changed significantly but the reference is nonetheless explicit. This is another example where a doctrine is preached that has been significantly modified by the author of the Book of Mormon but is nonetheless a reference to ancient scripture

  • “O how great is the nothingness of the children of men; yea, even they are less than the dust of the earth” (Helaman 12:7)
  • “Behold, the nations are as a drop of a bucket, and are counted as the small dust of the balance…All nations before him are as nothing; and they are counted to him less than nothing, and vanity” (Isaiah 40:15-17)

 

  1. Setting a mark on their foreheads = (Alma 3:13, 18)/(Ezekiel 9:4)

This is another modified reference where the Lord gives a mark to the righteous on their foreheads, but the wicked Amlicites mark themselves on their foreheads to separate themselves from the righteous.

  • “they set the mark upon themselves, yea, even a mark of red upon their foreheads…Now the Amlicites knew not that they were fulfilling the words of God when they began to mark themselves in their foreheads”
  • “Go through the midst of the city, through the midst of Jerusalem, and set a mark upon the foreheads of the men that sigh and that cry for all the abominations that be done in the midst thereof” (Ezekiel 9:4)

 

  1. Not be afraid of tens of thousands = (1 Nephi 4:1)/(Psalm 3:5-6)

David in this Psalm declares that the Lord will protect him and that he will not be afraid of tens of thousands of his enemies. When Laman and Lemuel are fearful because Laban can command fifty men, Nephi subtily references this Psalm by saying that the Lord will protect them from fifty men, and even tens of thousands of men, therefore they should not be afraid.

  • “let us be faithful in keeping the commandments of the Lord; for behold he is mightier than all the earth, then why not mightier than Laban, and his fifty, yea, or even than his tens of thousands” (1 Nephi 4:1)
  • “I laid me down and slept; I awaked; for the Lord sustained me. I will not be afraid of ten thousands of people, that have set themselves against me round about” (Psalm 3:5-6)

 

  1. Oath and a curse = (Nehemiah 5:13/10:29)/(Alma 46:22)

Various examples of prophets making a symbolic oath which will result in death if they do not fulfill it are found throughout the Bible. The people who choose to follow Captain Moroni into battle make a unique oath and curse by ripping their cloaks and casting them at the feet of Moroni

  • “Also I shook my lap, and said, So God shake out every man from his house, and from his labour, that performeth not his promise, even thus be he shaken out, and emptied. And all the congregation said, Amen, and praised the Lord. And the people did according to this promise” (Nehemiah 5:13)
  • “They clave to their brethren, their nobles, and entered into a curse, and into an oath, to walk in God’s law” (Nehemiah 10:29)
  • “Now this was the covenant which they made, and they cast their garments at the feet of Moroni, saying: We covenant with our God, that we shall be destroyed, even as our brethren in the land northward, if we shall fall into transgression; yea, he may cast us at the feet of our enemies, even as we have cast our garments at thy feet to be trodden under foot, if we shall fall into transgression” (Alma 46:22)

 

  1. Curse God and die = (Job 2:9)/(Mormon 2:14)

Job’s wife tells him that he has been cursed by God, so that he might as well curse God and die. Mormon uses similar language to describe the state of his soldiers who cursed God and wished to die but would still fight for their lives.

  • “And they did not come unto Jesus with broken hearts and contrite spirits, but they did curse God, and wish to die. Nevertheless they would struggle with the sword and their lives” (Mormon 2:14)
  • “Then said his wife unto him, Dost thou still retain thine integrity? Curse God, and die” (Job 2:9)

 

  1. Dwelt in tents = (Judges 8:11)/(Jeremiah 35:7)/(1 Nephi 2:15)

A very clear distinction is given to people in the Bible who dwell in tents. Nephi also makes this clear distinction, possibly to show that they were strangers in their own lands and they did not cease being strangers until they arrived to the promised land.

  • “And Gideon went up by the way of them that dwelt in tents on the east of Nobah and Jogbehah, and smote the host” (Judges 8:11)
  • “Neither shall ye build house, nor sow seed, nor plant vineyard, nor have any: but all your days ye shall dwell in tents; that ye may live many days in the land where ye be strangers” (Jeremiah 35:7)
  • “And my father dwelt in a tent” (1 Nephi 2:15)

 

  1. God speaks once, twice, yet men do not perceive it = (Job 33:14)/(3 Nephi 11:3, 6)

This connection may be a bit of a stretch, but it is interesting how Elihu, the friend of Job, tells him that God speaks once or twice and people do not perceive it. The people of Nephi, when Christ first appears to them after his resurrection, twice hear a voice and do not understand it. Only on the third time the voice appears do they understand the words being spoken to them.

  • “For God speaketh once, yea twice, yet man perceiveth it not” (Job 33:14)
  • “they heard a voice as if it came out of haven; and they cast their eyes round about, for they understood not the voice which they heard…And it came to pass that again they heard the voice, and they understood it not….And behold, the third time they did understand the voice which they heard” (3 Nephi 11:3, 6)

 

  1. Great and marvelous are they works = (1 Nephi 1:14)/(Revelation 15:3)

Upon receiving a revelation from the Lord regarding the destruction of Jerusalem, Lehi praises God in a phrase that is similar to Revelation 15:3, which is possibly a reference the “song of Moses” or “song of the Lamb.”

  • “And it came to pass that when my father had read and seen many great and marvelous things, he did exclaim many things unto the Lord; such as: Great and marvelous are they works, O Lord God Almighty!” (1 Nephi 1:14)
  • “And they sing the song of Moses the servant of god, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvelous are thy works, Lord God Almighty” (Revelation 15:3)

 

  1. Great gulf dividing the righteous and the wicked = (1 Nephi 12:18)/(Luke 16:26)

Nephi and Lehi’s visions of the tree of life are full of symbolism found within the Bible. One such example is the great gulf dividing the righteous and the wicked.

  • “And beside all this, between us and you there is a great gulf fixed: so that they which would pass from hence to you cannot; neither can they pass to us, that would come from thence” (Luke 16:26)
  • “And the large and spacious building, which my father saw, is vain imaginations and the pride of the children of men. And a great and terrible gulf divideth them; yea, even the word of the justice of the Eternal God” (1 Nephi 12:18)

 

  1. Loftiness of man = (Isaiah 2:17)/(Jacob 5:48)

On several occasions the prophets in the Bible refer to those who are proud as being “lofty” and that they must be brought down in humility. Zenos’ allegory of the Olive Tree notes that the fruit in the vineyard is becoming corrupted because the branches are too lofty and must be cut down.

  • “And it came to pass that the servant said unto his master: Is it not the loftiness of thy vineyard—have not the branches therefore overcome the roots which are good? And because the branches have overcome the roots thereof, behold they grew faster than the strength of the roots, taking strength unto themselves” (Jacob 5:48)
  • “And the loftiness of man shall be bowed down, and the haughtiness of men shall be made low: and the Lord alone shall be exalted in that day” (Isaiah 2:17)

 

  1. A righteous branch = (Jeremiah 23:5)/(Genesis 49:22)/(2 Nephi 3:5/9:53)

Prophets have referred to Jesus Christ as a righteous branch coming forth from the family line of King David. Joseph, the son of Jacob/Israel, gives a prophecy cited in the brass plates in the Book of Mormon, stating that a righteous branch will be raised among his own seed, which is not Jesus Christ, but instead the Nephites on the American continent. In Genesis, Joseph is referred to as a fruitful bough.

  • “Wherefore, Joseph truly saw our day. And he obtained a promise of the Lord, that out of the fruit of his loins the Lord God would raise up a righteous branch unto the house of Israel; not the Messiah, but a branch which was to be broken off, nevertheless, to be remembered in the covenants of the Lord…” (2 Nephi 3:5)
  • “Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper” (Jeremiah 23:5)
  • Joseph is a fruitful bough, even a fruitful bough by a well; whose branches run over the wall” (Genesis 49:22)

 

  1. Rod of Iron = (1 Nephi 11:25)/(Revelation 7:17/19:13, 15)

Nephi sees a vision of a rod of iron leading to the tree of life. He is told that the rod of iron represents the word of God. The Apostle John sees a vision of the Lamb of God leading his followers to the tree of life. The symbolism is very accurate since Jesus is also referred to by John as “the Word of God.”

  • “And it came to pass that I beheld that the rod of iron, which my father had seen, was the word of God, which led to the fountain of living waters, or to the tree of life, which waters are a representation of the love of God; and I also beheld that the tree of life was a representation of the love of God” (1 Nephi 11:25)
  • For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters…” (Revelation 7:17)
  • “and his name is called The Word of God…and he shall rule them with a rod of iron” (Revelation 19:13, 15)

 

  1. They have become like a rock/flint = (2 Nephi 5:21)/(Jeremiah 5:3)/(Ezekiel 3:9)

The Bible refers to people becoming hardened or having their faces becoming hard like a rock or flint. In the Book of Mormon, this symbolism in the Bible is expanded to include the color of flint, serving as an outward curse against the Lamanites to symbolize how they hardened their hearts against the Lord.

  • “And he had caused the cursing to come upon them…they had become like unto a flint…the Lord God did cause a skin of blackness to come upon them” (2 Nephi 5:21)
  • “As an adamant harder than flint have I made my forehead” (Ezekiel 3:9)
  • “they have made their faces harder than a rock; they have refused to return” (Jeremiah 5:3)

 

  1. A tree/well springing up unto everlasting life  = (John 4:14)/(Alma 32:41)/(1 Nephi 11:25)

Nephi uses the “fountain of living waters” and the “tree of life” interchangeably. Surprisingly, this synonymous relationship is subtly referenced when Alma teaches that gaining a testimony is like planting and nourishing a seed until it becomes a tree “springing up unto everlasting life.” Alma words are similar to those of Jesus when he spoke with the Samaritan woman at Jacob’s well, referring to himself as a well of living waters.

  • “And it came to pass that I beheld that the rod of iron, which my father had seen, was the word of God, which led to the fountain of living waters, or to the tree of life, which waters are a representation of the love of God; and I also beheld that the tree of life was a representation of the love of God” (1 Nephi 11:25)
  • “But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up unto everlasting life” (John 4:14)
  • “But if ye will nourish the word, yea, nourish the tree as it beginneth to grow, by your faith with great diligence, and with patients, looking forward to the fruit thereof, it shall take root; and behold it shall be a tree springing up unto everlasting life” (Alma 32:41)

 

  1. Describing women as tender and delicate = (Isaiah 47:1)/(Jacob 2:7)

The author of the Book of Mormon makes sure to use obscure adjectives found in Isaiah, describing women as “tender and delicate” in Jacob’s discourse to his people.

  • “O daughter of the Chaldeans: for thou shalt no more be called tender and delicate” (Isaiah 47:1)
  • “your wives and your children, many of whose feelings are exceedingly tender and chaste and delicate before God, which thing is pleasing unto God” (Jacob 2:7)

 

  1. Using “Wisdom” as a feminine noun = (Luke 7:35)/(Mosiah 8:20)

This one is pretty self-explanatory. The Book of Mormon refers to gendered nouns on a few occasions (Alma 42:24) but it is interesting to me that wisdom is consistently a feminine noun in both the Bible and the Book of Mormon

  • “for they will not seek wisdom, neither do they desire that she should rule over them!” (Mosiah 8:20)
  • “But wisdom is justified of all her children” (Luke 7:35)

 

Comparing Names in the Book of Mormon and the Bible

Much has been said about the origin of the unique names found in the Book of Mormon (BOM). Mormon apologists identify ancient correlates to these names that are not found in the Bible and suggest it is evidence of the BOM’s authenticity (see https://www.fairmormon.org/answers/Book_of_Mormon/Names), while critics argue that Joseph Smith simply stole names from the Bible and made a few minor changes to make them sound unique. For me, either argument isn’t particularly important. It could be argued that Joseph simply borrowed names from the Bible and changed them, but the fact that the names in the BOM are similar to other Semitic names is exactly what you would expect from an ancient record written by a people whose entire civilization is built upon the words contained in the brass plates. It would be easier to prove Joseph’s fraud if the names found in the BOM had no Semitic roots whatsoever.

I argue that it would have been easier for Joseph to either copy all names from the Bible or to make them up off the top of his head than to create some of the very creative names in the BOM which utilize various roots of other Biblical names. The following are some examples of BOM names and their Biblical correlates, based on my perusal of the Old and New Testaments. This is not intended to be a thorough review of all names found in the scriptures:

  1. Aaron (Mosiah 27:34)/(1 Chronicles 20:1)
  2. Abish (Alma 19:16)
    • Abishai (2 Samuel 19:21)
    • Achish (1 Samuel 29:2)
  3. Abinadi (Mosiah 12:1)
    • Abinadab (2 Samuel 6:3)
  4. Abinadom (Omni 1:10)
    • Abinadab (2 Samuel 6:3)
  5. Agosh (Ether 14:15)
    • Abishai (2 Samuel 19:21)
    • Goshen (Joshua 10:41)
  6. Ahah (Ether 1:9)
    • Ahi (1 Chronicles 7:34)
    • Aharah (1 Chronicles 8:1)
    • Ahava (Ezra 8:21)
    • Ahiah (1 Samuel 14:3)
  7. Akish (Ether 8:17)
    • Achish (1 Samuel 29:2)
    • Kish (1 Samuel 14:51)
  8. Alma (Alma 1:2)
    • Almon (Joshua 21:18)
  9. Amaleki (Omni 1:12)
    • Amalek (Exodus 17:8)
  10. Amalickiah (Alma 46:3)
    • Amalek (Exodus 17:8)
    • Zedekiah (Jeremiah 21:1)
  11. Amaron (Omni 1:3) / Ammaron (4 Nephi 1:49)
    • Amariah (Nehemiah 10:3)
    • Ammah (2 Samuel 2:24)
    • Beth-horon (Joshua 16:3)
  12. Amgid (Ether 10:32)
    • Amnon (2 Samuel 3:2)
    • Giddalti (1 Chronicles 25:29)
    • Gideon (Judges 7:1)
  13. Aminadab (Helaman 5:39)/(Numbers 7:12)
  14. Ammon (Mosiah 7:6)/(Joshua 13:25)
  15. Ammonihah (Alma 8:7)
    • Ammon (Joshua 13:25)
    • Ahiah (1 Samuel 14:3)
  16. Ammoron (Alma 52:3)
    • Ammon (Joshua 13:25)
    • Beth-horon (Joshua 16:3)
  17. Amnigaddah (Ether 1:15)
    • Amnon (2 Samuel 3:2)
    • Gad (2 Samuel 24:5)
    • Ammihud (1 Chronicles 7:26)
  18. Amnihu (Alma 2:15)
    • Ammihud (1 Chronicles 7:26)
    • Abihu (Exodus 24:1)
    • Amnon (2 Samuel 3:2)
  19. Amnor (Alma 11:6)
    • Amnon (2 Samuel 3:2)
    • Amorites (Exodus 3:17)
  20. Amos (4 Nephi 1:19)/(Amos 1:1)
  21. Amulek (Alma 10:2)
    • Amalek (Exodus 17:8)
  22. Amulon (Mosiah 23:31)
    • Ammon (Joshua 13:25)
    • Helon (Numbers 7:24)
  23. Antiparah (Alma 56:14)
    • Antioch (Acts 6:5)
    • Paran (Numbers 10:12)
  24. Archeantus (Moroni 9:2)
    • Archite (2 Samuel 17:14)
    • Leviticus (Leviticus 1:1)
  25. Boaz (Mormon 4:20)/(Ruth 4:13)
  26. Cezoram (Helaman 5:1)
    • Jehoram (2 Chroinicles 21:4)
    • Zorah (Judges 18:11)
  27. Chemish (Omni 1:9)
    • Carchemish (2 Chronicles 35:20)
  28. Cohor (Ether 7:20)
    • Kohath (1 Chronicles 23:6)
    • Hor (Numbers 20:22)
    • Nahor (Genesis 11:22)
  29. Com (Ether 1:13)
    • Milcom (2 Kings 23:13)
    • Coz (1 Chronicles 4:8)
  30. Corihor (Ether 7:3)
    1. Korah (Genesis 36:5)
    2. Hor (Numbers 20:22)
    3. Sihor (Jeremiah 2:18)
  31. Corom (Ether 1:20)
    • Horam (Joshua 10:33)
    • Beth-horon (Joshua 16:3)
  32. Cumeni (Alma 56:14)
    • Cuth (2 Kings 17:30)
    • Temeni (1 Chronicles 4:6)
  33. Cumorah (Mormon 6:2)
    • Gomorrah (Zephaniah 2:9)
    • Cuth (2 Kings 17:30)
    • Cushi (Zephaniah 1:1)
    • Cushan (Habukkuk 3:7)
    • Moriah (2 Chronicles 3:1)
  34. Emron (Moroni 9:2)
    • Shimron (Joshua 11:1)
  35. Etham (Ether 1:8)
    • Ethem (Numbers 33:6)
  36. Ezias (Helaman 8:20)
    • Ezion-Geber (1 Kings 22:48)
    • Esaias (Romans 10:16)
  37. Ezrom (Alma 11:6)
    • Ezra (Ezra 7:1)
    • Hezron (Genesis 46:9)
  38. Gad (3 Nephi 9:10)/(Joshua 13:24)
  39. Gadiandi (3 Nephi 9:8)
    • Gad (Joshua 22:9)
    • Gideon (Judges 7:1)
    • Giddalti (1 Chronicles 25:29)
  40. Gadianton (4 Nephi 1:42)
    • Gad (Joshua 22:9)
    • Gideon (Judges 7:1)
    • Eshton (1 Chronicles 4:12)
  41. Gadiomnah (3 Nephi 9:8)
    • Gad (Joshua 22:9)
    • Gideon (Judges 7:1)
    • Dimnah (Joshua 21:35)
  42. Gazelem (Alma 37:23)
    • Gazez (1 Chronicles 2:46)
    • Jerusalem (Matthew 2:1)
    • Gerizim (Judges 9:7)
  43. Gidgiddoni (3 Nephi 3:20) / Gidgiddonah (Mormon 6:13)
    • Iddo (2 Chronicles 13:22)
    • Hachmoni (1 Chronicles 27:32)
    • Megiddo (1 Kings 9:15)
    • Gideon (Judges 7:1)
    • Gudgodah (Deuteronomy 10:7)
  44. Giddianhi (3 Nephi 3:12)
    • Giddalti (1 Chronicles 25:29)
    • Gideon (Judges 7:1)
  45. Gilgah (Ether 6:14)
    • Bilgah (1 Chronicles 24:14)
    • Gilgal (1 Samuel 13:4)
  46. Gilgal (3 Nephi 9:7)/(Deuteronomy 11:30)
  47. Hagoth (Alma 63:5)
    • Havoth (Numbers 32:41)
    • Haggith (1 Kings 1:11)
  48. Hearthom (Ether 10:30)
    • Hotham (1 Chronicles 7:32)
  49. Helam (Mosiah 18:12)/(2 Samuel 10:16)
  50. Helaman (Alma 36:3)
    • Heman (1 Chronicles 2:6)
    • Helam (2 Samuel 10:16)
  51. Hermounts (Alma 2:37)
    • Mount Hermon (Psalm 133:3)/(Deuteronomy 3:8)
  52. Heshlon (Ether 13:28)
    • Heshbon (Deuteronomy 3:6)
    • Helon (Numbers 7:24)
  53. Himni (Alma 23:1)
    • Hinnom (Joshua 17:2)
    • Temeni (1 Chronicles 4:6)
    • Timnah (Joshua 15:57)
  54. Jacobugath (3 Nephi 9:9) (I find this one funny because some critics point to city names in the region where Joseph grew up such as “Jacobsburg” as evidence that the Book of Mormon was made up based on his personal experience. Jacobugath’s connection to the Bible, however, is much more compelling than believing Joseph based the name “Jacobugath” on the name “Jacobsburg”)
    • Jacob (Genesis 25:26)
    • Gath (2 Chronicles 11:8)
    • Jotbath (Deuteronomy 10:7)
  55. Jacom (Ether 6:14)
    • Jacob (Genesis 25:26)
    • Milcom (2 Kings 23:13)
  56. Jared (Ether 1:32)/(Genesis 5:15)
  57. Jashon (Mormon 2:16)
    • Jashen (2 Samuel 23:32)
    • Jasher (Joshua 10:13)
  58. Jershon (Alma 27:22) (My Speculation: It is interesting to me that Gershom is the name given to Moses’ son because he said “I have been a stranger in a strange land.” The Anti-Nephi-Lehis were also strangers when they were forced out of their own lands and came as refugees to inherit the land given to them by the Nephites, which was called Jershon)
    • Gershom (Exodus 2:22)
    • Gershon (1 Chronicles 6:1)
  59. Jordan (1 Nephi 10:9)/(Joshua 4:16)
  60. Judah (1 Nephi 1:4)/(2 Chronicles 25:10)
  61. Kib (Ether 7:3)
    • Kibzaim (Joshua 21:22)
    • Kibroth-hataavah (Numbers 3:16)
  62. Kishkumen (Helaman 2:3)
    • Kish (1 Samuel 14:51)
    • Temeni (1 Chronicles 4:6) (See “Cumeni”)
  63. Korihor (Alma 30:12)
    • Korah (Genesis 36:5)
    • Shihor (1 Chronicles 13:5)
    • Nahor (Genesis 11:22)
  64. Laban (1 Nephi 3:3)/(Genesis 24:29)
  65. Lachoneus (3 Nephi 6:6)
    • Lachish (Joshua 10:3)
  66. Lamoni (Alma 19:33)
    • Lamech (Genesis 5:28)
    • Hachmoni (1 Chronicles 27:32)
  67. Leah (Alma 11:17)/(Genesis 29:24)
  68. Levi (Ether 1:20)/(Genesis 46:11)
  69. Lib (Ether 1:18)
    • Libni (1 Chronicles 6:17)
    • Libnah (Joshua 15:42)
  70. Limhi (Mosiah 7:9)
    • Libni (1 Chronicles 6:17)
  71. Limnah (Alma 11:10)
    • Libnah (Joshua 15:42)
    • Dimnah (Joshua 21:35)
  72. Luram (Moroni 9:2)
    • Ludim (Genesis 10:13)
  73. Mahah (Ether 6:14)
    • Mahath (1 Chronicles 6:35)
    • Mahazioth (1 Chronicles 25:4)
    • Mahalaleel (Genesis 5:12)
  74. Mathonihah (3 Nephi 19:4)
    • Mattaniah (1 Chronicles 9:15)
    • Matthias (Acts 1:23)
  75. Melek (Alma 8:3)
    • Melech (1 Chronicles 8:35)
    • Helek (Joshua 17:2)
  76. Middoni (Alma 22:1)
    • Middin (Joshua 15:61)
    • Iddo (2 Chronicles 13:22)
    • Hachmoni (1 Chronicles 27:32)
  77. Minon (Alma 2:24)
    • Pinon (Genesis 36:41)
  78. Mocum (3 Nephi 9:7)
    • Milcom (2 Kings 23:13)
    • Memucan (Esther 1:16)
  79. Morianton (Alma 59:5) / Moriancumer (Ether 2:13) (Morianton is another name critics like to point to, claiming it sounds similar to a place in the region where Joseph lived called Moravian Town. Once again, the Biblical connection seems much more plausible
    • Moriah (2 Chronicles 3:1)
    • Eshton (1 Chronicles 4:12)
  80. Moron (Ether 11:14)
    • Beth-horon (Joshua 16:3)
    • Merom (Joshua 11:5)
    • Shimron-meron (Joshua 12:20)
  81. Moroni (3 Nephi 8:9)
    • Moriah (2 Chronicles 3:1)
    • Hachmoni (1 Chronicles 27:32)
    • Beth-horon (Joshua 16:3)
    • Shiloni (Nehemiah 11:5)
    • Gideoni (Numbers 10:24)
  82. Mosiah (Omni 1:18)
    • Josiah (2 Chronicles 34:1)
  83. Neas (Mosiah 9:9)
    • Neah (Joshua 19:13)
  84. Nehor (Alma 1:15) / Nahom (1 Nephi 16:34)
    • Nahor (Genesis 11:22)
  85. Nimrah (Ether 9:8)/(Numbers 32:3)
  86. Nimrod (Ether 2:1)/(Genesis 10:8)
  87. Ogath (Ether 15:10)
    • Oboth (Numbers 33:43)
    • Gath (1 Chronicles 7:21)
  88. Omer (Ether 1:30)/(Exodus 16:36)
  89. Omner (Mosiah 27:34)
    • Omer (Exodus 16:32)
  90. Omni (Omni 1:1)
    • Omri (2 Chronicles 22:2)
  91. Paanchi (Helaman 1:3)
    • Maachah (1 Chronicles 9:35)
    • Malchi-shua (1 Chronicles 9:39)
    • Paran (Numbers 10:12)
  92. Pacumeni (Helaman 1:3)
    • Paran (Numbers 10:12)
    • Temeni (1 Chronicles 4:6)
  93. Pagag (Ether 6:25)
    • Agag (1 Samuel 15:32)
    • Magog (1 Chronicles 1:5)
    • Paran (Numbers 10:12)
  94. Pahoran (Alma 60:1)
    • Paran (Numbers 10:12)
    • Nahor (Genesis 11:22)
  95. Rabbanah (Alma 18:13) (This word means “great king,” while Rabboni means “Master.” If these words are linguistically similar, it would have been impressive for Joseph to include such an intricate detail of including a Biblical word which refers to someone of authority and modify it to be unique to the BOM. This connection is identified in the footnotes of Alma 18:13) 
    • Rabboni (John 20:16)
    • Rabbah (1 Chronicles 20:1)
  96. Rameumptom (Alma 31:21) [abarim-publications.com states the following about the name “Ram:” “The name Ram comes from the verb רום (rum), meaning to be high.” The name Rameumptom is the name given to a stand which is described as “high above the head” (Alma 31:13). See also https://onoma.lib.byu.edu/index.php/RAMEUMPTOM for a deeper analysis)
    • Ram (1 Chronicles 2:9)
  97. Riplah (Alma 43:35)
    • Riblah (Numbers 34:11)
  98. Riplakish (Ether 1:23) (Once again, critics point to Riplakish and Ripliancum (Ether 15:8) as being similar to a place near Joseph called Ripple Lake. The Biblical basis of the name is much more plausible
    • Riblah (Numbers 34:11)
    • Kish (1 Samuel 14:51)
  99. Sam (1 Nephi 2:5)
    1. Samson (Judges 15:16)
    2. Samuel (1 Samuel 4:1)
    3. Samlah (1 Chronicles 1:47)
  100. Sariah (1 Nephi 5:1)
    • Seraiah (Nehemiah 10:2)
  101. Senum (Alma 11:3)
    • Senuah (Nehemiah 11:9)
    • Shunem (Joshua 19:18)
  102. Seth (Ether 1:10)/(Genesis 4:25)
  103. Shazer (1 Nephi 16:13)
    • Jazer (Numbers 32:1)
    • Shamer (1 Chronicles 6:46)
  104. Shelem (Ether 3:1)
    • Helem (1 Chronicles 7:35)
    • Shelah (Genesis 46:12)
    • Shechem (Judges 21:19)
  105. Shem (Mormon 2:20)/(Genesis 9:18)
  106. Shemlon (Mosiah 10:7)
    • Shem (Genesis 9:18)
    • Helon (Numbers 7:24)
  107. Shemnon (3 Nephi 19:4)
    • Shem (Genesis 9:18)
    • Amnon (1 Chronicles 3:1)
  108. Sherem (Jacob 7:1)
    • Sherebiah (Nehemiah 10:12)
    • Sheresh (1 Chronicles 7:16)
    • Shechem (Judges 21:19)
  109. Sherrizah (Moroni 9:7)
    • Sheresh (1 Chronicles 7:16)
    • Mizzah (Genesis 36:13)
  110. Sheum (Mosiah 9:9)
    • Shunem (Joshua 19:18)
  111. Shez (Ether 1:25)
    • Shem (1 Chronicles 1:4)
  112. Shilom (Mosiah 9:6)
    • Shiloh (Judges 21:12)
    • Shillem (Genesis 46:24)
  113. Shim (Mormon 1:3)
    • Shimeath (2 Chronicles 24:26)
    • Shimi (Exodus 6:17)
    • Shimrith (2 Chronicles 24:26)
  114. Shiz (Ether 14:17)
    • Shiza (1 Chronicles 11:42)
  115. Sidom (Alma 15:1)
    • Sodom (Genesis 19:24)
    • Sidon (Genesis 10:15)
  116. Sidon (Alma 2:15)/(Genesis 10:15)
  117. Siron (Alma 39:3)
    • Sihon (Joshua 9:10)
    • Sirah (2 Samuel 3:26)
    • Sirion (Deuteronomy 3:9)
  118. Teomner (Alma 58:16)
    • Temeni (1 Chronicles 4:6)
    • Omer (Exodus 16:32)
  119. Tubaloth (Helaman 1:16)
    • Tubal (1 Chronicles 1:5)
    • Geliloth (Joshua 18:17)
    • Mikloth (1 Chronicles 9:37)
  120. Zarahemla (Omni 1:14)
    • Zerah (1 Chronicles 4:24)
    • Imla (2 Chronicles 18:8)
  121. Zeezrom (Alma 10:31)
    • Zeeb (Judges 7:25)
    • Hezron (Genesis 46:9)
    • See “Ezrom”
  122. Zemnarihah (3 Nephi 4:17)
    • Zemaraim (Joshua 18:22)
    • Ahiah (1 Samuel 14:3)
  123. Zenock (Alma 33:15)
    • Zadok (Ezekiel 44:15)
    • Enoch (Genesis 5:19)
  124. Zenos (Jacob 5:1)
    • Enos (Genesis 5:7)
  125. Zenephi (Moroni 9:16)
    • Zepheniah (Zepheniah 1:1)
  126. Zerahemnah (Alma 43:5)
    • Zerah (1 Chronicles 1:44)
    • Imnah (1 Chronicles 7:30)
  127. Zeram (Alma 2:22)
    • Zerah (1 Chronicles 1:44)
  128. Zerin (Ether 12:30)
    • Zeri (1 Chronicles 23:10)
  129. Ziff (Mosiah 11:3) = (What is interesting about this word is that it is an unknown substance that is part of a list of valuable metals such as gold, silver, and copper, that were taxed by King Noah. Alma says that metal plates upon which historical records were written must “retain their brightness” (Alma 37:5). The Biblical correlate “Zif” means “brightness” (biblehub.com). This connection is mentioned int the Topical Guide of the Book of Mormon)
    • Ziph (Joshua 15:24)
    • Zif (1 Kings 6:1)
  130. Zoram (1 Nephi 4:35)
    • Zorah (Judges 13:25)
    • Joram (1 Chronicles 26:25)
    • Horam (Joshua 10:33)

Internal Consistency in the Book of Mormon: The Tree of Life and the Fountain of Living Waters

In the Book of Mormon, the prophet Lehi is shown a vision where he sees people holding to a rod of iron while trying to reach the tree of life (1 Nephi 8). Lehi’s son, Nephi, desires to see his father’s vision, and while pondering what he heard he is shown the same vision and an interpretation of its symbolism (1 Nephi 11-14).

Nephi is shown the tree of life and describes the following:

  • And I looked and beheld a tree; and it was like unto the tree which my father had seen; and the beauty thereof was far beyond, yea, exceeding of all beauty” (1 Nephi 11:8)

Nephi sees a vision of Mary giving birth to Jesus Christ, and then the angel who is guiding Nephi in the vision asks if he knows the meaning of the tree:

  • Knowest thou the meaning of the tree which thy father saw?” (1 Nephi 11:21)
  • And I answered him, saying: Yea, it is the love of God, which sheddeth itself abroad in the hearts of the children of men” (1 Nephi 11:22)

For some reason, however, a few verses later he refers to the tree of life as “the fountain of living waters”:

  • I beheld that the rod of iron, which my father had seen, was the word of God, which led to the fountain of living waters, or to the tree of life; which waters are a representation of the love of God; and I also beheld that the tree of life was a representation of the love of God” (1 Nephi 11:25)

This reference to the “fountain of living waters” seems to come out of nowhere since it is not mentioned explicitly in the description of the vision. While I do not know the significance of using the symbols of the fountain of living waters and the tree of life interchangeably, what is most interesting to me is that this casually alluded to relationship may also be found hundreds of pages later in Alma 32.

Alma explains to the Zoramites that if they exercise faith and experiment upon his words, their faith in the gospel can grow into knowledge which will become a tree of life from which fruit they will be able to partake.

Alma states:

  • And thus, if ye will not nourish the word, looking forward with an eye of faith to the fruit thereof, ye can never pluck of the fruit of the tree of life. But if ye will nourish the word, yea, nourish the tree as it beginneth to grow, by your faith with great diligence, and with patience, looking forward to the fruit thereof, it shall take root; and behold it shall be a tree springing up unto everlasting life” (Alma 32:40-41)

Here, there is no mention of the fountain of living waters. However, the phrase “a tree springing up unto everlasting life” is strikingly similar to a phrase used by Jesus Christ when talking with the Samaritan woman at Jacob’s well and he tells her that he can give her living waters, from which if she drinks she will never thirst again:

  • But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life” (John 4:14)

Alma, making no overt reference comparing the tree of life to the fountain of living waters, uses the same phrase to describe the “tree of life” as the Savior does in describing “living waters.” While this connection between Nephi, Alma, and Jesus Christ may have occurred by chance, I believe it is nonetheless an extremely small chance that Joseph Smith arbitrarily used the Savior’s words for Alma’s discourse on faith to support Nephi’s comparison of the fountain of living waters and the tree of life.

To me, it is rather incredible that this synonymous relationship between the tree of life and the fountain of living waters, described almost in passing in 1 Nephi 11, is also found hundreds of pages away in Alma 32. For me, this is one more piece of a larger body of evidence confirming the Book of Mormon is the word of God.

A list of motifs, symbols, and phrases: Comparing the Bible and Book of Mormon

The following list was compiled by the author and identifies various similarities between the Bible and the Book of Mormon in idiomatic expressions, doctrines, and symbolism. Each item shows at least two scriptures (one from the Bible; one from the Book of Mormon) that are comparable in one of the ways mentioned previously. The list is large and can easily be expanded to include hundreds more. The point of this list is to show the reader just how expansive the Book of Mormon is in accounting for symbols and phrases found throughout the Bible. Including so many individual examples of direct references to the Bible would have required incredible skill and knowledge of both Old and New Testaments. In addition, the harmonious synthesis of so many motifs into single chapters of the Book of Mormon suggest the author(s) had an in-depth understanding of the Bible, rather than simply flipping to random pages of the Bible for source material.

  1. Abominable church; and I saw the devil that he was the founder of it = (1 Nephi 13:6)/(Revelation 2:9/3:9)
  2. Above all nations = (1 Nephi 13:30)/(Deuteronomy 14:2)
  3. An abomination to God = (Deuteronomy 17:1)/(Alma 39:5)
  4. Anguish of spirit/soul = (2 Nephi 26:7)/(Exodus 6:9)
  5. Abraham rejoiced to see Christ’s day = (John 8:56)/(Helaman 8:17)
  6. According to his will and pleasure = (Jacob 5:14)/(Ephesians 1:5)
  7. According to the foreknowledge of God = (Alma 13:3)/(1 Peter 1:2)
  8. Afraid to look upon God = (Exodus 3:6)/(Ether 3:6)
  9. All in all = (Ephesians 1:23)/(Moroni 10:8)
  10. All things common = (Acts 2:44)/(4 Nephi 1:3)
  11. Alpha and Omega = (3 Nephi 9:18)/(Revelation 22:13)
  12. Altar of stones = (Deuteronomy 27:5)/(1 Nephi 2:7)
  13. An angel fell from heaven = (2 Nephi 9:8)/(Isaiah 14:12)
  14. Anchor of the soul = (Hebrews 6:19)/(Ether 12:4)
  15. Angel of the Lord = (Acts 5:19)/(Mosiah 27:11)
  16. Anti-Christ = (1 John 2:18)/(Alma 30:6)
  17. Apostles of the Lamb = (1 Nephi 11:34)/(Revelation 21:14)
  18. Apply your heart to understanding; be wise = (Mosiah 12:27)/(Proverbs 2:2)
  19. Appointed unto man to die = (Hebrews 9:27)/(Alma 12:27)
  20. Arise/Shake thyself from the dust = (Isaiah 52:2)/(Moroni 10:31)
  21. Armor of righteousness = (2 Nephi 1:23/Isaiah 59:17/Ephesians 6:14/ II Corinthians 6:7)
  22. Arose and ministered to them = (Matthew 8:15)/(Alma 22:23)
  23. As I live = (Numbers 14:21)/(1 Nephi 3:15)
  24. As the flower of the grass shall pass away = (James 1:10)/(Mosiah 12:12)
  25. As the Lord liveth = (1 Nephi 3:15)/(Jeremiah 38:16)
  26. As ye do unto me, so shall it be done unto you = (Ezekiel 12:11)/(Mosiah 17:15)
  27. Ascended into heaven = (John 3:13)/(Alma 40:20)/(3 Nephi 26:15)
  28. Ashamed of Christ = (Romans 1:16)/(Alma 46:21)
  29. Ask and ye shall receive = (3 Nephi 27:29)/(Luke 11:9-10)
  30. Ask not amiss = (2 Nephi 4:35)/(James 4:3)
  31. Atonement for sin = (Exodus 32:30)/(Alma 42:15)
  32. Author and finisher of our faith = (Moroni 6:4)/(Hebrews 12:2)
  33. Awake from deep sleep = (2 Nephi 1:13)/(Ephesians 5:14)
  34. Axe laid at the root of the tree = (Matthew 3:10)/(Alma 5:52)
  35. Bands of death = (Alma 4:14/Psalm 73:4)/(Alma 11:4)/(Psalm 107:14)
  36. Bands were loosed from his hands = (Judges 15:14)/(1 Nephi 7:18)
  37. Baptize in Bethabara, beyond Jordan = (1 Nephi 10:9)/(John 1:28)
  38. Baptize with fire and the Holy Ghost = (Matthew 3:11)/(Ether 12:14)
  39. Bare a son in his old age = (Ether 10:14)/(Genesis 21:2)
  40. Bars and gates = (Nahum 3:13)/(Job 38:10)/(2 Nephi 33:11)/(Psalm 147:13)/(Nehemiah 3:3)/(Alma 5:22)/(Jacob 6:9)
  41. Be a man = (1 Samuel 4:9)/(Job 38:3)/(2 Nephi 1:21)
  42. Be as gods, knowing good and evil = (2 Nephi 2:18)/(Genesis 3:5)
  43. Be like him and see him as he is = (Moroni 7:48)(1 John 3:2)
  44. Be of good cheer = (Acts 27:22)/(3 Nephi 1:13)
  45. Be one, as God is one = (John 17:11)/(3 Nephi 19:23)
  46. Be wise = (Proverbs 8:33)/(Jacob 6:12)
  47. Bear one another’s burdens = (Mosiah 18:8)/(Galatians 6:2)
  48. Beasts eating in another man’s field = (Exodus 22:5)/(Mosiah 5:14)
  49. Begat sons and daughters = (Genesis 5:10)/(Ether 6:15)
  50. Beheld his glory = (2 Nephi 2:4)/(John 1:14)
  51. Believe that he is = (Mosiah 4:9)/(Hebrews 11:6)
  52. Believe these works, then you will believe in Christ = (John 10:38)/(2 Nephi 33:10)
  53. Better that one man should perish than a whole nation = (John 11:50)/(1 Nephi 4:13)
  54. Bind/seal on earth shall be bound in heaven = (Matthew 18:18)/(Helaman 10:7)
  55. Blameless = (I Corinthians 1:8)/(Mosiah 2:27)
  56. Blessed be the name of the Lord = (Psalm 113:2)/(Alma 26:8)
  57. Blessing and a curse = (Deuteronomy 30:1)/(1 Nephi 17:35)/(Alma 45:16)
  58. Blind in your minds = (1 Nephi 7:8)/(II Corinthians 4:4)
  59. Blood cries from the ground = (2 Nephi 28:10/Genesis 4:10)
  60. Blood, fire, and vapor of smoke = (Acts 2:19)/(1 Nephi 22:18)
  61. Blood from Christ’s pores/sweat = (Luke 22:44)/(Mosiah 3:7)
  62. Blot out their iniquities = (Psalm 51:9)/(Alma 7:13)/(Isaiah 43:25)
  63. Blot out their names = (Mosiah 5:11)/(Deuteronomy 9:14)/(Psalm 109:13)
  64. Boast in God = (Psalm 44:8)/(Alma 26:12)
  65. Boast in their own strength = (Isaiah 10:13)/(Mormon 3:9)
  66. Boldness of speech = (Jacob 2:7)/(2 Corinthians 7:4)
  67. Bond and free, male and female = (Alma 11:44)/(Galatians 3:28)/(2 Nephi 10:16)
  68. Book of Life = (Alma 5:58)/(Revelation 20:15)/(Psalm 69:28)
  69. Book of Moses = (Ezra 6:18)/(1 Nephi 5:11)
  70. Book of the Lamb of God = (1 Nephi 13:28,38)/(Isaiah 34:16)/(Revelation 21:27)
  71. Born of God = (Alma 36:5)/(Mosiah 5:7)/(1 John 5:18)
  72. Both soul and body = (2 Nephi 1:22)/(Isaiah 10:18)
  73. Bow of steel = (1 Nephi 16:18)/(Psalm 18:34)
  74. Bowels of mercy = (Colossians 3:12)/(Alma 7:12)/(Mosiah 15:9)
  75. Branches of Joseph = (Genesis 49:22)/(2 Nephi 3:5)
  76. Break the rocks into pieces = (Helaman 14:21-22/1 Kings 19:11)
  77. Breathe out threatenings/cruelty = (Psalms 27:12)/(1 Nephi 18:17)/(Acts 9:1)
  78. Brightness above the sun = (Acts 26:13)/(1 Nephi 1:9)/(Revelation 1:16)
  79. Brightness as the stars = (Daniel 12:3)/(1 Nephi 1:10)
  80. Brightness of fire = (1 Nephi 15:30)/(Ezekiel 1:27)
  81. Bring fruit unto repentance = (Alma 34:30)/(Matthew 3:8)
  82. Bring them into his/their fold = (Alma 5:60)/(Jeremiah 23:3)
  83. Broken heart and a contrite spirit = (Psalm 34:18)/(2 Nephi 2:7)
  84. Broken off = (Jacob 5:30)/(Isaiah 27:11)/(1 Nephi 21:1)
  85. Brought low (to the dust) = (Job 24:24)/(1 Nephi 22:23)/(Psalm 22:15)
  86. Build on my rock, gates of hell will not prevail = (3 Nephi 11:39)/(Matthew 16:18)
  87. Brought forth through the air = (Moroni 10:34)/(1 Thessalonians 4:17)
  88. Built an altar to the Lord = (1 Nephi 2:7)/(Genesis 8:20)
  89. Burdens may be light = (Alma 33:23)/(Matthew 11:30)
  90. Burnt offerings = (1 Nephi 5:9)/(Genesis 8:20)
  91. Burst their bands = (1 Nephi 7:17)/(Jeremiah 2:20)
  92. Buy, and sell, and get gain = (James 4:13)/(Helaman 6:8)
  93. Buy wine and milk without money = (2 Nephi 9:50-51)/(Isaiah 55:1-2)
  94. By the mouth of his holy prophets = (2 Nephi 9:2)/(Acts 3:21)
  95. By way of the Red Sea = (Numbers 21:4)/(Deuteronomy 2:1)/(2 Nephi 19:1)
  96. Called/chosen from the foundation of the world = (Alma 13:3)/(Ephesians 1:4)
  97. Call his sheep by his name = (John 10:3)/(Alma 5:38)
  98. Call upon his name = (Isaiah 12:4)/(Alma 34:17)
  99. Called by the name of the Lord = (Deuteronomy 28:10)/(Mosiah 5:9)
  100. Called with a holy calling = (Alma 13:3)/(II Timothy 1:9)
  101. As calves in the stall = (Malachi 4:2)/(1 Nephi 22:24)
  102. Came unto his own = (3 Nephi 1:14)/(John 1:11)
  103. Captain of fifty = (Isaiah 3:3)/(1 Nephi 3:31)
  104. Carnal/earthly, sensual, devilish = (James 3:15)/(Alma 42:10)
  105. Carnally minded is death = (2 Nephi 9:39)/(Romans 8:6)
  106. Carried away captive = (Jeremiah 1:3)/(2 Nephi 25:10)
  107. Carried away in the Spirit = (1 Nephi 15:1)/(2 Nephi 4:25)/(Revelation 17:3)
  108. Cast to their own place = (Jacob 5:77)/(Acts 1:25)
  109. Caught away…into an exceedingly high mountain = (1 Nephi 11:1)/(Revelation 21:10)
  110. Chaff before the wind = (Psalms 1:4)/(Mormon 5:16)
  111. Chains of hell = (2 Nephi 9:45)/(2 Peter 2:4)/(Jude 1:6)/(Alma 12:6,11)
  112. Change of heart = (Alma 5:12)/(1 Samuel 10:9)
  113. Cherubim and a flaming sword = (Genesis 3:24)/(Alma 12:21)
  114. Child of hell/devil = (Alma 11:23)/(Acts 13:10)/(1 Nephi 14:3)
  115. Children of God = (Psalm 82:6)/(Mosiah 5:7)
  116. Children of Israel = (1 Nephi 17:23)/(Isaiah 27:12)
  117. Choose darkness rather than light = (John 3:19)/(Helaman 13:29)
  118. Choose life or death = (Deuteronomy 30:19)/(2 Nephi 2:27-28)
  119. Chosen vessel of the Lord = (Moroni 7:31)/(Acts 9:15)
  120. Christ glorified God = (3 Nephi 11:11)/(John 13:31)
  121. Christ is our advocate = (1 John 2:1)/(Moroni 7:28)
  122. Christ is our example = (1 Peter 2:21)/(2 Nephi 31:16)
  123. Christ is our head = (Mosiah 5:8)/(1 Corinthians 11:3)
  124. Christ was lifted up = (1 Nephi 19:10)/(3 Nephi 27:14)/(John 3:14)/(John 12:32)
  125. Church of Satan = (1 Nephi 13:6)/(Revelation 2:9/3:9)
  126. Cleanse the inward vessel = (Alma 60:23-24)/(Matthew 23:26-27)/(Luke 11:39)
  127. Cleansed every whit = (3 Nephi 8:1)/(John 13:10)
  128. Cleave unto God = (Deuteronomy 10:20)/(Jacob 6:5)
  129. Cloud by day, pillar of fire by night = (Exodus 13:21)/(1 Nephi 17:30)
  130. Come out and be ye separate = (Alma 5:57)/(2 Corinthians 6:17)
  131. “Come unto me ye blessed/Come ye blessed of my Father” (Alma 5:16)/(Matthew 25:34)
  132. Comforter = (John 16:7)/(Mormon 8:26)
  133. Compassed about by sin = (2 Nephi 4:18)/(Psalm 40:12)
  134. Confess your sins = (Psalm 32:5)/(Mosiah 26:29)
  135. Confound the wise = (Alma 37:6)/(1 Corinthians 1:27)
  136. Confound their language = (Ether 1:33)/(Genesis 11:17)
  137. Consecrated to be a priest = (Alma 5:3)/(Exodus 28:41)
  138. Cords of sin = (2 Nephi 26:22)/(Proverbs 5:22)
  139. Corrupt trees bring evil fruit = (Jacob 5:38-39)/(Matt 7:17,19)
  140. Corruption must put on incorruption = (2 Nephi 9:7)/(1 Corinthians 15:53)
  141. Counsel of God = (2 Nephi 9:28)/(Luke 7:30)
  142. Counted unto him for righteousness = (Psalm 106:31)/(Moroni 7:7)
  143. Created in the image of God = (Alma 18:34)/(Genesis 1:27)
  144. Cry unto thee in my afflications = (Alma 33:11)/(2 Chronicles 20:9)
  145. Cunning and craftiness = (Mosiah 9:10)/(Ephesians 4:14)
  146. Curious [items] = (Exodus 28:8; 29:5)/(1 Nephi 16:10)
  147. Curse/destroy even with a sore curse/destruction = (Micah 2:10)/(1 Nephi 2:23)/(Malachi 3:9)
  148. Curse God and die = (Job 2:9)/(Mormon 2:14)
  149. Cursed is the land for your sakes = (Mormon 1:17)/(Genesis 3:17)/(1 Nephi 17:38)
  150. Cursed who trust in the arm of flesh = (Jeremiah 17:5)/(2 Nephi 4:34)
  151. Cut off and destroyed = (2 Nephi 1:17)/(Isaiah 48:19/1 Nephi 20:19)
  152. Cut off from his presence = (1 Nephi 2:21)/(2 Nephi 1:20)/(Psalm 31:22)
  153. Cut to the heart = (Mosiah 13:7/Acts 5:33)
  154. Darkness unto light = (2 Nephi 3:5)/(Acts 26:18)
  155. Dash in pieces = (Nahum 2:1)/(Ether 2:23)
  156. Dates based on when the Lord delivered them = (Jacob 1:1)/(1 Kings 6:1)
  157. Day of salvation = (II Corinthians 6:2)/(Alma 13:21)
  158. Day of visitation = (Isaiah 10:3)/(Mormon 9:2)/(Hosea 9:7)
  159. Death and Hell = (2 Nephi 9:10)/(Revelation 6:8)
  160. Days may be prolonged = (Deuteronomy 6:2)/(2 Nephi 2:21)
  161. Death and Hell must deliver its dead = (2 Nephi 9:12)/(Revelation 20:13)/(2 Nephi 28:23)
  162. Death penalty for prophesying against the city = (Jeremiah 26:11)/(1 Nephi 1:13, 20)/(Mosiah 17:7-8)
  163. Death swallowed in victory = (Mosiah 16:8)/(Isaiah 25:8)
  164. Declare glad tidings of great joy = (Acts 13:32)/(Mosiah 3:3)/(Luke 2:10)
  165. Decrees are unalterable/which shall not pass = (Alma 29:4)/(Psalms 148:6)
  166. Deliver into your hands = (1 Chronicles 14:10)/(1 Nephi 3:29)
  167. Deny the Holy Ghost = no forgiveness = (Mark 3:29)/(Alma 39:6)
  168. Deny yourself of all ungodliness = (Moroni 10:32)/(Titus 2:12)
  169. Depths of the sea = (1 Nephi 18:20)/(Isaiah 51:10/2 Nephi 8:10)
  170. Despised [the word of] the Holy One of Israel = (1 Nephi 19:14)/(Isaiah 5:24/2 Nephi 14:24)
  171. Destroy thee from off the face of the earth = (Deuteronomy 6:15)/(Alma 37:22)
  172. Destroy their craft = (Acts 19:27)/(Alma 35:3)
  173. Devil and his angels and everlasting pit prepared for them = (2 Nephi 9:16)/(Matthew 25:41)
  174. Die in their sins = (2 Nephi 9:38)/(John 8:24)
  175. Die no more [Christ] = (Alma 11:45)/(Romans 6:9)
  176. Dig about it, dung it = (Luke 13:8)/(Jacob 5:47)
  177. Diligently keep the commandments of God = (Alma 37:20)/(Deuteronomy 6:17)
  178. Disappear as the morning dew = (Hosea 6:4)/(Mormon 4:18)
  179. Do the will of the Father = (Matthew 12:50)/(3 Nephi 27:13)
  180. Doctrine of Christ = (2 Nephi 31:21)/(2 John 1:9)
  181. Doing that which was right in the sight of the Lord = (Ether 10:16)/(2 Chronicles 20:32)
  182. Down to the dust = (Isaiah 25:12)/(Alma 42:30)
  183. Draw all men unto me = (John 12:32)/(2 Nephi 26:24)
  184. Dreamed a dream = (1 Nephi 8:2)/(Daniel 2:3)
  185. Dregs of a bitter cup = (Alma 40:26)/(Psalm 75:8)/(Isaiah 51:17)
  186. Drink damnation = (1 Corinthians 11:29)/(Mosiah 3:18)
  187. Drink of [cup] of the wrath of God = (Mosiah 5:5)/(Job 21:20)
  188. Drink the cup the Father hath given me = (John 18:11)/(3 Nephi 11:11)
  189. Dross = (Isaiah 1:22)/(Alma 34:29)
  190. Drown in waters = (1 Nephi 8:32)/(1 Timothy 6:9)/(Psalm 124:3-5)
  191. Dry ground = (1 Nephi 4:2)/(Exodus 14:16)
  192. Dung on the face of the earth = (Mormon 2:15)/(Jeremiah 8:2)
  193. Dwell safely = (Jeremiah 32:37)/(2 Nephi 1:9)
  194. Dwelleth in the heavens = (Moroni 7:28)/(Psalm 123:1)
  195. Dwelt in tents = (Judges 8:11)/(1 Ne 2:15)
  196. East wind = (Jeremiah 18:17)/(Mosiah 7:31)
  197. Eat, drink, be merry; tomorrow we die = (I Corinthians 15:32)/(Isaiah 22:13)/(2 Nephi 28:7)
  198. Elements will melt with fervent heat = (Mormon 9:2)/(II Peter 3:12)
  199. Endure the cross and despise the shame of it = (2 Nephi 9:18)/(Hebrews 12:2)
  200. Endure to the end = (Matthew 10:22)/(2 Nephi 31:16)
  201. Enemy of all righteousness = (Acts 13:10)/(Mosiah 2:37)/(Mosiah 4:14)
  202. Enlarge my heart/soul = (Psalm 119:32)/(Alma 32:28)
  203. Enlarge thy borders = (Moroni 10:31)/(Exodus 34:24)
  204. Enter into a covenant with God = (Deuteronomy 29:12)/(Alma 7:15)
  205. Enter into his rest = (Jacob 1:7)/(Hebrews 3:11)
  206. Envying and strifes = (Alma 4:9)/(1 Corinthians 3:3)
  207. Eternal God = (Alma 34:9)/(Deuteronomy 33:27)
  208. Eternal purposes = (2 Nephi 2:12,15)/(Alma 42:26)/(Ephesians 3:11)
  209. Everlasting chains = (2 Nephi 28:19)/(Jude 1:6)
  210. Everlasting destruction = (Alma 12:17)/(2 Thessalonians 1:9)
  211. Everlasting God = (Moroni 10:28)/(Romans 16:26)
  212. Everlasting light = (Alma 26:15)/(Isaiah 60:20)
  213. Everlasting salvation = (Alma 26:15)/(Isaiah 45:17)
  214. Every good gift cometh from God = (James 1:17)/(Moroni 10:18)
  215. Every knee shall bow = (Mosiah 27:31)/(Philippians 2:10-11)
  216. Exceedingly fair = (Acts 7:20)/(1 Nephi 11:13)
  217. Execute judgment in righteousness = (1 Nephi 22:21)/(Jeremiah 33:15)
  218. Expound all the scriptures unto them = (Luke 24:27)/(3 Nephi 23:6)
  219. Eye be single = (Matthew 6:22)/(Mormon 8:15)
  220. Eye hath not seen; ear hath not heard = (3 Nephi 17:16)/(1 Corinthians 2:9)/(Isaiah 64:4)
  221. Eye of the Lord = (2 Nephi 9:44)/(Psalm 33:18)/(Ezra 5:5)
  222. Face to face = (Alma 38:7)/(Deuteronomy 34:10)
  223. Faith, hope, and charity = (Alma 7:24)/(1 Corinthians 13:13)
  224. Fall into the pit they digged = (1 Nephi 22:14)/(Psalm 9:15)/(Psalm 7:15)
  225. Fall thereof was exceedingly great = (1 Nephi 11:36)/(Matthew 7:27)
  226. Fast and pray = (1 Corinthians 7:5)/(Alma 5:46)
  227. Father’s blessing = (Genesis 48:9)/(2 Nephi 4:5)
  228. Father of heaven and of earth = (2 Nephi 25:12)/(Matthew 11:24)
  229. Father of lies = (2 Nephi 2:18)/(John 8:44)
  230. Fear and tremble = (1 Nephi 16:27)/(II Corinthians 7:15)
  231. Fear not what man can do = (Moroni 8:16)/(Hebrews 13:6)/(Psalms 118:6)
  232. Fear of the Lord = (Mosiah 4:1)/(Proverbs 2:5)/(2 Chronicles 19:7)
  233. Fell as though he was dead = (Alma 22:18)/(Revelation 1:17)
  234. Fierce anger of the Lord = (Jeremiah 25:37)/(Alma 9:18)
  235. Fiery darts = (1 Nephi 15:24)/(Ephesians 6:16)
  236. Fiery flying serpents = (1 Nephi 17:41)/(Isaiah 14:29)
  237. Fiery indignation = (Alma 40:14/Hebrews 10:27)
  238. Fight for your children, wives and homes = (Mormon 2:23)/(Nehemiah 4:14)
  239. Fill up the garners = (Alma 26:5)/(Psalm 144:13)
  240. Filled/full of the Holy Ghost = (Acts 11:24)/(Alma 36:24)
  241. Filthy shall be filthy still = (1 Nephi 15:33)/(Revelation 22:11)
  242. Find pasture = (John 10:9)/(1 Nephi 22:25)
  243. Fine-twined linen = (Exodus 36:8)/(1 Nephi 13:8)
  244. Finger of God = (Alma 10:2)/(Luke 11:20)
  245. Fire is kindled in mine anger = (Deut 32:22)/(2 Nephi 26:6)
  246. First fruits unto God = (2 Nephi 2:9)/(Romans 8:23)/(I Corinthians 15:20)/(Jacob 4:11)
  247. First resurrection = (Revelation 20:5)/(Alma 40:16)/(Mosiah 15:21)
  248. First shall be last, last shall be first = (1 Nephi 13:42)/(Matthew 19:30)
  249. Flame/smoke ascends forever = (2 Nephi 9:16)/(Revelation 14:11)
  250. Fools before God = (2 Nephi 9:42)/(1 Corinthians 3:18)
  251. Fools mock = (Proverbs 14:9)/(Ether 12:26)
  252. For the Lord hath spoken it = (Isaiah 1:2)/(2 Nephi 9:16)
  253. Forget the Lord = (Helaman 12:2)/(Deuteronomy 6:12)
  254. Fortify the city = (Judges 9:31)/(Alma 52:9)
  255. Forts = (Alma 49:13)/(2 Samuel 5:9)
  256. Found favor in sight of the king = (Alma 20:28)/(Nehemiah 2:5)
  257. Fountain of living waters = (Jeremiah 2:13)/(1 Nephi 11:25)/(Revelation 7:17)/(Psalm 36:9)
  258. Fourth generation = (2 Nephi 26:9)/(Genesis 15:16)
  259. Fowls of the air = (2 Nephi 2:15)/(Genesis 1:26)
  260. Freemen = (1 Corinthians 7:22)/(Alma 51:6)
  261. From everlasting to everlasting = (Moroni 7:22)/(Psalm 90:2)
  262. From generation to generation = (2 Nephi 9:2)/(Isaiah 13:20)
  263. From the beginning = (2 Nephi 9:2)/(Isaiah 40:21)
  264. From the foundation of the world = (Ether 4:14)/(Luke 11:50)
  265. From whence they can no more return = (Mosiah 3:25)/(Job 16:22)
  266. Fruit of thy loins = (2 Nephi 3:7)/(Acts 2:30)
  267. Fruit of your labors = (Philippians 1:22)/(Alma 36:25)
  268. Fulfill all righteousness = (2 Nephi 31:5)/(Matthew 3:15)
  269. Full of grace and truth = (2 Nephi 2:6)/(Alma 13:9)/(John 1:14)
  270. Fullness of the Gentiles = (Romans 11:25)/(1 Nephi 10:14)
  271. Fullness of time = (2 Nephi 2:3)/(Galatians 4:4)
  272. Gall of bitterness and bonds of iniquity = (Moroni 8:14)/(Acts 8:23)
  273. Garments made white in blood of the Lamb = (Revelation 7:14)/(Ether 13:10)
  274. Gate of heaven = (Helaman 3:28)/(Genesis 28:17)
  275. Gates of righteousness = (2 Nephi 4:32)/(2 Nephi 31:9)/(Psalm 118:19)
  276. Gather in from east, west, south, north = (Psalm 107:3)/(Luke 13:29)/(3 Nephi 20:13)
  277. Gather sheaves = (Micah 4:12)/(Alma 26:5)
  278. Genealogies written in books = (1 Nephi 5:14)/(1 Chronicles 9:1)
  279. Generation knew not the Lord = (Judges 2:10)/(Mosiah 26:1)
  280. Gentiles hear the Gospel from the Apostles = (Acts 15:7)/(3 Nephi 15:22)
  281. Gifts of the Spirit = (1 Corinthians 12:4-11)/(Moroni 10:8-17)
  282. Give half of my kingdom = (Alma 20:23)/(Mark 6:23)
  283. Give liberally = (2 Nephi 4:35)/(James 1:5)
  284. Give place to the devil/enemy of my soul = (Ephesians 4:27)/(2 Nephi 4:28)
  285. Glory in the Lord = (Alma 26:16)/(1 Corinthians 1:31)
  286. Glory, power, might, majesty, and dominion = (Alma 12:15)/(Jude 1:25)
  287. Gnash with teeth = (Job 16:9)/(Alma 14:21)
  288. Go in and possess the land = (Mosiah 9:5)/(Deuteronomy 10:11)
  289. Go no more out = (Alma 7:25)/(Revelation 3:12)
  290. Go up to Jerusalem [never “go down” to Jerusalem] = (Ezra 1:3)/(1 Nephi 3:9)
  291. Go the way of all the earth = (Joshua 23:14)/(2 Nephi 1:14)
  292. God can make the sun stand still = (Joshua 10:12-13)/(Helaman 12:14-15)
  293. God cannot lie = (Enos 1:6)/(Hebrews 6:18)
  294. God chastens those he loves = (Proverbs 3:12)/(Helaman 15:3)
  295. God has no variableness or shadow of turning = (James 1:17)/(Mosiah 2:22)
  296. God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob = (1 Nephi 19:10)/(Exodus 3:6)
  297. God of heaven = (Ezra 7:21)/(Ether 8:14)
  298. God of Israel = (Isaiah 37:16)/(1 Nephi 19:7)
  299. God of my salvation = (Isaiah 17:10)/2 Nephi 9:44
  300. God of our fathers = (1 Nephi 19:10)/(Acts 22:14)
  301. God of truth = (Ether 3:12)/(Deuteronomy 32:4)
  302. God sitting on his throne = (1 Nephi 1:8)/(Psalm 47:8)/(Isaiah 6:1)
  303. God speaks once, twice, yet men don’t perceive it = (Job 33:14)/(3 Nephi 11:3-5)
  304. God the Father = (1 Peter 1:2)/(Moroni 9:26)
  305. God’s throne is in heaven = (1 Nephi 1:14)/(Psalm 11:4)
  306. God trieth the righteous = (Mosiah 23:21)/(Psalm 11:5)
  307. God’s word will not pass away = (2 Nephi 9:16)/(Mark 13:31)/(Psalm 148:6)
  308. Gone out of the way = (2 Nephi 28:11)/(Helaman 7:18)/(Hebrews 5:2)
  309. Good Shepherd = (Alma 5:38)/(John 10:11)
  310. Gospel of Christ = (1 Corinthians 9:12)/(Mormon 9:8)
  311. Grace for grace = (John 1:16)/(Helaman 12:24)
  312. Great and terrible = (1 Nephi 12:18/(Deuteronomy 1:19)/(Nehemiah 1:5)
  313. The great God = (Nehemiah 8:6)/(Alma 24:8)
  314. Great and marvelous are thy works = (1 Nephi 1:14)/(Revelation 15:3)
  315. Great gulf diving wicked and righteous = (1 Nephi 12:18)/(Luke 16:26)
  316. Great lights in heaven = (Helaman 14:3)/(Psalm 136:7)
  317. Great shall be the fall = (1 Nephi 22:14)/(Matthew 7:27)
  318. Greater than I can bear = (1 Nephi 16:1)/(Genesis 4:13)
  319. Grieved because of hardness of their hearts = (1 Nephi 2:18)/(Mark 3:5)
  320. Grievous to be borne = (Mosiah 7:23)/(Matthew 23:4)
  321. Grind to powder = (2 Nephi 26:5)/(Matthew 21:44)
  322. Grind upon the face of the poor = (2 Nephi 26:20)/(Isaiah 3:15/2 Nephi 13:15)
  323. Groaning of the earth/creation = (1 Nephi 19:12)/(Romans 8:22)
  324. Groups of fifty = (Luke 9:14)/(Mosiah 18:18)
  325. Hand of the Lord = (1 Nephi 5:14)/(Nehemiah 1:10)
  326. Hand of their enemies = (Jeremiah 34:20)/(Alma 60:20)
  327. Hanged upon a tree = (3 Nephi 4:28)/(Joshua 8:29)
  328. Harden your hearts = (Alma 34:31)/(Exodus 7:13)
  329. The harvest is ripe = (Alma 26:5)/(Revelation 14:15)
  330. Have ye not read the scriptures? (3 Nephi 27:5)/(Matthew 21:42)/(Mark 12:26)
  331. Heal the nations = (Revelation 22:2)/(2 Nephi 25:20)
  332. Healeth wounds/broken in heart = (Psalm 147:3)/(Jacob 2:8,10)
  333. Healing in his wings = (Malachi 4:2)/(2 Nephi 25:13)
  334. Heaping up wrath against the day of judgment = (Helaman 8:25)/(Romans 2:5)/(Job 36:13)
  335. Hearts did burn = (3 Nephi 11:3)/(Luke 24:32)
  336. Heaven, earth, and all things that in them are = (2 Nephi 2:14)/(Acts 4:24)/(Exodus 20:11)
  337. Heavenly Father = (Mosiah 2:34)/(Matthew 6:14, 26)
  338. The heavens opened = (1 Nephi 11:14,27,30)/(Mark 1:10)/(Ezekiel 1:1)
  339. Hedge up the way = (Mosiah 7:29)/(Hosea 2:6)
  340. He hath a devil = (Mosiah 3:9)/(Luke 7:33)
  341. Heirs of (kingdom of) God = (Romans 8:17)/(Galatians 4:7)/(Mosiah 15:11)
  342. He maketh intercession = (Isaiah 53:12)/(2 Nephi 2:9)
  343. Hen gathereth her chickens = (Matthew 23:37)/(3 Nephi 10:4)
  344. Hewn down and cast into the fire = (Alma 5:35)/(Matthew 7:19)
  345. Hidden darkness = (2 Nephi 3:5)/(Mosiah 8:17)/(I Corinthians 4:5)
  346. Hiss forth/unto them = (Isaiah 5:26)/(Moroni 10:28)
  347. Hold fast to the word = (Titus 1:9)/(1 Nephi 8:30)/(1 Nephi 11:25)
  348. Holy arm = (Psalm 98:1)/(Enos 1:13)/(Isaiah 52:10)
  349. Holy Ghost descended like a dove = (2 Nephi 31:8)/(Matthew 3:16)
  350. Holy Ghost given to the Gentiles = (1 Nephi 10:11)/(Acts 10:45)
  351. Holy one = (2 Nephi 2:10)/(Psalm 89:18)
  352. Holy One of Israel = (1 Nephi 19:14)/(Isaiah 31:1)
  353. The hope of glory = (Colossians 1:27)/(Jacob 4:4, 11)
  354. Hope of/for salvation = (1 Thessalonians 5:8)/(Alma 5:10)
  355. The house of Israel is an olive tree = (Jacob 5:3)/(Romans 11:24)/(Jeremiah 11:16-17)
  356. Houses left desolate = (Helaman 15:1)/(Isaiah 5:9)
  357. How great is the goodness of God = (2 Nephi 9:10)/(Psalm 31:19)/(Zechariah 9:17)
  358. How great things the Lord has done = (2 Nephi 1:1)/(Mark 5:19)
  359. Humble yourself as a little child = (Moroni 8:10)/(Matthew 18:4)
  360. I am in thy hands; do as seemeth thee good = (Jeremiah 26:14)/(Mosiah 12:16)
  361. I am the light of the world = (Ether 4:12)/(John 8:12)
  362. I can do all things in his strength = (Alma 26:12)/(Phillipians 4:13)
  363. I looked…and I saw him not = (1 Nephi 11:12)/(Revelation 1:12)
  364. I never knew you = (Mosiah 26:27)/(Matthew 7:23)
  365. I pray not for the world, but for those whom thou hast given me = (3 Nephi 19:29)/(John 17:9)
  366. I saw and bare record = (1 Nephi 11:32)/(John 1:34)
  367. I thank thee that I am not like other men = (Luke 18:11)/(Alma 38:14)
  368. Idleness = (Ezekiel 16:49)/(Alma 38:12)
  369. If ye are brought up in the gospel ye will not depart from it = (2 Nephi 4:5)/(Proverbs 22:6)
  370. If you do not preach, the blood of the wicked will be on you = (Jacob 1:19)/(Ezekiel 3:18-20)
  371. If you slay me you will shed innocent blood = (Mosiah 17:10)/(Jeremiah 26:15)
  372. I have not found so great faith in Israel = (Matthew 8:10)/(3 Nephi 19:35)/(Alma 19:10)
  373. Imagination of the heart = (Jeremiah 3:17/7:24/9:14)/(1 Nephi 2:11)
  374. In our flesh we will see God = (2 Nephi 9:4)/(Job 19:26)
  375. In thy seed shall all nations/kindreds be blessed = (1 Nephi 22:9)/(Genesis 18:18)
  376. Inherit the kingdom of God prepared from the foundation of the world = (2 Nephi 9:18)/(Matthew 25:34)
  377. Inquire of the Lord = (1 Samuel 10:22)/(1 Nephi 15:8)
  378. Isles of the sea = (1 Nephi 22:4)/(Isaiah 24:15)
  379. Jacob/Nephites have I loved; Esau/Lamanites have I hated = (Romans 9:13)/(Helaman 15:3-4)/(Malachi 1:2-3)
  380. Jerusalem, I have seen thy abominations = (1 Nephi 1:13)/(Ezekiel 8: 6, 9)
  381. Jesus had compassion towards them = (3 Nephi 17:6)/(Matthew 14:14)
  382. Jot and tittle = (Alma 34:13)/(Matthew 5:18)
  383. Joy may be full = (2 Nephi 9:18)/(1 John 1:4)
  384. Judge righteously = (Alma 41:14)/(Deuteronomy 1:16)
  385. Judgment seat of Christ = (2 Nephi 9:15)/(Romans 14:10)
  386. Judgments and statutes of the law = (2 Nephi 5:10)/(Deuteronomy 4:8)
  387. Justify the righteous = (1 Nephi 16:2)/(1 Kings 8:32)
  388. Kingdom of heaven is at hand = (Alma 5:28)/(Matthew 10:7)
  389. Kings and rulers = (1 Nephi 16:38)/(Mosiah 2:30)/(Mark 13:9)
  390. The King’s countenance was changed = (Alma 18:12)/(Daniel 5:6)
  391. Know not when the end will come = (Alma 5:29)/(Matthew 25:13)/24:42)
  392. Know that I am the Lord = (2 Nephi 6:7)/(Ezekiel 11:10)/(Mosiah 12:3)
  393. Knowledge of the truth = (Mosiah 27:36)/(2 Timothy 3:7)
  394. Labor with their hands = (Alma 1:3)/(1 Corinthians 4:12)/(1 Thessalonians 4:11)
  395. Lake of fire and brimstone = (2 Nephi 9:16)/(Revelation 19:20)
  396. Lamb of God, who taketh away the sins of the world = (Alma 7:14)/(John 1:29)
  397. Lands called after their names = (Psalm 49:11)/(Alma 8:7)
  398. Land for an inheritance = (Numbers 34:2)/(1 Nephi 2:4)
  399. Land of promise = (Isaiah 13:2/2 Nephi 24:2)/(1 Nephi 5:5)
  400. Land will be desolate = (Alma 22:30)/(Jeremiah 6:8)
  401. Laughed to scorn = (Matthew 9:24)/(Alma 26:23)
  402. The law and the prophets = (2 Nephi 25:28)/(Luke 16:16)
  403. The law hath become dead to us = (2 Nephi 25:25)/(Romans 7:4)
  404. Law of Moses because of iniquity = (Mosiah 13:29)/(Matthew 19:8)
  405. Law of Moses brings us to Christ = (Galatians 3:24)/(Jacob 4:5)
  406. Lay down my life to take it again = (2 Nephi 2:8)/(John 10:17)
  407. Lay up treasures in heaven = (Matthew 6:19-20)/(Helaman 5:8/8:25)
  408. Learn wisdom = (Alma 37:35)/(Proverbs 30:3)
  409. Led by the blind = (Matthew 15:14)/(Helaman 13:29)
  410. Left hand of God = (Mosiah 5:10)/(Matthew 25:33)
  411. Let good and bad grow together = (Jacob 5:65)/(Matt 13:30)
  412. Let things be done in order = (Mosiah 4:27)/(1 Corinthians 14:40)
  413. Lied unto men and God = (Acts 5:4)/(Alma 12:3)
  414. Life or damnation = (Helaman 12:26)/(John 5:29)
  415. Lift up your heads = (2 Nephi 9:3)/(Psalm 24:7)
  416. Lift up your hearts = (2 Nephi 11:8)/(Lamentations 3:41)
  417. Lifted up = (Alma 36:3)/(Psalm 28:9)
  418. Light and understanding = (Daniel 5:14)/(2 Nephi 31:3)
  419. Light [of Christ] in every man = (John 1:9)/(Moroni 7:16)
  420. Light of thy countenance = (Psalm 4:6)/(3 Nephi 19:25)
  421. Light to shine out of darkness = (2 Corinthians 4:6)/(Alma 37:23,25)
  422. Line upon line, precept upon precept = (2 Nephi 28:30)/(Isaiah 28:13)
  423. Loftiness of man/the vineyard = (Isaiah 2:17)/(Jacob 5:48)
  424. Look upon the brazen serpent shall live = (Numbers 21:8)/(1 Nephi 17:41)
  425. Looked steadfastly to heaven = (3 Nephi 11:5)/(Acts 7:55)
  426. Loose bands of death/wickedness = (Alma 11:41)/(Isaiah 58:6)/(Acts 2:24)
  427. Lord God Almighty = (Revelation 4:8)/(1 Nephi 1:14)
  428. Lord God Omnipotent = (Mosiah 3:21)/(Revelation 19:6)
  429. The Lord is his name = (2 Nephi 9:41)/(Amos 5:8)
  430. Lord hidden in a cloud = (Ether 2:4)/(Exodus 16:10)
  431. Lord Jesus Christ = (Alma 38:8)/(Ephesians 5:20)
  432. Lord of Hosts = (Isaiah 37:16)/(2 Nephi 26:5)
  433. Lord of the harvest = (Matthew 9:38)/(Alma 26:7)
  434. Lord of the vineyard = (Mark 12:9)/(Jacob 5:11)
  435. Lord thy God = (Matthew 4:7)/(Alma 13:12)
  436. Lord thy Redeemer = (1 Nephi 19:18)/(Isaiah 54:8)
  437. Lord will hide your sins from his face = (3 Nephi 9:5)/(Psalm 51:9)
  438. The Lord’s wings = (2 Nephi 4:25/Psalm 17:8)
  439. Love of God shed abroad in our hearts = (1 Nephi 11:22/Romans 5:5)
  440. Lowly in heart = (Alma 32:8)/(Matthew 11:29)
  441. Lust of the eyes = (Alma 39:9)/(1 John 2:16)
  442. Lusts of the flesh = (1 Nephi 22:23)/(Ephesians 2:3)
  443. A lying spirit = (Alma 30:42)/(2 Chronicles 18:22)
  444. Made the sea our path = (2 Nephi 10:20)/(Psalms 8:8)
  445. Magnify our office = (Jacob 1:19)/(Romans 11:13)
  446. Make bare his arm in eyes of the nations = (Isaiah 52:10)/(1 Nephi 22:10)
  447. Make God a liar = (1 John 5:10)/(Alma 12:23)
  448. Make it after the pattern shown thee in the mount = (1 Nephi 17:7-8)/(Exodus 25:40)/(Hebrews 8:5)
  449. Make my path straight before me = (2 Nephi 4:33)/(Psalm 5:8)
  450. Maker = (Proverbs 17:5)/(Enos 1:4)
  451. Man/Nations are nothing, less than nothing/dust = (Helaman 12:7)/(Isaiah 40:15-17)
  452. Man of understanding = (Mosiah 1:2)/(Proverbs 1:5/20:5)
  453. Mansions in heaven = (Ether 12:37)/(John 14:2)
  454. The mark = (Phillipians 3:14)/(Jacob 4:14)
  455. (Set a) mark = (Genesis 4:15)/(Alma 3:10)
  456. Mark on their foreheads = (Alma 3:18)/(Ezekiel 9:4)
  457. Marvelous work = (1 Nephi 14:7)/(Isaiah 29:14)
  458. May be well with you = (Jeremiah 42:6)/(1 Nephi 14:5)
  459. Measures [explaining ratios of measures, in particular randomly putting a unit of measurement at the end of a long discussion] = (Exodus 16:36)/(Alma 11:18-19)
  460. Mediator = (2 Nephi 2:27-28)/(Hebrews 12:24)
  461. Melchizedek = (Alma 13)/(Hebrews 7)/(Genesis 14:18-24)
  462. Merciful to those who cry/call to the Lord = (Alma 33:8)/(Psalm 86:5)
  463. Mercy and truth = (Proverbs 16:6)/(Alma 5:48)
  464. Mighty in word and deed = (Helaman 10:5)/(Luke 24:19)
  465. Mighty to save = (Alma 7:14)/(Isaiah 63:1)/(Zephaniah 3:17)/(2 Nephi 31:19)
  466. Mischief and subtlety = (2 Nephi 5:24)/(Acts 13:10)
  467. Mist of darkness = (1 Nephi 8:23)/(II Peter 2:17)/(Revelation 9:2)
  468. More tolerable for them than for you = (Alma 9:15)/(Luke 10:14)
  469. Mourning and lamentation = (Ezekiel 2:10)/(Helaman 7:15)
  470. Moses’ face shone = (Exodus 34:30)/(Mosiah 13:5)
  471. Moses’ prophecy of Christ’s coming = (1 Nephi 22:20)/(Acts 3:22-23)
  472. Moth doth corrupt, thieves break and steal = (3 Nephi 27:32)/(Matthew 6:19)
  473. Mother of abominations = (Revelation 17:5)/(1 Nephi 14:9)
  474. Mother of harlots = (Revelation 17:5)/(1 Nephi 13:34)
  475. Mountains are carried up = (1 Nephi 19:11)/(Psalms 46:2)
  476. Mouth of God = (2 Nephi 33:14)/(2 Chronicles 35:22)
  477. Multitude of tender mercies = (1 Nephi 8:8)/(Psalm 51:1)
  478. Murderer from the beginning = (John 8:44)/(Ether 8:15)
  479. Murmur against the Lord = (Exodus 16:7)/(1 Nephi 16:20)
  480. My grace is sufficient for thee = (2 Corinthians 12:9)/(Ether 12:27)
  481. My soul delighteth = (Isaiah 42:1)/(2 Nephi 11:2)
  482. My soul longed to be with God = (Psalm 84:2)/(Alma 36:22)
  483. Mysteries of God = (Matthew 13:11)/(1 Nephi 1:1)
  484. Nations driven out for wickedness = (Deuteronomy 9:4)/(1 Nephi 17:33)
  485. Nation, kindred, tongue, people = (Revelation 5:9)/(1 Nephi 5:18)
  486. Nephi justified in killing Laban = (Exodus 21:12-13)/(1 Nephi 4:12)
  487. Never hath man dwelt = (Jeremiah 2:6)/(Ether 2:5)
  488. Never weary of good works = (Alma 37:34)/(2 Thessalonians 3:13)
  489. New creatures = (Mosiah 27:26)/(II Corinthians 5:17)
  490. New heaven and new earth = (Revelation 21:1)/(2 Peter 3:13)/(Ether 13:9)/(Isaiah 65:17)
  491. New Jerusalem = (Revelation 21:2/3:12)/(Ether 13:3)
  492. Night where no work can be performed = (John 9:4)/(Alma 34:33)
  493. Nimrod the mighty hunter = (Ether 2:1)/(Genesis 10:8-9)
  494. No flesh is justified by the law = (2 Nephi 2:5)/(Romans 3:20)
  495. No hair of the head will be lost = (Alma 40:23)/(Acts 27:34)
  496. No law, no sin = (Romans 4:15)/(2 Nephi 2:13)
  497. No more confounded = (Isaiah 45:17)/(Moroni 10:31)
  498. No other name under heaven where salvation can come = (Acts 4:12)/(Mosiah 5:8)
  499. No respect of persons = (Alma 1:30)/(1 Peter 1:17)/(2 Chronicles 19:7)
  500. No unclean thing can enter = (2 Chronicles 23:19)/(Alma 11:37)
  501. None effect = (Alma 12:26)/(Mark 7:13)
  502. None that doeth good = (Jacob 5:32)/(Psalms 14:3)/(Moroni 10:25)
  503. North countries = (Ether 13:11)/(Jeremiah 23:8)
  504. Not a few = (Isaiah 10:7/2 Nephi 20:7)/(Alma 17:34)
  505. Not be afraid of ten thousands of people = (1 Nephi 4:1)/(Psalm 3:6)
  506. Not cumber the ground = (Jacob 5:9)/(Luke 13:7)
  507. Not for me are against me = (2 Nephi 10:16)/(Luke 11:23)
  508. Not knowing what to do = (1 Nephi 4:6)/(Hebrews 11:8)
  509. Not pleasing to men, but to God = (1 Thessalonians 2:4)/(1 Nephi 6:5)
  510. Nothing doubting = (Acts 11:12)/(Ether 3:19)
  511. Now I know of a surety = (1 Nephi 5:8)/(Acts 12:11)
  512. Now is the day of salvation = (II Corinthians 6:2)/(Alma 34:31)
  513. Number the people = (2 Samuel 24:2)/(Ether 6:19)
  514. Nurture and admonition of the Lord = (Enos 1:1)/(Ephesians 6:4)
  515. O daughter of Zion = (Isaiah 52:2)/(Moroni 10:31)/(Isaiah 16:1)
  516. O wretched man that I am = (2 Nephi 4:17)/(Romans 7:24)
  517. Oath and a curse = (Nehemiah 5:13/10:29)/(Alma 46:22)
  518. Obtain political power through flattery = (Daniel 11:21, 32)/(Alma 46:7)
  519. Oh that I could have my wish = (Job 6:8)/(Alma 29:1)
  520. Old serpent = (2 Nephi 2:18)/(Revelation 12:9)
  521. One body = (Jacob 5:74)/(Ephesians 4:4)
  522. One faith and one baptism = (Mosiah 18:21)/(Ephesians 4:5)
  523. One heart = (2 Nephi 1:21)/(Ezekiel 11:19)
  524. One mind = (Phillipians 2:2)/(2 Nephi 1:21)
  525. Only begotten of the Father = (Alma 9:26)/(John 1:14)
  526. Ordained elders in the church = (Alma 6:1)/(Acts 14:23)
  527. Other sheep I have which are not of this fold = (John 10:16)/(3 Nephi 15:17)
  528. Outer darkness, weeping and gnashing = (Alma 40:13)/(Matthew 22:13)
  529. Pains of hell = (Psalm 116:3)/(Alma 26:13)/(Jacob 3:11)
  530. Partake of the heavenly gift = (Ether 12:8)/(Hebrews 6:4)
  531. Pass away like a dream = (Isaiah 29:7)/(Jacob 7:26)
  532. Past feeling = (1 Nephi 17:45)/(Ephesians 4:19)
  533. Path of righteousness = (2 Nephi 9:41)/(Psalm 23:3)
  534. People cried/answered with one voice = (Mosiah 5:2)/(Exodus 24:3)
  535. Perfect knowledge = (Job 37:16)/(2 Nephi 9:13)
  536. Perverse and crooked generation/wicked and perverse generation = (Deut 32:5)/(Alma 31:24)/(Alma 9:8)/(Phil 2:15)
  537. Perverted the way = (2 Nephi 28:15)/(Jeremiah 3:21)
  538. Pit of Hell = (1 Nephi 14:3)/(Revelation 9:2)/(Psalm 7:15-16)
  539. Place of refuge = (Isaiah 4:6)/(Helaman 15:12)
  540. Plain path/road = (Psalms 27:11)/(2 Nephi 4:32)
  541. Plainness of speech = (2 Nephi 9:47)/(II Corinthians 3:12)
  542. Plead your cause = (Jacob 3:1)/(1 Samuel 24:15)
  543. Pollutions = (Mormon 8:31)/(Jeremiah 3:2)
  544. Pondered in my heart = (1 Nephi 11:1)/(Luke 2:19)
  545. Pour out my spirit = (Proverbs 1:23)/(Jacob 7:8)/(Mosiah 18:10)
  546. Pour out thy wrath = (Psalm 79:6)/(1 Nephi 14:15)
  547. Power and authority = (Luke 4:36)/(Mosiah 18:26)
  548. Power and great glory = (1 Nephi 11:28)/(Mark 13:26)/(Psalms 63:2)
  549. Power in heaven and in earth = (Jacob 7:14)/(Matthew 28:18)
  550. Power of hell/heaven shall be shaken = (Alma 48:17)/(Matthew 24:29)
  551. Power of the resurrection = (2 Nephi 9:6)/(Phillipians 3:10)
  552. Pray and not faint = (Luke 18:1)/(2 Nephi 32:9)
  553. Pray continually without ceasing = (Alma 26:22)/(Romans 1:9)
  554. Pray in your closet/in secret = (Alma 34:26)/(Matthew 6:6)
  555. Pray to be seen of men = (Matthew 6:5)/(Alma 38:13)
  556. Prayer and supplication = (Alma 31:10)/(Acts 1:14)
  557. Preach to every creature = (Mormon 9:22)/(Mark 16:15)
  558. Prepare your hearts/minds = (2 Chronicles 19:3)/(3 Nephi 17:3)
  559. Prepareth a way to escape = (1 Corinthians 10:13)/(2 Nephi 9:10)
  560. Prick their hearts = (Jarom 1:12)/(Acts 2:37)
  561. Pride leads to contention = (Proverbs 13:10)/(Alma 4:9)
  562. Pride of your hearts = (Mormon 8:36)/(2 Chronicles 32:26)
  563. Prophet given a book to read = (1 Nephi 1:11-12)/(Ezekiel 2:8-9)
  564. The provocation = (Alma 12:36)/(Hebrews 3:8)/(Psalm 78:40)
  565. Pruning, digging, nourishing = (Jacob 5:4,64)/(Luke 13:8)/(Isaiah 5:6)
  566. Puffed up = (1 Corinthians 4:6)/(Alma 31:27)
  567. Pull down = (Jeremiah 1:10)/(Alma 60:36)
  568. Pure as he is pure = (Moroni 7:48)/(1 John 3:3)
  569. Pure heart and clean hands = (2 Nephi 25:16)/(Psalms 24:4)
  570. Pure/Purity (word of God) = (1 Nephi 13:25)/(Proverbs 30:5)
  571. Put away privily = (Matthew 1:19)/(Alma 14:3)
  572. The quick and the dead = (Moroni 10:34)/(2 Timothy 4:1)
  573. Raise up seed unto = (Mark 12:19)/(Jacob 2:30)
  574. Raise you up at the last day = (John 6:40)/(Alma 36:28)
  575. Read upon the house tops = (Matthew 10:27)/(Mormon 5:8)
  576. Reading sacred records to the people = (Nehemiah 9)/(Mosiah 25)
  577. Recommended to God = (Acts 14:26)/(Moroni 9:21)
  578. Reconciled to Christ = (2 Nephi 33:9)/(II Corinthians 5:18,20)
  579. Remember the captivity of your fathers = (Alma 5:6)/(Deuteronomy 24:18)
  580. Remembered his covenant = (Psalms 105:8)/(2 Nephi 29:1)
  581. Remnant of house of Israel = (Jeremiah 31:7)/(Mormon 7:1)/(Isaiah 46:3)
  582. Remnant of Jacob = (Micah 5:7)/(Mormon 7:10)
  583. Remnant of Joseph = (Amos 5:15)/(Alma 46:24)
  584. Remove mountains = (Ether 12:30)/(Matthew 17:20)
  585. The residue of men = (Moroni 7:32)/(Acts 15:17)
  586. Rest from sorrow = (Alma 40:12)/(Isaiah 14:3)
  587. Resurrection of the just and unjust = (Acts 24:15)/(Alma 12:8)
  588. A righteous branch = (Jeremiah 23:5)/(2 Nephi 3:5/9:53)
  589. Righteous will be righteous still; filthy will be filthy still = (2 Nephi 9:16)/(Revelation 22:11)
  590. Rise from the dust = (1 Samuel 2:8)/(2 Nephi 1:14)/(Isaiah 52:2)
  591. Robe of righteousness = (2 Nephi 9:14)/(Isaiah 61:10)
  592. Rock of my Redeemer = (Helaman 5:12)/(Psalms 78:35)
  593. Rock of my salvation = (2 Nephi 9:45)/(Psalm 62:2)
  594. Rocks and mountains fall on us to hide us from the Lord = (Alma 12:14)/(Revelation 6:16)/(Hosea 10:8)/(Luke 23:30)
  595. Rocks rent = (1 Nephi 12:4)/(1 Nephi 19:12)/(Matthew 27:51)
  596. Rod of iron = (1 Nephi 8:19/11:24-25)/(Revelation 2:26-27)/(Psalms 23:4)
  597. Rolled together as a scroll = (Mormon 9:2)/(Revelation 6:14)
  598. Rooted out = (Job 18:14)/(Alma 22:15)
  599. Ruler over you = (Deuteronomy 1:13)/(1 Nephi 2:22)/(1 Nephi 3:29)
  600. Run a race, win the prize = (Mosiah 4:27)/(1 Corinthians 9:24)
  601. Sackloth and ashes = (Mosiah 11:25)/(Daniel 9:3)
  602. Same yesterday, today, and forever = (2 Nephi 2:4)/(Hebrews 13:8)
  603. Sanctified by the Holy Ghost= (Romans 15:16)/(Alma 13:12)
  604. Sanctified in Christ = (1 Corinthians 1:2)/(Moroni 10:33)
  605. Satan can transform into angel of light = (2 Nephi 9:9)/(II Corinthians 11:14)
  606. Save them from their sins = (Matthew 1:21)/(Alma 5:27)
  607. Saved by grace (2 Nephi 10:24/25:23)/(Ephesians 2:8)
  608. Scales of darkness fell from his eyes = (2 Nephi 30:6)/(Acts 9:18)
  609. Scarlets = (Exodus 36:8)/(1 Nephi 13:8)
  610. Scattered upon all the face of the earth = (Ether 1:33)/(Genesis 11:9)
  611. Scourge unto you = (Joshua 23:13)/(1 Nephi 2:24)
  612. Seal you his = (Mosiah 5:15)/(II Corinthians 1:22)/(Alma 34:35)
  613. Seal up the vision = (Daniel 9:24)/(Revelation 22:10)/(1 Nephi 14:26)
  614. Searched diligently for salvation to come = (2 Nephi 9:4)/(1 Peter 1:10)
  615. Searched the scriptures = (Acts 17:11)/(Jacob 7:23)
  616. Second death = (Revelation 20:6)/(Jacob 3:11)/(Alma 12:32)
  617. See eye to eye = (Alma 36:26)/(Isaiah 52:8)
  618. See God face to face = (Ether 12:39)/(Genesis 32:30)
  619. See the salvation of the Lord = (1 Nephi 19:17)/(Exodus 14:13)/(2 Chronicles 20:17)
  620. Seek my life, to take it away = (1 Nephi 1:20)/(1 Kings 19:10)
  621. Seek the kingdom of God = (Matthew 6:33)/(Jacob 2:18)
  622. Seen and heard = (Mormon 1:1)/(Acts 4:20)
  623. Seers from old times = (Mosiah 28:16)/(1 Samuel 9:9)
  624. Sell themselves for naught = (2 Nephi 26:10)/(Psalm 44:12)
  625. Serpent beguiled = (2 Nephi 9:9)/(Genesis 3:13)
  626. Set his hand again a second time to restore/recover = (2 Nephi 25:17)/(Isaiah 11:11/2 Nephi 21:11)
  627. Set your hearts upon riches = (Psalm 62:10)/(Helaman 13:20)
  628. Shake my garments to rid myself of your blood = (2 Nephi 9:44)/(Acts 18:6)
  629. Shall be in danger of hell fire = (Mormon 8:17)/(Matthew 5:22)
  630. Shall wonder and perish = (Mormon 9:26)/(Acts 13:41)
  631. Sharpness = (2 Nephi 1:26)/(II Corinthians 13:10)
  632. Sheep which have no shepherd = (Numbers 27:17)/(Matthew 9:36)/(Alma 5:37)
  633. Shine forth [God] = (Deuteronomy 33:2)/(Alma 5:50)
  634. Shine like the sun in the kingdom of God = (Matthew 13:43)/(Alma 40:25)
  635. Sift you as wheat = (Luke 22:31)/(3 Nephi 18:18)
  636. A sign unto thee = (Exodus 13:9)/(Jacob 7:14)
  637. Sign of Christ’s death = (3 Nephi 11:2)/(Matthew 12:39-40)
  638. Signs and wonders = (Hebrews 2:4)/(Helaman 14:6)
  639. Signs shall follow them = (Mormon 9:24)/(Mark 16:17)
  640. Similitude of God = (James 3:9)/(Jacob 4:5)
  641. Sing praise to the name of God = (Psalm 7:17)/(Alma 26:8)
  642. Sins returned on your own head = (Obadiah 1:15)/(Jacob 3:10)
  643. Sins which easily beset me = (2 Nephi 4:18)/(Hebrews 12:1)
  644. Sit down on the right hand of God = (Moroni 7:27)/(Hebrews 10:12)
  645. Sit down with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob = (Alma 7:25)/(Matthew 8:11)
  646. Slay with a great slaughter = (Joshua 10:10)/(Alma 59:7)
  647. Small and great = (Revelation 11:18)/(Mormon 9:13)
  648. Smite with a rod = (Isaiah 30:31)/(1 Nephi 3:28)/(Exodus 21:20)
  649. Smite with the edge of the sword = (Alma 17:37)/(Joshua 10:30)/(Numbers 21:24)
  650. Smitten upon the cheek = (Job 16:10)/(Alma 14:15)
  651. Snare = (Alma 12:6)/(Psalm 106:35)/(2 Timothy 2:26)
  652. Speak hard things = (1 Nephi 16:1)/(2 Nephi 9:40)/(Psalm 60:3)
  653. Spend strength with harlots/women = (Mosiah 12:29)/
  654. In spirit and truth = (Alma 34:38)/(John 4:24)
  655. The Spirit constraineth me = (Job 32:18)/(Alma 14:11)
  656. Spirit of Christ = (Moroni 7:16)/(Romans 8:9)
  657. Spirit of God dwell in you = (Romans 8:9)/(Alma 7:5)
  658. Spirit of power = (2 Nephi 3:5)/(I Corinthians 2:4)
  659. Spirit of prophecy = (Revelation 19:10)/(2 Nephi 25:4)/(Jacob 4:6)
  660. Spirit of truth = (John 16:13)/(Alma 30:46)
  661. Spirit shall not always strive with man = (2 Nephi 26:11)/(Genesis 6:3)
  662. Spirit which giveth utterance = (2 Nephi 28:4)/(Acts 2:4)
  663. Spirit/Word hath no place in you = (2 Nephi 33:2)/(John 8:37)
  664. Spiritual body = (Alma 11:45)/(I Corinthians 15:44)
  665. Spiritual law = (Romans 7:14)/(2 Nephi 2:5)
  666. Springing up unto everlasting life [tree/water] = (John 4:14)/(Alma 32:41)
  667. So great faith I have not found in Israel = (Matthew 8:10)/(3 Nephi 19:35)
  668. Son of God = (Alma 33:17)/(Revelation 2:18)
  669. Son of perdition = (John 17:12)/(3 Nephi 27:32)
  670. Son of Righteousness = (Malachi 4:2)/(Ether 9:22)
  671. Son of the living God = (Mormon 5:14)/(Matthew 16:16)
  672. Sons of God = (Phillipians 2:15)/(Moroni 7:26)
  673. Sorrowful/Grieved unto death = (Moroni 9:25)/(Mark 14:34)
  674. Souls are precious = (Alma 31:35)/(Psalm 49:8)
  675. Stand fast in liberty that made you free = (Mosiah 23:13)/(Galatians 5:1)
  676. Stand with brightness = (2 Nephi 9:44)/(Ezekiel 28:7,17)
  677. A standard in the camp = (Numbers 10:14)/(Alma 62:4-5)
  678. Stars in the firmament = (1 Nephi 1:10)/(Genesis 1:14)
  679. Steadfast and immovable = (1 Nephi 2:10)/(Mosiah 5:15)/(1 Corinthians 15:58)
  680. Steadfast in the faith = (Mosiah 4:11)/(1 Peter 5:9)
  681. Steal the hearts = (2 Samuel 15:6)/(Alma 39:4)/(Alma 31:22)
  682. Stealing women for wives while they dance = (Judges 21:21)/(Mosiah 20:1-5)
  683. Stiffnecked people = (Deuteronomy 9:6)/(Alma 37:10)
  684. Still small voice = (1 Nephi 17:45)/(1 Kings 19:12)
  685. Stir you up to remembrance = (1 Nephi 2:24)/(II Peter 3:1)
  686. Stone which builders rejected = (Jacob 4:15-16)/(Psalm 118:22)/(Matthew 21:42)
  687. Strait is the gate, narrow is the way = (3 Nephi 27:33)/(Matthew 13-14)/(Luke 13:24)/(Jacob 6:11)
  688. Strength and wisdom = (Isaiah 10:13)/(Alma 39:2)
  689. Strength slacken because of iniquity = (2 Nephi 4:26)/(Psalms 31:10)
  690. Strength in weakness = (Ether 12:26-27)/(II Corinthians 12:9-10)
  691. Strength of the Lord = (Psalm 71:16)/(3 Nephi 4:10)
  692. Strengthen them in the Lord = (Zechariah 10:12)/(Alma 15:18)
  693. Strengthen thy stakes = (Isaiah 54:2)/(Moroni 10:31)
  694. Stretch forth your hand = (Acts 26:1)/(Mosiah 12:2)
  695. Stretched out my hands = (Psalms 88:9)/(Jacob 6:4)
  696. Stricken in years = (1 Nephi 18:17)/(Joshua 13:1)
  697. Strongholds = (Judges 6:2)/(2 Samuel 5:7)/(Alma 50:6)
  698. Stumble/tremble that he should fall = (Romans 11:11)/(2 Nephi 28:28)
  699. Stumblingblocks = (1 Nephi 14:1)/(1 Corinthians 1:23)
  700. [Earth] Swallowed up = (2 Nephi 26:5)/(Lamentations 2:2)/(Exodus 15:12)
  701. Swear in my wrath = (Hebrews 4:3)/(Jacob 1:7)
  702. Sword, famine, and pestilence = (Jeremiah 34:17)/(Alma 10:22)
  703. Sword of the Lord = (Alma 54:6)/(3 Nephi 2:19)/(Judges 7:18)
  704. Subtlety [of the devil] = (Alma 12:4)/(II Corinthians 11:3)
  705. Sun scorcheth the plant; it withers and dies = (Matthew 13:6)/(Alma 32:38)
  706. Take away their talent = (Ether 12:35)/(Matthew 25:28)
  707. Take no thought what you should eat = (Alma 31:37)/(Matthew 6:25)
  708. Taken away by the Spirit = (Acts 8:39)/(Helaman 10:16)
  709. Taken up into a cloud = (Acts 1:9)/(3 Nephi 18:38-39)
  710. Taste of the goodness of the Lord = (Mormon 1:15)/(Psalm 34:8)
  711. Tax of 1/5 = (Genesis 47:24)/(Mosiah 11:3)
  712. Tempt God = (Deuteronomy 6:16)/(Alma 30:44)
  713. Tender and delicate [women] = (Isaiah 47:1)/(Jacob 2:7)
  714. That great city = (Jonah 1:2)/(1 Nephi 2:13)/(Revelation 17:18)
  715. That I am = (Ether 4:12)/(Exodus 3:14)
  716. That I may prove them = (Exodus 16:4)/(Ether 12:35)
  717. That they might accuse him = (Luke 11:54)/(Mosiah 12:19)
  718. They are the gods among us = (Alma 18:4)/(Acts 14:11)
  719. They are more righteous than you = (Ezekiel 16:52)/(Jacob 3:5)
  720. They have become like a rock/flint = (2 Nephi 5:21)/(Jeremiah 5:3)/(Ezekiel 3:9)
  721. They would have repented if they saw your miracles = (2 Nephi 10:4)/(Matthew 11:21)
  722. The things which the Lord hath commanded = (Levitus 17:2)/(1 Nephi 3:7)
  723. This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased = (Matthew 17:5)/(3 Nephi 11:7)
  724. Thou art my firstborn = (Genesis 49:3)/(2 Nephi 2:1)
  725. Thou hast loved the world = (Ether 12:33)/(John 3:16)
  726. Thou shalt see greater things than these = (Helaman 14:28)/(John 1:50)
  727. Thoughts and intents of the heart = (Hebrews 4:12)/(Alma 18:32)
  728. Three days of darkness/vapor of darkness = (3 Nephi 8:20/10:10)/(Exodus 10:21-23)
  729. Thrust down to hell = (2 Nephi 9:34)/(Luke 10:15)
  730. Thrust hands in my side/feel prints of the nails = (3 Nephi 11:14)/(John 20:25-27)
  731. Thunderings and lightnings = (Exodus 20:18)/(1 Nephi 19:11)
  732. Thy faith hath made thee whole = (Enos 1:8)/(Luke 8:48)
  733. Time appointed unto man = (Job 7:1)/(Alma 40:10/42:4/12:28)
  734. Time/days of tribulation = (Judges 10:14)/(2 Nephi 2:1)
  735. Time was lengthened = (Deuteronomy 25:15)/(2 Nephi 2:21)
  736. Tossed about/to and fro = (Ephesians 4:14)/(Mormon 5:18)/(2 Nephi 6:11)
  737. [Even] to the ends of the earth = (Jeremiah 25:31)/(Mormon 9:21)
  738. To this day = (Joshua 4:9)/(Alma 25:9)
  739. Towers = (2 Chronicles 26:9)/(Alma 50:4)
  740. Tradition of your fathers = (1 Peter 1:18)/(Mosiah 10:12)
  741. Trample God under foot = (1 Nephi 19:7)/(Hebrews 10:29)
  742. Tree planted by river of water = (1 Nephi 8:13, 20)/(Psalm 1:3)/(Jeremiah 17:8)
  743. Tree of life = (1 Nephi 15:22)/(Revelation 2:7)/(Proverbs 3:13-18)
  744. Tree [eat from] = (1 Nephi 8:10/11:22)/(Revelation 2:7)
  745. Trial of your faith = (Ether 12:6)/(I Peter 1:7)
  746. Tribe of Manasseh lives in Jerusalem = (Alma 10:3)/(1 Chronicles 9:3)
  747. Trodden under foot = (Alma 46:22)/(Lamentations 1:15)
  748. True and faithful = (Revelation 21:5)/(2 Nephi 31:15)
  749. True vine = (1 Nephi 15:15)/(John 15:1)
  750. True and living God = (Alma 11:27)/(Jeremiah 10:10)
  751. Trump of God = (Alma 29:1)/(I Thessalonians 4:16)
  752. Trust in God = (Psalm 4:5)/(Alma 36:3)
  753. Truth and righteousness = (Zechariah 8:8)/(Alma 38:9)/(Psalms 19:9)
  754. Truth and soberness = (Mosiah 4:15)/(Acts 26:25)
  755. Truth which is in God/the Lamb/Christ = (1 Nephi 13:24,25)/(1 Tim 2:7)
  756. Turn aside = (1 Nephi 19:13-15)/(Deuteronomy 9:12)/(Lamentations 3:11)
  757. Turn his anger away = (Alma 8:29)/(Psalm 78:38)
  758. Turn to the Lord [with all your heart]= (Acts 11:21)/(2 Chronicles 30:6)/(Jeremiah 3:10)/(Mosiah 7:33)
  759. Turn to the right hand or to the left = (Genesis 24:49)/(Alma 24:23)
  760. Twelve apostles will judge the twelve tribes = (1 Nephi 12:9)/(Matthew 19:28)
  761. Two or three witnesses = (Ether 5:4)/(Matthew 18:16)
  762. Type and a shadow = (Mosiah 13:10)/(Hebrews 8:5)
  763. Uncircumcised of heart = (2 Nephi 9:33)/(Jeremiah 9:26)
  764. Unprofitable servants = (Luke 17:10)/(Mosiah 2:21)
  765. Unquenchable fire = (Luke 3:17)/(Mormon 9:5)
  766. Unsearchable = (Psalms 145:3)/(Romans 11:33)/(Job 5:9)/(Jacob 4:8)
  767. Unspeakable words = (3 Nephi 19:34/26:18)/(2 Corinthians 12:4)
  768. Utterly destroyed = (Isaiah 34:2)/(Moroni 9:22)
  769. Vengeance is mine; I will repay = (Mormon 3:15)/(Romans 12:19)
  770. Verily, verily, I say unto you = (3 Nephi 16:1)/(John 3:11)
  771. Vineyard of the Lord = (Jacob 5:3)/(Isaiah 5:7)/(Matt 20:1)
  772. [Prophets have] visions and dreams = (1 Nephi 8:36)/(Numbers 12:6)
  773. Visions drain the physical body = (1 Nephi 1:7/17:47)/(Daniel 10:8)
  774. Visit their sins = (Amos 3:14)/(Mosiah 11:22/12:1)
  775. [God will] visit you = (Genesis 50:24)/(1 Nephi 2:16)
  776. Visitation = (2 Nephi 1:12)/(Micah 7:4)
  777. Voice like a trumpet = (Revelation 4:1)/(Alma 29:1)
  778. Voice of the Lord = (Jeremiah 38:20)/(Helaman 13:3)
  779. Voice of thunder = (1 Nephi 17:45)/(Psalms 77:18)
  780. Wait for the Lord = (2 Nephi 6:13)/(Psalm 27:14/37:7)
  781. Walk blameless = (Alma 7:22)/(Luke 1:6)
  782. Walk circumspectly = (Helaman 15:5)/(Ephesians 5:15)
  783. Walk humbly = (Micah 6:8)/(Ether 6:30)
  784. Walk in his paths = (Micah 4:2)/(Alma 7:9)
  785. Walk in his ways and keep his commandments = (Mosiah 23:14)/(1 Kings 2:3)/(Isaiah 42:24)
  786. Walk in the ways of his father = (Mosiah 11:1)/(2 Chronicles 20:32)
  787. Walk in truth = (2 John 1:4)/(Helaman 6:34)/(Psalm 86:11)
  788. Walk in wisdom/wisdom’s paths = (Colossians 4:5)/(Helaman 12:5)
  789. Walk uprightly = (1 Nephi 16:3)/(Psalms 15:2)/(Proverbs 28:18)
  790. Wanderers in a strange land = (Alma 26:36)/(Exodus 2:22)
  791. Wandering from house to house = (1 Timothy 5:13)/(Alma 30:58)
  792. War a good warfare = (Alma 1:1)/(I Timothy 1:18)
  793. Wars and rumors of wars = (1 Nephi 12:2)/(Matthew 24:6)
  794. Water my couch/pillow with tears = (2 Nephi 33:3)/(Psalm 6:6)
  795. Take waters of life freely = (Alma 42:27)/(Revelation 22:17)
  796. Waters which run continually = (1 Nephi 2:9)/(Psalm 58:7)
  797. Way of righteousness = (Matthew 21:32)/(2 Nephi 1:19)
  798. We are dust = (Psalm 103:14)/(Mosiah 2:25)
  799. We are subject unto Christ = (2 Nephi 9:5)/(Hebrews 2:8)
  800. We will not have him to rule over us = (1 Nephi 18:10)/(Luke 19:14)
  801. Weep and howl = (James 5:1)/(Helaman 13:32)
  802. What seest thou? = (Jeremiah 1:11-13/24:3)/(1 Nephi 11:2,10,14)
  803. What sin have we committed? = (Mosiah 12:13)/(Jeremiah 16:10)
  804. Where no man dwells = (Job 38:26)/(Ether 2:5)
  805. Where the wind listeth = (Alma 26:6)/(John 3:8)
  806. Whether in or out of the body, I cannot tell = (3 Nephi 28:15)/(2 Corinthians 12:3)
  807. Whether they be good or evil = (Mosiah 3:24)/(II Corinthians 5:10)
  808. Which is, which was, which is to come = (Mosiah 3:5, 18, 19)/(Revelation 1:4,8,19)
  809. White as snow = (1 Nephi 11:8)/(Mark 9:3)/(Isaiah 1:18)
  810. Who can stand before his armies? = (Ether 14:18)/(Deuteronomy 9:2)
  811. Whoever touches me will wither = (1 Kings 13:4)/(1 Nephi 17:48)
  812. Who is God? = (Alma 9:6)/(Exodus 5:2)
  813. Who shall declare his generation? = (Mosiah 14:7-8)/(Isaiah 53)/(Acts 8:32-33)
  814. The whole need no physician/call sinners to repentance = (Mark 2:17)/(Moroni 8:8)
  815. Whore of the earth = (1 Nephi 14:10-11)/(Revelation 17:1)
  816. Why hast thou/he forsaken you/me = (Helaman 7:17)/(Psalm 22:1)
  817. Why persecutest thou me/the church of God? = (Acts 26:14)/(Mosiah 27:13)
  818. Why will ye die? = (Jacob 6:6)/(Jeremiah 27:13)
  819. Wicked will be taken in a whirlwind = (Psalm 58:9)/(3 Nephi 8:16)
  820. Wild fruit = (Isaiah 5:2)/(Jacob 5:25)
  821. Wild olive tree = (Jacob 5:7,9)/(Romans 11:17,24)
  822. Wisdom [feminine noun] = (Luke 7:35)/(Mosiah 8:20)
  823. Wisdom is foolishness = (2 Nephi 9:28)/(1 Corinthians 3:19)
  824. Wisdom of the world = (Alma 2:1)/(1 Corinthians 1:20)
  825. Wise and the prudent = (2 Nephi 9:43)/(1 Corinthians 1:19)
  826. With our might = (Mormon 2:4)/(Ecclesiastes 9:10)
  827. Without God in the world = (Mosiah 27:31)/(Ephesians 2:12)
  828. Without spot = (Moroni 10:33)/(Job 11:15)
  829. Wo, wo, wo = (Revelation 8:13)/(2 Nephi 28:15)
  830. Woe to you who are at ease in Zion = (Amos 6:1)/(2 Nephi 28:24)
  831. Wonder and amazement = (Acts 3:10)/(Mosiah 25:7)
  832. Word gone forth out of his mouth = (2 Nephi 9:17)/(Isaiah 45:23)
  833. Word of God is quick and powerful = (Hebrews 4:12)/(Helaman 3:29)
  834. Word of his power/Power of his word = (Hebrews 1:3)/(Alma 5:5)
  835. Word of truth = (2 Timothy 2:15)/(Alma 38:9)
  836. Word planted in your hearts = (Alma 34:4)/(Mark 4:15)
  837. Words will condemn us = (Alma 12:14)/(Matthew 12:37)
  838. Work all manner of work = (Exodus 35:35)/(Ether 10:23)
  839. Work out your salvation with fear before God = (Phillipians 2:12)/(Alma 34:37)
  840. Work righteousness = (Alma 13:10)/(Psalm 15:2)
  841. Worker of iniquity = (Alma 5:32)/(Psalms 5:5)
  842. Works of darkness = (Ephesians 5:11)/(2 Nephi 9:9)
  843. Their works do follow them = (3 Nephi 27:12)/(Revelation 14:13)
  844. Wrest the scriptures = (Psalms 56:5)/(Alma 13:20)
  845. Writing on wall written by the finger of God = (Alma 10:2)/(Daniel 5:5)
  846. Written in your hearts = (Mosiah 13:11)/(Proverbs 7:3)/(Hebrews 8:10)
  847. Yoke of bondage = (Mosiah 21:13)/(Galatians 5:1)
  848. Yoke of iron = (1 Nephi 13:5)/(Jeremiah 28:14)
  849. Young and tender = (Jacob 5:4,6)/(Ezekiel 17:22)/(1 Chronicles 22:5)
  850. Young lion will tear the gentiles to piece = (3 Nephi 20:16)/(Micah 5:8)

Consistencies in Book of Mormon Geography (Part 1)

The Book of Mormon is a work that has strong internal consistency with regards to geography. I have decided to examine the geography of the Book of Mormon to see if any of the geographical locations can serve as evidence supporting the argument that the Book of Mormon is an ancient record translated by the power of God. Here is a random sampling of some of the consistencies that I have found upon examining the ancient American geography described in the Book of Mormon. I have used the 1981 Edition of the Book of Mormon for this examination (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah)

  1. “Go down” to the land of Zarahemla, “go up” to the land of Nephi

It is well established in the Book of Mormon that the Land of Zarahemla (Nephites) is in the northern regions of the land, and that the Land of Nephi (Lamanites) is in the southern region (Alma 22:27-34). I believe that it is a common notion that when describing a land that is northward, the words “up” or “above” the southern land would be used to describe its location. However, the Book of Mormon does not use this language, but rather always refers to traveling to the Land of Nephi as “going up” to the land of Nephi, and the land of Zarahemla as “going down” to the land of Zarahemla. This may suggest that the Land of Nephi was a higher elevation than the land of Zarahemla (though the elevation of Zarahemla and Nephi is never mentioned), or it may have some significance since it was the place where they first landed. This phrasing is consistently used throughout the Book of Mormon, suggesting that using phrases such as “went up to the land south” was intentional, yet it is a highly unusual style for most in the modern western world.

Land of Zarahemla:

a)    Alma 27:5 “Let us gather together this people of the Lord, and let us go down to the land of Zarahemla to our brethren the Nephites, and flee out of the hands of our enemies, that we be not destroyed.

b)    Alma 56:25 “Neither durst they march down against the city of Zarahemla.”

c)     Alma 51:11 “Amalickiah had gathered together a wonderfully great army, insomuch that he feared not to come down to the land of Zarahemla.

d)    Alma 53:10 “they had been converted unto the Lord; and they had been brought down into the land of Zarahemla…

e)    Alma 53:12 “And for this cause they were brought down into the land of Zarahemla…”

f)     Alma 56:25 “Neither durst they march down against the city of Zarahemla; neither durst they cross the head of Sidon, over to the city of Nephihah.”

g)    Alma 57:16 “we did resolve to send them down to the land of Zarahemla…

h)    Alma 57:28 “they had started to go down to the land of Zarahemla with.”

i)     Alma 57:29 “Behold, we did start to go down to the land of Zarahemla.

j)     Helaman 6:4 “And it came to pass that many of the Lamanites did come down into the land of Zarahemla…

Land of Nephi:

a)     Mosiah 28:1 “and desired of him that he would grant unto them that they might, with these whom they had selected, go up to the land of Nephi that they might preach the things which they had heard…”

b)     Alma 22:30-31 “And they came from there up into the south wilderness. Thus the land on the northward was called Desolation, and the land on the southward was called Bountiful”

c)    Alma 29:14 “because of the success of my brethren, who have been up to the land of Nephi.”

d)     Alma 47:1 “he had taken those who went with him, and went up in the land of Nephi among the Lamanites…”

e)    Alma 56:3 “two thousand of the sons of those men whom Ammon brought down out of the land of Nephi…

  1. The Destruction of Ammonihah

The City of Ammonihah is destroyed by the Lamanites in 81 B.C. (Alma 16:11/p. 249). Those who are killed are buried in shallow graves. It states in verse 11 “And now so great was the scent thereof that the people did not go in to possess the land for many years.”

In Alma 49:1-2 (p. 330) it states “Lamanites were seen approaching towards the land of Ammonihah. And behold, the city had been rebuilt…” by Moroni, and this occurred in 72 B.C., 9 years after the destruction of those in Ammonihah. The rebuilding of Ammonihah is consistent with the fact that it was uninhabitable for a number of years because of the scent of the dead. This is a consistency that is 83 pages apart.

  1. The City of Moroni sinks into the ocean

The city of Moroni is built by the seashore, as it states in Alma 62:32 “And it came to pass that the Nephites began the foundation of a city; and they called the name of the city Moroni; and it was by the east sea; and it was on the south by the line of the possessions of the Lamanites” (p. 365/Alma 62:32).

The city of Moroni, which is by the east seashore, sinks into the ocean when Christ is killed in 33 A.D. as it states in 3 Nephi 8:9 (p. 422) “And the city of Moroni did sink into the depths of the sea…” The destruction of the city of Moroni in 33 A.D. is consistent with its geographical location.

  1. The City of Noah is close to Ammonihah

After the Lamanites destroy the people of Ammonihah, they also attack some of the people “around the borders of Noah” (Alma 16:3/p. 248).

Alma 49:11-12 references the fact that these cities are located close together and that the Lamanites had attacked them previously. In Alma 49:11, when the Lamanites decide again to attack the city of Ammonihah nearly ten years after they had so easily destroyed it, they find that it has been rebuilt by the Nephites to be a stronghold. The Lamanites then flee from the city of Ammonihah because it has been fortified, and decide to attack the city of Noah, which they had also easily attacked in the past (Alma 49:11/p. 331). When the Lamanites arrive in the land of Noah, they are surprised to see that is has also been fortified (Alma 49:14/p. 331). This is an internal consistency in that the city of Noah and the city of Ammonihah are in close proximity, and in the past were relatively easy targets for the Lamanites.

  1. Zarahemla was destroyed by fire

In Helaman 13:13 (p. 398), Samuel the Lamanite declares that the voice of the Lord told him “I would cause that fire should come down out of heaven and destroy it [Zarahemla]. But behold, it is for the righteous’ sake that it is spared.”

In 3 Nephi 8:8 (p. 422), after the death of the Savior and as a sign of his death, it states: “And the city of Zarahemla did take fire.” The word of the Lord is fulfilled when there are no more righteous in the land.

  1. City of Nephihah/Lehi/Morianton/Gid/Mulek/Moroni

There is geographical consistency in the chapters beginning in Alma 50:13 to Helaman 5:15. The cities mentioned in Alma 51:26 are on the eastern seashore, and the armies of the Lamanites take control of them one at a time, suggesting they may have followed a highway.

The following are scriptures showing how the cities mentioned above are in close proximity to each other and are along the eastern seashore:

  1. “And they called the name of the city Moroni; and it was by the east sea” (Alma 50:13)
  2. “began a foundation for a city between the city of Moroni and the city of Aaron…called the name of the city, or land, Nephihah.” (Alma 50:14)
  3. “And they also began in that same year to build many cities on the north, one in a particular manner which they called Lehi, which was in the north by the borders of the seashore” (Alma 50:15)
  4. “The city of Nephihah, and the city of Lehi, and the city of Morianton, and the city of Omner, and the city of Gid and the city of Mulek, all of which were on the east borders by the seashore.” (Alma 51:26)
  5. “The people of Nephihah, who were gathered together from the city of Moroni and the city of Lehi and the city of Morianton, were attacked by the Lamanites.” (Alma 59:5-6)

Those who live in Moroni, Lehi, Morianton, and Melek, are compelled to flea to Nephihah (Alma 59:5-6/Alma 51:24). Nephihah is then attacked. The prisoners of the Nephites are kept in the city of Gid, and Moroni gets the prisoners back by strategem (Alma 55:7) In Alma 62:30, Moroni regains the land of Nephihah and goes on to regain the land of Lehi. Afterwards, they then attack the Lamanites, who were one great army, in the land of Moroni (Alma 62:32). Moroni, Lehi, and Teancum destroy the Lamanites and chase them out of the land (Alma 62:38). After the wars between the Nephites and the Lamanites, the prophets Nephi and Lehi preach to those in Bountiful, then go to Gid, and then go to Mulek, both of which were on the line of cities on the east seashore mentioned in Alma 51:26 (Helaman 5:15). These consistencies suggest that the Book of Mormon follows a strict geographical structure that could not be made up from one’s head as one went along dictating the book. A detailed map would have been required to maintain the consistency.