Debunking the Connection between “The Late War” and The Book of Mormon

Some suggest that “The Late War between the United States and Great Britain” written by Gilbert J. Hunt (1816) serves as source material for the Book of Mormon (http://wordtree.org/thelatewar/). FAIR Mormon has already done a pretty thorough job of answering this argument, but I would like to expand upon some their responses. The purpose of this post is to show that the themes that are similar between the Late War and the Book of Mormon are found in other ancient sources, and that these similarities to the Late War do not provide a compelling case that it served as source material for the Book of Mormon.

BATTLES AT FORTS

The authors suggest the Late War (29:20-23) serves as inspiration for battles in the Book of Mormon involving forts and ditches (Alma 48:7-8, 49:20-25). The authors state “some may argue that this structure is a scène a faire—that this is a basic structure common to many battles; however, there are distinctive elements to these descriptions that raise the question, how could two battles separated by nearly 2,000 years be described by two different people in so similar a manner?” The records of the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus suggest that this is indeed a scène a faire. He provides many examples of siege warfare which includes building walls, building towers, casting up banks, and digging trenches around the walls. The besieging forces try to fill up the ditches so they can use their engines of war to pull down the walls of the fort:

  • “At this Pompey was very angry, and put Aristobulus into prison, and came himself to the city, which was strong on every side, excepting the north, which was not so well fortified, for there was a broad and deep ditch, that encompassed the city, and included within it the temple, which was itself encompassed about with a very strong stone wall” (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book XIV, Chapter 4:1)
  • “Alexander was afraid of him, when he was marching against the Arabians; so he cut a deep trench between Antipatris, which was near the mountains, and the shores of Joppa; he also erected a high wall before the trench, and built wooden towers in order to hinder any sudden approaches; but still he was not able to exclude Antiochus, for he burnt the towers, and filled up the trenches, and marched on with his army” (Josephus, Wars of the Jews, Book I, Chapter 4:7)
  • “the outward circumference hath the resemblance of a wall, and is adorned with towers at equal distances…The camp, and all that is in it, is encompassed with a wall all round about, and that sooner than one would imagine, and this by the multitude and the skill of the laborers; and, if occasion require, a trench is drawn round the whole, whose depth is four cubits, and its breadth equal” (Josephus, Wars of the Jews, Book III, Chapter 5:1-2)
  • “and when he was come to the city he looked about where he might make his attack; for he saw the walls were so firm that it would be hard to overcome them, and that the valley before the walls was terrible; and that the temple, which was within that valley, was itself encompassed with a very strong wall…But Pompey himself filled up the ditch that was on the north side of the temple, and the entire valley also, the army itself being obliged to carry the materials for that purpose. And indeed it was a hard thing to fill up that valley, by reason of its immense depth, especially as the Jews used all the means possible to repel them from their superior station” (Josephus, Wars of the Jews, Book I, Chapter 7:1, 3… On a side note, it is interesting to me how an ancient war strategy was to fill up an enemy’s ditch surrounding their fort, and the Book of Mormon states, in what I think is an example of dark humor, “and instead of filling up their ditches by pulling down the banks of earth, they were filled up in a measure with their dead and wounded bodies” (Alma 49:22))
  • “As this city was naturally hard to be taken, so had Josephus, by building a wall about it, made it still stronger, as also by ditches and mines underground…And as the legions, according to their usual custom, were fortifying their camp upon that mountain, he began to cast up banks at the bottom, at the part towards the east, where the highest tower of the whole city was, and where the fifteenth legion pitched their camp; while the fifth legion did duty over against the midst of the city, and whilst the tenth legion filled up the ditches and the valleys” (Josephus, Wars of the Jews, Book IV, Chapter 1:2-3)
  • “As for those that were within it, no one had the courage to sally out, because those that assaulted them were so numerous; but they distributed themselves into breastworks and turrets, and shot at the besiegers, whereby many of the robbers fell under the walls” (Josephus, Wars of the Jews, Book II, 17:7)

Thucydides “The History of the Peloponnesian War,” written between 431-404 B.C., also describes siege warfare:

  • Meanwhile Hippocrates made a levy in mass of the citizens, resident aliens, and foreigners in Athens, and arrived at his destination after the Boeotians had already come back from Siphae, and encamping his army began to fortify Delium, the sanctuary of Apollo, in the following manner. A trench was dug all round the temple and the consecrated ground, and the earth thrown up from the excavation was made to do duty as a wall, in which stakes were also planted, the vines round
    the sanctuary being cut down and thrown in, together with stones and bricks pulled down from the houses near; every means, in short, being used to run up the rampart. Wooden towers were also erected where they were wanted” (Thucydides, Book IV, Chapter XIV)
  • “the Athenians started from the wall which they occupied, and from this point built
    a cross wall looking towards Megara down to the sea on either side of Nisaea; the ditch and the walls being divided among the army, stones and bricks taken from the suburb, and the fruit-trees and timber cut down to make a palisade wherever this seemed necessary” (Thucydides, Book IV, Chapter XIII)

The first Book of Maccabees in the Apocrypha extensively describes siege warfare similar to that found in the Book of Mormon:

  • “Then builded they the city of David with a great and strong wall, and with mighty towers, and made it a strong hold for them. And they put therein a sinful nation, wicked men, and fortified themselves therein” (I Maccabees 1:33-34)
  • “he consulted with them about building strong holds in Judea, and making the walls of Jerusalem higher, and raising a great mount between the tower and the city…Upon this they came together to build up the city, forasmuch as part of the wall toward the brook on the east side was fallen down, and they repaired that which was called Caphenatha” (I Maccabees 12:35-37)
  • “Then Simon built up the strong holds in Judea, and fenced them about with high towers, and great walls, and gates, and bars, and laid up victuals therein” (I Maccabees 13:33)
  • “and gave commandment to pull down the wall round about” (I Maccabees 6:62)

The Bible also describes the building and besieging of strongholds:

  • “Also he strengthened himself, and built up all the wall that was broken, and raised it up to the towers, and another wall without, and repaired Millo in the city of David, and made darts and shields in abundance” (2 Chronicles 32:5)
  • “Hew ye down trees, and cast a mount against Jerusalem” (Jeremiah 6:6)
  • “(For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;)” (2 Corinthians 10:4)

BATTLES AT RIVERS

The authors claim that battles near rivers in the Book of Mormon (Alma 2:34) were inspired by battles in the Late War (47:2-5). Below is an example in the records of Josephus of a battle at a river that sounds much closer to the Book of Mormon account than what is found in the Late War:

  • “and he slew all that he overtook, as far as Jordan; and when he had driven the whole multitude to the river side, where they were stopped by the current, (for it had been augmented lately by rains, and was not fordable,) he put his soldiers in array over against them; so the necessity the others were in provoked them to hazard a battle, because there was no place whither they could flee. They then extended themselves a very great way along the banks of the river, and sustained the darts that were thrown at them as well as the attacks of the horsemen, who beat many of them, and pushed them into the current. At which fight, hand to hand, fifteen thousand of them were slain, while the number of those that were unwillingly forced to leap into Jordan was prodigious…Now this destruction that fell upon the Jews, as it was not inferior to any of the rest in itself, so did it still appear greater than it really was; and this, because not only the whole of the country through which they had fled was filled with slaughter, and Jordan could not be passed over, by reason of the dead bodies that were in it, but because the lake Asphaltitis was also full of dead bodies, that were carried down into it by the river” (Wars of the Jews, Book IV, Chapter 7:5-6…On a side note, it is interesting how the Nephites also run into the problem of not being able to cross a river because they are blocked by too many slain Lamanites. They cast the bodies of the slain Lamanites into the river so they can cross (Alma 2:34))

The first Book of Maccabees and the Book of Judith in the Apocrypha also contains battles near rivers:

  • “Now when Bacchides heard hereof, he came on the Sabbath day unto the banks of Jordan with a great power. Then Jonathan said to his company, Let us go up now and fight for our lives, for it standeth not with us today, as in time past: For, behold, the battle is before us and behind us, and the water of Jordan on this side and that side, the marsh likewise and wood, neither is there place for us to turn aside. Wherefore cry ye now unto heaven…With that they joined the battle, and Jonathan stretched forth his hand to smite Bacchides, but he turned back from him. Then Jonathan and they that were with him leapt into Jordan, and swam over unto the farther bank: howbeit the other passed not over Jordan unto them. So there were slain of Bacchides’ side that day about a thousand men” (I Maccabees 9:43-49)
  • “And thou shalt declare unto them, that they prepare for me earth and water: for I will go forth in my wrath against them and will cover the whole face of the earth with the feet of mine army, and I will give them for a spoil unto them: So that their slain shall fill their valleys and brooks and the river shall be filled with their dead, till it overflow” (Judith 2:7-8)

BATTLE CASUALTIES

The authors suggest that reporting the number of soldiers slain after a battle is somehow unique to the Late War (8:18-19/49:18-20/54:24) and the Book of Mormon (Mosiah 9:18-19/Alma 57:25-26/Alma 62:26). They also argue that the fact that smaller righteous armies defeat larger wicked armies is a parallel between the two works. One contributor on the site states “The righteous protagonists triumph over the more numerous foe, and the enemy army consistently outnumbers the righteous protagonists. — Ryan Thomas, Direct Literary Dependence?” These themes are so common in all literature that I don’t know why they included it in their analysis:

  • “And the Lord said unto Gideon, By the three hundred men that lapped will I save you, and deliver the Midianites into thine hand: and let all the other people go every man unto his place” (Judges 7:7)
  • “And when he came near to the going up of Beth-horon, Judas went forth to meet him with a small company: who, when they saw the host coming to meet them, said unto Judas, How shall we be able, being so few, to fight against so great a multitude and so strong…Unto whom Judas answered, It is no hard matter for many to be shut up in the hands of a few; and with the God of heaven it is all one, to deliver with a great multitude, or a small company” (I Maccabees 3:16-18)
  • “bringing with him an army that had received no harm, and a great deal of prey” (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book IV, Chapter 7:1)
  • “They also offered thank-offerings, both for their good success, and for the preservation of their army, for not one of the Jews was slain in these battles” (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book XII, 8:5)

Sun Tzu in “The Art of War” (translated by Lionel Giles) states:

  • “Though according to my estimate the soldiers of Yueh exceed our own in number, that shall advantage them nothing in the matter of victory. I say then that victory can be achieved. Though the enemy be stronger in numbers, we may prevent him from fighting. Scheme so as to discover his plans and the likelihood of their success” (VI:21-23)

Battle casualties are listed in the Apocrypha and the Old Testament:

  • “so that there were slain of them upon a three thousand men” (I Maccabees 4:15)
  • “So they joined battle; and there were slain of the host of Lysias about five thousand men, even before them were they slain” (I Maccabees 4:34)
  • “and there were slain of the heathen about three thousand men, whose spoils he took” (I Maccabees 5:22)
  • “so that there were killed of them that day about eight thousand men” (I Maccabees 5:34)
  • “and there were slain that day of the people of Israel about two thousand men” (I Maccabees 5:60)
  • “and slew of the army in the field about four thousand men” (I Samuel 4:2)
  • “And in Shushan the palace the Jews slew and destroyed five hundred men” (Esther 9:6)
  • “for there fell an hundred and twenty thousand men that drew sword” (Judges 8:10)

2,000 SOLDIERS AND STRIPLINGS

The authors claim that the Late War’s description (35:5-6) of “a band of 2,000 courageous soldiers who volunteer in a desperate fight for the freedom of their country against an oppressive king” is similar to the 2,000 stripling Ammonite warriors led by Helaman in the Book of Mormon (Alma 53:18-20). This exact parallel, however, is found in Thucydides’ “The History of the Peloponnesian War,” which was written during the Peloponnesian War between 431-404 B.C.

  • Meanwhile the Corinthians, with Potidaea in revolt and the Athenian ships on the coast of Macedonia, alarmed for the safety of the place and thinking its danger theirs, sent volunteers from Corinth, and mercenaries from the rest of Peloponnese, to the number of sixteen hundred heavy infantry in all, and four hundred light troops. Aristeus, son of Adimantus, who was always a steady friend to the Potidaeans, took command of the expedition, and it was principally for love of him that most of the men from Corinth volunteered. They arrived in Thrace forty days after the revolt of Potidaea” (Thucydides, “The History of the Peloponnesian War,” Book I, Chapter II)

BAND OF ROBBERS

The authors claim that the description of a “band of sea-robbers” in the Late War (1:18/49:37-38) served as inspiration for the “band of robbers” in the Book of Mormon (Helaman 6:37/11:28, 30), although the authors admit that “robbers” are found in other sources. Unlike the Late War, Josephus and the Bible describe robbers who more closely match the description of those found in the Book of Mormon:

  • “he presently met with an opportunity of signalising his courage; for, finding there was one Hezekias, a captain of a band of robbers, who overran the neighboring ports of Syria with a great troop of them, he seized him and slew him, as well as a great number of the other robbers that were with him; for which action he was greatly beloved by the Syrians; for when they were very desirous to have their country freed from this nest of robbers, he purged it of them: so they sung songs in his commendation in their villages and cities, as having procured them peace and the secure enjoyment of their possessions” (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book XIV, Chapter 9:2)
  • “that there might be no want of a supply for the soldiers for the time to come. Antigonus was sensible of this, and sent presently over the country such as might restrain and lie in ambush for those that went out for provisions. So these men obeyed the orders of Antigonus, and got together a great number of armed men about Jericho, and sat upon the mountains, and watched those that brought the provisions…He also went thence and resolved to destroy those robbers that dwelt in the caves, and did much mischief in the country…These caves were in mountains that were exceedingly abrupt, and in their middle were no other than precipices, with certain entrances into the caves, and those caves were encompassed with sharp rocks, and in these did the robbers lie concealed, with all their families about them” (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book XIV, Chapter 15:3-5).
  • “And the men of Shechem set liers in wait for him in the top of the mountains, and they robbed all that came along that way by them: and it was told Abimelech” (Judges 9:25)
  • “And as troops of robbers wait for a man, so the company of priests murder in the way by consent: for they commit lewdness” (Hosea 6:9)
  • “When I would have healed Israel, then the iniquity of Ephraim was discovered, and the wickedness of Samaria: for they commit falsehood; and the thief cometh in, and the troop of robbers spoileth without” (Hosea 7:1)

Gangs of robbers are also described cross-culturally. In the commentary on the Art of War, Chang Yu describes how a gang of robbers which hid in the mountains was defeated:

  • “Wu-tu Ch’iang was a robber captain in the time of the Later Han, and Ma Yuan was sent to exterminate his gang. Ch’iang having found refuge in the hills, Ma Yuan made no attempt to force a battle, but seized all the favorable positions commanding supplies of water and forage. Ch’iang was soon in such a desperate plight for want of provisions that he was forced to make a total surrender.” (Chang Yu’s commentary in Sun Tzu’s “The Art of War” IX:1, p. 137)

PITCHED TENTS ON THE BORDERS

The authors argue that pitching tents on the borders near water is a similarity between the two works (Late War 11:17/Alma 51:32). The Bible and the Apocrypha describe armies pitching their tents in the borders and also near water:

  • “Then they went along through the wilderness, and compassed the land of Edom, and the land of Moab, and came by the east side of the land of Moab, and pitched on the other side of Arnon, but came not within the border of Moab: for Arnon was the border of Moab” (Judges 11:18)
  • “And when all these kings were met together, they came and pitched together at the waters of Merom, to fight against Israel” (Joshua 11:5)
  • “and pitched their tents by the water of the pool Asphar” (I Maccabees 9:33)

BURNED MARTYRS

The authors claim that there is a parallel between the Late War and the Book of Mormon with regard to martyrs being burned. The Late War describes a battle in the snow where Native Americans commissioned by the British kill all the wounded colonizers with a blow to the head from a Tomahawk. The wounded and sick who hide in houses to escape the cold are burned alive in their homes by the natives. The Late War states that this deed will be recorded in heaven until judgment day (14:39-41). In the Book of Mormon, the wicked people of Ammonihah find out who believe the words of Alma and Amulek, and cast the believing men out of the city. The believing women and children are then burned alive in a pit along with their scriptures (Alma 14:10-11). Burning believers and having innocent blood testify against sinners is common in the Bible:

  • “And whoso falleth not down and worshippeth shall the same hour be cast into the midst of a burning fiery furnace…if ye worship not, ye shall be cast the same hour into the midst of a burning fiery furnace; and who is that God that shall deliver you out of my hands?” (Daniel 3:6, 15)
  • “And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held: And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?” (Revelation 6:9-10)
  • “And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear you, when ye depart thence, shake off the dust under your feet for a testimony against them. Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrha in the day of Judgment, than for that city” (Mark 6:11)
  • “And he said, What hast thou done? The voice of thy brother’s blood crieth unto me from the ground” (Genesis 4:10)

MOURNING THE DEAD

The authors claim that there is a similarity between the Late War and the Book of Mormon in mourning the dead. The Late War laments the many fathers who are killed who leave behind wives and children. The children want to see their fathers come home, but they will never return (19:57-60). The Book of Mormon, on the other hand, quotes Mormon who asks in pain how his people could have rejected Jesus, and how they have all been exterminated by the Lamanites (Mormon 6:16-20). The Prophet Jeremiah laments the fall of Jerusalem using similar language:

  • “Oh that my head were waters, and mine eyes a fountain of tears, that I might weep day and night for the slain of the daughter of my people!” (Jeremiah 9:1)
  • “And I will fan them with a fan in the gates of the land; I will bereave them of children, I will destroy my people, since they return not from their ways. Their widows are increased to me above the sand of the seas” (Jeremiah 15:7-8)
  • “The word of the Lord came also unto me, saying, Thou shalt not take thee a wife, neither shalt thou have sons or daughters in this place. For thus saith the Lord concerning the sons and concerning the daughters that are born in this place, and concerning their mothers that bare them, and concerning their fathers that begat them in this land; They shall die of grievous deaths; they shall not be lamented; neither shall they be buried; but they shall be as dung upon the face of the earth: and they shall be consumed by the sword, and by famine” (Jeremiah 16:4)
  • “For these things I weep; mine eye, mine eye runneth down with water, because the comforter that should relieve my soul is far from me: my children are desolate, because the enemy prevailed” (Lamentations 1:16)
  • “Mine eyes do fail with tears, my bowels are troubled, my liver is poured upon the earth, for the destruction of the daughter of my people; because the children and the sucklings swoon in the streets of the city” (Lamentations 2:11)
  • “The young and the old lie on the ground in the streets: my virgins and my young men are fallen by the sword; thou hast slain them in the day of thine anger; thou hast killed, and not pitied” (Lamentations 2:21)
  • “Mine eye runneth down with rivers of water for the destruction of the daughter of my people” (Lamentations 3:48)
  • “Her Nazarites were purer than snow, they were whiter than milk, they were more ruddy in body than rubies, their polishing was of sapphire” (Lamentations 4:7)
  • They hunt our steps, that we cannot go in our streets: our end is near, our days are fulfilled; for our end is come” (Lamentations 4:18)
  • “We are orphans and fatherless, our mothers are as widows” (Lamentations 5:3)
  • “he that goeth down to the grave shall come up no more. He shall return no more to his house, neither shall his place know him any more. Therefore I will not refrain my mouth; I will speak in the anguish of my spirit; I will complain in the bitterness of my soul” (Job 7:9-11)

Josephus also describes the mournings of the Jewish people:

  • “In every house also, and among all to whom any of the slain were allied, there was a lamentation for them; but the mourning for the commander was a public one; and some mourned for those that had lived with them, others for their kindred, others for their friends, and others for their brethren, but all mourned for Josephus” (Wars, Book III, 9:5)

ANTI-NEPHI-LEHIS

The authors suggest that the Late War’s description of a group of Native Americans who do not murder their prisoners or mutilate their dead (26:22-28) are reminiscent of the Anti-Nephi-Lehis in the Book of Mormon (Alma 24:6, 17, 19). A more compelling parallel can be found in the Apocrypha:

  • “But they said, We will not come forth, neither will we do the king’s commandment, to profane the Sabbath day. So then they gave them the battle with all speed. Howbeit they answered them not, neither cast they a stone at them, nor stopped the places where they lay hid; But said, Let us die in our innocency: heaven and earth shall testify for us, that ye put us to death wrongfully. So they rose up against them in battle on the Sabbath, and they slew them, with their wives and children, and their cattle, to the number of a thousand people. Now when Mattathias and his friends understood hereof, they mourned for them right sore” (I Maccabees 2:34-39)

CATACLYSMS

The Late War describes a massive explosion that occurs when black powder kegs catch fire in a fort (19:37-44). The authors argue that the description is similar to the great earthquakes, fires, and storms that destroy many Nephite cities after Christ’s death (Helaman 14:7/3 Nephi 8:6). All of the Book of Mormon descriptions of the “cataclysmic event” have Biblical roots that are much more similar to the Book of Mormon than are the Late War’s descriptions:

  • “The people were all affrighted; and the ground that was about their tents sunk down at the great noise, with a terrible sound, and carried whatsoever was dear to the seditious, into itself, who so entirely perished, that there was not the least appearance that any man had ever been seen there, the earth that had opened itself about them closing again, and becoming entire as it was before, insomuch that such as saw it afterward did not perceive that any such accident had happened to it. Thus did these men perish, and become a demonstration of the power of God” (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book IV, 3:3)
  • “God disturbed their enemies with an earthquake, and moved the ground under them to such a degree, that he caused it to tremble, and made them to shake, insomuch that by its trembling, he made some unable to keep their feet, and made them fall down, and, by opening its chasms, he caused that others should be hurried down into them; after which he caused such a noise of thunder to come among them, and made fiery lightning shine so terribly round about them, that it was ready to burn their faces” (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book VI, Chapter 2:2)
  • “Thou shalt be visited of the Lord of hosts with thunder, and with earthquake, and great noise, with storm and tempest, and the flame of devouring fire” (Isaiah 29:6)
  • “The earth opened and swallowed up Dathan, and covered the company of Abiram” (Psalm 106:17)
  • “And what he did unto Dathan and Abiram, the sons of Eliab, the son of Reuben: how the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up, and their households, and their tents, and all the substance that was in their possession, in the midst of all Israel” (Deuteronomy 11:6)
  • “And the Lord said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, even darkness which may be felt. And Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven; and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days” (Exodus 10:22-23)
  • “And it came to pass, as they fled from before Israel, and were in the going down to Beth-horon, that the Lord cast down great stones from heaven upon them unto Azeka, and they died: they were more which died with hailstones than they whom the children of Israel slew with the sword” (Joshua 10:11)
  • “Pharaoh’s chariots and his host hath he cast into the sea: his chosen captains also are drowned in the Red sea. The depths have covered them: they sank into the bottom as a stone” (Exodus 15:4-5)
  • “And, behold, the Lord passed by, and a great and strong wind rent the mountains, and brake in pieces the rocks before the Lord; but the Lord was not in the wind: and after the wind an earthquake; but the Lord was not in the earthquake: And after the earthquake a fire; but the Lord was not in the fire” (1 Kings 19:11-12)
  • “Therefore will not we fear, though the earth be removed, and though the mountains be carried into the midst of the sea” (Psalm 46:2)

 

LIBERTY AND FREEDOM

The Book of Mormon and the Late War both describe fighting for liberty from kings (Late War p. 184, 2nd edition/24:15/54:13 and Mosiah 23:36/Alma 51:17/46:12, 36). While religious freedom and freedom from tyranny are aspects of American history, the KJV Apocrypha and Flavius Josephus are just some of the ancient sources where these same themes are also found:

  • “Then Darius the king stood up, and kissed him, and wrote letters for him unto all the treasurers and lieutenants and captains and governors, that they should safely convey on their way both him, and all those that go up with him to build Jerusalem. He wrote letters also unto the lieutenants that were in Celosyria and Phenice, and unto them in Libanus, that they should bring cedar wood from Libanus unto Jerusalem, and that they should build the city with him. Moreover he wrote for all the Jews that went out of his realm up into Jewry, concerning their freedom, that no office, no ruler, no lieutenant, nor treasurer, should forcibly enter into their doors; And that all the country which they hold should be free without tribute; and that the Edomites should give over the villages of the Jews which then they held…And other ten talents yearly, to maintain the burnt offerings upon the altar every day…And that all they that went from Babylon to build the city should have free liberty. As well they as their posterity, and all the priests that went away” (I Esdras 4:47-50, 52-53)
  • “And they praised the God of their fathers, because he had given them freedom and liberty to go up, and to build Jerusalem, and the temple which is called by his name: and they feasted with instruments and music and gladness seven days” (I Esdras 4:62-63)
  • “It maketh the mind of the king and of the fatherless child to be all one; of the bondman and of the freeman, of the poor man and of the rich” (I Esdras 3:19)
  • Let Jerusalem also be holy and free, with the borders thereof, both from tenths and tributes…Moreover I freely set at liberty every one of the Jews, that were carried captives out of the land of Judea into any part of my kingdom, and I will that all my officers remit the tributes even of their cattle. Furthermore I will that all the feasts, and the Sabbaths…shall be all days of immunity and freedom for all the Jews in my realm. Also no man shall have authority to meddle with them, or to molest any of them in any matter” (I Maccabees 10:31, 33-35)
  • “Whereof when the people heard, they said, What thanks shall we give to Simon and his sons? For he and his brethren and the house of his father have established Israel, and chased away in fight their enemies from them, and confirmed their liberty” (I Maccabees 14:25-26)
  • “Then Mattathias answered and spake with a loud voice, Though all the nations that are under the king’s dominion obey him, and fall away every one from the religion of their fathers, and give consent to his commandments: Yet will I and my sons and my brethren walk in the covenant of our fathers. God forbid that we should forsake the law and the ordinances. We will not hearken to the king’s words, to go from our religion, either on the right hand, or the left” (I Maccabees 2:21-22)
  • “So they recovered the law out of the hand of the Gentiles, and out of the hand of kings, neither suffered they the sinner to triumph” (I Maccabees 2:48)
  • “and there it was that he heard the causes of the Jews, and of their governors Hyrcanus and Aristobulus, who were at difference one with another, as also of the nation against them both, which did not desire to be under kingly government, because the form of government they received from their forefathers was that of subjection to the priests of that God whom they worshipped; and [they complained,] that though these two were the posterity of priests, yet did they seek to change the government of their nation to another form, in order to enslave them” (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book XIV, Chapter 3:2)
  • “Now the occasions of this misery which came upon Jerusalem were Hyrcanus and Aristobulus, by raising a sedition one against the other; for now we lost our liberty, and became subject to the Romans, and were deprived of that country which we had gained by our arms from the Syrians, and were compelled to restore it to the Syrians” (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book XIV, Chapter 4:5)
  • “and when he had ordained five councils, he distributed the nation into the same number of parts: so these councils governed the people; the first was at Jerusalem, the second at Gadara, the third at Amathus, the fourth at Jericho, and the fifth at Sepphoris, in Galilee. So the Jews were now freed from monarchic authority, and were governed by an aristocracy” (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book XIV, Chapter 5:4)

Both the Late War (54:13) and the Book of Mormon (Mosiah 23:36) refer to “lives and liberties”. The Apocrypha describes the Jews fighting for “our lives and our laws.”

  • “And one of them said to another, If we all do as our brethren have done, and fight not for our lives and laws against the heathen, they will now quickly root us out of the earth” (I Maccabees 2:40)
  • “They come against us in much pride and iniquity to destroy us, and our wives and children, and to spoil us: But we fight for our lives and our laws” (I Maccabees 3:20-21)

THE CAUSE OF LIBERTY

Both the Late War (24:15) and the Book of Mormon (Alma 51:17) refer to the “cause of liberty.” Josephus also uses this phrase:

  • “For we had arms, and walls, and fortresses so prepared as not to be easily taken, and courage not to be moved by any dangers in the cause of liberty” (Josephus, Wars of the Jews, Book VII, 8:7)

Both the Late War (54:13) and the Book of Mormon (Mosiah 23:36) use variations of the phrase “life and liberty.” This phrase is also used in Richard Crawley’s translation of Thucydides’ “The History of the Peloponnesian War” written in 431 B.C.:

  • “even if you escape without personal loss of liberty or life, your bondage will be on harsher terms than before, and you will also hinder the liberation of the rest of the Hellenes” (Thucydides, The History of the Peloponnesian War, Book V, Chapter XV)

SYMBOL OF LIBERTY

Both the Late War and the Book of Mormon refer to armies flocking to “banners” or “standards” (Late War 6:14/p. 184 2nd edition and Alma 61:6/62:5/46:12, 36). The American flag is essentially the equivalent to the Title of Liberty found in the Book of Mormon. Setting up flags in war, however, is commonly referenced in the Bible:

  • “In the first place went the standard of the camp of the children of Judah according to their armies: and over his host was Nahshon the son of Amminadab” (Numbers 10:14)
  • Set up the standard upon the walls of Babylon, make the watch strong, set up the watchmen, prepare the ambushes” (Jeremiah 51:12)
  • “When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the Lord shall lift up a standard against him” (Isaiah 59:19)
  • “Declare ye among the nations, and publish, and set up a standard; publish, and conceal not: say, Babylon is taken” (Jeremiah 50:2)

Sun Tzu in “The Art of War” states that banners and flags are used for communication and unite the army into a single body. Sun Tzu also says that an army must be united in a single moral purpose to prevail. The Title of Liberty accomplishes both of these functions:

  • “On the field of battle, the spoken word does not carry far enough: hence the institution of gongs and drums. Nor can ordinary objects be seen clearly enough: hence the institution of banners and flags. Gongs and drums, banners and flags, are means whereby the ears and eyes of the host may be focused on one particular point. The host thus forming a single united body, is it impossible either for the brace to advance alone, or for the cowardly to retreat alone. This is the art of handling large masses of men” (VII:23-25)
  • “He will win whose army is animated by the same spirit throughout all its ranks” (III:17)
  • “The Moral Law causes the people to be in complete accord with their ruler, so that they will follow him regardless of their lives, undismayed by any danger…The consummate leader cultivates the moral law, and strictly adheres to method and discipline; thus it is in his power to control success” (I:5-6)/(IV:16)
  • “Therefore, on dispersive ground, I would inspire my men with unity of purpose” (XI:46)

REIGN OF THE JUDGES

See the section on “Liberty and Freedom” and “Freemen vs. Kingmen” since there is much overlap with this section. In the Apocrypha, the Jews fight for freedom from kings and there are factions of Jews who decide to support the heathen kings. The “reign of the judges” bears more similarity with the Bible than the Late War. The Bible and Josephus describe the reign of judges over their districts and Samuel’s disdain for a government ruled by kings:

  • “Make use of the method I suggest to you, as to human affairs; and take a review of the army, and appoint chosen rulers over tens of thousands, and then over thousands; then divide them into five hundreds, and again into hundreds, and into fifties; and set rulers over each of them, who may distinguish them into thirties, and keep them in order; and at last number them by twenties and by tens: and let there be one commander over each number, to be denominated from the number of those over whom they are rulers, but such as the whole multitude have tried, and do approve of, as being good and righteous men; and let those rulers decide the controversies they have one with another. But if any great cause arise, let them bring the cognisance of it before the rulers of a higher dignity; but if any great difficulty arise that is too hard for even their determination, let them send it to thee” (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book III, 4:1)
  • “Let there be seven men to judge in every city, and these such as have been before most zealous in the exercise of virtue and righteousness…But if these judges be unable to give a just sentence about the causes that come before them, (which case is not unfrequent in human affairs,) let them send the causes undetermined to the holy city, and there let the high priest, the prophet, and the sanhedrim, determine as it shall seem good to them” (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, 8:14)
  • he committed the government and the care of the multitude to his sons, –the elder of whom was called Joel, and the name of the younger was Abiah. He also enjoined them to reside and judge the people, the one at the city of Bethel, and the other at Beersheba, and divided the people into districts that should be under the jurisdiction of each of them” (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book VI, 3:2)
  • “But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to judge us. And Samuel prayed unto the Lord. And the Lord said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people…howbeit yet protest solemnly unto them, and shew them the manner of the king that shall reign over them…And he said, This will be the manner of the king that shall reign over you: He will take your sons, and appoint them for himself…And he will take your daughters to be confectionaries…and he will take your fields…And he will take a tenth of your seed” (1 Samuel 8:6-7, 9, 11, 13, 14-15)
  • “At this time died Antiochus, the king of Commagene; whereupon the multitude contended with the nobility, and both sent ambassadors to [Rome]; for the men of power were desirous that their form of government might be changed into that of a [Roman] province; as were the multitude desirous to be under kings, as their fathers had been” (Josephus, Antiquities, Book XVIII, 2:5)

COUNTING THE YEARS OF FREEDOM FROM KINGS

The authors argue that there is a parallel between the Late War reckoning their dates from when they declared independence from Britain (1:1/21:8) and the Nephites reckoning their time from the reign of the judges (Alma 1:1). This is not compelling for three reasons. First, a system of judges was used in the Bible (I Samuel 1:1) and is not used in the Late War. Second, the Nephites change the reckoning of their time in several instances. For example, they start by counting how many years have passed since they left Jerusalem (Enos 1:25), then from the beginning of the reign of the judges (Alma 1:1), and then from when the sign of Christ’s birth was given (3 Nephi 2:8). Third, the Bible also calculates time based on when the Israelites were made free from kings:

  • “And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month of Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the Lord” (I Kings 6:1)

BRASS PLATES

The authors argue that Joseph Smith got the idea of engraving in metal plates (1 Nephi 19:1) from the Late war (31:33/36:26). The Apocrypha describes writing in brass:

  • So then they wrote it in tables of brass, which they set upon pillars in mount Sion…So they commanded that this writing should be put in tables of brass, and that they should be set up within the compass of the sanctuary in a conspicuous place” (I Maccabees 14:27)

FALSE PROPHETS

The authors argue that a false prophet being “smitten in the mouth, and slain” (35:29) is a parallel to Korihor being struck dumb and trampled to death (Alma 30:50, 59). A much stronger parallel is found in the Apocrypha:

  • “Moreover in the hundred fifty and third year, in the second month, Alcimus commanded that the wall of the inner court of the sanctuary should be pulled down; he pulled down also the works of the prophets. And as he began to pull down, even at that time was Alcimus plagued, and his enterprises hindered: for his mouth was stopped, and he was taken with a palsy, so that he could no more speak any thing, nor give order concerning his house. So alcimus died at that time with great torment” (I Maccabees 9:54-55)

Others are struck dumb or stricken on the mouth in the Bible:

  • “And I will make thy tongue cleave to the roof of thy mouth, that thou shalt be dumb, and shalt not be to them a reprove: for they are a rebellious house” (Ezekiel 3:26)
  • “And, behold, thou shalt be dumb, and not able to speak, until the day that these things shall be performed, because thou believest not my words, which shall be fulfilled in their season” (Luke 1:20)

FREEMEN VS. KING-MEN

The authors claim that colonizers who supported the king of Britain (3:15-18/38:18) are similar to the king-men who want to be ruled by kings (Alma 51:5, 17). They also point out that Nephites (Alma 51:6/60:25) and the colonizers (51:7/38:26-27/48:12) were referred to as “freemen.” In the Apocrypha, the Jews also had their own version of “king-men,” or those wicked people who decided to make covenants with the Greek king and forsake their religion. The word “freeman” is also used in the Apocrypha and Josephus, and the Israelites ask to be ruled by a king multiple times:

  • “So both Hyrcanus and Phasaelus went on the embassage; but Pacorus left with Herod two hundred horsemen, and ten men, who were called the freemen” (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book XIV, 13:5)
  • “In those days went there out of Israel wicked men, who persuaded many, saying “Let us go and make a covenant with the heathen that are round about us: for since we departed from them we have had much sorrow. So this device pleased them well. Then certain of the people were so forward herein, that they went to the king, who gave them license to do after the ordinances of the heathen” (I Maccabees 1:11-13)
  • “It maketh the mind of the king and of the fatherless child to be all one; of the bondman and of the freeman, of the poor man and of the rich” (I Esdras 3:19)
  • “But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to judge us. And Samuel prayed unto the Lord. And the Lord said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people…howbeit yet protest solemnly unto them, and shew them the manner of the king that shall reign over them…And he said, This will be the manner of the king that shall reign over you: He will take your sons, and appoint them for himself…And he will take your daughters to be confectionaries…and he will take your fields…And he will take a tenth of your seed” (1 Samuel 8:6-7, 9, 11, 13, 14-15)

TENDER WOMEN

Both the Late War (21:4, 40-43/35:28) and the Book of Mormon (Mosiah 19:13/Jacob 2:7) refer to women as “tender” and “fair.” Women in the Bible are also described as “fair” and “tender.” In addition, the Book of Mormon uses the phrase “tender and chaste and delicate” which is more similar to Isaiah 47:1, where the women are called “tender and delicate” than it is to the Late War:

  • “Come down, and sit in the dust, O virgin daughter of Babylon, sit on the ground: there is no throne, O daughter of the Chaldeans: for thou shalt no more be called tender and delicate” (Isaiah 47:1)
  • “And in all the land were no women found so fair as the daughters of Job” (Job 42:15)
  • “he said unto Sarai his wife, Behold now, I know that thou art a fair woman to look upon: Therefore it shall come to pass, when the Egyptians shall see thee, that they shall say, This is his wife: and they will kill me, but they will save thee alive. Say, I pray thee, thou art my sister: that it may be well with me for thy sake; and my soul shall live because of thee” (Genesis 12:11-14)

 

 

Debunking the Connection between “The First Book of Napoleon” and The Book of Mormon

Some critics argue that Joseph Smith received inspiration for the Book of Mormon from several books that were written to mimic the language of the KJV Bible. One of these books is “The First Book of Napoleon, the Tyrant of the Earth” (1809) written by Michael Linning under the name “Eliakim.” The First Book of Napoleon tells the story of the rise of Napoleon and the author warns its readers to beware of tyrants and wickedness. The differences between the Book of Mormon and the First Book of Napoleon, however, are so vast that any of the small number of similarities that exist can be linked to the fact that they both try to imitate King James English in the Bible. In short, there is nothing unique in the First Book of Napoleon to suggest it served as source material for the Book of Mormon. A digital version of the First Book of Napoleon can be found online here.

Fair Mormon has a small section devoted to the First Book of Napoleon, which can be found here. The purpose of my article is to go into greater detail on the similarities and differences between the Book of Mormon and the First Book of Napoleon.

The Story

The story in the First Book of Napoleon has little in common with the Book of Mormon. The First Book of Napoleon is a historical narrative about the rise of Napoleon and a prophetic warning against those who would be his allies. The table of contents on pages iii – viii provide a summary of each of the book’s chapters and shows that the overall narrative is nothing like the Book of Mormon. An evil spirit influences the people of the Gauls who worship a wicked idol. Napoleon takes over their armies, becomes their new idol, and begins expanding his empire. The people of Albanus and king Albion fight against Napoleon’s expanding empire. Eliakim sees visions and tells the readers to live righteously and resist the tyrant Napoleon. There is a parable of the Bear and the Monkey (p. 100), an oak tree symbolically claims it is superior to all the other trees of the land (p. 72), the people worship a horned idol with the words “Sedition, Privy Conspiracy, and Rebellion” written on its horns (p. 12), the author suggests that royals and noblemen are superior to their subjects (pp. 11-12), and the State is likened to a ship tossed upon the storms of wickedness (p. 90).

The Book of Mormon describes a family who flees Jerusalem in 600 B.C. with a sacred religious text, who build a ship to travel to the American continent. The book describes the organization of their government, their wars, their prophecies of Christ, a visit by the resurrected Jesus Christ, and the destruction of their civilization. While both the Book of Mormon and the First Book of Napoleon deal with themes of evil tyrants, righteous kings, and wicked peoples, these themes are also found extensively throughout the Bible and presumably thousands of other books. There is no reason to believe that the First Book of Napoleon provided any unique story beats for the Book of Mormon.

Debunking the Supposed Similarities

There are several similarities between the two works, but a closer examination shows that most of these similarities can be traced back to the Bible.

Similarity #1: Using Trees in Allegories

The first similarity is that both the Book of Mormon (Jacob 5) and the First Book of Napoleon (Chapter 2) use trees in allegories. This is where the similarity ends. The fifth chapter in the Book of Jacob recounts a 77-verse allegory of how the House of Israel is like a decaying olive tree. The Lord of the vineyard tries to preserve the natural olives by transplanting some of its branches into other parts of the vineyard, while at the same time grafting branches from wild olive trees into the original tree. The Lord’s several attempts to preserve the tree are described. The purpose of the allegory is to show the history of the scattering of Israel and how Israel will be gathered together again in the last days. This allegory utilizes language similar to Luke 13:6-9, Romans 11:16-24, and Isaiah 5:1-7. An in-depth look at the similarities in the language of Jacob 5 and the Bible can be found here.

The First Book of Napoleon, on the other hand, provides a 9 verse allegory comparing laws or state constitutions to trees in that they should “be trained and pruned by the wary hand of age and time” (p. 16) instead of being built like a human structure (Napoleon 2:7-15, p. 15-18). The “constitution of the state” (p. 16) grows in good soil and decays in bad soil.  The tree is nourished by the “dew of heaven, and the sun-beams thereof…and the blood of the warriors” (p. 16). The tree that the Gauls plant after they overthrew their rulers brings forth “bad and forbidden fruit” (p. 17). The branches decay and those who eat its fruit die bloody deaths “because the sap which was in the tree, was poison” (p. 17). While this allegory and the Book of Mormon share some similarities in using words to describe the tree such as “decayed,” “pruned,” “corruption,” “good soils” and “bad soil,” there is no mention of olive trees, grafting, digging, dunging, the Lord of the Vineyard or his servant, the House of Israel, and wild and natural trees, which are featured in prominent sections of the Bible. Since the Bible already provides material that is more consistent with the language and message of the Book of Mormon, there is no reason to believe that Joseph was influenced by the First Book of Napoleon to write Jacob 5.

Similarity #2: Vision of the Angel

Lehi and Nephi have visions in which they are lifted up by an angel and prophesy. Eliakim also describes a vision in which he is guided by an angel. Eliakim has a vision in which an “angel lifted [him] up between the earth and the heavens…and put me on an high place” (Napoleon 17:3; similar language is found in Ezekiel 8:3). He sees Napoleon sitting on a throne, surrounded by his armies, and he becomes a dragon who wreaks havoc on the earth. He then sees a beautiful island where a shepherd watches his herds (symbolic of the Albions). There is a mighty bull that protects the island from the dragon.

In the Book of Mormon, Lehi (1 Nephi 8) and Nephi (1 Nephi 11-14) are also taken away by angels unto “an exceedingly high mountain” (1 Nephi 11:1). Lehi sees a vision of the tree of life and a rod of iron leading to it. Nephi sees the same vision, and sees the coming of the Savior, the destruction of his people, and the end of the days. A cursory reading of the visions in the First Book of Napoleon and the Book of Mormon show they have very different content. What is most important, however, is that heavenly visions where a prophet is guided by an angel are found in many instances in the Bible, such as Revelation 21:10, Jeremiah 1 and 24, and Ezekiel 3 and 8. An analysis of some of the common motifs found in the Book of Mormon and the Bible in Lehi’s and Nephi’s visions can be found here. This analysis, in conjunction with a reading of Eliakim’s visions, shows that the Book of Mormon visions have much more in common with Biblical visions than they do with the First Book of Napoleon. There is therefore no basis for believing that the First Book of Napoleon significantly contributed to this part of the Book of Mormon’s content.

Similarity #3: Language

The Book of Mormon and the First Book of Napoleon share many similar phrases. Most of these phrases, however, are found in the Bible. Since both books use the Bible for inspiration (the Nephites had the five books of Moses and the teachings of Jesus, and Linning wrote his book specifically to imitate the KJV Bible), it is expected that there would be similarities between the two (click this link for a list of Biblical phrases and motifs found in the Book of Mormon).

Here is a sample of some of the phrases found in all three works:

  • “The latter days” = (Napoleon 1:1)/(Jeremiah 48:47)/(2 Nephi 3:5)
  • “The fear of the Lord” = (Napoleon 1:3)/(Proverbs 2:5)/(Mosiah 4:1)
  • “Imaginations of their hearts” = (Napoleon 1:3)/(Jeremiah 3:17)/(1 Nephi 2:11)
  • “Evil spirit” = (Napoleon 1:6)/(Luke 8:2)/(Mosiah 2:32)
  • “Kings and rulers” = (Napoleon 1:7)/(1 Nephi 16:38)/(Mark 13:9)
  • “True and living God” = (Napoleon 1:10)/(Jeremiah 10:10)/(Alma 11:27)
  • “Great and marvelous” = (Napoleon 3:2)/(Revelation 15:3)/(1 Nephi 1:14)
  • “Blotted [out their names]” = (Napoleon 11:2)/(Deuteronomy 9:14)/(Mosiah 5:11)
  • “Deliver into your hands” = (Napoleon 8:6)/(1 Chronicles 14:10)/(1 Nephi 3:29)
  • “Fight like/Bold as lions” = (Napoleon 7:6)/(1 Chronicles 12:8)/(Psalm 17:12)/(Mosiah 20:10)
  • “Gall and/of bitterness” = (Napoleon 6:13)/(Acts 8:23)/(Moroni 8:14)
  • Disappear as the dew [vapor] before the sun = (Napoleon 10:15)/(Hosea 6:4)/(Mormon 4:18)
  • “Chaff before the wind” = (Napoleon 10:14)/(Psalms 1:4)/(Mormon 5:16)
  • “Great and terrible” = (Napoleon 19:12)/(Deuteronomy 1:19)/(1 Nephi 12:18)
  • “He dreamed a dream” = (Napoleon 16:14)/(Daniel 2:3) (1 Nephi 8:2)
  • “Rod of iron” = (Napoleon 20:9)/(Revelation 2:26-27)/(1 Nephi 8:19)
  • Wearing modest, non-expensive clothing = (Napoleon 22:11)/(1 Timothy 2:9)/(Alma 1:27)
  • “Gray hairs with sorrow to the grave” = (Napoleon 20:27)/(Genesis 42:38)/(1 Nephi 18:18)

Since a majority of the phrases found in the First Book of Napoleon and the Book of Mormon are also found in the Bible, there is no reason to believe that the First Book of Napoleon was a significant influence.

There are more Differences than Similarities

Even though the First Book of Napoleon and the Book of Mormon both try to mimic KJV language, there are in fact vast differences in style and vocabulary between the two books. The following is a list of verses that show just how far Linning’s style deviates from the Book of Mormon:

  • “So the bear allowed the monkey from time to time to play and frisk around him; but it came to pass, that the monkey having scratched the bear, he thereupon raised his bristles, and threatened to hug the monkey to death” (Napoleon 16:9)
  • “A tyrant’s fiat had excluded him from the sweet society of men, and from the cheering light of the sun, and had doomed him to become a prey to corruption, and the reptiles of the earth!” (Napoleon 18:22)
  • “Frozen seas and rivers, and plains covered with eternal frost, are unto him as dwelling places; and the storm which chilleth other beasts, even unto death, beateth upon him as upon a rock, which is covered with furs and with skins.” (Napoleon 16:4)
  • “And out of the head of the beast there arose three horns, and upon each of the horns there were written these words, Sedition, Privy, Conspiracy, and Rebellion; and on the forehead of the beast, and under the horns, there were written, in letters of blood, the words Treasons and Crimes” (Napoleon 1:12)
  • “His nightly path is lighted by fiery spectres, that sport and dance along the polar sky, and play amidst the wintry star” (Napoleon 16:5)
  • “And lo! the tillers of the ground, and the labourers thereof, together with mechanics, artificers, and all manner of handicraftmen, left their sundry and peaceful occupations, and became lawmakers and lawgivers, and sought to rule over their superiors” (Napoleon 2:6)
  • “But, alas! In this glorious, but direful battle, there fell many valiant men, and in the midst of them, covered with glory, and crowned with victory, their brave and skillful chief, whose name now stands high in the temple of Fame” (Napoleon 9:29)
  • “As the dew of heaven, and the sun-beams thereof, water and cherish the earthly tree, so also, do the spirits of the departed patriots of a land, and the blood of the warriors thereof, foster and support the political tree, or constitution of the state” (Napoleon 2:9)
  • “And from each of these four great branches, there issue others, and the fruit which is produced by the tree is emblematical of religion, nobleness of birth and deed, freedom, obedience to the laws, security, wealth, and happiness” (Napoleon 5:25)
  • “That the radiant and resplendent brilliancy of their great souls, may serve as a light or beacon, to direct the counsels and actions of those, who now, or in time coming, may be placed at the helm of the state” (Napoleon 10:8)
  • “May not the eternal solidity of the inconceivable empire of Almighty god, and the unchangeable harmony and obedience which pervade all his wondrous works, derive as much strength from the universal adoration in which his unerring truth, his immaculate purity and holiness, and his inflexible justice are held, by created existence, as from the immensity and grandeur of his unmeasurable power?” (Napoleon 12:17)
  • “The sun, who came forth in the morning like a bridegroom from his eastern chamber, arrayed in all his dazzling glories, to cheer and enlighten a benighted world, to dissipate the dreary darkness of the night, and awaken drowsy nature to joy and gladness; found this generation of bats and of owls, male and female, reveling in all manner of riot and licentiousness” (Napoleon 13:7)
  • “What, O man, O guilty man, who thus insultest the orderly appointments of heaven, what would not thy consternation be, were the sun to loiter on his eastern couch, and the return of morning to be withheld but for a little while beyond its appointed time, and thus to leave the world to utter darkness and dismay?” (Napoleon 13:13)
  • “Lo! many of the nations thou now seest suffering under the dragon, were worshippers of the first idol, which is called Licentiousness; and until they shall by repentance and amendment of life, have expiated the crimes which they thereby committed, the sun of liberty which thou observedst to be nearly darkened in blood, shall not rise upon them, nor until then, shall their bonds be broken asunder” (Napoleon 18:26)

Similarity #4: Condemn me not for my imperfections

Critics point out that both the Book of Mormon and the First Book of Napoleon contain prefaces that ask their readers to not condemn them for their poor writing. In Eliakim’s “Address to His Readers,” he gives a short message to several types of readers, such as the “Charitable and Gentle Reader,” “the Pious and Religious Reader,” “Readers in General,” “Napoleon,” and the “King of the Albions.” In his address to the “Pious and Religious Reader” he tells his readers “let not thy feelings be offended, and withhold thy censure, until thou shalt find in these pages a single sentiment inconsistent with the spirit and principles of that holy religion which thou professest; and condemn not the feebly imitative manner of writing therein occasionally employed, until thou canst point out a language more impressive, or more appropriate, than that in imitation whereof these chapters are framed” (p. i). In other words, he asks those who are familiar with the Bible to not criticize him too harshly in his attempts to mimic the KJV Bible.

The title page of the Book of Mormon has a similar disclaimer in which Mormon states “And now, if there are faults they are the mistakes of men; wherefore, condemn not the things of God, that ye may be found spotless at the judgment-seat of Christ” (p. iii). Moroni provides a similar disclaimer in Ether 12:23-27. It may seem like a shocking coincidence that both books, imitating KJV English and published only 20 years apart, would contain such similar pleas from the authors in the preface of their books. The problem with this argument is that such disclaimers are in fact very common in literature before Joseph’s day and well afterwards.

For example, Victor Hugo in his preface to “Cromwell” (1827) criticizes certain poetic styles and points out that it is not the style they used that should be condemned, but the limitations of the authors in employing them: “They were mistaken. If in fact the false is predominant in the style as well as in the action of certain French tragedies, it is not the verses that should be held responsible therefore, but the versifiers. It was needful to condemn, not the form employed, but those who employed it: the workmen, not the tool.

Another example is John Dryden’s preface to “Fables, Ancient and Modern” (1700), where he asks the reader not to condemn him for adding his own inferior fables to the volume, but instead blame his poor judgment on his old age: “I resolv’d to join them in my present work; to which I have added some original papers of my own; which, whether they are equal or inferior to my other poems, an author is the most improper judge, and therefore I leave them wholly to the mercy of the reader. I will hope the best, that they will not be condem’d; but if they should, I have the excuse of an old gentleman, who mounting on horseback before some ladies, when I was present, got up somewhat heavily, but desir’d of the fair spectators that they would count fourscore and eight before they judg’d him.

Asking readers to attribute any errors in their work to their own human limitations is so common in academic writing that philosophers have argued over what D. C. Makinson called “The Paradox of the Preface” (Analysis, Vol. 25, No. 6, 1965, pp. 205-207), where he states “It is customary for authors of academic books to include in their prefaces statements such as this: ‘I am indebted to…for their invaluable help; however, any errors which remain are my sole responsibility.’ Occasionally an author will go further. Rather than say that if there are any mistakes then he is responsible for them, he will say that there will inevitably be some mistakes and he is responsible for them. For example, in the preface to his ‘Introduction to the Foundations of Mathematics’ (1952) R. L. Wilder writes ‘To those of my colleagues and students who have given me encouragement and stimulation, I wish to express sincere thanks. I am especially grateful to…for suggestions and criticism; but the errors and shortcomings to be found herein are not their fault, and are present only in spite of their wise counsel” (p. 205)

It is unreasonable to argue that all of these authors first needed to read the First Book of Napoleon before they could write such prefaces, and the same standard should be applied to Joseph Smith. All of the arguments I have made suggest that there is little to no evidence in favor of the argument that the First Book of Napoleon served as inspiration for the Book of Mormon.

An Updated List of Biblical Motifs found in 2 Nephi 9

The following is a list of Biblical motifs, expressions, and doctrines found in 2 Nephi 9. The purpose of this list is to provide further evidence of the Book of Mormon’s complexity, and the extreme mental effort, knowledge, and skill it would have required to dictate without the use of notes and with only minor revisions after the Book of Mormon’s publication.

  1. By the mouth of his holy prophets
    • “Spoken unto the Jews, by the mouth of his holy prophets” (2)
    • “which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets” (Acts 3:21)
  2. From the beginning
    • “even from the beginning down,” (2)
    • “hath it not been told you from the beginning?” (Isaiah 40:21)
  3. From generation to generation
    • “from generation to generation” (2)
    • “neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation” (Isaiah 13:20)
  4. Fold of God
    • “restored to the true church and fold of God” (2)
    • “and will bring them again to their folds” (Jeremiah 23:3)
  5. Lands of their inheritance
    • “when they shall be gathered home to the lands of their inheritance” (2)
    • “this is the land that shall fall unto you for an inheritance” (Numbers 34:2)
  6. Land of promise
    • “established in all their lands of promise” (2)
    • “By faith he sojourned in the land of promise” (Hebrews 11:9)
  7. Lift up your heads
    • “rejoice, and lift up your heads forever” (3)
    • “Lift up your heads, O ye gates” (Psalm 24:7)
  8. Searched diligently for salvation to come
    • “ye have searched much, many of you, to know of things to come” (4)
    • “Of which salvation the prophets have inquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you” (1 Peter 1:10)
  9. In our flesh we shall see God
    • “ye know that our flesh must waste away and die; nevertheless, in our bodies we shall see God” (4)
    • “And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God” (Job 19:26)
  10. Subject unto Christ
    • “die for all men, that all men might become subject unto him” (5)
    • “For in that he put all in subjection under him, he left nothing that is not put under him” (Hebrews 2:8)
  11. Power of the resurrection
    • “there must needs be a power of resurrection” (6, 12)
    • “That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection” (Philippians 3:10)
  12. Cut off from the presence of the Lord
    • “because man became fallen they were cut off from the presence of the Lord” (6)
    • “that soul shall be cut off from my presence” (Leviticus 22:3)
  13. Corruption put on incorruption
    • “save it should be an infinite atonement this corruption could not put on incorruption” (7)
    • “For this corruptible must put on incorruption” (1 Corinthians 15:53)
  14. Rise no more
    • “to rot and to crumble to its mother earth, to rise no more” (7, 8)
    • “Drink ye, and be drunken, and spue, and fall, and rise no more” (Jeremiah 25:27)
  15. Wisdom of God
    • “O the wisdom of God, his mercy and grace!” (8)
    • “for they saw that the wisdom of God was in him, to do judgment” (1 Kings 3:28)
  16. Angel fell from heaven
    • “our spirits must become subject to that angel who fell” (8)
    • “How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning!” (Isaiah 14:12)
  17. Eternal God
    • “before the presence of the Eternal God” (8)
    • “The eternal God is thy refuge” (Deuteronomy 33:27)
  18. Father of lies
    • “to remain with the father of lies” (9)
    • “for he is a liar, and the father of it” (John 8:44)
  19. Beguiled Adam and Eve
    • “that being who beguiled our first parents” (9)
    • “The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat” (Genesis 3:13)
  20. Satan can transform into an angel of light
    • “who transformeth himself nigh unto an angel of light” (9)
    • “for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light” (2 Corinthians 11:14)
  21. Children of men
    • “and stirreth up the children of men” (9)
    • “and their seed from among the children of men” (Psalm 21:10)
  22. Works of darkness
    • “murder and all manner of secret works of darkness” (9)
    • “And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness” (Ephesians 5:11)
  23. How great is the goodness of God
    • “O how great the goodness of our God” (10)
    • “Oh how great is thy goodness” (Psalm 31:19)
  24. Prepareth a way to escape
    • “who prepareth a way for our escape from the grasp of this awful monster” (10)
    • “but will with the temptation also make a way to escape” (1 Corinthians 10:13)
  25. Death and Hell
    • “that monster, death and hell” (10)
    • “and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him” (Revelation 6:8)
  26. The Holy One of Israel
    • “our God, the Holy One of Israel” (11, 12)
    • “but they look not unto the Holy One of Israel” (Isaiah 31:1)
  27. Death and Hell will deliver up their dead
    • “death and hell must deliver up their dead” (12)
    • “and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them” (Revelation 20:13)
  28. Paradise of God
    • “the paradise of God must deliver up the spirits of the righteous” (13)
    • “the tree of life which is in the midst of the paradise of God” (Revelation 2:7)
  29. Living souls
    • “men become incorruptible, and immortal, and they are living souls” (13)
    • “and man became a living soul” (Genesis 2:7)
  30. Perfect knowledge
    • “having a perfect knowledge like unto us in the flesh” (13)
    • “the wondrous works of him which is perfect in knowledge” (Job 37:16)
  31. Nakedness
    • “all our guilt, and our uncleanness, and our nakedness” (14)
    • “all that honoured her despise her, because they have seen her nakedness” (Lamentations 1:8)
  32. Robe of righteousness
    • “being clothed with purity, yea, even with the robe of righteousness” (14)
    • “he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness” (Isaiah 61:10)
  33. Judgment seat of Christ
    • “they must appear before the judgment-seat of the Holy One of Israel” (15)
    • “for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ” (Romans 14:10)
  34. As the Lord liveth
    • “And assuredly, as the Lord liveth” (16)
    • “As the Lord liveth, that made us this soul” (Jeremiah 38:16)
  35. For the Lord hath spoken it
    • “for the Lord God hath spoken it” (16)
    • “for the Lord hath spoken” (Isaiah 1:2)
  36. God’s word cannot pass away
    • “it is his eternal word, which cannot pass away” (16)
    • “Heaven and earth shall pass away: but my words shall not pass away” (Mark 13:31)
  37. Righteous will be righteous still; filthy will be filthy still
    • “they who are righteous shall be righteous still, and they who are filthy shall be filthy still”
    • “he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still” (Revelation 22:11)
  38. Everlasting fire for the devil and his angels
    • “the devil and his angels; and they shall go away into everlasting fire, prepared for them” (16)
    • “everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels” (Matthew 25:41)
  39. Lake of fire and brimstone
    • “and their torment is as a lake of fire and brimstone” (16)
    • “These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone” (Revelation 19:20)
  40. Flame/smoke ascends forever
    • “whose flame ascendeth up forever and ever and has no end” (16)
    • “And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever” (Revelation 14:11)
  41. Word has gone forth out of God’s mouth
    • “For he executeth all his words, and they have gone forth out of his mouth” (17)
    • “the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness” (Isaiah 45:23)
  42. God’s law will be fulfilled
    • “and his law must be fulfilled” (17)
    • “Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill” (Matthew 5:17)
  43. Endure the cross and despise the shame of it
    • “they who have endured the crosses of the world, and despised the shame of it” (18)
    • “for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame” (Hebrews 12:2)
  44. Inherit the kingdom of God prepared from foundation of the world
    • “they shall inherit the kingdom of God, which was prepared for them from the foundation of the world” (18)
    • “come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world” (Matthew 25:34)
  45. Joy may be full
    • “and their joy shall be full forever” (18)
    • “And these things write we unto you, that your joy may be full” (1 John 1:4)
  46. God knows all things
    • “For he knoweth all things and there is not anything save he knows it” (20)
    • “God is greater than our heart, and knoweth all things” (1 John 3:20)
  47. All men might be saved
    • “And he cometh into the world that he may save all men” (21)
    • “God our Saviour; who will have all men to be saved” (1 Timothy 2:3-4)
  48. Hearken to the voice of the Lord
    • “if they hearken unto his voice” (21)
    • “When thou shalt hearken to the voice of the Lord thy God” (Deuteronomy 13:18)
  49. Endure to the end
    • “be baptized in his name, and endure to the end” (24)
    • “he that endureth to the end shall be saved” (Matthew 10:22)
  50. No law; no sin
    • “he has given a law; and where there is no law given there is no punishment” (25)
    • “for where no law is, there is no transgression” (Romans 4:15)
  51. Power to deliver
    • “for they are delivered by the power of him” (25)
    • “have I no power to deliver?” (Isaiah 50:2)
  52. Counsel of God
    • “they think they are wise, and they hearken not unto the counsel of God” (28)
    • “But the Pharisees and lawyers rejected the counsel of God against themselves” (Luke 7:30)
  53. Despise the poor
    • “For because they are rich they despise the poor” (30)
    • “But ye have despised the poor” (James 2:6)
  54. Set their hearts upon riches
    • “their hearts are upon their treasures” (30)
    • “if riches increase, set not your heart upon them” (Psalm 62:10)
  55. Uncircumcised of heart
    • “Wo unto the uncircumcised of heart” (33)
    • “all the house of Israel are uncircumcised in the heart” (Jeremiah 9:26)
  56. Thrust down to hell
    • “Wo unto the liar, for he shall be thrust down to hell” (34)
    • “And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted to heaven, shalt be thrust down to hell” (Luke 10:15)
  57. Die in their sins
    • “wo unto all those who die in their sins” (38)
    • “for if ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins” (John 8:24)
  58. Holy God
    • “remember the awfulness in transgressing against that Holy God” (39)
    • “Ye cannot serve the Lord: for he is an holy God” (Joshua 24:19)
  59. Carnally minded is death
    • “Remember, to be carnally-minded is death, and to be spiritually-minded is life eternal” (39)
    • “For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace” (Romans 8:6)
  60. Speak hard things
    • “Do not say that I have spoken hard things against you” (40)
    • “How long shall they utter and speak hard things?” (Psalm 94:4)
  61. Your Maker
    • “for I have spoken the words of your Maker” (40)
    • “Whoso mocketh the poor reproacheth his Maker” (Proverbs 17:5)
  62. The words of truth
    • “I know that the words of truth are hard against all uncleanness” (40)
    • “a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth” (2 Timothy 2:15)
  63. Path of righteousness
    • “Remember that his paths are righteous” (41)
    • “he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name’s sake” (Psalm 23:3)
  64. Narrow and straight path
    • “the way for man is narrow, but it lieth in a straight course before him” (41)
    • “Because strait is the gate, and narrow is the way” (Matthew 7:14)
    • “make thy way straight before my face” (Psalm 5:8)
  65. The Lord’s gate
    • “and there is no other way save it be by the gate” (41)
    • “Enter into his gates with thanksgiving” (Psalm 100:4)
  66. The Lord is his name
    • “he cannot be deceived, for the Lord God is his name” (41)
    • “Seek him that maketh the seven stars and Orion…The Lord is his name” (Amos 5:8)
  67. Knock and it shall be opened unto you
    • “And whoso knocketh, to him will he open” (42)
    • “knock, and it shall be opened unto you” (Matthew 7:7)
  68. Puffed up
    • “they that are rich, who are puffed up because of their learning” (42)
    • “that no one of you be puffed up for one against another” (1 Corinthians 4:6)
  69. Fools before God
    • “consider themselves fools before God” (42)
    • “let him become a fool, that he may be wise” (1 Corinthians 3:18)
  70. Wise and the prudent
    • “But the things of the wise and the prudent shall be hid from them forever” (43)
    • “For it is written, I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent’ (1 Corinthians 1:19)
  71. Shake off your sins from my garments
    • “Behold, I take off my garments, and I shake them before you…witness that I shook your iniquities from my soul” (44)
    • “he shook his raiment, and said unto them, Your blood be upon your own heads; I am clean” (Acts 18:6)
  72. God of my salvation
    • “I pray the God of my salvation” (44)
    • “Because thou has forgotten the God of thy salvation” (Isaiah 17:10)
  73. Eye of the Lord
    • “that he view me with his all-searching eye” (44)
    • “Behold, the eye of the Lord is upon them that fear him” (Psalm 33:18)
  74. God of Israel
    • “all men shall be judged of their works, that the God of Israel did witness” (44)
    • “O Lord of hosts, God of Israel” (Isaiah 37:16)
  75. Judged according to their works
    • “when all men shall be judged of their works” (44)
    • “and they were judged every man according to their works” (Revelation 20:13)
  76. Brightness
    • “and that I stand with brightness before him” (44)
    • “they shall defile thy brightness” (Ezekiel 28:7)
  77. Turn away from your sins
    • “O, my beloved brethren, turn away from your sins” (45)
    • “bless you, in turning away every one of you from his iniquities” (Acts 3:26)
  78. Chains of hell
    • “shake off the chains of him that would bind you fast” (45)
    • “he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness” (Jude 1:6)
  79. Rock of my salvation
    • “come unto that God who is the rock of your salvation” (45)
    • “He only is my rock and my salvation” (Psalm 62:2)
  80. Lord God Almighty
    • “Holy, holy are thy judgments, O Lord God Almighty” (46)
    • “Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come” (Revelation 4:8)
  81. Freed from sin
    • “Would I be plain unto you according to the plainness of the truth if ye were freed from sin?” (47)
    • “Being then made free from sin” (Romans 6:18)
  82. Praise the name of the Lord
    • “I will praise the holy name of my God” (49)
    • “and will sing praise to the name of the Lord most high” (Psalm 7:17)
  83. Every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters
    • “Come, my brethren, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters; and he that hath no money, come buy and eat” (50-51)
    • “Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy and eat” (Isaiah 55:1-2)
  84. The Holy One cannot be corrupted
    • “come unto the Holy One of Israel, and feast upon that which perisheth not, neither can be corrupted” (51)
    • “neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption” (Psalm 16:10)
  85. Covenants of the Lord
    • “And behold how great the covenants of the Lord” (53)
    • “That thou shouldest enter into covenant with the Lord thy God” (Deuteronomy 29:12)
  86. Grace and mercy
    • “and because of his greatness, and his grace and mercy” (53)
    • “To Timothy, my dearly beloved son: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God the Father” (2 Timothy 1:2)
  87. Utterly destroyed
    • “he has promised unto us that our seed shall not utterly be destroyed” (53)
    • “he hath utterly destroyed them, he hath delivered them to the slaughter” (Isaiah 34:2)
  88. According to the flesh
    • “shall not utterly be destroyed, according to the flesh” (53)
    • “Servants, be obedient to them that are your masters according to the flesh” (Ephesians 6:5)
  89. A righteous branch
    • “in future generations they shall become a righteous branch unto the house of Israel” (53)
    • “Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch” (Jeremiah 23:5)

Comparing Isaiah and the Book of Mormon (Part 2)

The following is a list of differences between chapters of Isaiah found in the Herald Heritage Reprint (1973) of the 1830 edition of the Book of Mormon (BOM) and the King James version (KJV) of the Bible. The list will include comparisons between”Second Book of Nephi: Chapter 5″ (2 Nephi 6:16-18/7-8) and Isaiah 49:24-26/50-51/52:1-2.

Text that is found in the BOM but not in the KJVwill be bolded, underlined and italicized. Text that was excluded from the BOM that was found in the KJV will have a line through it.

“Second Book of Nephi: Chapter 5” (2 Nephi 6:16-18) and Isaiah 49:24-26

24 (Isaiah). “For shall the prey be taken from the mighty, or the lawful captive delivered?”

25. “But thus saith the Lord: Even the captives of the mighty shall be taken away, and the prey of the terrible shall be delivered: for the Mighty God shall deliver his covenant people. For thus saith the Lord: I will contend with them him that contendeth with thee, and I will save thy children.

“Second Book of Nephi: Chapter 5” (2 Nephi 7) and Isaiah 50

1. Yea, for thus saith the Lord: Have I put thee away, or have I cast thee off forever? For thus saith the Lord: Where is the bill of your mother’s divorcement? To whom have I put thee away, or to which of my creditors is it to whom I have have I sold you? Yea, to whom have I sold you?…”

2. “wherefore, when I come came, there was was there no man?; when I called, yea, there was was there none to answer?

3. “O House of Israel, is my hand shortened at all that it cannot redeem, or have I no power to deliver? Behold, at my rebuke, I dry up the sea, I make their rivers a wilderness and their fish to stink stinketh, because the waters are dried up there is no water; and they die because of for thirst.”

4. “The Lord God hath given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season unto thee, O House of Israel. When ye are to him that is weary, he waketh morning by morning…”

5. “The Lord God hath appointed opened (it is changed back to “opened” in later editions) mine ear, and I was not rebellious…”

8. “And the Lord He is near, and he that justifieth me. Who will contend with me? Let us stand together. Who is mine adversary? Let him come near to me, and I will smite him with the strength of my mouth…”

9. “For Behold, the Lord God will help me. And all they which who is he that shall condemn me?, behold lo, all they they all shall wax old as a garment, and the moth shall eat them up.”

10. “Who is among you that feareth the Lord; that obeyeth the voice of his servent; that walketh in darkness, and hath no light? let him trust in the name of the Lord, and stay upon his God.

11. “…walk in the light of your fire, and in the sparks which that ye have kindled…”

“Second Book of Nephi: Chapter 5” (2 Nephi 78) and Isaiah 51-52:1-2

1. “Hearken unto me, ye that follow after righteousness, ye that seek the Lord: Look unto the rock from whence ye are hewn, and to the hole of the pit from whence ye are digged.”

2. “Look unto Abraham, your father; and unto Sarah, she that bare you: for I called him alone, and blessed him, and increased him.

4. “…and I will make my judgment to rest for a light thing (deleted in later editions) of the people.”

7. “Hearken unto me, ye that know righteousness, the people in whose heart I have written is my law…”

8. “Awake, awake, put on strength O arm of the Lord: awake as in the ancient days, in the generations of old…”

11. “…and come singing unto Zion; and everlasting joy and holiness shall be upon their heads; and they shall obtain gladness and joy: and sorrow and mourning shall flee away.”

12. “I am he; yea, I even I am he that comforteth you: Behold, who art thou, that thou shouldst be afraid of a man which that shall die, and of the son of man which shall be made like unto as grass;”

15. “But I am the Lord thy God, that divided the sea, whose waves roared: the Lord of Hosts is my his name.”

16. “And I have put my words in thy mouth, and I have hath covered thee in the shadow of mine hand, that I may plant the heavens and lay the foundations of the earth, and say unto Zion, Behold, thou art my people.”

17. “…thou hast drunken the dregs of the cup of trembling, and wrung them out;”

18. “and There is none to guide her among all the sons whom she hath brought forth; neither is there any that taketh her by the hand, of all the sons that she hath brought up.”

19. “These two sons things are come unto thee; who shall be sorry for thee? thy desolation and destruction, and the famine and the sword: And by whom shall I comfort thee?”

20. “Thy sons have fainted, save these two: they lie at the head of all the streets…”

21. “Therefore hear now this, thou afflicted, and drunken, and but not with wine…”

22. “Thus saith thy Lord, the Lord and thy God that pleadeth the cause of his people, Behold, I have taken out of thine hand the cup of trembling, even the dregs of the cup of my fury…”

23. “But I will put it into the hand of them that afflict thee; which I have said to thy soul, Bow down, that we may go over…”

Isaiah 52: 2 “Shake thyself from the dust; arise, and sit down, O Jerusalem…”

Comparing Isaiah in the Bible and the Book of Mormon (Part 1)

The following is a comparison of Chapter 6 in the First Book of Nephi (1 Nephi 20-21) in the original 1830 edition text of the Book of Mormon (BOM) and Isaiah 48-49 of the King James version of the Old Testament. In several instances, prophets in the BOM quote from Old Testament prophets, whose writing were contained on the plates of brass. There are several differences between the King James version of the revelations of Isaiah and the text provided by Nephi in the Herald Heritage Reprint (1973) of the 1830 edition of the BOM. It should be noted that much of the text (excluding spelling errors) in the 1830 edition and today’s 2013 version of the BOM are nearly identical. Some differences include changing the word “which” to “who” and adding “or out of the waters of baptism” in 1 Nephi 20:1 in later additions of the BOM (most likely to provide clarity to the meaning “waters of Judah”).

Text that is found in the BOM but not found in the Old Testament will be bolded, underlined, and italicizedText that is included in the Old Testament and not found in the BOM will have a line through the text. The chapters will not be reproduced in their entirety, but all changes aside from spelling errors will be noted.

“First Book of Nephi: Chapter 6” (1 Nephi 20)/Isaiah 48

Verse 1.”Hearken and hear ye this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Judah, which swear by the name of the Lord, and make mention of the God of Israel, yet they swear but not in truth, nor in righteousness-”

2. “Nevertheless For they call themselves of the Holy city, but they do not and stay themselves upon the God of Israel, which is the Lord of hosts; yea, the Lord of hosts is his name.”

3. “Behold, I have declared the former things from the beginning; and they went forth out of my mouth, and I shewed them; I did shew them suddenly, and they came to pass.

4. “And I did it because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck was an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;”

5. “And I have, even from the beginning, declared it to thee; before it came to pass I shewed them it thee; and I shewed them for fear lest thou shouldst say, Mine idol hath done them; and my graven image, and my molten image, hath commanded them.”

6. “Thou hast seen and heard see all this; and will ye not declare them it? And that I have shewed thee new things from this time, even hidden things, and thou didst not know them.”

7. “They are created now, and not from the beginning; even before the day when thou heardest them not, they were declared unto thee, lest thou shouldst say, Behold, I knew them.”

8. “Yea, and thou heardest not; yea, thou knewest not; yea, from that time, that thine ear was not opened…”

9. “Nevertheless, for my name‘s sake will I defer mine anger, and for my praise will I refrain from for thee…”

10. “For, behold, I have refined thee, but not with silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.”

11. “For mine own sake, yea even, for mine own sake, will I do this it; for I will not suffer how should my name to be polluted…”

12. “Hearken unto me, O Jacob and Israel, my called; for I am he; and I am the first, and I am also also am the last.”

13. “Mine hand hath also also hath laid the foundations of the earth, and my right hand hath spanned the heavens: and when I called unto them, and they stand up together.”

14. “All ye, assemble yourselves, and hear; which among them hath declared these things unto them? The Lord hath loved him: yea, and he will fulfill his word which he hath declared by them; and he will do his pleasure on Babylon, and his arm shall come upon be on the Chaldeans.”

15. “Also, saith the Lord; I the Lord, yea, even I have spoken, yea, I have called him, to declare I have brought him…”

16. “Come ye near unto me, hear ye this: I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it was declared, have I spoken there am I; and now the Lord God, and his spirit, hath sent me.”

17. “And thus saith the Lord, thy Redeemer, the Holy one of Israel; I have sent him am, the Lord thy God, which teacheth thee to profit, which leadeth thee by the way that thou shouldst go, hath done it.

19. “Thy seed also had been as the sand, and the offspring of thy bowels like the gravel thereof…”

20. “…with a voice of singing declare ye, tell this, utter it even to the end of the earth…”

21. “And they thirsted not; when he led them through the deserts: he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them: he cleaved clave the rock also, and the waters gushed out.”

22. “And notwithstanding he hath done all this, and greater also, There is no peace, saith the Lord, unto the wicked.”

“First Book of Nephi: Chapter 6” (1 Nephi 21)/Isaiah 49

1. “And again: Hearken, O ye house of Israel, all ye that are broken off and driven out, because of the wickedness of the pastors of my people; yea, all ye that are broken off, that are scattered abroad, which are of my people, O house of Israel. Listen, O isles, unto me…”

4. “…I have spent my strength for nought, and in vain; yet surely, my judgment is with the Lord…”

5. “And now, saith the Lord, that formed me from the womb that I should to be his servant…”

7. “Thus saith the Lord, the Redeemer of Israel, and his Holy One, to him whom man despiseth, to him whom the nations abhorreth, to a servant of rulers, Kings shall see and arise, princes also shall worship, because of the Lord that is faithful, and the Holy One of Israel, and he shall choose thee.

8. “Thus saith the Lord, In an acceptable time I have heard thee, O isles of the sea, and in a day of salvation have I helped thee: and I will preserve thee, and give thee my servant for a covenant of the people…”

9. “That thou mayest say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that sit are in darkness, Shew yourselves…”

12. “And then, O house of Israel, behold, these shall come from far…”

13. “Sing, O heavens; and be joyful, O earth; for the feet of them which are in the east shall be established; and break forth into singing, O mountains: for they shall be smitten no more: for the Lord hath comforted his people…”

14. “But, behold, Zion hath said, The Lord hath forsaken me, and my Lord hath forgotten me; but he will shew that he hath not.

15. “For can a woman forget her sucking child, that she should not have compassion on the son of her womb? Yea, they may forget, yet will I not forget thee, O house of Israel.

17. “Thy children shall make haste against thy destroyers; and they that made thee waste, shall go forth of thee.”

18. “Lift up thine eyes round about, and behold: all these gather themselves together, and they shall come to thee. And as I live, saith the Lord, thou shalt surely clothe thee with them all, as with an ornament, and bind them on thee even as a bride doeth.”

19. “The children which thou shalt have, after thou hast lost the other, shall again in thine ears say shall say again in thine ears, the place is too strait for me…”

21. “…Behold, I was left alone; these, where have had they been?

24. “For shall the prey be taken from the mighty, or the lawful captives delivered?”

26. ” And I will feed them that oppress thee with their own flesh; and they shall be drunken with their own blood…”

 

A list of motifs, symbols, and phrases: Comparing the Bible and Book of Mormon

The following list was compiled by the author and identifies various similarities between the Bible and the Book of Mormon in idiomatic expressions, doctrines, and symbolism. Each item shows at least two scriptures (one from the Bible; one from the Book of Mormon) that are comparable in one of the ways mentioned previously. The list is large and can easily be expanded to include hundreds more. The point of this list is to show the reader just how expansive the Book of Mormon is in accounting for symbols and phrases found throughout the Bible. Including so many individual examples of direct references to the Bible would have required incredible skill and knowledge of both Old and New Testaments. In addition, the harmonious synthesis of so many motifs into single chapters of the Book of Mormon suggest the author(s) had an in-depth understanding of the Bible, rather than simply flipping to random pages of the Bible for source material.

  1. Abominable church; and I saw the devil that he was the founder of it = (1 Nephi 13:6)/(Revelation 2:9/3:9)
  2. Above all nations = (1 Nephi 13:30)/(Deuteronomy 14:2)
  3. An abomination to God = (Deuteronomy 17:1)/(Alma 39:5)
  4. Anguish of spirit/soul = (2 Nephi 26:7)/(Exodus 6:9)
  5. Abraham rejoiced to see Christ’s day = (John 8:56)/(Helaman 8:17)
  6. According to his will and pleasure = (Jacob 5:14)/(Ephesians 1:5)
  7. According to his word = (Psalm 119:41)/(2 Nephi 31:13)
  8. According to the commandments = (2 Nephi 1:7)/(Deuteronomy 31:5)
  9. According to the flesh = (Ephesians 6:5)/(2 Nephi 2:8)
  10. According to the foreknowledge of God = (Alma 13:3)/(1 Peter 1:2)
  11. According to the law of Moses = (2 Kings 21:8)/(2 Nephi 5:10)
  12. According to the truth = (Galatians 2:14)/(1 Nephi 16:2)
  13. Adversary [the devil] = (1 Peter 5:8)/(Alma 12:6)
  14. Affliction and sorrow = (2 Nephi 2:1)/(Psalm 107:39)
  15. Afraid to look upon God = (Exodus 3:6)/(Ether 3:6)
  16. After the manner of men = (1 Nephi 18:2)/(I Corinthians 15:32)
  17. All in all = (Ephesians 1:23)/(Moroni 10:8)
  18. All things common = (Acts 2:44)/(4 Nephi 1:3)
  19. Alpha and Omega = (3 Nephi 9:18)/(Revelation 22:13)
  20. Altar of stones = (Deuteronomy 27:5)/(1 Nephi 2:7)
  21. An angel fell from heaven = (2 Nephi 9:8)/(Isaiah 14:12)
  22. Anchor of the soul = (Hebrews 6:19)/(Ether 12:4)
  23. Angel of the Lord = (Acts 5:19)/(Mosiah 27:11)
  24. Anger of the Lord is kindled against you = (Helaman 13:30)/(Deuteronomy 7:4)
  25. Anti-Christ = (1 John 2:18)/(Alma 30:6)
  26. Apostles of the Lamb = (1 Nephi 11:34)/(Revelation 21:14)
  27. Apply your heart to understanding; be wise = (Mosiah 12:27)/(Proverbs 2:2)
  28. Appointed unto man to die = (Hebrews 9:27)/(Alma 12:27)
  29. Arise/Shake thyself from the dust = (Isaiah 52:2)/(Moroni 10:31)
  30. Armor of righteousness = (2 Nephi 1:23/Isaiah 59:17/Ephesians 6:14/ II Corinthians 6:7)
  31. Arose and ministered to them = (Matthew 8:15)/(Alma 22:23)
  32. As I live = (Numbers 14:21)/(1 Nephi 3:15)
  33. As many as received him became sons of God = (John 1:12)/(3 Nephi 9:17)
  34. As the flower of the grass shall pass away = (James 1:10)/(Mosiah 12:12)
  35. As the Lord liveth = (1 Nephi 3:15)/(Jeremiah 38:16)
  36. As ye do unto me, so shall it be done unto you = (Ezekiel 12:11)/(Mosiah 17:15)
  37. Ascended into heaven = (John 3:13)/(Alma 40:20)/(3 Nephi 26:15)
  38. Ashamed of Christ = (Romans 1:16)/(Alma 46:21)
  39. Ask and ye shall receive = (3 Nephi 27:29)/(Luke 11:9-10)
  40. Ask not amiss = (2 Nephi 4:35)/(James 4:3)
  41. Atonement for sin = (Exodus 32:30)/(Alma 42:15)
  42. Author and finisher of our faith = (Moroni 6:4)/(Hebrews 12:2)
  43. Awake from deep sleep = (2 Nephi 1:13)/(Ephesians 5:14)
  44. Axe laid at the root of the tree = (Matthew 3:10)/(Alma 5:52)
  45. Bands of death = (Alma 4:14/Psalm 73:4)/(Alma 11:4)/(Psalm 107:14)
  46. Bands were loosed from his hands = (Judges 15:14)/(1 Nephi 7:18)
  47. Baptize in Bethabara, beyond Jordan = (1 Nephi 10:9)/(John 1:28)
  48. Baptize with fire and the Holy Ghost = (Matthew 3:11)/(Ether 12:14)
  49. Bare a son in his old age = (Ether 10:14)/(Genesis 21:2)
  50. Bars and gates = (Nahum 3:13)/(Job 38:10)/(2 Nephi 33:11)/(Psalm 147:13)/(Nehemiah 3:3)/(Alma 5:22)/(Jacob 6:9)
  51. Be a man = (1 Samuel 4:9)/(Job 38:3)/(2 Nephi 1:21)
  52. Be as gods, knowing good and evil = (2 Nephi 2:18)/(Genesis 3:5)
  53. Be like him and see him as he is = (Moroni 7:48)(1 John 3:2)
  54. Be of good cheer = (Acts 27:22)/(3 Nephi 1:13)
  55. Be one, as God is one = (John 17:11)/(3 Nephi 19:23)
  56. Be wise = (Proverbs 8:33)/(Jacob 6:12)
  57. Bear one another’s burdens = (Mosiah 18:8)/(Galatians 6:2)
  58. Beast of the field = (Genesis 2:19)/(2 Nephi 2:15)
  59. Beasts eating in another man’s field = (Exodus 22:5)/(Mosiah 5:14)
  60. Become weak like us/brethren = (Isaiah 14:10)/(Helaman 4:24)
  61. Begat sons and daughters = (Genesis 5:10)/(Ether 6:15)
  62. Beheld his glory = (2 Nephi 2:4)/(John 1:14)
  63. Believe on his name = (Alma 5:48)/(John 1:12)
  64. Believe that he is = (Mosiah 4:9)/(Hebrews 11:6)
  65. Believe these works, then you will believe in Christ = (John 10:38)/(2 Nephi 33:10)
  66. Better that one man should perish than a whole nation = (John 11:50)/(1 Nephi 4:13)
  67. Better that they had never known these things = (2 Peter 2:21)/(2 Nephi 31:14)
  68. Bind/seal on earth shall be bound in heaven = (Matthew 18:18)/(Helaman 10:7)
  69. Blameless = (I Corinthians 1:8)/(Mosiah 2:27)
  70. Blessed be the name of the Lord = (Psalm 113:2)/(Alma 26:8)
  71. Blessing and a curse = (Deuteronomy 30:1)/(1 Nephi 17:35)/(Alma 45:16)
  72. Blind in your minds = (1 Nephi 7:8)/(II Corinthians 4:4)
  73. Blood cries from the ground = (2 Nephi 28:10/Genesis 4:10)
  74. Blood, fire, and vapor of smoke = (Acts 2:19)/(1 Nephi 22:18)
  75. Blood from Christ’s pores/sweat = (Luke 22:44)/(Mosiah 3:7)
  76. Blot out their iniquities = (Psalm 51:9)/(Alma 7:13)/(Isaiah 43:25)
  77. Blot out their names = (Mosiah 5:11)/(Deuteronomy 9:14)/(Psalm 109:13)
  78. Boast in God = (Psalm 44:8)/(Alma 26:12)
  79. Boast in their own strength = (Isaiah 10:13)/(Mormon 3:9)
  80. Bodies were changed = (3 Nephi 28:15, 37)/(1 Corinthians 15:51-52)
  81. Boldness of speech = (Jacob 2:7)/(2 Corinthians 7:4)
  82. Bond and free, male and female = (Alma 11:44)/(Galatians 3:28)/(2 Nephi 10:16)
  83. Book of Life = (Alma 5:58)/(Revelation 20:15)/(Psalm 69:28)
  84. Book of Moses = (Ezra 6:18)/(1 Nephi 5:11)
  85. Book of the Lamb of God = (1 Nephi 13:28,38)/(Isaiah 34:16)/(Revelation 21:27)
  86. Born of God = (Alma 36:5)/(Mosiah 5:7)/(1 John 5:18)
  87. Both soul and body = (2 Nephi 1:22)/(Isaiah 10:18)
  88. Bow of steel = (1 Nephi 16:18)/(Psalm 18:34)
  89. Bowels of mercy = (Colossians 3:12)/(Alma 7:12)/(Mosiah 15:9)
  90. Branches of Joseph = (Genesis 49:22)/(2 Nephi 3:5)
  91. Break the rocks into pieces = (Helaman 14:21-22/1 Kings 19:11)
  92. Breathe out threatenings/cruelty = (Psalms 27:12)/(1 Nephi 18:17)/(Acts 9:1)
  93. Brightness above the sun = (Acts 26:13)/(1 Nephi 1:9)/(Revelation 1:16)
  94. Brightness as the stars = (Daniel 12:3)/(1 Nephi 1:10)
  95. Brightness of fire = (1 Nephi 15:30)/(Ezekiel 1:27)
  96. Bring fruit unto repentance = (Alma 34:30)/(Matthew 3:8)
  97. Bring them into his/their fold = (Alma 5:60)/(Jeremiah 23:3)
  98. Bring us into bondage = (Mosiah 9:12)/(Galatians 2:4)
  99. Broken heart and a contrite spirit = (Psalm 34:18)/(2 Nephi 2:7)
  100. Broken off = (Jacob 5:30)/(Isaiah 27:11)/(1 Nephi 21:1)
  101. Brought low (to the dust) = (Job 24:24)/(1 Nephi 22:23)/(Psalm 22:15)
  102. Build on my rock, gates of hell will not prevail = (3 Nephi 11:39)/(Matthew 16:18)
  103. Brought forth through the air = (Moroni 10:34)/(1 Thessalonians 4:17)
  104. Built an altar to the Lord = (1 Nephi 2:7)/(Genesis 8:20)
  105. Burdens may be light = (Alma 33:23)/(Matthew 11:30)
  106. Burn with fire = (Jeremiah 36:32)/(Jacob 5:77)
  107. Burnt offerings = (1 Nephi 5:9)/(Genesis 8:20)
  108. Burst their bands = (1 Nephi 7:17)/(Jeremiah 2:20)
  109. Buy, and sell, and get gain = (James 4:13)/(Helaman 6:8)
  110. Buy wine and milk without money = (2 Nephi 9:50-51)/(Isaiah 55:1-2)
  111. By the mouth of his holy prophets = (2 Nephi 9:2)/(Acts 3:21)
  112. By way of the Red Sea = (Numbers 21:4)/(Deuteronomy 2:1)/(2 Nephi 19:1)
  113. Called/chosen from the foundation of the world = (Alma 13:3)/(Ephesians 1:4)
  114. Call his sheep by his name = (John 10:3)/(Alma 5:38)
  115. Call upon his name = (Isaiah 12:4)/(Alma 34:17)
  116. Called by the name of the Lord = (Deuteronomy 28:10)/(Mosiah 5:9)
  117. Called with a holy calling = (Alma 13:3)/(II Timothy 1:9)
  118. As calves in the stall = (Malachi 4:2)/(1 Nephi 22:24)
  119. Came unto his own = (3 Nephi 1:14)/(John 1:11)
  120. Captain of fifty = (Isaiah 3:3)/(1 Nephi 3:31)
  121. Carnal/earthly, sensual, devilish = (James 3:15)/(Alma 42:10)
  122. Carnally minded is death = (2 Nephi 9:39)/(Romans 8:6)
  123. Carried away captive = (Jeremiah 1:3)/(2 Nephi 25:10)
  124. Carried away in the Spirit = (1 Nephi 15:1)/(2 Nephi 4:25)/(Revelation 17:3)
  125. Cast to their own place = (Jacob 5:77)/(Acts 1:25)
  126. Catch/cross him that they might accuse him =(Mosiah 12:19)/(Luke 11:54)
  127. Caught away…into an exceedingly high mountain = (1 Nephi 11:1)/(Revelation 21:10)
  128. Chaff before the wind = (Psalms 1:4)/(Mormon 5:16)
  129. Chains of hell = (2 Nephi 9:45)/(2 Peter 2:4)/(Jude 1:6)/(Alma 12:6,11)
  130. Change of heart = (Alma 5:12)/(1 Samuel 10:9)
  131. Cherubim and a flaming sword = (Genesis 3:24)/(Alma 12:21)
  132. Chief governor = (Jeremiah 20:1)/(3 Nephi 3:2)
  133. Child of hell/devil = (Alma 11:23)/(Acts 13:10)/(1 Nephi 14:3)
  134. Children of God = (Psalm 82:6)/(Mosiah 5:7)
  135. Children of Israel = (1 Nephi 17:23)/(Isaiah 27:12)
  136. Children of men = (1 Nephi 11:22)/(Psalm 21:10)
  137. Choose darkness rather than light = (John 3:19)/(Helaman 13:29)
  138. Choose life or death = (Deuteronomy 30:19)/(2 Nephi 2:27-28)
  139. Chosen vessel of the Lord = (Moroni 7:31)/(Acts 9:15)
  140. Christ glorified God = (3 Nephi 11:11)/(John 13:31)
  141. Christ is our advocate = (1 John 2:1)/(Moroni 7:28)
  142. Christ is our example = (1 Peter 2:21)/(2 Nephi 31:16)
  143. Christ is our head = (Mosiah 5:8)/(1 Corinthians 11:3)
  144. Christ was lifted up = (1 Nephi 19:10)/(3 Nephi 27:14)/(John 3:14)/(John 12:32)
  145. Christ will not see corruption = (Psalm 16:10)/(2 Nephi 9:51)
  146. Church of Satan = (1 Nephi 13:6)/(Revelation 2:9/3:9)
  147. Cleanse from all unrighteousness = (1 John 1:9)/(Alma 7:14)
  148. Cleanse the inward vessel = (Alma 60:23-24)/(Matthew 23:26-27)/(Luke 11:39)
  149. Cleansed every whit = (3 Nephi 8:1)/(John 13:10)
  150. Cleave to God with purpose of heart = (Acts 11:23)/(Jacob 6:5)
  151. Cloud by day, pillar of fire by night = (Exodus 13:21)/(1 Nephi 17:30)
  152. Come out and be ye separate = (Alma 5:57)/(2 Corinthians 6:17)
  153. “Come unto me ye blessed/Come ye blessed of my Father” (Alma 5:16)/(Matthew 25:34)
  154. Comforter = (John 16:7)/(Moroni 8:26)
  155. Command thy children to obey = (Deuteronomy 32:46)/(Alma 39:12)
  156. Compassed about by sin = (2 Nephi 4:18)/(Psalm 40:12)
  157. Confess your sins = (Psalm 32:5)/(Mosiah 26:29)
  158. Confound the wise = (Alma 37:6)/(1 Corinthians 1:27)
  159. Confound their language = (Ether 1:33)/(Genesis 11:17)
  160. Consecrated to be a priest = (Alma 5:3)/(Exodus 28:41)
  161. Cords of sin = (2 Nephi 26:22)/(Proverbs 5:22)
  162. Corrupt trees bring evil fruit = (Jacob 5:38-39)/(Matt 7:17,19)
  163. Corruption must put on incorruption = (2 Nephi 9:7)/(1 Corinthians 15:53)
  164. Counsel of God = (2 Nephi 9:28)/(Luke 7:30)
  165. Counted unto him for righteousness = (Psalm 106:31)/(Moroni 7:7)
  166. Created in the image of God = (Alma 18:34)/(Genesis 1:27)
  167. Creation of the world = (Alma 18:36)/(Romans 1:20)
  168. Cry unto the Lord = (Isaiah 19:20)/(2 Nephi 5:1)
  169. Cry unto thee in my afflictions = (Alma 33:11)/(2 Chronicles 20:9)
  170. Cunning and craftiness = (Mosiah 9:10)/(Ephesians 4:14)
  171. Curious [items] = (Exodus 28:8; 29:5)/(1 Nephi 16:10)
  172. Curse/destroy even with a sore curse/destruction = (Micah 2:10)/(1 Nephi 2:23)/(Malachi 3:9)
  173. Curse God and die = (Job 2:9)/(Mormon 2:14)
  174. Cursed is the land for your sakes = (Mormon 1:17)/(Genesis 3:17)/(1 Nephi 17:38)
  175. Cursed who trust in the arm of flesh = (Jeremiah 17:5)/(2 Nephi 4:34)
  176. Cut off and destroyed = (2 Nephi 1:17)/(Isaiah 48:19/1 Nephi 20:19)
  177. Cut off from his presence = (1 Nephi 2:21)/(2 Nephi 1:20)/(Psalm 31:22)/(Leviticus 22:3)
  178. Cut to the heart = (Mosiah 13:7/Acts 5:33)
  179. Darkness unto light = (2 Nephi 3:5)/(Acts 26:18)
  180. Dash in pieces = (Nahum 2:1)/(Ether 2:23)
  181. Dates based on when the Lord delivered them = (Jacob 1:1)/(1 Kings 6:1)
  182. Day of judgment = (2 Nephi 9:46)/(2 Peter 2:9)
  183. Day of salvation = (II Corinthians 6:2)/(Alma 13:21)
  184. Day of visitation = (Isaiah 10:3)/(Mormon 9:2)/(Hosea 9:7)
  185. Death and Hell = (2 Nephi 9:10)/(Revelation 6:8)
  186. Days may be prolonged = (Deuteronomy 6:2)/(2 Nephi 2:21)
  187. Death and Hell must deliver its dead = (2 Nephi 9:12)/(Revelation 20:13)/(2 Nephi 28:23)
  188. Death penalty for prophesying against the city = (Jeremiah 26:11)/(1 Nephi 1:13, 20)/(Mosiah 17:7-8)
  189. Death swallowed in victory = (Mosiah 16:8)/(Isaiah 25:8)
  190. Declare glad tidings of great joy = (Acts 13:32)/(Mosiah 3:3)/(Luke 2:10)
  191. Decrees are unalterable/which shall not pass = (Alma 29:4)/(Psalms 148:6)
  192. Deliver into your hands = (1 Chronicles 14:10)/(1 Nephi 3:29)
  193. Deliver them in their afflictions = (Alma 36:2)/(Acts 7:10)
  194. Delivered their souls from death/hell = (Alma 5:6)/(Psalm 56:13)
  195. Deny the Holy Ghost = no forgiveness = (Mark 3:29)/(Alma 39:6)
  196. Deny yourself of all ungodliness = (Moroni 10:32)/(Titus 2:12)
  197. Depths of the sea = (1 Nephi 18:20)/(Isaiah 51:10/2 Nephi 8:10)
  198. Descending out of heaven = (1 Nephi 11:7)/(Revelation 21:11)
  199. Despise the poor = (2 Nephi 9:30)/(James 2:6)
  200. Despised [the word of] the Holy One of Israel = (1 Nephi 19:14)/(Isaiah 5:24/2 Nephi 15:24)
  201. Destroy thee from off the face of the earth = (Deuteronomy 6:15)/(Alma 37:22)
  202. Destroy their craft = (Acts 19:27)/(Alma 35:3)
  203. Devil and his angels and everlasting pit prepared for them = (2 Nephi 9:16)/(Matthew 25:41)
  204. Die in their sins = (2 Nephi 9:38)/(John 8:24)
  205. Die no more [Christ] = (Alma 11:45)/(Romans 6:9)
  206. Dig a pit for thy neighbor/friend = (2 Nephi 28:8)/(Job 6:27)
  207. Dig about it, dung it = (Luke 13:8)/(Jacob 5:47)
  208. Diligently keep the commandments of God = (Alma 37:20)/(Deuteronomy 6:17)
  209. Disappear as the morning dew = (Hosea 6:4)/(Mormon 4:18)
  210. Do the will of the Father = (Matthew 12:50)/(3 Nephi 27:13)
  211. Doctrine of Christ = (2 Nephi 31:21)/(2 John 1:9)
  212. Doing that which was right in the sight of the Lord = (Ether 10:16)/(2 Chronicles 20:32)
  213. Doing that which was evil/abominable in the sight of the Lord = (Mosiah 11:2)/(2 Kings 15:18)
  214. Down to the dust = (Isaiah 25:12)/(Alma 42:30)
  215. Draw all men unto me = (John 12:32)/(2 Nephi 26:24)
  216. Dreamed a dream = (1 Nephi 8:2)/(Daniel 2:3)
  217. Dregs of a bitter cup = (Alma 40:26)/(Psalm 75:8)/(Isaiah 51:17)
  218. Drink damnation = (1 Corinthians 11:29)/(Mosiah 3:18)
  219. Drink his blood = (Ezekiel 39:18)/(Alma 49:27)
  220. Drink of [cup] the wrath of God = (Mosiah 5:5)/(Job 21:20)
  221. Drink the cup the Father hath given me = (John 18:11)/(3 Nephi 11:11)
  222. Dross = (Isaiah 1:22)/(Alma 34:29)
  223. Drown in waters = (1 Nephi 8:32)/(1 Timothy 6:9)/(Psalm 124:3-5)
  224. Dry ground = (1 Nephi 4:2)/(Exodus 14:16)
  225. Dung on the face of the earth = (Mormon 2:15)/(Jeremiah 8:2)
  226. Dwell safely = (Jeremiah 32:37)/(2 Nephi 1:9)
  227. Dwelleth in the heavens = (Moroni 7:28)/(Psalm 123:1)
  228. Dwelt in tents = (Judges 8:11)/(1 Ne 2:15)
  229. The earth/world passeth away = (Alma 9:2)/(1 John 2:17)
  230. East wind = (Jeremiah 18:17)/(Mosiah 7:31)
  231. Eat, drink, be merry; tomorrow we die = (I Corinthians 15:32)/(Isaiah 22:13)/(2 Nephi 28:7)
  232. Eat forbidden fruit you will surely die = (Alma 12:23)/(Genesis 2:17)
  233. Elders of the Jews = (1 Nephi 4:22)/(Luke 7:3)
  234. Elements will melt with fervent heat = (Mormon 9:2)/(II Peter 3:12)
  235. Endure the cross and despise the shame of it = (2 Nephi 9:18)/(Hebrews 12:2)
  236. Endure to the end = (Matthew 10:22)/(2 Nephi 31:16)
  237. Enemy of all righteousness = (Acts 13:10)/(Mosiah 2:37)/(Mosiah 4:14)
  238. Enemy of God = (James 4:4)/(Mosiah 27:9)
  239. Enlarge my heart/soul = (Psalm 119:32)/(Alma 32:28)
  240. Enlarge thy borders = (Moroni 10:31)/(Exodus 34:24)
  241. Enter into a covenant with God = (Deuteronomy 29:12)/(Alma 7:15)
  242. Enter into his gates = (Psalm 100:4)/(2 Nephi 31:9)
  243. Enter into his rest = (Jacob 1:7)/(Hebrews 3:11)
  244. Envying and strifes = (Alma 4:9)/(1 Corinthians 3:3)
  245. Eternal God = (Alma 34:9)/(Deuteronomy 33:27)
  246. Eternal life = (Romans 6:23)/(Mosiah 18:9)
  247. Eternal purposes = (2 Nephi 2:12,15)/(Alma 42:26)/(Ephesians 3:11)
  248. Everlasting chains = (2 Nephi 28:19)/(Jude 1:6)
  249. Everlasting destruction = (Alma 12:17)/(2 Thessalonians 1:9)
  250. Everlasting God = (Moroni 10:28)/(Romans 16:26)
  251. Everlasting light = (Alma 26:15)/(Isaiah 60:20)
  252. Everlasting salvation = (Alma 26:15)/(Isaiah 45:17)
  253. Every good gift cometh from God = (James 1:17)/(Moroni 10:18)
  254. Every knee shall bow = (Mosiah 27:31)/(Philippians 2:10-11)
  255. Evil for evil = (Alma 41:13)/(1 Thesselonians 5:15)/(1 Peter 3:9)
  256. Exceedingly fair = (Acts 7:20)/(1 Nephi 11:13)
  257. Execute judgment in righteousness = (1 Nephi 22:21)/(Jeremiah 33:15)
  258. Exercise authority = (Mosiah 24:8)/(Luke 22:25)
  259. Expound all the scriptures unto them = (Luke 24:27)/(3 Nephi 23:6)
  260. Eye be single = (Matthew 6:22)/(Mormon 8:15)
  261. Eye hath not seen; ear hath not heard = (3 Nephi 17:16)/(1 Corinthians 2:9)/(Isaiah 64:4)
  262. Eye of the Lord = (2 Nephi 9:44)/(Psalm 33:18)/(Ezra 5:5)
  263. Face to face = (Alma 38:7)/(Deuteronomy 34:10)
  264. Faith, hope, and charity = (Alma 7:24)/(1 Corinthians 13:13)
  265. Fall at his feet and worship him = (1 Nephi 11:24)/(Revelation 19:4, 10)
  266. Fall by the sword = (Lamentations 2:21)/(Mormon 6:15)
  267. Fall into the pit they digged = (1 Nephi 22:14)/(Psalm 9:15)/(Psalm 7:15)
  268. Fall thereof was exceedingly great = (1 Nephi 11:36)/(Matthew 7:27)
  269. Fast and pray = (1 Corinthians 7:5)/(Alma 5:46)
  270. Father’s blessing = (Genesis 48:9)/(2 Nephi 4:5)
  271. Father of heaven and of earth = (2 Nephi 25:12)/(Matthew 11:24)
  272. Father of lies = (2 Nephi 2:18)/(John 8:44)
  273. Father who is in heaven = (Matthew 5:48)/(Jacob 7:22)
  274. Fear and tremble = (1 Nephi 16:27)/(II Corinthians 7:15)
  275. Fear not what man can do = (Moroni 8:16)/(Hebrews 13:6)/(Psalms 118:6)
  276. Fear of the Lord = (Mosiah 4:1)/(Proverbs 2:5)/(2 Chronicles 19:7)
  277. Fell as though he was dead = (Alma 22:18)/(Revelation 1:17)
  278. Fierce anger of the Lord = (Jeremiah 25:37)/(Alma 9:18)
  279. Fiery darts = (1 Nephi 15:24)/(Ephesians 6:16)
  280. Fiery flying serpents = (1 Nephi 17:41)/(Isaiah 14:29)
  281. Fiery indignation = (Alma 40:14/Hebrews 10:27)
  282. Fight against Zion = (1 Nephi 22:19)/(Isaiah 29:8)
  283. Fight for your children, wives and homes = (Mormon 2:23)/(Nehemiah 4:14)
  284. Fill up the garners = (Alma 26:5)/(Psalm 144:13)
  285. Filled/full of the Holy Ghost = (Acts 11:24)/(Alma 36:24)
  286. Filthy shall be filthy still = (1 Nephi 15:33)/(Revelation 22:11)
  287. Find pasture = (John 10:9)/(1 Nephi 22:25)
  288. Fine-twined linen = (Exodus 36:8)/(1 Nephi 13:8)
  289. Finger of God = (Alma 10:2)/(Luke 11:20)
  290. Fire come down from heaven = (2 Kings 1:10)/(Helaman 13:13)
  291. Fire is kindled in mine anger = (Deut 32:22)/(2 Nephi 26:6)
  292. [God is the] First and the last = (Alma 11:39)/(Isaiah 48:12)
  293. First fruits unto God = (2 Nephi 2:9)/(Romans 8:23)/(I Corinthians 15:20)/(Jacob 4:11)
  294. First resurrection = (Revelation 20:5)/(Alma 40:16)/(Mosiah 15:21)
  295. First shall be last, last shall be first = (1 Nephi 13:42)/(Matthew 19:30)
  296. Flame/smoke ascends forever = (2 Nephi 9:16)/(Revelation 14:11)
  297. Flaming fire = (Helaman 5:44)/(Lamentations 2:3)
  298. Flesh and blood = (Galatians 1:16)/(Ether 3:8)
  299. Fools before God = (2 Nephi 9:42)/(1 Corinthians 3:18)
  300. Fools mock = (Proverbs 14:9)/(Ether 12:26)
  301. For the Lord hath spoken it = (Isaiah 1:2)/(2 Nephi 9:16)
  302. Forget the Lord = (Helaman 12:2)/(Deuteronomy 6:12)
  303. Fortify the city = (Judges 9:31)/(Alma 52:9)
  304. Forts = (Alma 49:13)/(2 Samuel 5:9)
  305. Found favor in sight of the king = (Alma 20:28)/(Nehemiah 2:5)
  306. Fountain of living waters = (Jeremiah 2:13)/(1 Nephi 11:25)/(Revelation 7:17)/(Psalm 36:9)
  307. Four quarters of the earth = (1 Nephi 22:25)/(Revelation 20:8)
  308. Fourth generation = (2 Nephi 26:9)/(Genesis 15:16)
  309. Fowls of the air = (2 Nephi 2:15)/(Genesis 1:26)
  310. Freed from sin = (Romans 6:18)/(2 Nephi 9:47)
  311. Freemen = (1 Corinthians 7:22)/(Alma 51:6)
  312. From everlasting to everlasting = (Moroni 7:22)/(Psalm 90:2)
  313. From generation to generation = (2 Nephi 9:2)/(Isaiah 13:20)
  314. From the beginning = (2 Nephi 9:2)/(Isaiah 40:21)
  315. From whence they can no more return = (Mosiah 3:25)/(Job 16:22)
  316. Fruit of thy loins = (2 Nephi 3:7)/(Acts 2:30)
  317. Fruit of your labors = (Philippians 1:22)/(Alma 36:25)
  318. Fulfill all righteousness = (2 Nephi 31:5)/(Matthew 3:15)
  319. Full of grace and truth = (2 Nephi 2:6)/(Alma 13:9)/(John 1:14)
  320. Fullness of the Gentiles = (Romans 11:25)/(1 Nephi 10:14)
  321. Fullness of time = (2 Nephi 2:3)/(Galatians 4:4)
  322. Gall of bitterness and bonds of iniquity = (Moroni 8:14)/(Acts 8:23)
  323. Garments made white in blood of the Lamb = (Revelation 7:14)/(Ether 13:10)
  324. Gate of heaven = (Helaman 3:28)/(Genesis 28:17)
  325. Gates of righteousness = (2 Nephi 4:32)/(2 Nephi 31:9)/(Psalm 118:19)
  326. Gather in from east, west, south, north = (Psalm 107:3)/(Luke 13:29)/(3 Nephi 20:13)
  327. Gather sheaves = (Micah 4:12)/(Alma 26:5)
  328. Gave up the ghost = (Luke 23:46)/(Jacob 7:20)
  329. Genealogies written in books = (1 Nephi 5:14)/(1 Chronicles 9:1)
  330. Generation knew not the Lord = (Judges 2:10)/(Mosiah 26:1)
  331. Gentiles hear the Gospel from the Apostles = (Acts 15:7)/(3 Nephi 15:22)
  332. Gift of Christ = (Ephesians 4:7)/(Moroni 7:16)
  333. Gift of the Holy Ghost = (Hebrews 2:4)/(2 Nephi 28:26)
  334. Gifts of the Spirit = (1 Corinthians 12:4-11)/(Moroni 10:8-17)
  335. Girdle his loins = (Isaiah 5:27)/(1 Nephi 4:19)
  336. Give half of my kingdom = (Alma 20:23)/(Mark 6:23)
  337. Give liberally = (2 Nephi 4:35)/(James 1:5)
  338. Give place to the devil/enemy of my soul = (Ephesians 4:27)/(2 Nephi 4:28)
  339. Give thanks unto his holy name = (Psalm 106:47)/(2 Nephi 9:52)
  340. Glorify the name of God = (2 Nephi 6:4)/(Isaiah 24:15)
  341. Glory in the Lord = (Alma 26:16)/(1 Corinthians 1:31)
  342. Glory, power, might, majesty, and dominion = (Alma 12:15)/(Jude 1:25)
  343. Gnash with teeth = (Job 16:9)/(Alma 14:21)
  344. Go in and possess the land = (Mosiah 9:5)/(Deuteronomy 10:11)
  345. Go no more out = (Alma 7:25)/(Revelation 3:12)
  346. Go up to Jerusalem [never “go down” to Jerusalem] = (Ezra 1:3)/(1 Nephi 3:9)
  347. Go the way of all the earth = (Joshua 23:14)/(2 Nephi 1:14)
  348. God can make the sun stand still = (Joshua 10:12-13)/(Helaman 12:14-15)
  349. God cannot lie = (Enos 1:6)/(Hebrews 6:18)
  350. God chastens those he loves = (Proverbs 3:12)/(Helaman 15:3)
  351. God has no variableness or shadow of turning = (James 1:17)/(Mosiah 2:22)
  352. God knoweth all things = (1 John 3:20)/(2 Nephi 9:20)
  353. God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob = (1 Nephi 19:10)/(Exodus 3:6)
  354. God of heaven = (Ezra 7:21)/(Ether 8:14)
  355. God of Israel = (Isaiah 37:16)/(1 Nephi 19:7)
  356. God of my salvation = (Isaiah 17:10)/2 Nephi 9:44
  357. God of our fathers = (1 Nephi 19:10)/(Acts 22:14)
  358. God of truth = (Ether 3:12)/(Deuteronomy 32:4)
  359. God sitting on his throne = (1 Nephi 1:8)/(Psalm 47:8)/(Isaiah 6:1)
  360. God speaks once, twice, yet men don’t perceive it = (Job 33:14)/(3 Nephi 11:3-5)
  361. God the Father = (1 Peter 1:2)/(Moroni 9:26)
  362. God’s throne is in heaven = (1 Nephi 1:14)/(Psalm 11:4)
  363. God trieth the righteous = (Mosiah 23:21)/(Psalm 11:5)
  364. God’s word will not pass away = (2 Nephi 9:16)/(Mark 13:31)/(Psalm 148:6)
  365. Gold, and silver, and precious things = (1 Nephi 3:22)/(Daniel 11:43)
  366. Gone out of the way = (2 Nephi 28:11)/(Helaman 7:18)/(Hebrews 5:2)
  367. Good Shepherd = (Alma 5:38)/(John 10:11)
  368. Goodness and mercy = (Psalm 23:6)/(1 Nephi 1:14)
  369. Gospel of Christ = (1 Corinthians 9:12)/(Mormon 9:8)
  370. Grace and mercy = (2 Timothy 1:2)/(2 Nephi 9:53)
  371. Grace for grace = (John 1:16)/(Helaman 12:24)
  372. Grace of God = (1 Corinthians 1:4)/(Moroni 7:2)
  373. Gray hairs with sorrow to the grave = (Genesis 42:38)/(1 Nephi 18:18)
  374. Great and terrible = (1 Nephi 12:18/(Deuteronomy 1:19)/(Nehemiah 1:5)
  375. The great God = (Nehemiah 8:6)/(Alma 24:8)
  376. Great and marvelous are thy works = (1 Nephi 1:14)/(Revelation 15:3)
  377. Great gulf diving wicked and righteous = (1 Nephi 12:18)/(Luke 16:26)
  378. Great lights in heaven = (Helaman 14:3)/(Psalm 136:7)
  379. Great shall be the fall = (1 Nephi 22:14)/(Matthew 7:27)
  380. Greater than I can bear = (1 Nephi 16:1)/(Genesis 4:13)
  381. Grieved because of hardness of their hearts = (1 Nephi 2:18)/(Mark 3:5)
  382. Grievous to be borne = (Mosiah 7:23)/(Matthew 23:4)
  383. Grind to powder = (2 Nephi 26:5)/(Matthew 21:44)
  384. Grind upon the face of the poor = (2 Nephi 26:20)/(Isaiah 3:15/2 Nephi 13:15)
  385. Groaning of the earth/creation = (1 Nephi 19:12)/(Romans 8:22)
  386. Groups of fifty = (Luke 9:14)/(Mosiah 18:18)
  387. Hand of the Lord = (1 Nephi 5:14)/(Nehemiah 1:10)
  388. Hand of their enemies = (Jeremiah 34:20)/(Alma 60:20)
  389. Hanged upon a tree = (3 Nephi 4:28)/(Joshua 8:29)
  390. Harden your hearts = (Alma 34:31)/(Exodus 7:13)
  391. The harvest is ripe = (Alma 26:5)/(Revelation 14:15)
  392. Have against thee = (Alma 39:2)/(Revelation 2:20)
  393. Have ye not read the scriptures? (3 Nephi 27:5)/(Matthew 21:42)/(Mark 12:26)
  394. Heal the nations = (Revelation 22:2)/(2 Nephi 25:20)
  395. Healeth wounds/broken in heart = (Psalm 147:3)/(Jacob 2:8,10)
  396. Healing in his wings = (Malachi 4:2)/(2 Nephi 25:13)
  397. Heaping up wrath against the day of judgment = (Helaman 8:25)/(Romans 2:5)/(Job 36:13)
  398. Hearken to the voice of the Lord = (Deuteronomy 13:18)/(2 Nephi 9:21)
  399. Hearts did burn = (3 Nephi 11:3)/(Luke 24:32)
  400. Heaven, earth, and all things that in them are = (2 Nephi 2:14)/(Acts 4:24)/(Exodus 20:11)
  401. Heavenly Father = (Mosiah 2:34)/(Matthew 6:14, 26)
  402. The heavens opened = (1 Nephi 11:14,27,30)/(Mark 1:10)/(Ezekiel 1:1)
  403. Hedge up the way = (Mosiah 7:29)/(Hosea 2:6)
  404. He hath a devil = (Mosiah 3:9)/(Luke 7:33)
  405. Heirs of (kingdom of) God = (Romans 8:17)/(Galatians 4:7)/(Mosiah 15:11)
  406. He maketh intercession = (Isaiah 53:12)/(2 Nephi 2:9)
  407. Heed and diligence = (Deuteronomy 4:9)/(Mosiah 1:16)
  408. Hen gathereth her chickens = (Matthew 23:37)/(3 Nephi 10:4)
  409. Hewn down and cast into the fire = (Alma 5:35)/(Matthew 7:19)
  410. Hidden darkness = (2 Nephi 3:5)/(Mosiah 8:17)/(I Corinthians 4:5)
  411. His own house = (1 Nephi 1:7)/(Luke 5:25)
  412. Hiss forth/unto them = (Isaiah 5:26)/(Moroni 10:28)
  413. Hiss/Proverb and a byword = (2 Chronicles 7:20)/(1 Nephi 19:14)
  414. Hold fast to the word = (Titus 1:9)/(1 Nephi 8:30)/(1 Nephi 11:25)
  415. Holding forth = (Alma 16:19)/(Philippians 2:16)
  416. Holy and true = (Revelation 3:7)/(2 Nephi 2:10)
  417. Holy arm = (Psalm 98:1)/(Enos 1:13)/(Isaiah 52:10)
  418. A holy city = (Ether 13:5)/(Isaiah 52:1)
  419. Holy Ghost descended like a dove = (2 Nephi 31:8)/(Matthew 3:16)
  420. Holy Ghost given to the Gentiles = (1 Nephi 10:11)/(Acts 10:45)
  421. Holy God = (2 Nephi 9:39)/(Joshua 24:19)
  422. Holy one = (2 Nephi 2:10)/(Psalm 89:18)
  423. Holy One of Israel = (1 Nephi 19:14)/(Isaiah 31:1)
  424. Hope of eternal life = (Titus 1:2)/(Alma 13:29)
  425. The hope of glory = (Colossians 1:27)/(Jacob 4:4, 11)
  426. Hope of/for salvation = (1 Thessalonians 5:8)/(Alma 5:10)
  427. The house of Israel is an olive tree = (Jacob 5:3)/(Romans 11:24)/(Jeremiah 11:16-17)
  428. Houses left desolate = (Helaman 15:1)/(Isaiah 5:9)
  429. How great is the goodness of God = (2 Nephi 9:10)/(Psalm 31:19)/(Zechariah 9:17)
  430. How great things the Lord has done = (2 Nephi 1:1)/(Mark 5:19)
  431. Humble yourself as a little child = (Moroni 8:10)/(Matthew 18:4)
  432. I am in thy hands; do as seemeth thee good = (Jeremiah 26:14)/(Mosiah 12:16)
  433. I am the light of the world = (Ether 4:12)/(John 8:12)
  434. I am the Lord’s = (Isaiah 44:5)/(2 Nephi 28:3)
  435. I can do all things in his strength = (Alma 26:12)/(Phillipians 4:13)
  436. I lie not = (2 Corinthians 11:31)/(Moroni 10:26)
  437. I looked…and I saw him not = (1 Nephi 11:12)/(Revelation 1:12)
  438. I never knew you = (Mosiah 26:27)/(Matthew 7:23)
  439. I pray not for the world, but for those whom thou hast given me = (3 Nephi 19:29)/(John 17:9)
  440. I saw and bare record = (1 Nephi 11:32)/(John 1:34)
  441. I thank thee that I am not like other men = (Luke 18:11)/(Alma 38:14)
  442. I was with the Father from the beginning = (John 1:1)/(3 Nephi 9:15)
  443. I will go before thee = (Ether 1:42)/(Deuteronomy 1:30)
  444. Idleness = (Ezekiel 16:49)/(Alma 38:12)
  445. If ye are brought up in the gospel ye will not depart from it = (2 Nephi 4:5)/(Proverbs 22:6)
  446. If you do not preach, the blood of the wicked will be on you = (Jacob 1:19)/(Ezekiel 3:18-20)
  447. If you slay me you will shed innocent blood = (Mosiah 17:10)/(Jeremiah 26:15)
  448. I have not found so great faith in Israel = (Matthew 8:10)/(3 Nephi 19:35)/(Alma 19:10)
  449. Imagination of the heart = (Jeremiah 3:17/7:24/9:14)/(1 Nephi 2:11)
  450. In our flesh we will see God = (2 Nephi 9:4)/(Job 19:26)
  451. In thy seed shall all nations/kindreds be blessed = (1 Nephi 22:9)/(Genesis 18:18)
  452. Inhabitants of the earth = (Revelation 8:13)/(2 Nephi 2:8)
  453. Inhabitants of the land = (Jeremiah 1:14)/(Ether 2:11)
  454. Inherit the kingdom of God prepared from the foundation of the world = (2 Nephi 9:18)/(Matthew 25:34)
  455. Iniquities and abominations = (Jacob 2:16)/(Ezekiel 36:31)
  456. Iniquities and transgressions = (Mosiah 14:5/Isaiah 53)/(Mosiah 15:9)
  457. Iniquities of their fathers = (Nehemiah 9:2)/(Jacob 3:7)
  458. Inquire of the Lord = (1 Samuel 10:22)/(1 Nephi 15:8)
  459. Isles of the sea = (1 Nephi 22:4)/(Isaiah 24:15)
  460. Jacob/Nephites have I loved; Esau/Lamanites have I hated = (Romans 9:13)/(Helaman 15:3-4)/(Malachi 1:2-3)
  461. Jerusalem, I have seen thy abominations = (1 Nephi 1:13)/(Ezekiel 8: 6, 9)
  462. Jesus had compassion towards them = (3 Nephi 17:6)/(Matthew 14:14)
  463. Jot and tittle = (Alma 34:13)/(Matthew 5:18)
  464. Joy may be full = (2 Nephi 9:18)/(1 John 1:4)
  465. Judge righteously = (Alma 41:14)/(Deuteronomy 1:16)
  466. Judge ye = (2 Nephi 33:11)/(Acts 4:19)
  467. Judged according to their works = (2 Nephi 9:44)/(Revelation 20:13)
  468. Judgment seat of Christ = (2 Nephi 9:15)/(Romans 14:10)
  469. Judgments and statutes of the law = (2 Nephi 5:10)/(Deuteronomy 4:8)
  470. Judgments are just = (Mosiah 16:1)/(John 5:30)
  471. Just and equal = (Colossians 4:1)/(Alma 10:21)
  472. Just and true = (Alma 18:34)/(Revelation 15:3)
  473. Justify the righteous = (1 Nephi 16:2)/(1 Kings 8:32)
  474. Keep and preserve = (Psalm 140:4)/(Alma 37:4)
  475. Kingdom of heaven is at hand = (Alma 5:28)/(Matthew 10:7)
  476. Kings and rulers = (1 Nephi 16:38)/(Mosiah 2:30)/(Mark 13:9)
  477. The King’s countenance was changed = (Alma 18:12)/(Daniel 5:6)
  478. Knit together = (1 Samuel 18:1)/(Mosiah 18:21)
  479. Knock and it shall be opened = (2 Nephi 9:42)/(Matthew 7:7)
  480. Know not when the end will come = (Alma 5:29)/(Matthew 25:13)/24:42)
  481. Know that I am the Lord = (2 Nephi 6:7)/(Ezekiel 11:10)/(Mosiah 12:3)
  482. Know them by their fruits = (Matthew 7:16, 20)/(Moroni 7:5)
  483. Knowledge and understanding = (Jeremiah 3:15)/(Words of Mormon 1:9)
  484. Knowledge of the truth = (Mosiah 27:36)/(2 Timothy 3:7)
  485. Labor with their hands = (Alma 1:3)/(1 Corinthians 4:12)/(1 Thessalonians 4:11)
  486. Lake of fire and brimstone = (2 Nephi 9:16)/(Revelation 19:20)
  487. Lamb of God, who taketh away the sins of the world = (Alma 7:14)/(John 1:29)
  488. Lands called after their names = (Psalm 49:11)/(Alma 8:7)
  489. Land for an inheritance = (Numbers 34:2)/(1 Nephi 2:4)
  490. Land of promise = (Nehemiah 9:23)/(1 Nephi 5:5)
  491. Land will be desolate = (Alma 22:30)/(Jeremiah 6:8)
  492. The latter days = (Jeremiah 48:47)/(2 Nephi 3:5)
  493. Laughed to scorn = (Matthew 9:24)/(Alma 26:23)
  494. The law and the prophets = (2 Nephi 25:28)/(Luke 16:16)
  495. The law hath become dead to us = (2 Nephi 25:25)/(Romans 7:4)
  496. Law must be fulfilled = (2 Nephi 9:17)/(Matthew 5:17)
  497. Law of Moses because of iniquity = (Mosiah 13:29)/(Matthew 19:8)
  498. Law of Moses brings us to Christ = (Galatians 3:24)/(Jacob 4:5)
  499. Lay aside every sin which doth easily beset you = (Alma 7:15)/(Hebrews 12:1)
  500. Lay down my life to take it again = (2 Nephi 2:8)/(John 10:17)
  501. Lay up treasures in heaven = (Matthew 6:19-20)/(Helaman 5:8/8:25)
  502. Learn wisdom = (Alma 37:35)/(Proverbs 30:3)
  503. Led by the blind = (Matthew 15:14)/(Helaman 13:29)
  504. Led by/of the Spirit = (1 Nephi 4:6)/(Galatians 5:18)
  505. Left hand of God = (Mosiah 5:10)/(Matthew 25:33)
  506. Let good and bad grow together = (Jacob 5:65)/(Matt 13:30)
  507. Let things be done in order = (Mosiah 4:27)/(1 Corinthians 14:40)
  508. Lied unto men and God = (Acts 5:4)/(Alma 12:3)
  509. Life or damnation = (Helaman 12:26)/(John 5:29)
  510. Lift up your heads = (2 Nephi 9:3)/(Psalm 24:7)
  511. Lift up your hearts = (2 Nephi 11:8)/(Lamentations 3:41)
  512. Lifted up = (Alma 36:3)/(Psalm 28:9)
  513. Light and/of knowledge = (II Corinthians 4:6)/(Alma 9:23)
  514. Light and understanding = (Daniel 5:14)/(2 Nephi 31:3)
  515. Light [of Christ] in every man = (John 1:9)/(Moroni 7:16)
  516. Light of this people = (Isaiah 51:4)/(3 Nephi 15:12)
  517. Light of thy countenance = (Psalm 4:6)/(3 Nephi 19:25)
  518. Light to shine out of darkness = (2 Corinthians 4:6)/(Alma 37:23,25)
  519. Line upon line, precept upon precept = (2 Nephi 28:30)/(Isaiah 28:13)
  520. Living souls = (Genesis 2:7)/(2 Nephi 9:13)
  521. Loftiness of man/the vineyard = (Isaiah 2:17)/(Jacob 5:48)
  522. Look upon the brazen serpent shall live = (Numbers 21:8)/(1 Nephi 17:41)
  523. Looked steadfastly to heaven = (3 Nephi 11:5)/(Acts 7:55)
  524. Loose bands of death/wickedness = (Alma 11:41)/(Isaiah 58:6)/(Acts 2:24)
  525. Lord God Almighty = (Revelation 4:8)/(1 Nephi 1:14)
  526. Lord God Omnipotent = (Mosiah 3:21)/(Revelation 19:6)
  527. The Lord is his name = (2 Nephi 9:41)/(Amos 5:8)
  528. Lord hidden in a cloud = (Ether 2:4)/(Exodus 16:10)
  529. Lord Jesus Christ = (Alma 38:8)/(Ephesians 5:20)
  530. Lord of Hosts = (Isaiah 37:16)/(2 Nephi 26:5)
  531. Lord of the harvest = (Matthew 9:38)/(Alma 26:7)
  532. Lord of the vineyard = (Mark 12:9)/(Jacob 5:11)
  533. Lord thy God = (Matthew 4:7)/(Alma 13:12)
  534. Lord thy Redeemer = (1 Nephi 19:18)/(Isaiah 54:8)
  535. Lord will hide your sins from his face = (3 Nephi 9:5)/(Psalm 51:9)
  536. The Lord’s wings = (2 Nephi 4:25/Psalm 17:8)
  537. Love of Christ = (II Corinthians 5:14)/(Moroni 7:47)
  538. Love of God shed abroad in our hearts = (1 Nephi 11:22/Romans 5:5)
  539. Lowly in heart = (Alma 32:8)/(Matthew 11:29)
  540. Lust of the eyes = (Alma 39:9)/(1 John 2:16)
  541. Lusts of the flesh = (1 Nephi 22:23)/(Ephesians 2:3)
  542. A lying spirit = (Alma 30:42)/(2 Chronicles 18:22)
  543. Made the sea our path = (2 Nephi 10:20)/(Psalms 8:8)
  544. Magnify our office = (Jacob 1:19)/(Romans 11:13)
  545. Make bare his arm in eyes of the nations = (Isaiah 52:10)/(1 Nephi 22:10)
  546. Make God a liar = (1 John 5:10)/(Alma 12:23)
  547. Make it after the pattern shown thee in the mount = (1 Nephi 17:7-8)/(Exodus 25:40)/(Hebrews 8:5)
  548. Make my path straight before me = (2 Nephi 4:33)/(Psalm 5:8)
  549. Maker = (Proverbs 17:5)/(Enos 1:4)
  550. Man/Nations are nothing, less than nothing/dust = (Helaman 12:7)/(Isaiah 40:15-17)
  551. Man of understanding = (Mosiah 1:2)/(Proverbs 1:5/20:5)
  552. Manifest in the flesh = (1 Timothy 3:16)/(2 Nephi 25:12)
  553. Mansions in heaven = (Ether 12:37)/(John 14:2)
  554. The mark = (Phillipians 3:14)/(Jacob 4:14)
  555. (Set a) mark = (Genesis 4:15)/(Alma 3:10)
  556. Mark on their foreheads = (Alma 3:18)/(Ezekiel 9:4)
  557. Married and given in marriage = (Matthew 24:38)/(4 Nephi 1:11)
  558. Marvelous in our eyes = (Psalm 118:23)/(Mormon 9:16)
  559. Marvelous work = (1 Nephi 14:7)/(Isaiah 29:14)
  560. May be well with you = (Jeremiah 42:6)/(1 Nephi 14:5)
  561. Measures [explaining ratios of measures, in particular randomly putting a unit of measurement at the end of a long discussion] = (Exodus 16:36)/(Alma 11:18-19)
  562. Mediator = (2 Nephi 2:27-28)/(Hebrews 12:24)
  563. Melchizedek = (Alma 13)/(Hebrews 7)/(Genesis 14:18-24)
  564. Mend their ways = (Helaman 11:36)/(Jeremiah 7:3)
  565. Merciful to those who cry/call to the Lord = (Alma 33:8)/(Psalm 86:5)
  566. Mercy and truth = (Proverbs 16:6)/(Alma 5:48)
  567. Midst of the congregation = (Psalm 22:22)/(Alma 33:9)
  568. Mighty in word and deed = (Helaman 10:5)/(Luke 24:19)
  569. Mighty to save = (Alma 7:14)/(Isaiah 63:1)/(Zephaniah 3:17)/(2 Nephi 31:19)
  570. Mindful of us = (Alma 26:36)/(Psalm 115:12)
  571. Mischief and subtlety = (2 Nephi 5:24)/(Acts 13:10)
  572. Mist of darkness = (1 Nephi 8:23)/(II Peter 2:17)/(Revelation 9:2)
  573. More tolerable for them than for you = (Alma 9:15)/(Luke 10:14)
  574. Mourn and comfort = (Mosiah 18:9)/(Job 2:11)
  575. Mourning and lamentation = (Ezekiel 2:10)/(Helaman 7:15)
  576. Moses’ face shone = (Exodus 34:30)/(Mosiah 13:5)
  577. Moses’ prophecy of Christ’s coming = (1 Nephi 22:20)/(Acts 3:22-23)
  578. Moses smote the rock, and there came water = (1 Nephi 17:29)/(Exodus 17:6)
  579. Moth doth corrupt, thieves break and steal = (3 Nephi 27:32)/(Matthew 6:19)
  580. Mother of abominations = (Revelation 17:5)/(1 Nephi 14:9)
  581. Mother of harlots = (Revelation 17:5)/(1 Nephi 13:34)
  582. Mountains are carried up = (1 Nephi 19:11)/(Psalms 46:2)
  583. Mouth of God = (2 Nephi 33:14)/(2 Chronicles 35:22)
  584. Multitude of tender mercies = (1 Nephi 8:8)/(Psalm 51:1)
  585. Murderer from the beginning = (John 8:44)/(Ether 8:15)
  586. Murmur against the Lord = (Exodus 16:7)/(1 Nephi 16:20)
  587. My grace is sufficient for thee = (2 Corinthians 12:9)/(Ether 12:27)
  588. My soul delighteth = (Isaiah 42:1)/(2 Nephi 11:2)
  589. My soul longed to be with God = (Psalm 84:2)/(Alma 36:22)
  590. Mysteries of God = (Matthew 13:11)/(1 Nephi 1:1)
  591. Nakedness = (Lamentations 1:8)/(2 Nephi 9:14)
  592. Nations driven out for wickedness = (Deuteronomy 9:4)/(1 Nephi 17:33)
  593. Nation, kindred, tongue, people = (Revelation 5:9)/(1 Nephi 5:18)
  594. Nephi justified in killing Laban = (Exodus 21:12-13)/(1 Nephi 4:12)
  595. Never hath man dwelt = (Jeremiah 2:6)/(Ether 2:5)
  596. Never weary of good works = (Alma 37:34)/(2 Thessalonians 3:13)
  597. New creatures = (Mosiah 27:26)/(II Corinthians 5:17)
  598. New heaven and new earth = (Revelation 21:1)/(2 Peter 3:13)/(Ether 13:9)/(Isaiah 65:17)
  599. New Jerusalem = (Revelation 21:2/3:12)/(Ether 13:3)
  600. Night where no work can be performed = (John 9:4)/(Alma 34:33)
  601. Nimrod the mighty hunter = (Ether 2:1)/(Genesis 10:8-9)
  602. No flesh is justified by the law = (2 Nephi 2:5)/(Romans 3:20)
  603. No hair of the head will be lost = (Alma 40:23)/(Acts 27:34)
  604. No law, no sin = (Romans 4:15)/(2 Nephi 2:13)
  605. No more confounded = (Isaiah 45:17)/(Moroni 10:31)
  606. No other name under heaven where salvation can come = (Acts 4:12)/(Mosiah 5:8)
  607. No respect of persons = (Alma 1:30)/(1 Peter 1:17)/(2 Chronicles 19:7)
  608. No unclean thing can enter = (2 Chronicles 23:19)/(Alma 11:37)
  609. None effect = (Alma 12:26)/(Mark 7:13)
  610. None that doeth good = (Jacob 5:32)/(Psalms 14:3)/(Moroni 10:25)
  611. None could/to deliver them = (Alma 36:2)/(Psalm 71:11)
  612. None to bury them = (Psalm 79:3)/(Ether 14:22)
  613. North countries = (Ether 13:11)/(Jeremiah 23:8)
  614. Not a few = (Isaiah 10:7/2 Nephi 20:7)/(Alma 17:34)
  615. Not be afraid of ten thousands of people = (1 Nephi 4:1)/(Psalm 3:6)
  616. Not cumber the ground = (Jacob 5:9)/(Luke 13:7)
  617. Not for me are against me = (2 Nephi 10:16)/(Luke 11:23)
  618. Not knowing what to do = (1 Nephi 4:6)/(Hebrews 11:8)
  619. Not pleasing to men, but to God = (1 Thessalonians 2:4)/(1 Nephi 6:5)
  620. Nothing doubting = (Acts 11:12)/(Ether 3:19)
  621. Now I know of a surety = (1 Nephi 5:8)/(Acts 12:11)
  622. Now is the day of salvation = (II Corinthians 6:2)/(Alma 34:31)
  623. Number the people = (2 Samuel 24:2)/(Ether 6:19)
  624. Nurture and admonition of the Lord = (Enos 1:1)/(Ephesians 6:4)
  625. O daughter of Zion = (Isaiah 52:2)/(Moroni 10:31)/(Isaiah 16:1)
  626. O wretched man that I am = (2 Nephi 4:17)/(Romans 7:24)
  627. Oath and a curse = (Nehemiah 5:13/10:29)/(Alma 46:22)
  628. Obtain political power through flattery = (Daniel 11:21, 32)/(Alma 46:7)
  629. Oh that I could have my wish = (Job 6:8)/(Alma 29:1)
  630. Old serpent = (2 Nephi 2:18)/(Revelation 12:9)
  631. Old things pass away; all things become new = (2 Corinthians 5:17)/(Ether 13:9)
  632. One body = (Jacob 5:74)/(Ephesians 4:4)
  633. One faith and one baptism = (Mosiah 18:21)/(Ephesians 4:5)
  634. One heart = (2 Nephi 1:21)/(Ezekiel 11:19)
  635. One mind = (Phillipians 2:2)/(2 Nephi 1:21)
  636. Only begotten of the Father = (Alma 9:26)/(John 1:14)
  637. Ordained elders in the church = (Alma 6:1)/(Acts 14:23)
  638. Other sheep I have which are not of this fold = (John 10:16)/(3 Nephi 15:17)
  639. Out of obscurity = (2 Nephi 1:23)/(Isaiah 29:18)
  640. Outer darkness, weeping and gnashing = (Alma 40:13)/(Matthew 22:13)
  641. Pains of hell = (Psalm 116:3)/(Alma 26:13)/(Jacob 3:11)
  642. Paradise of God = (Revelation 2:7)/(Luke 23:43)/(2 Nephi 9:13)
  643. Partake of the heavenly gift = (Ether 12:8)/(Hebrews 6:4)
  644. Pass away like a dream = (Isaiah 29:7)/(Jacob 7:26)
  645. Past feeling = (1 Nephi 17:45)/(Ephesians 4:19)
  646. Path of righteousness = (2 Nephi 9:41)/(Psalm 23:3)
  647. People cried/answered with one voice = (Mosiah 5:2)/(Exodus 24:3)
  648. Perfect knowledge = (Job 37:16)/(2 Nephi 9:13)
  649. Perfect love casteth out fear (Moroni 8:16)/(1 John 4:18)
  650. Perverse and crooked generation/wicked and perverse generation = (Deut 32:5)/(Alma 31:24)/(Alma 9:8)/(Phil 2:15)
  651. Perverted the way = (2 Nephi 28:15)/(Jeremiah 3:21)
  652. Pit of Hell = (1 Nephi 14:3)/(Revelation 9:2)/(Psalm 7:15-16)
  653. Place of refuge = (Isaiah 4:6)/(Helaman 15:12)
  654. Plain path/road = (Psalms 27:11)/(2 Nephi 4:32)
  655. Plainness of speech = (2 Nephi 9:47)/(II Corinthians 3:12)
  656. Plead your cause = (Jacob 3:1)/(1 Samuel 24:15)
  657. Pollutions = (Mormon 8:31)/(Jeremiah 3:2)
  658. Pondered in my heart = (1 Nephi 11:1)/(Luke 2:19)
  659. Pour out my spirit = (Proverbs 1:23)/(Jacob 7:8)/(Mosiah 18:10)
  660. Pour out thy wrath = (Psalm 79:6)/(1 Nephi 14:15)/(Revelation 14:10)
  661. Power and authority = (Luke 4:36)/(Mosiah 18:26)
  662. Power and great glory = (1 Nephi 11:28)/(Mark 13:26)/(Psalms 63:2)
  663. Power in heaven and in earth = (Jacob 7:14)/(Matthew 28:18)
  664. Power of God = (2 Nephi 1:27)/(2 Timothy 1:8)
  665. Power of hell/heaven shall be shaken = (Alma 48:17)/(Matthew 24:29)
  666. Power of mine/the arm = (Jacob 2:25)/(Daniel 11:6)
  667. Power of the Holy Ghost = (Romans 15:13)/(1 Nephi 13:37)
  668. Power of the resurrection = (2 Nephi 9:6)/(Phillipians 3:10)
  669. Power to deliver = (Isaiah 50:2)/(2 Nephi 9:25)
  670. Pray and not faint = (Luke 18:1)/(2 Nephi 32:9)
  671. Pray continually without ceasing = (Alma 26:22)/(Romans 1:9)
  672. Pray in your closet = (Alma 34:26)/(Matthew 6:6)
  673. Pray to be seen of men = (Matthew 6:5)/(Alma 38:13)
  674. Prayer and supplication = (Alma 31:10)/(Acts 1:14)
  675. Preach to every creature = (Mormon 9:22)/(Mark 16:15)
  676. Prepare your hearts/minds = (2 Chronicles 19:3)/(3 Nephi 17:3)
  677. Prepareth a way to escape = (1 Corinthians 10:13)/(2 Nephi 9:10)
  678. Prick their hearts = (Jarom 1:12)/(Acts 2:37)
  679. Pride leads to contention = (Proverbs 13:10)/(Alma 4:9)
  680. Pride of your hearts = (Mormon 8:36)/(2 Chronicles 32:26)
  681. Prophet given a book to read = (1 Nephi 1:11-12)/(Ezekiel 2:8-9)
  682. The provocation = (Alma 12:36)/(Hebrews 3:8)/(Psalm 78:40)
  683. Pruning, digging, nourishing = (Jacob 5:4,64)/(Luke 13:8)/(Isaiah 5:6)
  684. Puffed up = (1 Corinthians 4:6)/(Alma 31:27)
  685. Pull down = (Jeremiah 1:10)/(Alma 60:36)
  686. Pure as he is pure = (Moroni 7:48)/(1 John 3:3)
  687. Pure heart and clean hands = (2 Nephi 25:16)/(Psalms 24:4)
  688. Pure/Purity (word of God) = (1 Nephi 13:25)/(Proverbs 30:5)
  689. Put away privily = (Matthew 1:19)/(Alma 14:3)
  690. Put in his heart (to teach) = (Exodus 35:34)/(Helaman 13:4-5)
  691. Put off the old/natural man = (Mosiah 3:19)/(Ephesians 4:22)
  692. The quick and the dead = (Moroni 10:34)/(2 Timothy 4:1)
  693. Raise up seed unto = (Mark 12:19)/(Jacob 2:30)
  694. Raise you up at the last day = (John 6:40)/(Alma 36:28)
  695. Read upon the house tops = (Matthew 10:27)/(Mormon 5:8)
  696. Reading sacred records to the people = (Nehemiah 9)/(Mosiah 25)
  697. Recommended to God = (Acts 14:26)/(Moroni 9:21)
  698. Reconciled to Christ = (2 Nephi 33:9)/(II Corinthians 5:18,20)
  699. Reign in his stead = (Ether 9:27)/(2 Kings 15:22)
  700. Remember the captivity of your fathers = (Alma 5:6)/(Deuteronomy 24:18)
  701. Remembered his covenant = (Psalms 105:8)/(2 Nephi 29:1)
  702. Remnant of house of Israel = (Jeremiah 31:7)/(Mormon 7:1)/(Isaiah 46:3)
  703. Remnant of Jacob = (Micah 5:7)/(Mormon 7:10)
  704. Remnant of Joseph = (Amos 5:15)/(Alma 46:24)
  705. Remove mountains = (Ether 12:30)/(Matthew 17:20)
  706. Repent and be baptized in name of Christ = (Acts 2:38)/(2 Nephi 9:23)
  707. The residue of men = (Moroni 7:32)/(Acts 15:17)
  708. Rest from sorrow = (Alma 40:12)/(Isaiah 14:3)
  709. Resurrection of the just and unjust = (Acts 24:15)/(Alma 12:8)
  710. Rewarded evil = (Alma 41:5)/(Psalm 109:5)
  711. A righteous branch = (Jeremiah 23:5)/(2 Nephi 3:5/9:53)
  712. Righteous will be righteous still; filthy will be filthy still = (2 Nephi 9:16)/(Revelation 22:11)
  713. Rise from the dust = (1 Samuel 2:8)/(2 Nephi 1:14)/(Isaiah 52:2)
  714. Rise no more = (Jeremiah 25:27)/(2 Nephi 9:7)
  715. Robe of righteousness = (2 Nephi 9:14)/(Isaiah 61:10)
  716. Rock of my Redeemer = (Helaman 5:12)/(Psalms 78:35)
  717. Rock of my salvation = (2 Nephi 9:45)/(Psalm 62:2)
  718. Rocks and mountains fall on us to hide us from the Lord = (Alma 12:14)/(Revelation 6:16)/(Hosea 10:8)/(Luke 23:30)
  719. Rocks rent = (1 Nephi 12:4)/(1 Nephi 19:12)/(Matthew 27:51)
  720. Rod of God = (1 Nephi 17:41)/(Job 21:9)/(Psalm 23:4)
  721. Rod of iron = (1 Nephi 8:19/11:24-25)/(Revelation 2:26-27)
  722. Rolled together as a scroll = (Mormon 9:2)/(Revelation 6:14)
  723. Rooted out = (Job 18:14)/(Alma 22:15)
  724. Ruler over you = (Deuteronomy 1:13)/(1 Nephi 2:22)/(1 Nephi 3:29)
  725. Run a race, win the prize = (Mosiah 4:27)/(1 Corinthians 9:24)
  726. Sackloth and ashes = (Mosiah 11:25)/(Daniel 9:3)
  727. Same yesterday, today, and forever = (2 Nephi 2:4)/(Hebrews 13:8)
  728. Sanctified by the Holy Ghost= (Romans 15:16)/(Alma 13:12)
  729. Sanctified in Christ = (1 Corinthians 1:2)/(Moroni 10:33)
  730. Satan can transform into angel of light = (2 Nephi 9:9)/(II Corinthians 11:14)
  731. Save them from their sins = (Matthew 1:21)/(Alma 5:27)
  732. Saved by grace (2 Nephi 10:24/25:23)/(Ephesians 2:8)
  733. Scales of darkness fell from his eyes = (2 Nephi 30:6)/(Acts 9:18)
  734. Scarlets = (Exodus 36:8)/(1 Nephi 13:8)
  735. Scattered upon all the face of the earth = (Ether 1:33)/(Genesis 11:9)
  736. Scourge unto you = (Joshua 23:13)/(1 Nephi 2:24)
  737. Seal you his = (Mosiah 5:15)/(II Corinthians 1:22)/(Alma 34:35)
  738. Seal up the vision = (Daniel 9:24)/(Revelation 22:10)/(1 Nephi 14:26)
  739. Searched diligently for salvation to come = (2 Nephi 9:4)/(1 Peter 1:10)
  740. Searched the scriptures = (Acts 17:11)/(Jacob 7:23)
  741. Second death = (Revelation 20:6)/(Jacob 3:11)/(Alma 12:32)
  742. See eye to eye = (Alma 36:26)/(Isaiah 52:8)
  743. See God face to face = (Ether 12:39)/(Genesis 32:30)
  744. See the salvation of the Lord = (1 Nephi 19:17)/(Exodus 14:13)/(2 Chronicles 20:17)
  745. Seek me diligently = (1 Nephi 2:19)/(Hebrews 11:6)
  746. Seek my life, to take it away = (1 Nephi 1:20)/(1 Kings 19:10)
  747. Seek the kingdom of God = (Matthew 6:33)/(Jacob 2:18)
  748. Seen and heard = (Mormon 1:1)/(Acts 4:20)
  749. Seers from old times = (Mosiah 28:16)/(1 Samuel 9:9)
  750. Sell themselves for naught = (2 Nephi 26:10)/(Psalm 44:12)
  751. Serpent beguiled = (2 Nephi 9:9)/(Genesis 3:13)
  752. Set his hand again a second time to restore/recover = (2 Nephi 25:17)/(Isaiah 11:11/2 Nephi 21:11)
  753. Set your hearts upon riches = (Psalm 62:10)/(Helaman 13:20)
  754. Shake my garments to rid myself of your blood = (2 Nephi 9:44)/(Acts 18:6)
  755. Shall be in danger of hell fire = (Mormon 8:17)/(Matthew 5:22)
  756. Shall wonder and perish = (Mormon 9:26)/(Acts 13:41)
  757. Sharpness = (2 Nephi 1:26)/(II Corinthians 13:10)
  758. Sheep which have no shepherd = (Numbers 27:17)/(Matthew 9:36)/(Alma 5:37)
  759. Shine forth [God] = (Deuteronomy 33:2)/(Alma 5:50)
  760. Shine like the sun in the kingdom of God = (Matthew 13:43)/(Alma 40:25)
  761. Sift you as wheat = (Luke 22:31)/(3 Nephi 18:18)
  762. A sign unto thee = (Exodus 13:9)/(Jacob 7:14)
  763. Sign of Christ’s death = (3 Nephi 11:2)/(Matthew 12:39-40)
  764. Signs and wonders = (Hebrews 2:4)/(Helaman 14:6)
  765. Signs shall follow them = (Mormon 9:24)/(Mark 16:17)
  766. Similitude of God = (James 3:9)/(Jacob 4:5)
  767. Sing praise to the name of God = (Psalm 7:17)/(Alma 26:8)
  768. Sins and iniquities = (Mosiah 18:1)/(Hebrews 10:17)
  769. Sins returned on your own head = (Obadiah 1:15)/(Jacob 3:10)
  770. Sit down on the right hand of God = (Moroni 7:27)/(Hebrews 10:12)
  771. Sit down with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob = (Alma 7:25)/(Matthew 8:11)
  772. Slay with a great slaughter = (Joshua 10:10)/(Alma 59:7)
  773. Small and great = (Revelation 11:18)/(Mormon 9:13)
  774. Smite with a rod = (Isaiah 30:31)/(1 Nephi 3:28)/(Exodus 21:20)
  775. Smite with the edge of the sword = (Alma 17:37)/(Joshua 10:30)/(Numbers 21:24)
  776. Smitten upon the cheek = (Job 16:10)/(Alma 14:15)
  777. Snare = (Alma 12:6)/(Psalm 106:35)/(2 Timothy 2:26)
  778. Space to repent = (Alma 12:24)/(Revelation 2:21)
  779. Speak as if I were present = (Mormon 8:35)/(2 Corinthians 13:2)
  780. Speak hard things = (1 Nephi 16:1)/(2 Nephi 9:40)/(Psalm 94:4)
  781. Spend strength with harlots/women = (Mosiah 12:29)/
  782. In spirit and truth = (Alma 34:38)/(John 4:24)
  783. The Spirit constraineth me = (Job 32:18)/(Alma 14:11)
  784. Spirit of Christ = (Moroni 7:16)/(Romans 8:9)
  785. Spirit of God dwell in you = (Romans 8:9)/(Alma 7:5)
  786. Spirit of power = (2 Nephi 3:5)/(I Corinthians 2:4)
  787. Spirit of prophecy = (Revelation 19:10)/(2 Nephi 25:4)/(Jacob 4:6)
  788. Spirit of truth = (John 16:13)/(Alma 30:46)
  789. The Spirit of the Lord is upon me = (Luke 4:18)/(Mosiah 13:5)
  790. Spirit shall not always strive with man = (2 Nephi 26:11)/(Genesis 6:3)
  791. Spirit which giveth utterance = (2 Nephi 28:4)/(Acts 2:4)
  792. Spirit/Word hath no place in you = (2 Nephi 33:2)/(John 8:37)
  793. Spiritual body = (Alma 11:45)/(I Corinthians 15:44)
  794. Spiritual law = (Romans 7:14)/(2 Nephi 2:5)
  795. Springing up unto everlasting life [tree/water] = (John 4:14)/(Alma 32:41)
  796. So great faith I have not found in Israel = (Matthew 8:10)/(3 Nephi 19:35)
  797. Son of God = (Alma 33:17)/(Revelation 2:18)
  798. Son of perdition = (John 17:12)/(3 Nephi 27:32)
  799. Son of Righteousness = (Malachi 4:2)/(Ether 9:22)
  800. Son of the living God = (Mormon 5:14)/(Matthew 16:16)
  801. Sons of God = (Phillipians 2:15)/(Moroni 7:26)
  802. Sorrow of heart = (Helaman 7:14)/(Lamentations 3:65)
  803. Sorrowful/Grieved unto death = (Moroni 9:25)/(Mark 14:34)
  804. Souls are precious = (Alma 31:35)/(Psalm 49:8)
  805. Stand before God = (Revelation 20:12)/(1 Nephi 15:33)
  806. Stand fast in liberty that made you free = (Mosiah 23:13)/(Galatians 5:1)
  807. Stand with brightness = (2 Nephi 9:44)/(Ezekiel 28:7,17)
  808. A standard in the camp = (Numbers 10:14)/(Alma 62:4-5)
  809. Stars in the firmament = (1 Nephi 1:10)/(Genesis 1:14)
  810. Steadfast and immovable = (1 Nephi 2:10)/(Mosiah 5:15)/(1 Corinthians 15:58)
  811. Steadfast in the faith = (Mosiah 4:11)/(1 Peter 5:9)
  812. Steal the hearts = (2 Samuel 15:6)/(Alma 39:4)/(Alma 31:22)
  813. Stealing women for wives while they dance = (Judges 21:21)/(Mosiah 20:1-5)
  814. Stiffnecked people = (Deuteronomy 9:6)/(Alma 37:10)
  815. Still small voice = (1 Nephi 17:45)/(1 Kings 19:12)
  816. Stir you up to remembrance = (1 Nephi 2:24)/(II Peter 3:1)
  817. Stone which builders rejected = (Jacob 4:15-16)/(Psalm 118:22)/(Matthew 21:42)
  818. Strait is the gate, narrow is the way = (3 Nephi 27:33)/(Matthew 7:14)/(Luke 13:24)/(Jacob 6:11)
  819. Strength and wisdom = (Isaiah 10:13)/(Alma 39:2)
  820. Strength slacken because of iniquity = (2 Nephi 4:26)/(Psalms 31:10)
  821. Strength in weakness = (Ether 12:26-27)/(II Corinthians 12:9-10)
  822. Strength of the Lord = (Psalm 71:16)/(3 Nephi 4:10)
  823. Strengthen them in the Lord = (Zechariah 10:12)/(Alma 15:18)
  824. Strengthen thy stakes = (Isaiah 54:2)/(Moroni 10:31)
  825. Stretch forth your hand = (Acts 26:1)/(Mosiah 12:2)
  826. Stretched out my hands = (Psalms 88:9)/(Jacob 6:4)
  827. Stricken in years = (1 Nephi 18:17)/(Joshua 13:1)
  828. Strongholds = (Judges 6:2)/(2 Samuel 5:7)/(Alma 50:6)
  829. Stumble/tremble that he should fall = (Romans 11:11)/(2 Nephi 28:28)
  830. Stumblingblocks = (1 Nephi 14:1)/(1 Corinthians 1:23)
  831. [Earth] Swallowed up = (2 Nephi 26:5)/(Lamentations 2:2)/(Exodus 15:12)/(Deuteronomy 11:6)
  832. Swear in my wrath = (Hebrews 4:3)/(Jacob 1:7)
  833. Swear unto their fathers to have the land = (Deuteronomy 31:7)/(2 Nephi 1:5)
  834. Sword, famine, and pestilence = (Jeremiah 34:17)/(Alma 10:22)
  835. Sword of the Lord = (Alma 54:6)/(3 Nephi 2:19)/(Judges 7:18)
  836. Subtlety [of the devil] = (Alma 12:4)/(II Corinthians 11:3)
  837. Succor his people = (Alma 7:12)/(Hebrews 2:18)
  838. Sun scorcheth the plant; it withers and dies = (Matthew 13:6)/(Alma 32:38)
  839. Take away their talent = (Ether 12:35)/(Matthew 25:28)
  840. Take no thought what you should eat = (Alma 31:37)/(Matthew 6:25)
  841. Taken away by the Spirit = (Acts 8:39)/(Helaman 10:16)
  842. Taken up into a cloud = (Acts 1:9)/(3 Nephi 18:38-39)
  843. Taste of the goodness of the Lord = (Mormon 1:15)/(Psalm 34:8)
  844. Taste of death = (Ether 12:17)/(Hebrews 2:9)/(Luke 9:27)
  845. Tax of 1/5 = (Genesis 47:24)/(Mosiah 11:3)
  846. Tempt God = (Deuteronomy 6:16)/(Alma 30:44)
  847. Tender and delicate [women] = (Isaiah 47:1)/(Jacob 2:7)
  848. Testimony against them = (Mosiah 17:10)/(Luke 9:5)
  849. That great city = (Jonah 1:2)/(1 Nephi 2:13)/(Revelation 17:18)
  850. That I am = (Ether 4:12)/(Exodus 3:14)
  851. That I may prove them = (Exodus 16:4)/(Ether 12:35)
  852. That they might accuse him = (Luke 11:54)/(Mosiah 12:19)
  853. Then cometh [the season and] the end = (1 Corinthians 15:24)/(Jacob 5:77)
  854. They are the gods among us = (Alma 18:4)/(Acts 14:11)
  855. They are more righteous than you = (Ezekiel 16:52)/(Jacob 3:5)
  856. They have become like a rock/flint = (2 Nephi 5:21)/(Jeremiah 5:3)/(Ezekiel 3:9)
  857. They would have repented if they saw your miracles = (2 Nephi 10:4)/(Matthew 11:21)
  858. The things which the Lord hath commanded = (Levitus 17:2)/(1 Nephi 3:7)
  859. This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased = (Matthew 17:5)/(3 Nephi 11:7)
  860. Thou art holy = (Psalm 22:3)/(Alma 31:15)
  861. Thou art my firstborn = (Genesis 49:3)/(2 Nephi 2:1)
  862. Thou hast loved the world = (Ether 12:33)/(John 3:16)
  863. Thou shalt see greater things than these = (Helaman 14:28)/(John 1:50)
  864. Thoughts and intents of the heart = (Hebrews 4:12)/(Alma 18:32)
  865. Three days of darkness/vapor of darkness = (3 Nephi 8:20/10:10)/(Exodus 10:21-23)
  866. Thrust down to hell = (2 Nephi 9:34)/(Luke 10:15)
  867. Thrust hands in my side/feel prints of the nails = (3 Nephi 11:14)/(John 20:25-27)
  868. Thunderings and lightnings = (Exodus 20:18)/(1 Nephi 19:11)
  869. Thus saith the Lord = (Jeremiah 36:29)/(Helaman 13:8)
  870. Thy faith hath made thee whole = (Enos 1:8)/(Luke 8:48)
  871. Time appointed unto man = (Job 7:1)/(Alma 40:10/42:4/12:28)
  872. Time/days of tribulation = (Judges 10:14)/(2 Nephi 2:1)
  873. Time was lengthened = (Deuteronomy 25:15)/(2 Nephi 2:21)
  874. Tongue of angels = (2 Nephi 32:2)/(1 Corinthians 13:1)
  875. Top of the mountain = (1 Nephi 16:30)/(Ezekiel 6:13)
  876. Tossed about/to and fro = (Ephesians 4:14)/(Mormon 5:18)/(2 Nephi 6:11)
  877. [Even] to the ends of the earth = (Jeremiah 25:31)/(Mormon 9:21)
  878. To this day = (Joshua 4:9)/(Alma 25:9)
  879. Towers = (2 Chronicles 26:9)/(Alma 50:4)
  880. Tradition of your fathers = (1 Peter 1:18)/(Mosiah 10:12)
  881. Trample God under foot = (1 Nephi 19:7)/(Hebrews 10:29)
  882. Treated as angels of God = (Alma 27:4)/(Galatians 4:14)
  883. Tree planted by river of water = (1 Nephi 8:13, 20)/(Psalm 1:3)/(Jeremiah 17:8)
  884. Tree of life = (1 Nephi 15:22)/(Revelation 2:7)/(Proverbs 3:13-18)
  885. Tree [eat from] = (1 Nephi 8:10/11:22)/(Revelation 2:7)
  886. Tree waxes old = (Job 14:8)/(Jacob 5:3)
  887. Trial of your faith = (Ether 12:6)/(I Peter 1:7)
  888. Tribe of Manasseh lives in Jerusalem = (Alma 10:3)/(1 Chronicles 9:3)
  889. Trodden under foot = (Alma 46:22)/(Lamentations 1:15)
  890. True and faithful = (Revelation 21:5)/(2 Nephi 31:15)
  891. True vine = (1 Nephi 15:15)/(John 15:1)
  892. True and living God = (Alma 11:27)/(Jeremiah 10:10)
  893. Trump of God = (Alma 29:1)/(I Thessalonians 4:16)
  894. Trust in God = (Psalm 4:5)/(Alma 36:3)
  895. Truth and righteousness = (Zechariah 8:8)/(Alma 38:9)/(Psalms 19:9)
  896. Truth and soberness = (Mosiah 4:15)/(Acts 26:25)
  897. Truth which is in God/the Lamb/Christ = (1 Nephi 13:24,25)/(1 Tim 2:7)
  898. Turn aside = (1 Nephi 19:13-15)/(Deuteronomy 9:12)/(Lamentations 3:11)
  899. Turn away from your sins = (2 Nephi 9:45)/(Acts 3:26)
  900. Turn his anger away = (Alma 8:29)/(Psalm 78:38)
  901. Turn to the Lord [with all your heart]= (Acts 11:21)/(2 Chronicles 30:6)/(Jeremiah 3:10)/(Mosiah 7:33)
  902. Turn to the right hand or to the left = (Genesis 24:49)/(Alma 24:23)
  903. Twelve apostles will judge the twelve tribes = (1 Nephi 12:9)/(Matthew 19:28)
  904. Two or three witnesses = (Ether 5:4)/(Matthew 18:16)
  905. Type and a shadow = (Mosiah 13:10)/(Hebrews 8:5)
  906. Uncircumcised of heart = (2 Nephi 9:33)/(Jeremiah 9:26)
  907. Unprofitable servants = (Luke 17:10)/(Mosiah 2:21)
  908. Unquenchable fire = (Luke 3:17)/(Mormon 9:5)
  909. Unsearchable = (Psalms 145:3)/(Romans 11:33)/(Job 5:9)/(Jacob 4:8)
  910. Unspeakable words = (3 Nephi 19:34/26:18)/(2 Corinthians 12:4)
  911. Utterly destroyed = (Isaiah 34:2)/(Moroni 9:22)
  912. Vain and foolish = (Lamentations 2:14)/(Helaman 16:22)
  913. Veil taken away/off = (Ether 3:6)/(II Corinthians 3:16)
  914. Vengeance is mine; I will repay = (Mormon 3:15)/(Romans 12:19)
  915. Verily, verily, I say unto you = (3 Nephi 16:1)/(John 3:11)
  916. Vineyard of the Lord = (Jacob 5:3)/(Isaiah 5:7)/(Matt 20:1)
  917. [Prophets have] visions and dreams = (1 Nephi 8:36)/(Numbers 12:6)
  918. Visions drain the physical body = (1 Nephi 1:7/17:47)/(Daniel 10:8)
  919. Visit in his anger = (Alma 33:10)/(Job 35:15)
  920. Visit their sins = (Amos 3:14)/(Mosiah 11:22/12:1)
  921. [God will] visit you = (Genesis 50:24)/(1 Nephi 2:16)
  922. Visitation = (2 Nephi 1:12)/(Micah 7:4)
  923. Voice like a trumpet = (Revelation 4:1)/(Alma 29:1)
  924. Voice of the Lord = (Jeremiah 38:20)/(Helaman 13:3)
  925. Voice of thunder = (1 Nephi 17:45)/(Psalms 77:18)
  926. Wait for the Lord = (2 Nephi 6:13)/(Psalm 27:14/37:7)
  927. Walk blameless = (Alma 7:22)/(Luke 1:6)
  928. Walk circumspectly = (Helaman 15:5)/(Ephesians 5:15)
  929. Walk humbly = (Micah 6:8)/(Ether 6:30)
  930. Walk in his paths = (Micah 4:2)/(Alma 7:9)
  931. Walk in his ways and keep his commandments = (Mosiah 23:14)/(1 Kings 2:3)/(Isaiah 42:24)
  932. Walk in the ways of his father = (Mosiah 11:1)/(2 Chronicles 20:32)
  933. Walk in truth = (2 John 1:4)/(Helaman 6:34)/(Psalm 86:11)
  934. Walk in wisdom/wisdom’s paths = (Colossians 4:5)/(Helaman 12:5)
  935. Walk uprightly = (1 Nephi 16:3)/(Psalms 15:2)/(Proverbs 28:18)
  936. Wanderers in a strange land = (Alma 26:36)/(Exodus 2:22)
  937. Wandering from house to house = (1 Timothy 5:13)/(Alma 30:58)
  938. War a good warfare = (Alma 1:1)/(I Timothy 1:18)
  939. Wars and rumors of wars = (1 Nephi 12:2)/(Matthew 24:6)
  940. Waste away and die = (2 Nephi 9:4)/(Job 14:10)
  941. Water my couch/pillow with tears = (2 Nephi 33:3)/(Psalm 6:6)
  942. Take waters of life freely = (Alma 42:27)/(Revelation 22:17)
  943. Waters which run continually = (1 Nephi 2:9)/(Psalm 58:7)
  944. Way of man = (Jeremiah 10:23)/(Mormon 2:18)
  945. Way of righteousness = (Matthew 21:32)/(2 Nephi 1:19)
  946. We are dust = (Psalm 103:14)/(Mosiah 2:25)
  947. We are subject unto Christ = (2 Nephi 9:5)/(Hebrews 2:8)
  948. We will not have him to rule over us = (1 Nephi 18:10)/(Luke 19:14)
  949. Weep and howl = (James 5:1)/(Helaman 13:32)
  950. What seest thou? = (Jeremiah 1:11-13/24:3)/(1 Nephi 11:2,10,14)
  951. What sin have we committed? = (Mosiah 12:13)/(Jeremiah 16:10)
  952. Where no man dwells = (Job 38:26)/(Ether 2:5)
  953. Where the wind listeth = (Alma 26:6)/(John 3:8)
  954. Whether in or out of the body, I cannot tell = (3 Nephi 28:15)/(2 Corinthians 12:3)
  955. Whether they be good or evil = (Mosiah 3:24)/(II Corinthians 5:10)
  956. Which is, which was, which is to come = (Mosiah 3:5, 18, 19)/(Revelation 1:4,8,19)
  957. White as snow = (1 Nephi 11:8)/(Mark 9:3)/(Isaiah 1:18)
  958. Who can stand before his armies? = (Ether 14:18)/(Deuteronomy 9:2)
  959. Whoever touches me will wither = (1 Kings 13:4)/(1 Nephi 17:48)
  960. Who is God? = (Alma 9:6)/(Exodus 5:2)
  961. Who shall declare his generation? = (Mosiah 14:7-8)/(Isaiah 53)/(Acts 8:32-33)
  962. The whole need no physician/call sinners to repentance = (Mark 2:17)/(Moroni 8:8)
  963. Whore of the earth = (1 Nephi 14:10-11)/(Revelation 17:1)
  964. Why hast thou/he forsaken you/me = (Helaman 7:17)/(Psalm 22:1)
  965. Why persecutest thou me/the church of God? = (Acts 26:14)/(Mosiah 27:13)
  966. Why will ye die? = (Jacob 6:6)/(Jeremiah 27:13)
  967. Wicked will be taken in a whirlwind = (Psalm 58:9)/(3 Nephi 8:16)
  968. Wild fruit = (Isaiah 5:2)/(Jacob 5:25)
  969. Wild olive tree = (Jacob 5:7,9)/(Romans 11:17,24)
  970. Wisdom [feminine noun] = (Luke 7:35)/(Mosiah 8:20)
  971. Wisdom is foolishness = (2 Nephi 9:28)/(1 Corinthians 3:19)
  972. Wisdom of God = (2 Nephi 9:8)/(1 Kings 3:28)
  973. Wisdom of the world = (Alma 2:1)/(1 Corinthians 1:20)
  974. Wise and the prudent = (2 Nephi 9:43)/(1 Corinthians 1:19)
  975. With our might = (Mormon 2:4)/(Ecclesiastes 9:10)
  976. Without God in the world = (Mosiah 27:31)/(Ephesians 2:12)
  977. Without spot = (Moroni 10:33)/(Job 11:15)
  978. Wo, wo, wo = (Revelation 8:13)/(2 Nephi 28:15)
  979. Woe to you who are at ease in Zion = (Amos 6:1)/(2 Nephi 28:24)
  980. Wonder and amazement = (Acts 3:10)/(Mosiah 25:7)
  981. Word gone forth out of his mouth = (2 Nephi 9:17)/(Isaiah 45:23)
  982. Word of God is quick and powerful = (Hebrews 4:12)/(Helaman 3:29)
  983. Word of his power/Power of his word = (Hebrews 1:3)/(Alma 5:5)
  984. Word of truth = (2 Timothy 2:15)/(Alma 38:9)
  985. Word planted in your hearts = (Alma 34:4)/(Mark 4:15)
  986. Words will condemn us = (Alma 12:14)/(Matthew 12:37)
  987. Work all manner of work = (Exodus 35:35)/(Ether 10:23)
  988. Work out your salvation with fear before God = (Phillipians 2:12)/(Alma 34:37)
  989. Work righteousness = (Alma 13:10)/(Psalm 15:2)
  990. Worker of iniquity = (Alma 5:32)/(Psalms 5:5)
  991. Their works do follow them = (3 Nephi 27:12)/(Revelation 14:13)
  992. Works of darkness = (Ephesians 5:11)/(2 Nephi 9:9)
  993. Works of his hands = (Jacob 4:9)/(Job 10:3)
  994. Would have all men to be saved = (1 Timothy 2:4)/(Helaman 12:25)
  995. Wounded soul = (Job 24:12)/(Jacob 2:8)
  996. Wrest the scriptures = (Psalms 56:5)/(Alma 13:20)/(2 Peter 3:16)
  997. Writing on wall written by the finger of God = (Alma 10:2)/(Daniel 5:5)
  998. Written in your hearts = (Mosiah 13:11)/(Proverbs 7:3)/(Hebrews 8:10)
  999. Yoke of bondage = (Mosiah 21:13)/(Galatians 5:1)
  1000. Yoke of iron = (1 Nephi 13:5)/(Jeremiah 28:14)
  1001. Young and tender = (Jacob 5:4,6)/(Ezekiel 17:22)/(1 Chronicles 22:5)
  1002. Young lion will tear the gentiles to piece = (3 Nephi 20:16)/(Micah 5:8)

“As it is written”: New Testament References to Old Testament Scriptures

The following is a list of references in the New Testament to Old Testament scriptures, as demarcated by the phrase “as it is written” or other introductory quotes. This list does not include all New Testament references that allude to Old Testament scriptures; just those that are explicitly quoted. Some references may have been included/excluded due to human error.

  1. “Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Behold, a virgin shall be with child” (Matthew 1:22)
  2. “And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son” (Matthew 2:15)
  3. “Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying, In Rama was there a voice heard, lamentation, and weeping…” (Matthew 2:17)
  4. “And he came and dwelt in a city called Nazareth: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, He shall be called a Nazarene.” (Matthew 2:23)
  5. “For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Esaias, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight” (Matthew 3:3)(Luke 3:4)(John 1:23)
  6. “But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God” (Matthew 4:4)(Luke 4:4)
  7. “cast thyself down: for it is written, He shall give his angels charge concerning thee” (Matthew 4:6)(Luke 4:10)
  8. “Jesus said unto him, It is written again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God” (Matthew 4:7)
  9. “Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve” (Matthew 4:10)(Luke 4:8)
  10. “That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying, The land of Zabulon, and the land of Nephthalim…” (Matthew 4:14)
  11. “Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever killeth shall be in danger of the judgment” (Matthew 5:21)
  12. “Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery” (Matthew 5:27)
  13. “Again, ye have heard that it hath been said by them of old time, Thou shalt not forswear thyself” (Matthew 5:33)
  14. “Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thing enemy” (Matthew 5:43)
  15. “That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying, Himself took our infirmities, and bare our sicknesses.” (Matthew 8:17)
  16. “For this is he, of whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee” (Matthew 11:10)(Mark 1:2-3)(Luke 7:27-18)
  17. “But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungered, and they that were with him…” (Matthew 12:3)
  18. “That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying, Behold my servant, whom I have chosen” (Matthew 12:17)
  19. “And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which saith, By hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand” (Matthew 13:14)(Acts 28:25-28)
  20. “That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, I will open my mouth in parables…” (Matthew 13:35)
  21. “Ye hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying, This people draweth night unto me with their mouth…” (Matthew 15:7-8)(Mark 7:6)
  22. “All this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee…” (Matthew 21:4-5)(John 12:13-16)
  23. “And said unto them, It is written, My house shall be called the house of prayer; but ye have made it a den of thieves” (Matthew 21:13)(Mark 11:17)(Luke 19:46)
  24. “Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner” (Matthew 21:42)(Mark 12:10)(Luke 20:17-18)(Acts 4:11)
  25. “When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place” (Matthew 24:15)(Mark 13:14)
  26. “The Son of man goeth as it is written of him: but woe unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed!” (Matthew 26:24)
  27. “Then saith Jesus unto them, All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad” (Matthew 26:31)(Mark 14:27)
  28. “But all this was done, that the scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled” (Matthew 26:56)
  29. “Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued, whom they of the children of Israel did value” (Matthew 27:9-10)(Zechariah 11:12)
  30. “And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots” (Matthew 27:35)(John 19:24)
  31. “But I say unto you, That Elias is indeed come, and they have done unto him whatsoever they listed, as it is written of him” (Mark 9:13)
  32. “And as touching the dead, that they rise: have ye not read in the book of Moses, how in the bush God spake unto him, saying, I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob?” (Mark 12:26)
  33. “And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors” (Mark 15:28)(Luke 22:37)
  34. “As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, which have been since the world began: that we should be saved from our enemies” (Luke 1:70)(Acts 3:18)
  35. “Saying, Master, Moses wrote unto us, If any man’s brother die, having a wife, and he die without children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother” (Luke 20:28)
  36. “And David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, Till I make thine enemies thy footstool” (Luke 20:42-43)
  37. “For, behold, the days are coming, in the which they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck” (Luke 23:29)
  38. “And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day” (Luke 24:46)
  39. “And the disciples remembered that it was written, The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up” (John 2:17)
  40. “And herein is that saying true, One soweth, and another reapeth” (John 4:37)
  41. “Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat” (John 6:31)
  42. “It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me” (John 6:45)
  43. “He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water” (John 7:38)
  44. “Hath not the scripture said, That Christ cometh of the seed of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was?” (John 7:42)
  45. “It is also written in your law, that the testimony of two men is true.” (John 8:17)
  46. “Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods?” (John 10:34)
  47. “Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again, He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart” (John 12:39-40)
  48. “I speak not of you all: I know whom I have chosen: but that the scripture may be fulfilled, He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me” (John 13:18)
  49. “But this cometh to pass, that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause” (John 15:25)
  50. “While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name: those that thou gavest me I have kept, and none of them is lost, but the son of perdition; that the scripture might be fulfilled” (John 17:12/18:10)
  51. “For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken” (John 19:36)
  52. “And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced” (John 19:37)
  53. “For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead” (John 20:9)
  54. “Men and brethren, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas, which was guide to them that took Jesus” (Acts 1:16)
  55. “For it is written in the book of Psalms, Let his habitation be desolate, and let no man dwell therein” (Acts 1:20)
  56. “But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel; And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh” (Acts 2:16-17)
  57. “For David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved” (Acts 2:25)
  58. “Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began” (Acts 3:21)
  59. “For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me” (Acts 3:22)(Acts 7:37)
  60. “Ye are the children of the prophets, and of the covenant which God made with our fathers, saying unto Abraham, And in thy seed shall all the kindreds of the earth be blessed” (Acts 3:25)
  61. “Who by the mouth of thy servant David hast said, Why did the heathen rage, and the people imagine vain things?” (Acts 4:25)
  62. “And said unto him, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and come into the land which I shall shew thee” (Acts 7:3)
  63. “Howbeit the most High dwelleth not in temples made with hands; as saith the prophet, Heaven is my throne, and earth is my footstool” (Acts 7:48-49)
  64. “The place of the scripture which he read was this, He was led as a sheep to the slaughter; and like a lamb dumb before his shearer” (Acts 8:32)
  65. “And when they had fulfilled all that was written of him, they took him down from the tree, and laid him in a sepulchre” (Acts 13:29)
  66. “God hath fulfilled the same unto us their children, in that he hath raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee” (Acts 13:33)
  67. “Wherefore he saith also in another psalm, Thou shalt not suffer thine Holy One to see corruption” (Acts 1:35)
  68. “And to this agree the words of the prophets; as it is written, After this I will return, and will build again the tabernacle of David, which is fallen down” (Acts 15:15-16)
  69. “saying none other things than those which the prophets and Moses did say should come: that Christ should suffer, and that he should be the first that should rise from the dead, and should shew light unto the people, and to the Gentiles” (Acts 26:22-23)
  70. “For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, the Just shall live by faith” (Romans 1:17)
  71. “God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged” (Romans 3:4)
  72. “As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one” (Romans 3:10)
  73. “For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness” (Romans 4:3)
  74. “As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations” (Romans 4:17)
  75. “As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter” (Romans 8:36)
  76. “For this is the word of promise, At this time will I come, and Sara shall have a son” (Romans 9:9)
  77. “As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated” (Romans 9:13)
  78. “For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion” (Romans 9:15)
  79. “For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth” (Romans 9:17)
  80. “Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved” (Romans 9:27)
  81. “And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha” Romans 9:29)
  82. “For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed” (Romans 10:11)
  83. “And how shall they preach, except they be sent? as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace” (Romans 10:15)
  84. “But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?” (Romans 10:16)(John 12:38)
  85. “But Esaias is very bold, and saith, I was found of them that sought me not; I was made manifest unto them that asked not after me” (Romans 10:20)
  86. “But to Israel he saith, All the day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people” (Romans 10:21)
  87. “According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see” (Romans 11:8)
  88. “And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumblingblock” (Romans 11:9-10)
  89. “And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob” (Romans 11:26)
  90. “Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord” (Romans 12:19)(Hebrews 10:30)
  91. “For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God” (Romans 14:11)
  92. “For even Christ pleased not himself; but, as it is written, The reproaches of them that reproached thee fell on me” (Romans 15:3)
  93. “And that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy; as it is written, For this cause I will confess to thee among the Gentiles, and sing unto thy name” (Romans 15:9)
  94. “And again he saith, Rejoice, ye Gentiles, with his people” (Romans 15:10)
  95. “And again, Praise the Lord, all ye Gentiles; and laud him, all ye people” (Romans 15:11)
  96. “And again, Esaias saith, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles; in him shall the Gentiles trust” (Romans 15:12)
  97. “But as it is written, To whom he was not spoken of, they shall see: and they that have not heard shall understand” (Romans 15:21)
  98. “For it is written, I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent” (1 Corinthians 1:19)
  99. “But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him” (1 Corinthians 2:9)
  100. “For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written, He taketh the wise int their own craftiness” (1 Corinthians 3:19)
  101. “For it is written in the law of Moses, Thou shalt not muzzle the mouth of the ox that treadeth out the corn” (1 Corinthians 9:9)(1 Timothy 5:18)
  102. “In the law it is written, With men of other tongues and other lips will I speak unto this people; and yet for all that will they not hear me, saith the Lord” (1 Corinthians 14:21)
  103. “For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures” (1 Corinthians 15:3-4)
  104. “And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit” (1 Corinthians 15:45)
  105. “So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory” (1 Corinthians 15:54)
  106. “We having the same spirit of faith, according as it is written, I believed, and therefore have I spoken, we also believe, and therefore speak” (II Corinthians 4:13)
  107. “As it is written, He that had gathered much had nothing over; and he that had gathered little had no lack” (II Corinthians 8:15)
  108. “As it is written, he hath dispersed abroad; he hath given to the poor: his righteousness remaineth for ever.” (II Corinthians 9:9)
  109. “For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them” (Galatians 3:10)
  110. “Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree” (Galatians 3:13)
  111. “For it is written, Rejoice, thou barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not” (Galatians 4:27)
  112. “Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts” (Hebrews 4:7)
  113. “As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec” (Hebrews 5:6)
  114. “Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount” (Hebrews 8:5)
  115. “Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy” (1 Peter 1:16)
  116. “Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded” (1 Peter 2:6)
  117. “But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog is turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing mire” (2 Peter 2:22)