A list of motifs, symbols, and phrases: Comparing the Bible and Book of Mormon

The following list was compiled by the author and identifies various similarities between the Bible and the Book of Mormon in idiomatic expressions, doctrines, and symbolism. Each item shows at least two scriptures (one from the Bible; one from the Book of Mormon) that are comparable in one of the ways mentioned previously. The list is large and can easily be expanded to include hundreds more. The point of this list is to show the reader just how expansive the Book of Mormon is in accounting for symbols and phrases found throughout the Bible. Including so many individual examples of direct references to the Bible would have required incredible skill and knowledge of both Old and New Testaments. In addition, the harmonious synthesis of so many motifs into single chapters of the Book of Mormon suggest the author(s) had an in-depth understanding of the Bible, rather than simply flipping to random pages of the Bible for source material.

  1. Abominable church; and I saw the devil that he was the founder of it = (1 Nephi 13:6)/(Revelation 2:9/3:9)
  2. Above all nations = (1 Nephi 13:30)/(Deuteronomy 14:2)
  3. An abomination to God = (Deuteronomy 17:1)/(Alma 39:5)
  4. Anguish of spirit/soul = (2 Nephi 26:7)/(Exodus 6:9)
  5. Abraham rejoiced to see Christ’s day = (John 8:56)/(Helaman 8:17)
  6. According to his will and pleasure = (Jacob 5:14)/(Ephesians 1:5)
  7. According to his word = (Psalm 119:41)/(2 Nephi 31:13)
  8. According to the commandments = (2 Nephi 1:7)/(Deuteronomy 31:5)
  9. According to the flesh = (Ephesians 6:5)/(2 Nephi 2:8)
  10. According to the foreknowledge of God = (Alma 13:3)/(1 Peter 1:2)
  11. According to the law of Moses = (2 Kings 21:8)/(2 Nephi 5:10)
  12. According to the truth = (Galatians 2:14)/(1 Nephi 16:2)
  13. Adversary [the devil] = (1 Peter 5:8)/(Alma 12:6)
  14. Affliction and sorrow = (2 Nephi 2:1)/(Psalm 107:39)
  15. Afraid to look upon God = (Exodus 3:6)/(Ether 3:6)
  16. After the manner of men = (1 Nephi 18:2)/(I Corinthians 15:32)
  17. All in all = (Ephesians 1:23)/(Moroni 10:8)
  18. All things common = (Acts 2:44)/(4 Nephi 1:3)
  19. Alpha and Omega = (3 Nephi 9:18)/(Revelation 22:13)
  20. Altar of stones = (Deuteronomy 27:5)/(1 Nephi 2:7)
  21. An angel fell from heaven = (2 Nephi 9:8)/(Isaiah 14:12)
  22. Anchor of the soul = (Hebrews 6:19)/(Ether 12:4)
  23. Angel of the Lord = (Acts 5:19)/(Mosiah 27:11)
  24. Anger of the Lord is kindled against you = (Helaman 13:30)/(Deuteronomy 7:4)
  25. Anti-Christ = (1 John 2:18)/(Alma 30:6)
  26. Apostles of the Lamb = (1 Nephi 11:34)/(Revelation 21:14)
  27. Apply your heart to understanding; be wise = (Mosiah 12:27)/(Proverbs 2:2)
  28. Appointed unto man to die = (Hebrews 9:27)/(Alma 12:27)
  29. Arise/Shake thyself from the dust = (Isaiah 52:2)/(Moroni 10:31)
  30. Armor of righteousness = (2 Nephi 1:23/Isaiah 59:17/Ephesians 6:14/ II Corinthians 6:7)
  31. Arose and ministered to them = (Matthew 8:15)/(Alma 22:23)
  32. As I live = (Numbers 14:21)/(1 Nephi 3:15)
  33. As many as received him became sons of God = (John 1:12)/(3 Nephi 9:17)
  34. As the flower of the grass shall pass away = (James 1:10)/(Mosiah 12:12)
  35. As the Lord liveth = (1 Nephi 3:15)/(Jeremiah 38:16)
  36. As ye do unto me, so shall it be done unto you = (Ezekiel 12:11)/(Mosiah 17:15)
  37. Ascended into heaven = (John 3:13)/(Alma 40:20)/(3 Nephi 26:15)
  38. Ashamed of Christ = (Romans 1:16)/(Alma 46:21)
  39. Ask and ye shall receive = (3 Nephi 27:29)/(Luke 11:9-10)
  40. Ask not amiss = (2 Nephi 4:35)/(James 4:3)
  41. Atonement for sin = (Exodus 32:30)/(Alma 42:15)
  42. Author and finisher of our faith = (Moroni 6:4)/(Hebrews 12:2)
  43. Awake from deep sleep = (2 Nephi 1:13)/(Ephesians 5:14)
  44. Axe laid at the root of the tree = (Matthew 3:10)/(Alma 5:52)
  45. Bands of death = (Alma 4:14/Psalm 73:4)/(Alma 11:4)/(Psalm 107:14)
  46. Bands were loosed from his hands = (Judges 15:14)/(1 Nephi 7:18)
  47. Baptize in Bethabara, beyond Jordan = (1 Nephi 10:9)/(John 1:28)
  48. Baptize with fire and the Holy Ghost = (Matthew 3:11)/(Ether 12:14)
  49. Bare a son in his old age = (Ether 10:14)/(Genesis 21:2)
  50. Bars and gates = (Nahum 3:13)/(Job 38:10)/(2 Nephi 33:11)/(Psalm 147:13)/(Nehemiah 3:3)/(Alma 5:22)/(Jacob 6:9)
  51. Be a man = (1 Samuel 4:9)/(Job 38:3)/(2 Nephi 1:21)
  52. Be as gods, knowing good and evil = (2 Nephi 2:18)/(Genesis 3:5)
  53. Be like him and see him as he is = (Moroni 7:48)(1 John 3:2)
  54. Be of good cheer = (Acts 27:22)/(3 Nephi 1:13)
  55. Be one, as God is one = (John 17:11)/(3 Nephi 19:23)
  56. Be wise = (Proverbs 8:33)/(Jacob 6:12)
  57. Bear one another’s burdens = (Mosiah 18:8)/(Galatians 6:2)
  58. Beast of the field = (Genesis 2:19)/(2 Nephi 2:15)
  59. Beasts eating in another man’s field = (Exodus 22:5)/(Mosiah 5:14)
  60. Become weak like us/brethren = (Isaiah 14:10)/(Helaman 4:24)
  61. Begat sons and daughters = (Genesis 5:10)/(Ether 6:15)
  62. Beheld his glory = (2 Nephi 2:4)/(John 1:14)
  63. Believe on his name = (Alma 5:48)/(John 1:12)
  64. Believe that he is = (Mosiah 4:9)/(Hebrews 11:6)
  65. Believe these works, then you will believe in Christ = (John 10:38)/(2 Nephi 33:10)
  66. Better that one man should perish than a whole nation = (John 11:50)/(1 Nephi 4:13)
  67. Better that they had never known these things = (2 Peter 2:21)/(2 Nephi 31:14)
  68. Bind/seal on earth shall be bound in heaven = (Matthew 18:18)/(Helaman 10:7)
  69. Blameless = (I Corinthians 1:8)/(Mosiah 2:27)
  70. Blessed be the name of the Lord = (Psalm 113:2)/(Alma 26:8)
  71. Blessing and a curse = (Deuteronomy 30:1)/(1 Nephi 17:35)/(Alma 45:16)
  72. Blind in your minds = (1 Nephi 7:8)/(II Corinthians 4:4)
  73. Blood cries from the ground = (2 Nephi 28:10/Genesis 4:10)
  74. Blood, fire, and vapor of smoke = (Acts 2:19)/(1 Nephi 22:18)
  75. Blood from Christ’s pores/sweat = (Luke 22:44)/(Mosiah 3:7)
  76. Blot out their iniquities = (Psalm 51:9)/(Alma 7:13)/(Isaiah 43:25)
  77. Blot out their names = (Mosiah 5:11)/(Deuteronomy 9:14)/(Psalm 109:13)
  78. Boast in God = (Psalm 44:8)/(Alma 26:12)
  79. Boast in their own strength = (Isaiah 10:13)/(Mormon 3:9)
  80. Bodies were changed = (3 Nephi 28:15, 37)/(1 Corinthians 15:51-52)
  81. Boldness of speech = (Jacob 2:7)/(2 Corinthians 7:4)
  82. Bond and free, male and female = (Alma 11:44)/(Galatians 3:28)/(2 Nephi 10:16)
  83. Book of Life = (Alma 5:58)/(Revelation 20:15)/(Psalm 69:28)
  84. Book of Moses = (Ezra 6:18)/(1 Nephi 5:11)
  85. Book of the Lamb of God = (1 Nephi 13:28,38)/(Isaiah 34:16)/(Revelation 21:27)
  86. Born of God = (Alma 36:5)/(Mosiah 5:7)/(1 John 5:18)
  87. Both soul and body = (2 Nephi 1:22)/(Isaiah 10:18)
  88. Bow of steel = (1 Nephi 16:18)/(Psalm 18:34)
  89. Bowels of mercy = (Colossians 3:12)/(Alma 7:12)/(Mosiah 15:9)
  90. Branches of Joseph = (Genesis 49:22)/(2 Nephi 3:5)
  91. Break the rocks into pieces = (Helaman 14:21-22/1 Kings 19:11)
  92. Breathe out threatenings/cruelty = (Psalms 27:12)/(1 Nephi 18:17)/(Acts 9:1)
  93. Brightness above the sun = (Acts 26:13)/(1 Nephi 1:9)/(Revelation 1:16)
  94. Brightness as the stars = (Daniel 12:3)/(1 Nephi 1:10)
  95. Brightness of fire = (1 Nephi 15:30)/(Ezekiel 1:27)
  96. Bring fruit unto repentance = (Alma 34:30)/(Matthew 3:8)
  97. Bring them into his/their fold = (Alma 5:60)/(Jeremiah 23:3)
  98. Bring us into bondage = (Mosiah 9:12)/(Galatians 2:4)
  99. Broken heart and a contrite spirit = (Psalm 34:18)/(2 Nephi 2:7)
  100. Broken off = (Jacob 5:30)/(Isaiah 27:11)/(1 Nephi 21:1)
  101. Brought low (to the dust) = (Job 24:24)/(1 Nephi 22:23)/(Psalm 22:15)
  102. Build on my rock, gates of hell will not prevail = (3 Nephi 11:39)/(Matthew 16:18)
  103. Brought forth through the air = (Moroni 10:34)/(1 Thessalonians 4:17)
  104. Built an altar to the Lord = (1 Nephi 2:7)/(Genesis 8:20)
  105. Burdens may be light = (Alma 33:23)/(Matthew 11:30)
  106. Burn with fire = (Jeremiah 36:32)/(Jacob 5:77)
  107. Burnt offerings = (1 Nephi 5:9)/(Genesis 8:20)
  108. Burst their bands = (1 Nephi 7:17)/(Jeremiah 2:20)
  109. Buy, and sell, and get gain = (James 4:13)/(Helaman 6:8)
  110. Buy wine and milk without money = (2 Nephi 9:50-51)/(Isaiah 55:1-2)
  111. By the mouth of his holy prophets = (2 Nephi 9:2)/(Acts 3:21)
  112. By way of the Red Sea = (Numbers 21:4)/(Deuteronomy 2:1)/(2 Nephi 19:1)
  113. Called/chosen from the foundation of the world = (Alma 13:3)/(Ephesians 1:4)
  114. Call his sheep by his name = (John 10:3)/(Alma 5:38)
  115. Call upon his name = (Isaiah 12:4)/(Alma 34:17)
  116. Called by the name of the Lord = (Deuteronomy 28:10)/(Mosiah 5:9)
  117. Called with a holy calling = (Alma 13:3)/(II Timothy 1:9)
  118. As calves in the stall = (Malachi 4:2)/(1 Nephi 22:24)
  119. Came unto his own = (3 Nephi 1:14)/(John 1:11)
  120. Captain of fifty = (Isaiah 3:3)/(1 Nephi 3:31)
  121. Carnal/earthly, sensual, devilish = (James 3:15)/(Alma 42:10)
  122. Carnally minded is death = (2 Nephi 9:39)/(Romans 8:6)
  123. Carried away captive = (Jeremiah 1:3)/(2 Nephi 25:10)
  124. Carried away in the Spirit = (1 Nephi 15:1)/(2 Nephi 4:25)/(Revelation 17:3)
  125. Cast to their own place = (Jacob 5:77)/(Acts 1:25)
  126. Catch/cross him that they might accuse him =(Mosiah 12:19)/(Luke 11:54)
  127. Caught away…into an exceedingly high mountain = (1 Nephi 11:1)/(Revelation 21:10)
  128. Chaff before the wind = (Psalms 1:4)/(Mormon 5:16)
  129. Chains of hell = (2 Nephi 9:45)/(2 Peter 2:4)/(Jude 1:6)/(Alma 12:6,11)
  130. Change of heart = (Alma 5:12)/(1 Samuel 10:9)
  131. Cherubim and a flaming sword = (Genesis 3:24)/(Alma 12:21)
  132. Chief governor = (Jeremiah 20:1)/(3 Nephi 3:2)
  133. Child of hell/devil = (Alma 11:23)/(Acts 13:10)/(1 Nephi 14:3)
  134. Children of God = (Psalm 82:6)/(Mosiah 5:7)
  135. Children of Israel = (1 Nephi 17:23)/(Isaiah 27:12)
  136. Children of men = (1 Nephi 11:22)/(Psalm 21:10)
  137. Choose darkness rather than light = (John 3:19)/(Helaman 13:29)
  138. Choose life or death = (Deuteronomy 30:19)/(2 Nephi 2:27-28)
  139. Chosen vessel of the Lord = (Moroni 7:31)/(Acts 9:15)
  140. Christ glorified God = (3 Nephi 11:11)/(John 13:31)
  141. Christ is our advocate = (1 John 2:1)/(Moroni 7:28)
  142. Christ is our example = (1 Peter 2:21)/(2 Nephi 31:16)
  143. Christ is our head = (Mosiah 5:8)/(1 Corinthians 11:3)
  144. Christ was lifted up = (1 Nephi 19:10)/(3 Nephi 27:14)/(John 3:14)/(John 12:32)
  145. Christ will not see corruption = (Psalm 16:10)/(2 Nephi 9:51)
  146. Church of Satan = (1 Nephi 13:6)/(Revelation 2:9/3:9)
  147. Cleanse from all unrighteousness = (1 John 1:9)/(Alma 7:14)
  148. Cleanse the inward vessel = (Alma 60:23-24)/(Matthew 23:26-27)/(Luke 11:39)
  149. Cleansed every whit = (3 Nephi 8:1)/(John 13:10)
  150. Cleave to God with purpose of heart = (Acts 11:23)/(Jacob 6:5)
  151. Cloud by day, pillar of fire by night = (Exodus 13:21)/(1 Nephi 17:30)
  152. Come out and be ye separate = (Alma 5:57)/(2 Corinthians 6:17)
  153. “Come unto me ye blessed/Come ye blessed of my Father” (Alma 5:16)/(Matthew 25:34)
  154. Comforter = (John 16:7)/(Moroni 8:26)
  155. Command thy children to obey = (Deuteronomy 32:46)/(Alma 39:12)
  156. Compassed about by sin = (2 Nephi 4:18)/(Psalm 40:12)
  157. Confess your sins = (Psalm 32:5)/(Mosiah 26:29)
  158. Confound the wise = (Alma 37:6)/(1 Corinthians 1:27)
  159. Confound their language = (Ether 1:33)/(Genesis 11:17)
  160. Consecrated to be a priest = (Alma 5:3)/(Exodus 28:41)
  161. Cords of sin = (2 Nephi 26:22)/(Proverbs 5:22)
  162. Corrupt trees bring evil fruit = (Jacob 5:38-39)/(Matt 7:17,19)
  163. Corruption must put on incorruption = (2 Nephi 9:7)/(1 Corinthians 15:53)
  164. Counsel of God = (2 Nephi 9:28)/(Luke 7:30)
  165. Counted unto him for righteousness = (Psalm 106:31)/(Moroni 7:7)
  166. Created in the image of God = (Alma 18:34)/(Genesis 1:27)
  167. Creation of the world = (Alma 18:36)/(Romans 1:20)
  168. Cry unto the Lord = (Isaiah 19:20)/(2 Nephi 5:1)
  169. Cry unto thee in my afflictions = (Alma 33:11)/(2 Chronicles 20:9)
  170. Cunning and craftiness = (Mosiah 9:10)/(Ephesians 4:14)
  171. Curious [items] = (Exodus 28:8; 29:5)/(1 Nephi 16:10)
  172. Curse/destroy even with a sore curse/destruction = (Micah 2:10)/(1 Nephi 2:23)/(Malachi 3:9)
  173. Curse God and die = (Job 2:9)/(Mormon 2:14)
  174. Cursed is the land for your sakes = (Mormon 1:17)/(Genesis 3:17)/(1 Nephi 17:38)
  175. Cursed who trust in the arm of flesh = (Jeremiah 17:5)/(2 Nephi 4:34)
  176. Cut off and destroyed = (2 Nephi 1:17)/(Isaiah 48:19/1 Nephi 20:19)
  177. Cut off from his presence = (1 Nephi 2:21)/(2 Nephi 1:20)/(Psalm 31:22)/(Leviticus 22:3)
  178. Cut to the heart = (Mosiah 13:7/Acts 5:33)
  179. Darkness unto light = (2 Nephi 3:5)/(Acts 26:18)
  180. Dash in pieces = (Nahum 2:1)/(Ether 2:23)
  181. Dates based on when the Lord delivered them = (Jacob 1:1)/(1 Kings 6:1)
  182. Day of judgment = (2 Nephi 9:46)/(2 Peter 2:9)
  183. Day of salvation = (II Corinthians 6:2)/(Alma 13:21)
  184. Day of visitation = (Isaiah 10:3)/(Mormon 9:2)/(Hosea 9:7)
  185. Death and Hell = (2 Nephi 9:10)/(Revelation 6:8)
  186. Days may be prolonged = (Deuteronomy 6:2)/(2 Nephi 2:21)
  187. Death and Hell must deliver its dead = (2 Nephi 9:12)/(Revelation 20:13)/(2 Nephi 28:23)
  188. Death penalty for prophesying against the city = (Jeremiah 26:11)/(1 Nephi 1:13, 20)/(Mosiah 17:7-8)
  189. Death swallowed in victory = (Mosiah 16:8)/(Isaiah 25:8)
  190. Declare glad tidings of great joy = (Acts 13:32)/(Mosiah 3:3)/(Luke 2:10)
  191. Decrees are unalterable/which shall not pass = (Alma 29:4)/(Psalms 148:6)
  192. Deliver into your hands = (1 Chronicles 14:10)/(1 Nephi 3:29)
  193. Deliver them in their afflictions = (Alma 36:2)/(Acts 7:10)
  194. Delivered their souls from death/hell = (Alma 5:6)/(Psalm 56:13)
  195. Deny the Holy Ghost = no forgiveness = (Mark 3:29)/(Alma 39:6)
  196. Deny yourself of all ungodliness = (Moroni 10:32)/(Titus 2:12)
  197. Depths of the sea = (1 Nephi 18:20)/(Isaiah 51:10/2 Nephi 8:10)
  198. Descending out of heaven = (1 Nephi 11:7)/(Revelation 21:11)
  199. Despise the poor = (2 Nephi 9:30)/(James 2:6)
  200. Despised [the word of] the Holy One of Israel = (1 Nephi 19:14)/(Isaiah 5:24/2 Nephi 15:24)
  201. Destroy thee from off the face of the earth = (Deuteronomy 6:15)/(Alma 37:22)
  202. Destroy their craft = (Acts 19:27)/(Alma 35:3)
  203. Devil and his angels and everlasting pit prepared for them = (2 Nephi 9:16)/(Matthew 25:41)
  204. Die in their sins = (2 Nephi 9:38)/(John 8:24)
  205. Die no more [Christ] = (Alma 11:45)/(Romans 6:9)
  206. Dig a pit for thy neighbor/friend = (2 Nephi 28:8)/(Job 6:27)
  207. Dig about it, dung it = (Luke 13:8)/(Jacob 5:47)
  208. Diligently keep the commandments of God = (Alma 37:20)/(Deuteronomy 6:17)
  209. Disappear as the morning dew = (Hosea 6:4)/(Mormon 4:18)
  210. Do the will of the Father = (Matthew 12:50)/(3 Nephi 27:13)
  211. Doctrine of Christ = (2 Nephi 31:21)/(2 John 1:9)
  212. Doing that which was right in the sight of the Lord = (Ether 10:16)/(2 Chronicles 20:32)
  213. Doing that which was evil/abominable in the sight of the Lord = (Mosiah 11:2)/(2 Kings 15:18)
  214. Down to the dust = (Isaiah 25:12)/(Alma 42:30)
  215. Draw all men unto me = (John 12:32)/(2 Nephi 26:24)
  216. Dreamed a dream = (1 Nephi 8:2)/(Daniel 2:3)
  217. Dregs of a bitter cup = (Alma 40:26)/(Psalm 75:8)/(Isaiah 51:17)
  218. Drink damnation = (1 Corinthians 11:29)/(Mosiah 3:18)
  219. Drink his blood = (Ezekiel 39:18)/(Alma 49:27)
  220. Drink of [cup] the wrath of God = (Mosiah 5:5)/(Job 21:20)
  221. Drink the cup the Father hath given me = (John 18:11)/(3 Nephi 11:11)
  222. Dross = (Isaiah 1:22)/(Alma 34:29)
  223. Drown in waters = (1 Nephi 8:32)/(1 Timothy 6:9)/(Psalm 124:3-5)
  224. Dry ground = (1 Nephi 4:2)/(Exodus 14:16)
  225. Dung on the face of the earth = (Mormon 2:15)/(Jeremiah 8:2)
  226. Dwell safely = (Jeremiah 32:37)/(2 Nephi 1:9)
  227. Dwelleth in the heavens = (Moroni 7:28)/(Psalm 123:1)
  228. Dwelt in tents = (Judges 8:11)/(1 Ne 2:15)
  229. The earth/world passeth away = (Alma 9:2)/(1 John 2:17)
  230. East wind = (Jeremiah 18:17)/(Mosiah 7:31)
  231. Eat, drink, be merry; tomorrow we die = (I Corinthians 15:32)/(Isaiah 22:13)/(2 Nephi 28:7)
  232. Eat forbidden fruit you will surely die = (Alma 12:23)/(Genesis 2:17)
  233. Elders of the Jews = (1 Nephi 4:22)/(Luke 7:3)
  234. Elements will melt with fervent heat = (Mormon 9:2)/(II Peter 3:12)
  235. Endure the cross and despise the shame of it = (2 Nephi 9:18)/(Hebrews 12:2)
  236. Endure to the end = (Matthew 10:22)/(2 Nephi 31:16)
  237. Enemy of all righteousness = (Acts 13:10)/(Mosiah 2:37)/(Mosiah 4:14)
  238. Enemy of God = (James 4:4)/(Mosiah 27:9)
  239. Enlarge my heart/soul = (Psalm 119:32)/(Alma 32:28)
  240. Enlarge thy borders = (Moroni 10:31)/(Exodus 34:24)
  241. Enter into a covenant with God = (Deuteronomy 29:12)/(Alma 7:15)
  242. Enter into his gates = (Psalm 100:4)/(2 Nephi 31:9)
  243. Enter into his rest = (Jacob 1:7)/(Hebrews 3:11)
  244. Envying and strifes = (Alma 4:9)/(1 Corinthians 3:3)
  245. Eternal God = (Alma 34:9)/(Deuteronomy 33:27)
  246. Eternal life = (Romans 6:23)/(Mosiah 18:9)
  247. Eternal purposes = (2 Nephi 2:12,15)/(Alma 42:26)/(Ephesians 3:11)
  248. Everlasting chains = (2 Nephi 28:19)/(Jude 1:6)
  249. Everlasting destruction = (Alma 12:17)/(2 Thessalonians 1:9)
  250. Everlasting God = (Moroni 10:28)/(Romans 16:26)
  251. Everlasting light = (Alma 26:15)/(Isaiah 60:20)
  252. Everlasting salvation = (Alma 26:15)/(Isaiah 45:17)
  253. Every good gift cometh from God = (James 1:17)/(Moroni 10:18)
  254. Every knee shall bow = (Mosiah 27:31)/(Philippians 2:10-11)
  255. Evil for evil = (Alma 41:13)/(1 Thesselonians 5:15)/(1 Peter 3:9)
  256. Exceedingly fair = (Acts 7:20)/(1 Nephi 11:13)
  257. Execute judgment in righteousness = (1 Nephi 22:21)/(Jeremiah 33:15)
  258. Exercise authority = (Mosiah 24:8)/(Luke 22:25)
  259. Expound all the scriptures unto them = (Luke 24:27)/(3 Nephi 23:6)
  260. Eye be single = (Matthew 6:22)/(Mormon 8:15)
  261. Eye hath not seen; ear hath not heard = (3 Nephi 17:16)/(1 Corinthians 2:9)/(Isaiah 64:4)
  262. Eye of the Lord = (2 Nephi 9:44)/(Psalm 33:18)/(Ezra 5:5)
  263. Face to face = (Alma 38:7)/(Deuteronomy 34:10)
  264. Faith, hope, and charity = (Alma 7:24)/(1 Corinthians 13:13)
  265. Fall at his feet and worship him = (1 Nephi 11:24)/(Revelation 19:4, 10)
  266. Fall by the sword = (Lamentations 2:21)/(Mormon 6:15)
  267. Fall into the pit they digged = (1 Nephi 22:14)/(Psalm 9:15)/(Psalm 7:15)
  268. Fall thereof was exceedingly great = (1 Nephi 11:36)/(Matthew 7:27)
  269. Fast and pray = (1 Corinthians 7:5)/(Alma 5:46)
  270. Father’s blessing = (Genesis 48:9)/(2 Nephi 4:5)
  271. Father of heaven and of earth = (2 Nephi 25:12)/(Matthew 11:24)
  272. Father of lies = (2 Nephi 2:18)/(John 8:44)
  273. Father who is in heaven = (Matthew 5:48)/(Jacob 7:22)
  274. Fear and tremble = (1 Nephi 16:27)/(II Corinthians 7:15)
  275. Fear not what man can do = (Moroni 8:16)/(Hebrews 13:6)/(Psalms 118:6)
  276. Fear of the Lord = (Mosiah 4:1)/(Proverbs 2:5)/(2 Chronicles 19:7)
  277. Fell as though he was dead = (Alma 22:18)/(Revelation 1:17)
  278. Fierce anger of the Lord = (Jeremiah 25:37)/(Alma 9:18)
  279. Fiery darts = (1 Nephi 15:24)/(Ephesians 6:16)
  280. Fiery flying serpents = (1 Nephi 17:41)/(Isaiah 14:29)
  281. Fiery indignation = (Alma 40:14/Hebrews 10:27)
  282. Fight against Zion = (1 Nephi 22:19)/(Isaiah 29:8)
  283. Fight for your children, wives and homes = (Mormon 2:23)/(Nehemiah 4:14)
  284. Fill up the garners = (Alma 26:5)/(Psalm 144:13)
  285. Filled/full of the Holy Ghost = (Acts 11:24)/(Alma 36:24)
  286. Filthy shall be filthy still = (1 Nephi 15:33)/(Revelation 22:11)
  287. Find pasture = (John 10:9)/(1 Nephi 22:25)
  288. Fine-twined linen = (Exodus 36:8)/(1 Nephi 13:8)
  289. Finger of God = (Alma 10:2)/(Luke 11:20)
  290. Fire come down from heaven = (2 Kings 1:10)/(Helaman 13:13)
  291. Fire is kindled in mine anger = (Deut 32:22)/(2 Nephi 26:6)
  292. [God is the] First and the last = (Alma 11:39)/(Isaiah 48:12)
  293. First fruits unto God = (2 Nephi 2:9)/(Romans 8:23)/(I Corinthians 15:20)/(Jacob 4:11)
  294. First resurrection = (Revelation 20:5)/(Alma 40:16)/(Mosiah 15:21)
  295. First shall be last, last shall be first = (1 Nephi 13:42)/(Matthew 19:30)
  296. Flame/smoke ascends forever = (2 Nephi 9:16)/(Revelation 14:11)
  297. Flaming fire = (Helaman 5:44)/(Lamentations 2:3)
  298. Flesh and blood = (Galatians 1:16)/(Ether 3:8)
  299. Fools before God = (2 Nephi 9:42)/(1 Corinthians 3:18)
  300. Fools mock = (Proverbs 14:9)/(Ether 12:26)
  301. For the Lord hath spoken it = (Isaiah 1:2)/(2 Nephi 9:16)
  302. Forget the Lord = (Helaman 12:2)/(Deuteronomy 6:12)
  303. Fortify the city = (Judges 9:31)/(Alma 52:9)
  304. Forts = (Alma 49:13)/(2 Samuel 5:9)
  305. Found favor in sight of the king = (Alma 20:28)/(Nehemiah 2:5)
  306. Fountain of living waters = (Jeremiah 2:13)/(1 Nephi 11:25)/(Revelation 7:17)/(Psalm 36:9)
  307. Four quarters of the earth = (1 Nephi 22:25)/(Revelation 20:8)
  308. Fourth generation = (2 Nephi 26:9)/(Genesis 15:16)
  309. Fowls of the air = (2 Nephi 2:15)/(Genesis 1:26)
  310. Freed from sin = (Romans 6:18)/(2 Nephi 9:47)
  311. Freemen = (1 Corinthians 7:22)/(Alma 51:6)
  312. From everlasting to everlasting = (Moroni 7:22)/(Psalm 90:2)
  313. From generation to generation = (2 Nephi 9:2)/(Isaiah 13:20)
  314. From the beginning = (2 Nephi 9:2)/(Isaiah 40:21)
  315. From whence they can no more return = (Mosiah 3:25)/(Job 16:22)
  316. Fruit of thy loins = (2 Nephi 3:7)/(Acts 2:30)
  317. Fruit of your labors = (Philippians 1:22)/(Alma 36:25)
  318. Fulfill all righteousness = (2 Nephi 31:5)/(Matthew 3:15)
  319. Full of grace and truth = (2 Nephi 2:6)/(Alma 13:9)/(John 1:14)
  320. Fullness of the Gentiles = (Romans 11:25)/(1 Nephi 10:14)
  321. Fullness of time = (2 Nephi 2:3)/(Galatians 4:4)
  322. Gall of bitterness and bonds of iniquity = (Moroni 8:14)/(Acts 8:23)
  323. Garments made white in blood of the Lamb = (Revelation 7:14)/(Ether 13:10)
  324. Gate of heaven = (Helaman 3:28)/(Genesis 28:17)
  325. Gates of righteousness = (2 Nephi 4:32)/(2 Nephi 31:9)/(Psalm 118:19)
  326. Gather in from east, west, south, north = (Psalm 107:3)/(Luke 13:29)/(3 Nephi 20:13)
  327. Gather sheaves = (Micah 4:12)/(Alma 26:5)
  328. Gave up the ghost = (Luke 23:46)/(Jacob 7:20)
  329. Genealogies written in books = (1 Nephi 5:14)/(1 Chronicles 9:1)
  330. Generation knew not the Lord = (Judges 2:10)/(Mosiah 26:1)
  331. Gentiles hear the Gospel from the Apostles = (Acts 15:7)/(3 Nephi 15:22)
  332. Gift of Christ = (Ephesians 4:7)/(Moroni 7:16)
  333. Gift of the Holy Ghost = (Hebrews 2:4)/(2 Nephi 28:26)
  334. Gifts of the Spirit = (1 Corinthians 12:4-11)/(Moroni 10:8-17)
  335. Girdle his loins = (Isaiah 5:27)/(1 Nephi 4:19)
  336. Give half of my kingdom = (Alma 20:23)/(Mark 6:23)
  337. Give liberally = (2 Nephi 4:35)/(James 1:5)
  338. Give place to the devil/enemy of my soul = (Ephesians 4:27)/(2 Nephi 4:28)
  339. Give thanks unto his holy name = (Psalm 106:47)/(2 Nephi 9:52)
  340. Glorify the name of God = (2 Nephi 6:4)/(Isaiah 24:15)
  341. Glory in the Lord = (Alma 26:16)/(1 Corinthians 1:31)
  342. Glory, power, might, majesty, and dominion = (Alma 12:15)/(Jude 1:25)
  343. Gnash with teeth = (Job 16:9)/(Alma 14:21)
  344. Go in and possess the land = (Mosiah 9:5)/(Deuteronomy 10:11)
  345. Go no more out = (Alma 7:25)/(Revelation 3:12)
  346. Go up to Jerusalem [never “go down” to Jerusalem] = (Ezra 1:3)/(1 Nephi 3:9)
  347. Go the way of all the earth = (Joshua 23:14)/(2 Nephi 1:14)
  348. God can make the sun stand still = (Joshua 10:12-13)/(Helaman 12:14-15)
  349. God cannot lie = (Enos 1:6)/(Hebrews 6:18)
  350. God chastens those he loves = (Proverbs 3:12)/(Helaman 15:3)
  351. God has no variableness or shadow of turning = (James 1:17)/(Mosiah 2:22)
  352. God knoweth all things = (1 John 3:20)/(2 Nephi 9:20)
  353. God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob = (1 Nephi 19:10)/(Exodus 3:6)
  354. God of heaven = (Ezra 7:21)/(Ether 8:14)
  355. God of Israel = (Isaiah 37:16)/(1 Nephi 19:7)
  356. God of my salvation = (Isaiah 17:10)/2 Nephi 9:44
  357. God of our fathers = (1 Nephi 19:10)/(Acts 22:14)
  358. God of truth = (Ether 3:12)/(Deuteronomy 32:4)
  359. God sitting on his throne = (1 Nephi 1:8)/(Psalm 47:8)/(Isaiah 6:1)
  360. God speaks once, twice, yet men don’t perceive it = (Job 33:14)/(3 Nephi 11:3-5)
  361. God the Father = (1 Peter 1:2)/(Moroni 9:26)
  362. God’s throne is in heaven = (1 Nephi 1:14)/(Psalm 11:4)
  363. God trieth the righteous = (Mosiah 23:21)/(Psalm 11:5)
  364. God’s word will not pass away = (2 Nephi 9:16)/(Mark 13:31)/(Psalm 148:6)
  365. Gold, and silver, and precious things = (1 Nephi 3:22)/(Daniel 11:43)
  366. Gone out of the way = (2 Nephi 28:11)/(Helaman 7:18)/(Hebrews 5:2)
  367. Good Shepherd = (Alma 5:38)/(John 10:11)
  368. Goodness and mercy = (Psalm 23:6)/(1 Nephi 1:14)
  369. Gospel of Christ = (1 Corinthians 9:12)/(Mormon 9:8)
  370. Grace and mercy = (2 Timothy 1:2)/(2 Nephi 9:53)
  371. Grace for grace = (John 1:16)/(Helaman 12:24)
  372. Grace of God = (1 Corinthians 1:4)/(Moroni 7:2)
  373. Gray hairs with sorrow to the grave = (Genesis 42:38)/(1 Nephi 18:18)
  374. Great and terrible = (1 Nephi 12:18/(Deuteronomy 1:19)/(Nehemiah 1:5)
  375. The great God = (Nehemiah 8:6)/(Alma 24:8)
  376. Great and marvelous are thy works = (1 Nephi 1:14)/(Revelation 15:3)
  377. Great gulf diving wicked and righteous = (1 Nephi 12:18)/(Luke 16:26)
  378. Great lights in heaven = (Helaman 14:3)/(Psalm 136:7)
  379. Great shall be the fall = (1 Nephi 22:14)/(Matthew 7:27)
  380. Greater than I can bear = (1 Nephi 16:1)/(Genesis 4:13)
  381. Grieved because of hardness of their hearts = (1 Nephi 2:18)/(Mark 3:5)
  382. Grievous to be borne = (Mosiah 7:23)/(Matthew 23:4)
  383. Grind to powder = (2 Nephi 26:5)/(Matthew 21:44)
  384. Grind upon the face of the poor = (2 Nephi 26:20)/(Isaiah 3:15/2 Nephi 13:15)
  385. Groaning of the earth/creation = (1 Nephi 19:12)/(Romans 8:22)
  386. Groups of fifty = (Luke 9:14)/(Mosiah 18:18)
  387. Hand of the Lord = (1 Nephi 5:14)/(Nehemiah 1:10)
  388. Hand of their enemies = (Jeremiah 34:20)/(Alma 60:20)
  389. Hanged upon a tree = (3 Nephi 4:28)/(Joshua 8:29)
  390. Harden your hearts = (Alma 34:31)/(Exodus 7:13)
  391. The harvest is ripe = (Alma 26:5)/(Revelation 14:15)
  392. Have against thee = (Alma 39:2)/(Revelation 2:20)
  393. Have ye not read the scriptures? (3 Nephi 27:5)/(Matthew 21:42)/(Mark 12:26)
  394. Heal the nations = (Revelation 22:2)/(2 Nephi 25:20)
  395. Healeth wounds/broken in heart = (Psalm 147:3)/(Jacob 2:8,10)
  396. Healing in his wings = (Malachi 4:2)/(2 Nephi 25:13)
  397. Heaping up wrath against the day of judgment = (Helaman 8:25)/(Romans 2:5)/(Job 36:13)
  398. Hearken to the voice of the Lord = (Deuteronomy 13:18)/(2 Nephi 9:21)
  399. Hearts did burn = (3 Nephi 11:3)/(Luke 24:32)
  400. Heaven, earth, and all things that in them are = (2 Nephi 2:14)/(Acts 4:24)/(Exodus 20:11)
  401. Heavenly Father = (Mosiah 2:34)/(Matthew 6:14, 26)
  402. The heavens opened = (1 Nephi 11:14,27,30)/(Mark 1:10)/(Ezekiel 1:1)
  403. Hedge up the way = (Mosiah 7:29)/(Hosea 2:6)
  404. He hath a devil = (Mosiah 3:9)/(Luke 7:33)
  405. Heirs of (kingdom of) God = (Romans 8:17)/(Galatians 4:7)/(Mosiah 15:11)
  406. He maketh intercession = (Isaiah 53:12)/(2 Nephi 2:9)
  407. Heed and diligence = (Deuteronomy 4:9)/(Mosiah 1:16)
  408. Hen gathereth her chickens = (Matthew 23:37)/(3 Nephi 10:4)
  409. Hewn down and cast into the fire = (Alma 5:35)/(Matthew 7:19)
  410. Hidden darkness = (2 Nephi 3:5)/(Mosiah 8:17)/(I Corinthians 4:5)
  411. His own house = (1 Nephi 1:7)/(Luke 5:25)
  412. Hiss forth/unto them = (Isaiah 5:26)/(Moroni 10:28)
  413. Hiss/Proverb and a byword = (2 Chronicles 7:20)/(1 Nephi 19:14)
  414. Hold fast to the word = (Titus 1:9)/(1 Nephi 8:30)/(1 Nephi 11:25)
  415. Holding forth = (Alma 16:19)/(Philippians 2:16)
  416. Holy and true = (Revelation 3:7)/(2 Nephi 2:10)
  417. Holy arm = (Psalm 98:1)/(Enos 1:13)/(Isaiah 52:10)
  418. A holy city = (Ether 13:5)/(Isaiah 52:1)
  419. Holy Ghost descended like a dove = (2 Nephi 31:8)/(Matthew 3:16)
  420. Holy Ghost given to the Gentiles = (1 Nephi 10:11)/(Acts 10:45)
  421. Holy God = (2 Nephi 9:39)/(Joshua 24:19)
  422. Holy one = (2 Nephi 2:10)/(Psalm 89:18)
  423. Holy One of Israel = (1 Nephi 19:14)/(Isaiah 31:1)
  424. Hope of eternal life = (Titus 1:2)/(Alma 13:29)
  425. The hope of glory = (Colossians 1:27)/(Jacob 4:4, 11)
  426. Hope of/for salvation = (1 Thessalonians 5:8)/(Alma 5:10)
  427. The house of Israel is an olive tree = (Jacob 5:3)/(Romans 11:24)/(Jeremiah 11:16-17)
  428. Houses left desolate = (Helaman 15:1)/(Isaiah 5:9)
  429. How great is the goodness of God = (2 Nephi 9:10)/(Psalm 31:19)/(Zechariah 9:17)
  430. How great things the Lord has done = (2 Nephi 1:1)/(Mark 5:19)
  431. Humble yourself as a little child = (Moroni 8:10)/(Matthew 18:4)
  432. I am in thy hands; do as seemeth thee good = (Jeremiah 26:14)/(Mosiah 12:16)
  433. I am the light of the world = (Ether 4:12)/(John 8:12)
  434. I am the Lord’s = (Isaiah 44:5)/(2 Nephi 28:3)
  435. I can do all things in his strength = (Alma 26:12)/(Phillipians 4:13)
  436. I lie not = (2 Corinthians 11:31)/(Moroni 10:26)
  437. I looked…and I saw him not = (1 Nephi 11:12)/(Revelation 1:12)
  438. I never knew you = (Mosiah 26:27)/(Matthew 7:23)
  439. I pray not for the world, but for those whom thou hast given me = (3 Nephi 19:29)/(John 17:9)
  440. I saw and bare record = (1 Nephi 11:32)/(John 1:34)
  441. I thank thee that I am not like other men = (Luke 18:11)/(Alma 38:14)
  442. I was with the Father from the beginning = (John 1:1)/(3 Nephi 9:15)
  443. I will go before thee = (Ether 1:42)/(Deuteronomy 1:30)
  444. Idleness = (Ezekiel 16:49)/(Alma 38:12)
  445. If ye are brought up in the gospel ye will not depart from it = (2 Nephi 4:5)/(Proverbs 22:6)
  446. If you do not preach, the blood of the wicked will be on you = (Jacob 1:19)/(Ezekiel 3:18-20)
  447. If you slay me you will shed innocent blood = (Mosiah 17:10)/(Jeremiah 26:15)
  448. I have not found so great faith in Israel = (Matthew 8:10)/(3 Nephi 19:35)/(Alma 19:10)
  449. Imagination of the heart = (Jeremiah 3:17/7:24/9:14)/(1 Nephi 2:11)
  450. In our flesh we will see God = (2 Nephi 9:4)/(Job 19:26)
  451. In thy seed shall all nations/kindreds be blessed = (1 Nephi 22:9)/(Genesis 18:18)
  452. Inhabitants of the earth = (Revelation 8:13)/(2 Nephi 2:8)
  453. Inhabitants of the land = (Jeremiah 1:14)/(Ether 2:11)
  454. Inherit the kingdom of God prepared from the foundation of the world = (2 Nephi 9:18)/(Matthew 25:34)
  455. Iniquities and abominations = (Jacob 2:16)/(Ezekiel 36:31)
  456. Iniquities and transgressions = (Mosiah 14:5/Isaiah 53)/(Mosiah 15:9)
  457. Iniquities of their fathers = (Nehemiah 9:2)/(Jacob 3:7)
  458. Inquire of the Lord = (1 Samuel 10:22)/(1 Nephi 15:8)
  459. Isles of the sea = (1 Nephi 22:4)/(Isaiah 24:15)
  460. Jacob/Nephites have I loved; Esau/Lamanites have I hated = (Romans 9:13)/(Helaman 15:3-4)/(Malachi 1:2-3)
  461. Jerusalem, I have seen thy abominations = (1 Nephi 1:13)/(Ezekiel 8: 6, 9)
  462. Jesus had compassion towards them = (3 Nephi 17:6)/(Matthew 14:14)
  463. Jot and tittle = (Alma 34:13)/(Matthew 5:18)
  464. Joy may be full = (2 Nephi 9:18)/(1 John 1:4)
  465. Judge righteously = (Alma 41:14)/(Deuteronomy 1:16)
  466. Judge ye = (2 Nephi 33:11)/(Acts 4:19)
  467. Judged according to their works = (2 Nephi 9:44)/(Revelation 20:13)
  468. Judgment seat of Christ = (2 Nephi 9:15)/(Romans 14:10)
  469. Judgments and statutes of the law = (2 Nephi 5:10)/(Deuteronomy 4:8)
  470. Judgments are just = (Mosiah 16:1)/(John 5:30)
  471. Just and equal = (Colossians 4:1)/(Alma 10:21)
  472. Just and true = (Alma 18:34)/(Revelation 15:3)
  473. Justify the righteous = (1 Nephi 16:2)/(1 Kings 8:32)
  474. Keep and preserve = (Psalm 140:4)/(Alma 37:4)
  475. Kingdom of heaven is at hand = (Alma 5:28)/(Matthew 10:7)
  476. Kings and rulers = (1 Nephi 16:38)/(Mosiah 2:30)/(Mark 13:9)
  477. The King’s countenance was changed = (Alma 18:12)/(Daniel 5:6)
  478. Knit together = (1 Samuel 18:1)/(Mosiah 18:21)
  479. Knock and it shall be opened = (2 Nephi 9:42)/(Matthew 7:7)
  480. Know not when the end will come = (Alma 5:29)/(Matthew 25:13)/24:42)
  481. Know that I am the Lord = (2 Nephi 6:7)/(Ezekiel 11:10)/(Mosiah 12:3)
  482. Know them by their fruits = (Matthew 7:16, 20)/(Moroni 7:5)
  483. Knowledge and understanding = (Jeremiah 3:15)/(Words of Mormon 1:9)
  484. Knowledge of the truth = (Mosiah 27:36)/(2 Timothy 3:7)
  485. Labor with their hands = (Alma 1:3)/(1 Corinthians 4:12)/(1 Thessalonians 4:11)
  486. Lake of fire and brimstone = (2 Nephi 9:16)/(Revelation 19:20)
  487. Lamb of God, who taketh away the sins of the world = (Alma 7:14)/(John 1:29)
  488. Lands called after their names = (Psalm 49:11)/(Alma 8:7)
  489. Land for an inheritance = (Numbers 34:2)/(1 Nephi 2:4)
  490. Land of promise = (Nehemiah 9:23)/(1 Nephi 5:5)
  491. Land will be desolate = (Alma 22:30)/(Jeremiah 6:8)
  492. The latter days = (Jeremiah 48:47)/(2 Nephi 3:5)
  493. Laughed to scorn = (Matthew 9:24)/(Alma 26:23)
  494. The law and the prophets = (2 Nephi 25:28)/(Luke 16:16)
  495. The law hath become dead to us = (2 Nephi 25:25)/(Romans 7:4)
  496. Law must be fulfilled = (2 Nephi 9:17)/(Matthew 5:17)
  497. Law of Moses because of iniquity = (Mosiah 13:29)/(Matthew 19:8)
  498. Law of Moses brings us to Christ = (Galatians 3:24)/(Jacob 4:5)
  499. Lay aside every sin which doth easily beset you = (Alma 7:15)/(Hebrews 12:1)
  500. Lay down my life to take it again = (2 Nephi 2:8)/(John 10:17)
  501. Lay up treasures in heaven = (Matthew 6:19-20)/(Helaman 5:8/8:25)
  502. Learn wisdom = (Alma 37:35)/(Proverbs 30:3)
  503. Led by the blind = (Matthew 15:14)/(Helaman 13:29)
  504. Led by/of the Spirit = (1 Nephi 4:6)/(Galatians 5:18)
  505. Left hand of God = (Mosiah 5:10)/(Matthew 25:33)
  506. Let good and bad grow together = (Jacob 5:65)/(Matt 13:30)
  507. Let things be done in order = (Mosiah 4:27)/(1 Corinthians 14:40)
  508. Lied unto men and God = (Acts 5:4)/(Alma 12:3)
  509. Life or damnation = (Helaman 12:26)/(John 5:29)
  510. Lift up your heads = (2 Nephi 9:3)/(Psalm 24:7)
  511. Lift up your hearts = (2 Nephi 11:8)/(Lamentations 3:41)
  512. Lifted up = (Alma 36:3)/(Psalm 28:9)
  513. Light and/of knowledge = (II Corinthians 4:6)/(Alma 9:23)
  514. Light and understanding = (Daniel 5:14)/(2 Nephi 31:3)
  515. Light [of Christ] in every man = (John 1:9)/(Moroni 7:16)
  516. Light of this people = (Isaiah 51:4)/(3 Nephi 15:12)
  517. Light of thy countenance = (Psalm 4:6)/(3 Nephi 19:25)
  518. Light to shine out of darkness = (2 Corinthians 4:6)/(Alma 37:23,25)
  519. Line upon line, precept upon precept = (2 Nephi 28:30)/(Isaiah 28:13)
  520. Living souls = (Genesis 2:7)/(2 Nephi 9:13)
  521. Loftiness of man/the vineyard = (Isaiah 2:17)/(Jacob 5:48)
  522. Look upon the brazen serpent shall live = (Numbers 21:8)/(1 Nephi 17:41)
  523. Looked steadfastly to heaven = (3 Nephi 11:5)/(Acts 7:55)
  524. Loose bands of death/wickedness = (Alma 11:41)/(Isaiah 58:6)/(Acts 2:24)
  525. Lord God Almighty = (Revelation 4:8)/(1 Nephi 1:14)
  526. Lord God Omnipotent = (Mosiah 3:21)/(Revelation 19:6)
  527. The Lord is his name = (2 Nephi 9:41)/(Amos 5:8)
  528. Lord hidden in a cloud = (Ether 2:4)/(Exodus 16:10)
  529. Lord Jesus Christ = (Alma 38:8)/(Ephesians 5:20)
  530. Lord of Hosts = (Isaiah 37:16)/(2 Nephi 26:5)
  531. Lord of the harvest = (Matthew 9:38)/(Alma 26:7)
  532. Lord of the vineyard = (Mark 12:9)/(Jacob 5:11)
  533. Lord thy God = (Matthew 4:7)/(Alma 13:12)
  534. Lord thy Redeemer = (1 Nephi 19:18)/(Isaiah 54:8)
  535. Lord will hide your sins from his face = (3 Nephi 9:5)/(Psalm 51:9)
  536. The Lord’s wings = (2 Nephi 4:25/Psalm 17:8)
  537. Love of Christ = (II Corinthians 5:14)/(Moroni 7:47)
  538. Love of God shed abroad in our hearts = (1 Nephi 11:22/Romans 5:5)
  539. Lowly in heart = (Alma 32:8)/(Matthew 11:29)
  540. Lust of the eyes = (Alma 39:9)/(1 John 2:16)
  541. Lusts of the flesh = (1 Nephi 22:23)/(Ephesians 2:3)
  542. A lying spirit = (Alma 30:42)/(2 Chronicles 18:22)
  543. Made the sea our path = (2 Nephi 10:20)/(Psalms 8:8)
  544. Magnify our office = (Jacob 1:19)/(Romans 11:13)
  545. Make bare his arm in eyes of the nations = (Isaiah 52:10)/(1 Nephi 22:10)
  546. Make God a liar = (1 John 5:10)/(Alma 12:23)
  547. Make it after the pattern shown thee in the mount = (1 Nephi 17:7-8)/(Exodus 25:40)/(Hebrews 8:5)
  548. Make my path straight before me = (2 Nephi 4:33)/(Psalm 5:8)
  549. Maker = (Proverbs 17:5)/(Enos 1:4)
  550. Man/Nations are nothing, less than nothing/dust = (Helaman 12:7)/(Isaiah 40:15-17)
  551. Man of understanding = (Mosiah 1:2)/(Proverbs 1:5/20:5)
  552. Manifest in the flesh = (1 Timothy 3:16)/(2 Nephi 25:12)
  553. Mansions in heaven = (Ether 12:37)/(John 14:2)
  554. The mark = (Phillipians 3:14)/(Jacob 4:14)
  555. (Set a) mark = (Genesis 4:15)/(Alma 3:10)
  556. Mark on their foreheads = (Alma 3:18)/(Ezekiel 9:4)
  557. Married and given in marriage = (Matthew 24:38)/(4 Nephi 1:11)
  558. Marvelous in our eyes = (Psalm 118:23)/(Mormon 9:16)
  559. Marvelous work = (1 Nephi 14:7)/(Isaiah 29:14)
  560. May be well with you = (Jeremiah 42:6)/(1 Nephi 14:5)
  561. Measures [explaining ratios of measures, in particular randomly putting a unit of measurement at the end of a long discussion] = (Exodus 16:36)/(Alma 11:18-19)
  562. Mediator = (2 Nephi 2:27-28)/(Hebrews 12:24)
  563. Melchizedek = (Alma 13)/(Hebrews 7)/(Genesis 14:18-24)
  564. Mend their ways = (Helaman 11:36)/(Jeremiah 7:3)
  565. Merciful to those who cry/call to the Lord = (Alma 33:8)/(Psalm 86:5)
  566. Mercy and truth = (Proverbs 16:6)/(Alma 5:48)
  567. Midst of the congregation = (Psalm 22:22)/(Alma 33:9)
  568. Mighty in word and deed = (Helaman 10:5)/(Luke 24:19)
  569. Mighty to save = (Alma 7:14)/(Isaiah 63:1)/(Zephaniah 3:17)/(2 Nephi 31:19)
  570. Mindful of us = (Alma 26:36)/(Psalm 115:12)
  571. Mischief and subtlety = (2 Nephi 5:24)/(Acts 13:10)
  572. Mist of darkness = (1 Nephi 8:23)/(II Peter 2:17)/(Revelation 9:2)
  573. More tolerable for them than for you = (Alma 9:15)/(Luke 10:14)
  574. Mourn and comfort = (Mosiah 18:9)/(Job 2:11)
  575. Mourning and lamentation = (Ezekiel 2:10)/(Helaman 7:15)
  576. Moses’ face shone = (Exodus 34:30)/(Mosiah 13:5)
  577. Moses’ prophecy of Christ’s coming = (1 Nephi 22:20)/(Acts 3:22-23)
  578. Moses smote the rock, and there came water = (1 Nephi 17:29)/(Exodus 17:6)
  579. Moth doth corrupt, thieves break and steal = (3 Nephi 27:32)/(Matthew 6:19)
  580. Mother of abominations = (Revelation 17:5)/(1 Nephi 14:9)
  581. Mother of harlots = (Revelation 17:5)/(1 Nephi 13:34)
  582. Mountains are carried up = (1 Nephi 19:11)/(Psalms 46:2)
  583. Mouth of God = (2 Nephi 33:14)/(2 Chronicles 35:22)
  584. Multitude of tender mercies = (1 Nephi 8:8)/(Psalm 51:1)
  585. Murderer from the beginning = (John 8:44)/(Ether 8:15)
  586. Murmur against the Lord = (Exodus 16:7)/(1 Nephi 16:20)
  587. My grace is sufficient for thee = (2 Corinthians 12:9)/(Ether 12:27)
  588. My soul delighteth = (Isaiah 42:1)/(2 Nephi 11:2)
  589. My soul longed to be with God = (Psalm 84:2)/(Alma 36:22)
  590. Mysteries of God = (Matthew 13:11)/(1 Nephi 1:1)
  591. Nakedness = (Lamentations 1:8)/(2 Nephi 9:14)
  592. Nations driven out for wickedness = (Deuteronomy 9:4)/(1 Nephi 17:33)
  593. Nation, kindred, tongue, people = (Revelation 5:9)/(1 Nephi 5:18)
  594. Nephi justified in killing Laban = (Exodus 21:12-13)/(1 Nephi 4:12)
  595. Never hath man dwelt = (Jeremiah 2:6)/(Ether 2:5)
  596. Never weary of good works = (Alma 37:34)/(2 Thessalonians 3:13)
  597. New creatures = (Mosiah 27:26)/(II Corinthians 5:17)
  598. New heaven and new earth = (Revelation 21:1)/(2 Peter 3:13)/(Ether 13:9)/(Isaiah 65:17)
  599. New Jerusalem = (Revelation 21:2/3:12)/(Ether 13:3)
  600. Night where no work can be performed = (John 9:4)/(Alma 34:33)
  601. Nimrod the mighty hunter = (Ether 2:1)/(Genesis 10:8-9)
  602. No flesh is justified by the law = (2 Nephi 2:5)/(Romans 3:20)
  603. No hair of the head will be lost = (Alma 40:23)/(Acts 27:34)
  604. No law, no sin = (Romans 4:15)/(2 Nephi 2:13)
  605. No more confounded = (Isaiah 45:17)/(Moroni 10:31)
  606. No other name under heaven where salvation can come = (Acts 4:12)/(Mosiah 5:8)
  607. No respect of persons = (Alma 1:30)/(1 Peter 1:17)/(2 Chronicles 19:7)
  608. No unclean thing can enter = (2 Chronicles 23:19)/(Alma 11:37)
  609. None effect = (Alma 12:26)/(Mark 7:13)
  610. None that doeth good = (Jacob 5:32)/(Psalms 14:3)/(Moroni 10:25)
  611. None could/to deliver them = (Alma 36:2)/(Psalm 71:11)
  612. None to bury them = (Psalm 79:3)/(Ether 14:22)
  613. North countries = (Ether 13:11)/(Jeremiah 23:8)
  614. Not a few = (Isaiah 10:7/2 Nephi 20:7)/(Alma 17:34)
  615. Not be afraid of ten thousands of people = (1 Nephi 4:1)/(Psalm 3:6)
  616. Not cumber the ground = (Jacob 5:9)/(Luke 13:7)
  617. Not for me are against me = (2 Nephi 10:16)/(Luke 11:23)
  618. Not knowing what to do = (1 Nephi 4:6)/(Hebrews 11:8)
  619. Not pleasing to men, but to God = (1 Thessalonians 2:4)/(1 Nephi 6:5)
  620. Nothing doubting = (Acts 11:12)/(Ether 3:19)
  621. Now I know of a surety = (1 Nephi 5:8)/(Acts 12:11)
  622. Now is the day of salvation = (II Corinthians 6:2)/(Alma 34:31)
  623. Number the people = (2 Samuel 24:2)/(Ether 6:19)
  624. Nurture and admonition of the Lord = (Enos 1:1)/(Ephesians 6:4)
  625. O daughter of Zion = (Isaiah 52:2)/(Moroni 10:31)/(Isaiah 16:1)
  626. O wretched man that I am = (2 Nephi 4:17)/(Romans 7:24)
  627. Oath and a curse = (Nehemiah 5:13/10:29)/(Alma 46:22)
  628. Obtain political power through flattery = (Daniel 11:21, 32)/(Alma 46:7)
  629. Oh that I could have my wish = (Job 6:8)/(Alma 29:1)
  630. Old serpent = (2 Nephi 2:18)/(Revelation 12:9)
  631. Old things pass away; all things become new = (2 Corinthians 5:17)/(Ether 13:9)
  632. One body = (Jacob 5:74)/(Ephesians 4:4)
  633. One faith and one baptism = (Mosiah 18:21)/(Ephesians 4:5)
  634. One heart = (2 Nephi 1:21)/(Ezekiel 11:19)
  635. One mind = (Phillipians 2:2)/(2 Nephi 1:21)
  636. Only begotten of the Father = (Alma 9:26)/(John 1:14)
  637. Ordained elders in the church = (Alma 6:1)/(Acts 14:23)
  638. Other sheep I have which are not of this fold = (John 10:16)/(3 Nephi 15:17)
  639. Out of obscurity = (2 Nephi 1:23)/(Isaiah 29:18)
  640. Outer darkness, weeping and gnashing = (Alma 40:13)/(Matthew 22:13)
  641. Pains of hell = (Psalm 116:3)/(Alma 26:13)/(Jacob 3:11)
  642. Paradise of God = (Revelation 2:7)/(Luke 23:43)/(2 Nephi 9:13)
  643. Partake of the heavenly gift = (Ether 12:8)/(Hebrews 6:4)
  644. Pass away like a dream = (Isaiah 29:7)/(Jacob 7:26)
  645. Past feeling = (1 Nephi 17:45)/(Ephesians 4:19)
  646. Path of righteousness = (2 Nephi 9:41)/(Psalm 23:3)
  647. People cried/answered with one voice = (Mosiah 5:2)/(Exodus 24:3)
  648. Perfect knowledge = (Job 37:16)/(2 Nephi 9:13)
  649. Perfect love casteth out fear (Moroni 8:16)/(1 John 4:18)
  650. Perverse and crooked generation/wicked and perverse generation = (Deut 32:5)/(Alma 31:24)/(Alma 9:8)/(Phil 2:15)
  651. Perverted the way = (2 Nephi 28:15)/(Jeremiah 3:21)
  652. Pit of Hell = (1 Nephi 14:3)/(Revelation 9:2)/(Psalm 7:15-16)
  653. Place of refuge = (Isaiah 4:6)/(Helaman 15:12)
  654. Plain path/road = (Psalms 27:11)/(2 Nephi 4:32)
  655. Plainness of speech = (2 Nephi 9:47)/(II Corinthians 3:12)
  656. Plead your cause = (Jacob 3:1)/(1 Samuel 24:15)
  657. Pollutions = (Mormon 8:31)/(Jeremiah 3:2)
  658. Pondered in my heart = (1 Nephi 11:1)/(Luke 2:19)
  659. Pour out my spirit = (Proverbs 1:23)/(Jacob 7:8)/(Mosiah 18:10)
  660. Pour out thy wrath = (Psalm 79:6)/(1 Nephi 14:15)/(Revelation 14:10)
  661. Power and authority = (Luke 4:36)/(Mosiah 18:26)
  662. Power and great glory = (1 Nephi 11:28)/(Mark 13:26)/(Psalms 63:2)
  663. Power in heaven and in earth = (Jacob 7:14)/(Matthew 28:18)
  664. Power of God = (2 Nephi 1:27)/(2 Timothy 1:8)
  665. Power of hell/heaven shall be shaken = (Alma 48:17)/(Matthew 24:29)
  666. Power of mine/the arm = (Jacob 2:25)/(Daniel 11:6)
  667. Power of the Holy Ghost = (Romans 15:13)/(1 Nephi 13:37)
  668. Power of the resurrection = (2 Nephi 9:6)/(Phillipians 3:10)
  669. Power to deliver = (Isaiah 50:2)/(2 Nephi 9:25)
  670. Pray and not faint = (Luke 18:1)/(2 Nephi 32:9)
  671. Pray continually without ceasing = (Alma 26:22)/(Romans 1:9)
  672. Pray in your closet = (Alma 34:26)/(Matthew 6:6)
  673. Pray to be seen of men = (Matthew 6:5)/(Alma 38:13)
  674. Prayer and supplication = (Alma 31:10)/(Acts 1:14)
  675. Preach to every creature = (Mormon 9:22)/(Mark 16:15)
  676. Prepare your hearts/minds = (2 Chronicles 19:3)/(3 Nephi 17:3)
  677. Prepareth a way to escape = (1 Corinthians 10:13)/(2 Nephi 9:10)
  678. Prick their hearts = (Jarom 1:12)/(Acts 2:37)
  679. Pride leads to contention = (Proverbs 13:10)/(Alma 4:9)
  680. Pride of your hearts = (Mormon 8:36)/(2 Chronicles 32:26)
  681. Prophet given a book to read = (1 Nephi 1:11-12)/(Ezekiel 2:8-9)
  682. The provocation = (Alma 12:36)/(Hebrews 3:8)/(Psalm 78:40)
  683. Pruning, digging, nourishing = (Jacob 5:4,64)/(Luke 13:8)/(Isaiah 5:6)
  684. Puffed up = (1 Corinthians 4:6)/(Alma 31:27)
  685. Pull down = (Jeremiah 1:10)/(Alma 60:36)
  686. Pure as he is pure = (Moroni 7:48)/(1 John 3:3)
  687. Pure heart and clean hands = (2 Nephi 25:16)/(Psalms 24:4)
  688. Pure/Purity (word of God) = (1 Nephi 13:25)/(Proverbs 30:5)
  689. Put away privily = (Matthew 1:19)/(Alma 14:3)
  690. Put in his heart (to teach) = (Exodus 35:34)/(Helaman 13:4-5)
  691. Put off the old/natural man = (Mosiah 3:19)/(Ephesians 4:22)
  692. The quick and the dead = (Moroni 10:34)/(2 Timothy 4:1)
  693. Raise up seed unto = (Mark 12:19)/(Jacob 2:30)
  694. Raise you up at the last day = (John 6:40)/(Alma 36:28)
  695. Read upon the house tops = (Matthew 10:27)/(Mormon 5:8)
  696. Reading sacred records to the people = (Nehemiah 9)/(Mosiah 25)
  697. Recommended to God = (Acts 14:26)/(Moroni 9:21)
  698. Reconciled to Christ = (2 Nephi 33:9)/(II Corinthians 5:18,20)
  699. Reign in his stead = (Ether 9:27)/(2 Kings 15:22)
  700. Remember the captivity of your fathers = (Alma 5:6)/(Deuteronomy 24:18)
  701. Remembered his covenant = (Psalms 105:8)/(2 Nephi 29:1)
  702. Remnant of house of Israel = (Jeremiah 31:7)/(Mormon 7:1)/(Isaiah 46:3)
  703. Remnant of Jacob = (Micah 5:7)/(Mormon 7:10)
  704. Remnant of Joseph = (Amos 5:15)/(Alma 46:24)
  705. Remove mountains = (Ether 12:30)/(Matthew 17:20)
  706. Repent and be baptized in name of Christ = (Acts 2:38)/(2 Nephi 9:23)
  707. The residue of men = (Moroni 7:32)/(Acts 15:17)
  708. Rest from sorrow = (Alma 40:12)/(Isaiah 14:3)
  709. Resurrection of the just and unjust = (Acts 24:15)/(Alma 12:8)
  710. Rewarded evil = (Alma 41:5)/(Psalm 109:5)
  711. A righteous branch = (Jeremiah 23:5)/(2 Nephi 3:5/9:53)
  712. Righteous will be righteous still; filthy will be filthy still = (2 Nephi 9:16)/(Revelation 22:11)
  713. Rise from the dust = (1 Samuel 2:8)/(2 Nephi 1:14)/(Isaiah 52:2)
  714. Rise no more = (Jeremiah 25:27)/(2 Nephi 9:7)
  715. Robe of righteousness = (2 Nephi 9:14)/(Isaiah 61:10)
  716. Rock of my Redeemer = (Helaman 5:12)/(Psalms 78:35)
  717. Rock of my salvation = (2 Nephi 9:45)/(Psalm 62:2)
  718. Rocks and mountains fall on us to hide us from the Lord = (Alma 12:14)/(Revelation 6:16)/(Hosea 10:8)/(Luke 23:30)
  719. Rocks rent = (1 Nephi 12:4)/(1 Nephi 19:12)/(Matthew 27:51)
  720. Rod of God = (1 Nephi 17:41)/(Job 21:9)/(Psalm 23:4)
  721. Rod of iron = (1 Nephi 8:19/11:24-25)/(Revelation 2:26-27)
  722. Rolled together as a scroll = (Mormon 9:2)/(Revelation 6:14)
  723. Rooted out = (Job 18:14)/(Alma 22:15)
  724. Ruler over you = (Deuteronomy 1:13)/(1 Nephi 2:22)/(1 Nephi 3:29)
  725. Run a race, win the prize = (Mosiah 4:27)/(1 Corinthians 9:24)
  726. Sackloth and ashes = (Mosiah 11:25)/(Daniel 9:3)
  727. Same yesterday, today, and forever = (2 Nephi 2:4)/(Hebrews 13:8)
  728. Sanctified by the Holy Ghost= (Romans 15:16)/(Alma 13:12)
  729. Sanctified in Christ = (1 Corinthians 1:2)/(Moroni 10:33)
  730. Satan can transform into angel of light = (2 Nephi 9:9)/(II Corinthians 11:14)
  731. Save them from their sins = (Matthew 1:21)/(Alma 5:27)
  732. Saved by grace (2 Nephi 10:24/25:23)/(Ephesians 2:8)
  733. Scales of darkness fell from his eyes = (2 Nephi 30:6)/(Acts 9:18)
  734. Scarlets = (Exodus 36:8)/(1 Nephi 13:8)
  735. Scattered upon all the face of the earth = (Ether 1:33)/(Genesis 11:9)
  736. Scourge unto you = (Joshua 23:13)/(1 Nephi 2:24)
  737. Seal you his = (Mosiah 5:15)/(II Corinthians 1:22)/(Alma 34:35)
  738. Seal up the vision = (Daniel 9:24)/(Revelation 22:10)/(1 Nephi 14:26)
  739. Searched diligently for salvation to come = (2 Nephi 9:4)/(1 Peter 1:10)
  740. Searched the scriptures = (Acts 17:11)/(Jacob 7:23)
  741. Second death = (Revelation 20:6)/(Jacob 3:11)/(Alma 12:32)
  742. See eye to eye = (Alma 36:26)/(Isaiah 52:8)
  743. See God face to face = (Ether 12:39)/(Genesis 32:30)
  744. See the salvation of the Lord = (1 Nephi 19:17)/(Exodus 14:13)/(2 Chronicles 20:17)
  745. Seek me diligently = (1 Nephi 2:19)/(Hebrews 11:6)
  746. Seek my life, to take it away = (1 Nephi 1:20)/(1 Kings 19:10)
  747. Seek the kingdom of God = (Matthew 6:33)/(Jacob 2:18)
  748. Seen and heard = (Mormon 1:1)/(Acts 4:20)
  749. Seers from old times = (Mosiah 28:16)/(1 Samuel 9:9)
  750. Sell themselves for naught = (2 Nephi 26:10)/(Psalm 44:12)
  751. Serpent beguiled = (2 Nephi 9:9)/(Genesis 3:13)
  752. Set his hand again a second time to restore/recover = (2 Nephi 25:17)/(Isaiah 11:11/2 Nephi 21:11)
  753. Set your hearts upon riches = (Psalm 62:10)/(Helaman 13:20)
  754. Shake my garments to rid myself of your blood = (2 Nephi 9:44)/(Acts 18:6)
  755. Shall be in danger of hell fire = (Mormon 8:17)/(Matthew 5:22)
  756. Shall wonder and perish = (Mormon 9:26)/(Acts 13:41)
  757. Sharpness = (2 Nephi 1:26)/(II Corinthians 13:10)
  758. Sheep which have no shepherd = (Numbers 27:17)/(Matthew 9:36)/(Alma 5:37)
  759. Shine forth [God] = (Deuteronomy 33:2)/(Alma 5:50)
  760. Shine like the sun in the kingdom of God = (Matthew 13:43)/(Alma 40:25)
  761. Sift you as wheat = (Luke 22:31)/(3 Nephi 18:18)
  762. A sign unto thee = (Exodus 13:9)/(Jacob 7:14)
  763. Sign of Christ’s death = (3 Nephi 11:2)/(Matthew 12:39-40)
  764. Signs and wonders = (Hebrews 2:4)/(Helaman 14:6)
  765. Signs shall follow them = (Mormon 9:24)/(Mark 16:17)
  766. Similitude of God = (James 3:9)/(Jacob 4:5)
  767. Sing praise to the name of God = (Psalm 7:17)/(Alma 26:8)
  768. Sins and iniquities = (Mosiah 18:1)/(Hebrews 10:17)
  769. Sins returned on your own head = (Obadiah 1:15)/(Jacob 3:10)
  770. Sit down on the right hand of God = (Moroni 7:27)/(Hebrews 10:12)
  771. Sit down with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob = (Alma 7:25)/(Matthew 8:11)
  772. Slay with a great slaughter = (Joshua 10:10)/(Alma 59:7)
  773. Small and great = (Revelation 11:18)/(Mormon 9:13)
  774. Smite with a rod = (Isaiah 30:31)/(1 Nephi 3:28)/(Exodus 21:20)
  775. Smite with the edge of the sword = (Alma 17:37)/(Joshua 10:30)/(Numbers 21:24)
  776. Smitten upon the cheek = (Job 16:10)/(Alma 14:15)
  777. Snare = (Alma 12:6)/(Psalm 106:35)/(2 Timothy 2:26)
  778. Space to repent = (Alma 12:24)/(Revelation 2:21)
  779. Speak as if I were present = (Mormon 8:35)/(2 Corinthians 13:2)
  780. Speak hard things = (1 Nephi 16:1)/(2 Nephi 9:40)/(Psalm 94:4)
  781. Spend strength with harlots/women = (Mosiah 12:29)/
  782. In spirit and truth = (Alma 34:38)/(John 4:24)
  783. The Spirit constraineth me = (Job 32:18)/(Alma 14:11)
  784. Spirit of Christ = (Moroni 7:16)/(Romans 8:9)
  785. Spirit of God dwell in you = (Romans 8:9)/(Alma 7:5)
  786. Spirit of power = (2 Nephi 3:5)/(I Corinthians 2:4)
  787. Spirit of prophecy = (Revelation 19:10)/(2 Nephi 25:4)/(Jacob 4:6)
  788. Spirit of truth = (John 16:13)/(Alma 30:46)
  789. The Spirit of the Lord is upon me = (Luke 4:18)/(Mosiah 13:5)
  790. Spirit shall not always strive with man = (2 Nephi 26:11)/(Genesis 6:3)
  791. Spirit which giveth utterance = (2 Nephi 28:4)/(Acts 2:4)
  792. Spirit/Word hath no place in you = (2 Nephi 33:2)/(John 8:37)
  793. Spiritual body = (Alma 11:45)/(I Corinthians 15:44)
  794. Spiritual law = (Romans 7:14)/(2 Nephi 2:5)
  795. Springing up unto everlasting life [tree/water] = (John 4:14)/(Alma 32:41)
  796. So great faith I have not found in Israel = (Matthew 8:10)/(3 Nephi 19:35)
  797. Son of God = (Alma 33:17)/(Revelation 2:18)
  798. Son of perdition = (John 17:12)/(3 Nephi 27:32)
  799. Son of Righteousness = (Malachi 4:2)/(Ether 9:22)
  800. Son of the living God = (Mormon 5:14)/(Matthew 16:16)
  801. Sons of God = (Phillipians 2:15)/(Moroni 7:26)
  802. Sorrow of heart = (Helaman 7:14)/(Lamentations 3:65)
  803. Sorrowful/Grieved unto death = (Moroni 9:25)/(Mark 14:34)
  804. Souls are precious = (Alma 31:35)/(Psalm 49:8)
  805. Stand before God = (Revelation 20:12)/(1 Nephi 15:33)
  806. Stand fast in liberty that made you free = (Mosiah 23:13)/(Galatians 5:1)
  807. Stand with brightness = (2 Nephi 9:44)/(Ezekiel 28:7,17)
  808. A standard in the camp = (Numbers 10:14)/(Alma 62:4-5)
  809. Stars in the firmament = (1 Nephi 1:10)/(Genesis 1:14)
  810. Steadfast and immovable = (1 Nephi 2:10)/(Mosiah 5:15)/(1 Corinthians 15:58)
  811. Steadfast in the faith = (Mosiah 4:11)/(1 Peter 5:9)
  812. Steal the hearts = (2 Samuel 15:6)/(Alma 39:4)/(Alma 31:22)
  813. Stealing women for wives while they dance = (Judges 21:21)/(Mosiah 20:1-5)
  814. Stiffnecked people = (Deuteronomy 9:6)/(Alma 37:10)
  815. Still small voice = (1 Nephi 17:45)/(1 Kings 19:12)
  816. Stir you up to remembrance = (1 Nephi 2:24)/(II Peter 3:1)
  817. Stone which builders rejected = (Jacob 4:15-16)/(Psalm 118:22)/(Matthew 21:42)
  818. Strait is the gate, narrow is the way = (3 Nephi 27:33)/(Matthew 7:14)/(Luke 13:24)/(Jacob 6:11)
  819. Strength and wisdom = (Isaiah 10:13)/(Alma 39:2)
  820. Strength slacken because of iniquity = (2 Nephi 4:26)/(Psalms 31:10)
  821. Strength in weakness = (Ether 12:26-27)/(II Corinthians 12:9-10)
  822. Strength of the Lord = (Psalm 71:16)/(3 Nephi 4:10)
  823. Strengthen them in the Lord = (Zechariah 10:12)/(Alma 15:18)
  824. Strengthen thy stakes = (Isaiah 54:2)/(Moroni 10:31)
  825. Stretch forth your hand = (Acts 26:1)/(Mosiah 12:2)
  826. Stretched out my hands = (Psalms 88:9)/(Jacob 6:4)
  827. Stricken in years = (1 Nephi 18:17)/(Joshua 13:1)
  828. Strongholds = (Judges 6:2)/(2 Samuel 5:7)/(Alma 50:6)
  829. Stumble/tremble that he should fall = (Romans 11:11)/(2 Nephi 28:28)
  830. Stumblingblocks = (1 Nephi 14:1)/(1 Corinthians 1:23)
  831. [Earth] Swallowed up = (2 Nephi 26:5)/(Lamentations 2:2)/(Exodus 15:12)/(Deuteronomy 11:6)
  832. Swear in my wrath = (Hebrews 4:3)/(Jacob 1:7)
  833. Swear unto their fathers to have the land = (Deuteronomy 31:7)/(2 Nephi 1:5)
  834. Sword, famine, and pestilence = (Jeremiah 34:17)/(Alma 10:22)
  835. Sword of the Lord = (Alma 54:6)/(3 Nephi 2:19)/(Judges 7:18)
  836. Subtlety [of the devil] = (Alma 12:4)/(II Corinthians 11:3)
  837. Succor his people = (Alma 7:12)/(Hebrews 2:18)
  838. Sun scorcheth the plant; it withers and dies = (Matthew 13:6)/(Alma 32:38)
  839. Take away their talent = (Ether 12:35)/(Matthew 25:28)
  840. Take no thought what you should eat = (Alma 31:37)/(Matthew 6:25)
  841. Taken away by the Spirit = (Acts 8:39)/(Helaman 10:16)
  842. Taken up into a cloud = (Acts 1:9)/(3 Nephi 18:38-39)
  843. Taste of the goodness of the Lord = (Mormon 1:15)/(Psalm 34:8)
  844. Taste of death = (Ether 12:17)/(Hebrews 2:9)/(Luke 9:27)
  845. Tax of 1/5 = (Genesis 47:24)/(Mosiah 11:3)
  846. Tempt God = (Deuteronomy 6:16)/(Alma 30:44)
  847. Tender and delicate [women] = (Isaiah 47:1)/(Jacob 2:7)
  848. Testimony against them = (Mosiah 17:10)/(Luke 9:5)
  849. That great city = (Jonah 1:2)/(1 Nephi 2:13)/(Revelation 17:18)
  850. That I am = (Ether 4:12)/(Exodus 3:14)
  851. That I may prove them = (Exodus 16:4)/(Ether 12:35)
  852. That they might accuse him = (Luke 11:54)/(Mosiah 12:19)
  853. Then cometh [the season and] the end = (1 Corinthians 15:24)/(Jacob 5:77)
  854. They are the gods among us = (Alma 18:4)/(Acts 14:11)
  855. They are more righteous than you = (Ezekiel 16:52)/(Jacob 3:5)
  856. They have become like a rock/flint = (2 Nephi 5:21)/(Jeremiah 5:3)/(Ezekiel 3:9)
  857. They would have repented if they saw your miracles = (2 Nephi 10:4)/(Matthew 11:21)
  858. The things which the Lord hath commanded = (Levitus 17:2)/(1 Nephi 3:7)
  859. This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased = (Matthew 17:5)/(3 Nephi 11:7)
  860. Thou art holy = (Psalm 22:3)/(Alma 31:15)
  861. Thou art my firstborn = (Genesis 49:3)/(2 Nephi 2:1)
  862. Thou hast loved the world = (Ether 12:33)/(John 3:16)
  863. Thou shalt see greater things than these = (Helaman 14:28)/(John 1:50)
  864. Thoughts and intents of the heart = (Hebrews 4:12)/(Alma 18:32)
  865. Three days of darkness/vapor of darkness = (3 Nephi 8:20/10:10)/(Exodus 10:21-23)
  866. Thrust down to hell = (2 Nephi 9:34)/(Luke 10:15)
  867. Thrust hands in my side/feel prints of the nails = (3 Nephi 11:14)/(John 20:25-27)
  868. Thunderings and lightnings = (Exodus 20:18)/(1 Nephi 19:11)
  869. Thus saith the Lord = (Jeremiah 36:29)/(Helaman 13:8)
  870. Thy faith hath made thee whole = (Enos 1:8)/(Luke 8:48)
  871. Time appointed unto man = (Job 7:1)/(Alma 40:10/42:4/12:28)
  872. Time/days of tribulation = (Judges 10:14)/(2 Nephi 2:1)
  873. Time was lengthened = (Deuteronomy 25:15)/(2 Nephi 2:21)
  874. Tongue of angels = (2 Nephi 32:2)/(1 Corinthians 13:1)
  875. Top of the mountain = (1 Nephi 16:30)/(Ezekiel 6:13)
  876. Tossed about/to and fro = (Ephesians 4:14)/(Mormon 5:18)/(2 Nephi 6:11)
  877. [Even] to the ends of the earth = (Jeremiah 25:31)/(Mormon 9:21)
  878. To this day = (Joshua 4:9)/(Alma 25:9)
  879. Towers = (2 Chronicles 26:9)/(Alma 50:4)
  880. Tradition of your fathers = (1 Peter 1:18)/(Mosiah 10:12)
  881. Trample God under foot = (1 Nephi 19:7)/(Hebrews 10:29)
  882. Treated as angels of God = (Alma 27:4)/(Galatians 4:14)
  883. Tree planted by river of water = (1 Nephi 8:13, 20)/(Psalm 1:3)/(Jeremiah 17:8)
  884. Tree of life = (1 Nephi 15:22)/(Revelation 2:7)/(Proverbs 3:13-18)
  885. Tree [eat from] = (1 Nephi 8:10/11:22)/(Revelation 2:7)
  886. Tree waxes old = (Job 14:8)/(Jacob 5:3)
  887. Trial of your faith = (Ether 12:6)/(I Peter 1:7)
  888. Tribe of Manasseh lives in Jerusalem = (Alma 10:3)/(1 Chronicles 9:3)
  889. Trodden under foot = (Alma 46:22)/(Lamentations 1:15)
  890. True and faithful = (Revelation 21:5)/(2 Nephi 31:15)
  891. True vine = (1 Nephi 15:15)/(John 15:1)
  892. True and living God = (Alma 11:27)/(Jeremiah 10:10)
  893. Trump of God = (Alma 29:1)/(I Thessalonians 4:16)
  894. Trust in God = (Psalm 4:5)/(Alma 36:3)
  895. Truth and righteousness = (Zechariah 8:8)/(Alma 38:9)/(Psalms 19:9)
  896. Truth and soberness = (Mosiah 4:15)/(Acts 26:25)
  897. Truth which is in God/the Lamb/Christ = (1 Nephi 13:24,25)/(1 Tim 2:7)
  898. Turn aside = (1 Nephi 19:13-15)/(Deuteronomy 9:12)/(Lamentations 3:11)
  899. Turn away from your sins = (2 Nephi 9:45)/(Acts 3:26)
  900. Turn his anger away = (Alma 8:29)/(Psalm 78:38)
  901. Turn to the Lord [with all your heart]= (Acts 11:21)/(2 Chronicles 30:6)/(Jeremiah 3:10)/(Mosiah 7:33)
  902. Turn to the right hand or to the left = (Genesis 24:49)/(Alma 24:23)
  903. Twelve apostles will judge the twelve tribes = (1 Nephi 12:9)/(Matthew 19:28)
  904. Two or three witnesses = (Ether 5:4)/(Matthew 18:16)
  905. Type and a shadow = (Mosiah 13:10)/(Hebrews 8:5)
  906. Uncircumcised of heart = (2 Nephi 9:33)/(Jeremiah 9:26)
  907. Unprofitable servants = (Luke 17:10)/(Mosiah 2:21)
  908. Unquenchable fire = (Luke 3:17)/(Mormon 9:5)
  909. Unsearchable = (Psalms 145:3)/(Romans 11:33)/(Job 5:9)/(Jacob 4:8)
  910. Unspeakable words = (3 Nephi 19:34/26:18)/(2 Corinthians 12:4)
  911. Utterly destroyed = (Isaiah 34:2)/(Moroni 9:22)
  912. Vain and foolish = (Lamentations 2:14)/(Helaman 16:22)
  913. Veil taken away/off = (Ether 3:6)/(II Corinthians 3:16)
  914. Vengeance is mine; I will repay = (Mormon 3:15)/(Romans 12:19)
  915. Verily, verily, I say unto you = (3 Nephi 16:1)/(John 3:11)
  916. Vineyard of the Lord = (Jacob 5:3)/(Isaiah 5:7)/(Matt 20:1)
  917. [Prophets have] visions and dreams = (1 Nephi 8:36)/(Numbers 12:6)
  918. Visions drain the physical body = (1 Nephi 1:7/17:47)/(Daniel 10:8)
  919. Visit in his anger = (Alma 33:10)/(Job 35:15)
  920. Visit their sins = (Amos 3:14)/(Mosiah 11:22/12:1)
  921. [God will] visit you = (Genesis 50:24)/(1 Nephi 2:16)
  922. Visitation = (2 Nephi 1:12)/(Micah 7:4)
  923. Voice like a trumpet = (Revelation 4:1)/(Alma 29:1)
  924. Voice of the Lord = (Jeremiah 38:20)/(Helaman 13:3)
  925. Voice of thunder = (1 Nephi 17:45)/(Psalms 77:18)
  926. Wait for the Lord = (2 Nephi 6:13)/(Psalm 27:14/37:7)
  927. Walk blameless = (Alma 7:22)/(Luke 1:6)
  928. Walk circumspectly = (Helaman 15:5)/(Ephesians 5:15)
  929. Walk humbly = (Micah 6:8)/(Ether 6:30)
  930. Walk in his paths = (Micah 4:2)/(Alma 7:9)
  931. Walk in his ways and keep his commandments = (Mosiah 23:14)/(1 Kings 2:3)/(Isaiah 42:24)
  932. Walk in the ways of his father = (Mosiah 11:1)/(2 Chronicles 20:32)
  933. Walk in truth = (2 John 1:4)/(Helaman 6:34)/(Psalm 86:11)
  934. Walk in wisdom/wisdom’s paths = (Colossians 4:5)/(Helaman 12:5)
  935. Walk uprightly = (1 Nephi 16:3)/(Psalms 15:2)/(Proverbs 28:18)
  936. Wanderers in a strange land = (Alma 26:36)/(Exodus 2:22)
  937. Wandering from house to house = (1 Timothy 5:13)/(Alma 30:58)
  938. War a good warfare = (Alma 1:1)/(I Timothy 1:18)
  939. Wars and rumors of wars = (1 Nephi 12:2)/(Matthew 24:6)
  940. Waste away and die = (2 Nephi 9:4)/(Job 14:10)
  941. Water my couch/pillow with tears = (2 Nephi 33:3)/(Psalm 6:6)
  942. Take waters of life freely = (Alma 42:27)/(Revelation 22:17)
  943. Waters which run continually = (1 Nephi 2:9)/(Psalm 58:7)
  944. Way of man = (Jeremiah 10:23)/(Mormon 2:18)
  945. Way of righteousness = (Matthew 21:32)/(2 Nephi 1:19)
  946. We are dust = (Psalm 103:14)/(Mosiah 2:25)
  947. We are subject unto Christ = (2 Nephi 9:5)/(Hebrews 2:8)
  948. We will not have him to rule over us = (1 Nephi 18:10)/(Luke 19:14)
  949. Weep and howl = (James 5:1)/(Helaman 13:32)
  950. What seest thou? = (Jeremiah 1:11-13/24:3)/(1 Nephi 11:2,10,14)
  951. What sin have we committed? = (Mosiah 12:13)/(Jeremiah 16:10)
  952. Where no man dwells = (Job 38:26)/(Ether 2:5)
  953. Where the wind listeth = (Alma 26:6)/(John 3:8)
  954. Whether in or out of the body, I cannot tell = (3 Nephi 28:15)/(2 Corinthians 12:3)
  955. Whether they be good or evil = (Mosiah 3:24)/(II Corinthians 5:10)
  956. Which is, which was, which is to come = (Mosiah 3:5, 18, 19)/(Revelation 1:4,8,19)
  957. White as snow = (1 Nephi 11:8)/(Mark 9:3)/(Isaiah 1:18)
  958. Who can stand before his armies? = (Ether 14:18)/(Deuteronomy 9:2)
  959. Whoever touches me will wither = (1 Kings 13:4)/(1 Nephi 17:48)
  960. Who is God? = (Alma 9:6)/(Exodus 5:2)
  961. Who shall declare his generation? = (Mosiah 14:7-8)/(Isaiah 53)/(Acts 8:32-33)
  962. The whole need no physician/call sinners to repentance = (Mark 2:17)/(Moroni 8:8)
  963. Whore of the earth = (1 Nephi 14:10-11)/(Revelation 17:1)
  964. Why hast thou/he forsaken you/me = (Helaman 7:17)/(Psalm 22:1)
  965. Why persecutest thou me/the church of God? = (Acts 26:14)/(Mosiah 27:13)
  966. Why will ye die? = (Jacob 6:6)/(Jeremiah 27:13)
  967. Wicked will be taken in a whirlwind = (Psalm 58:9)/(3 Nephi 8:16)
  968. Wild fruit = (Isaiah 5:2)/(Jacob 5:25)
  969. Wild olive tree = (Jacob 5:7,9)/(Romans 11:17,24)
  970. Wisdom [feminine noun] = (Luke 7:35)/(Mosiah 8:20)
  971. Wisdom is foolishness = (2 Nephi 9:28)/(1 Corinthians 3:19)
  972. Wisdom of God = (2 Nephi 9:8)/(1 Kings 3:28)
  973. Wisdom of the world = (Alma 2:1)/(1 Corinthians 1:20)
  974. Wise and the prudent = (2 Nephi 9:43)/(1 Corinthians 1:19)
  975. With our might = (Mormon 2:4)/(Ecclesiastes 9:10)
  976. Without God in the world = (Mosiah 27:31)/(Ephesians 2:12)
  977. Without spot = (Moroni 10:33)/(Job 11:15)
  978. Wo, wo, wo = (Revelation 8:13)/(2 Nephi 28:15)
  979. Woe to you who are at ease in Zion = (Amos 6:1)/(2 Nephi 28:24)
  980. Wonder and amazement = (Acts 3:10)/(Mosiah 25:7)
  981. Word gone forth out of his mouth = (2 Nephi 9:17)/(Isaiah 45:23)
  982. Word of God is quick and powerful = (Hebrews 4:12)/(Helaman 3:29)
  983. Word of his power/Power of his word = (Hebrews 1:3)/(Alma 5:5)
  984. Word of truth = (2 Timothy 2:15)/(Alma 38:9)
  985. Word planted in your hearts = (Alma 34:4)/(Mark 4:15)
  986. Words will condemn us = (Alma 12:14)/(Matthew 12:37)
  987. Work all manner of work = (Exodus 35:35)/(Ether 10:23)
  988. Work out your salvation with fear before God = (Phillipians 2:12)/(Alma 34:37)
  989. Work righteousness = (Alma 13:10)/(Psalm 15:2)
  990. Worker of iniquity = (Alma 5:32)/(Psalms 5:5)
  991. Their works do follow them = (3 Nephi 27:12)/(Revelation 14:13)
  992. Works of darkness = (Ephesians 5:11)/(2 Nephi 9:9)
  993. Works of his hands = (Jacob 4:9)/(Job 10:3)
  994. Would have all men to be saved = (1 Timothy 2:4)/(Helaman 12:25)
  995. Wounded soul = (Job 24:12)/(Jacob 2:8)
  996. Wrest the scriptures = (Psalms 56:5)/(Alma 13:20)/(2 Peter 3:16)
  997. Writing on wall written by the finger of God = (Alma 10:2)/(Daniel 5:5)
  998. Written in your hearts = (Mosiah 13:11)/(Proverbs 7:3)/(Hebrews 8:10)
  999. Yoke of bondage = (Mosiah 21:13)/(Galatians 5:1)
  1000. Yoke of iron = (1 Nephi 13:5)/(Jeremiah 28:14)
  1001. Young and tender = (Jacob 5:4,6)/(Ezekiel 17:22)/(1 Chronicles 22:5)
  1002. Young lion will tear the gentiles to piece = (3 Nephi 20:16)/(Micah 5:8)

The Koran and the Book of Mormon: Similarities in Content and Doctrine (Part II)

(Disclaimer: I know little about the Muslim faith or the historical context of the Koran. This post is based on my personal reading of the Koran and the Book of Mormon.)

The following is part II of a larger list of doctrinal and content similarities between the Koran and the Book of Mormon. These similarities are not presented in any particular order and I do not attempt to make any conclusions about the significance or insignificance of the similarities.

1. The sacred book will be revealed to an uneducated man.

“Say to them: O men! Verily I am God’s apostle to you all; Whose is the kingdom of the Heavens and of the Earth! There is no God but He! He maketh alive and killeth! Therefore believe on God, and his Apostle– the unlettered Prophet– who believeth in God and his word. And follow him that ye may be guided aright.” (Sura 7:158)

“Wherefore it shall come to pass, that the Lord God will deliver again the book and the words thereof to him that is not learned; and the man that is not learned shall say; I am not learned. Then shall the Lord God say unto him: The learned shall not read them, for they have rejected them, and I am able to do mine own work; wherefore thou shalt read the words which I shall give unto thee.” (2 Nephi 27:19-20)

2. God can give small armies power over large armies

“And when they had passed it, he and those who believed with him, the former said, ‘We have no strength this day against (Djalout) Goliath and his forces:’ But they who held it as certain that they must meet God, said, ‘How oft, by God’s will, hath a small host vanquished a numerous host! and God is with the steadfastly enduring.” (Sura 2:250)

“Laman and Lemuel again began to murmur, saying: How is it possible that the Lord will deliver Laban into our hands? Behold, he is a mighty man, and he can command fifty, yea, even he can slay fifty; then why not us? And it came to pass that I spake unto my brethren, saying: Let us go up again unto Jerusalem, and let us be faithful in keeping the commandments of the Lord; for behold, he is mightier than all the earth, then why not mightier than Laban and his fifty, yea, or even than his tens of thousands?” (1 Nephi 3:31-1 Nephi 4:1)

3. Believers are commanded to fast.

“O believers! a Fast is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may fear God…” (Sura 2:179)

“Nevertheless the children of God were commanded that they should gather themselves together oft, and join in fasting and mighty prayer in behalf of the welfare of the souls of those who knew not God.” (Alma 6:6)

4. Believers must be patient in their afflictions.

“Who observeth prayer, and payeth the legal alms, and who is of those who are faithful to their engagements when they have engaged in them, and patient under ills and hardships, and in time of trouble: these are they who are just, and these are they who fear the Lord.” (Sura 2:172)

“Now when our hearts were depressed, and we were about to turn back, behold, the Lord comforted us, and said: Go amongst thy brethren, the Lamanites, and bear with patience thine afflictions, and I will give unto you success.” (Alma 26:27)

5. We will be judged by our works

“On a certain day shall every soul come to plead for itself, and every soul shall be repaid according to its deeds; and they shall not be wronged.” (Sura 16:112)

“And it came to pass that I said unto them that it was a representation of things both temporal and spiritual; for the day should come that they must be judged of their works, yea, even the works which were done by the temporal body in their days of probation.” (1 Nephi 15:32)

6. Give alms, but do so judiciously

“And to him who is of kin render his due, and also to the poor and to the wayfarer…But if thou turn away from them, while thou thyself seekest boons from thy Lord for which thou hopest, at least speak to them with kindly speech: and let not thy hand be tied up to the neck; nor yet open it with all openness, lest thou sit thee down in rebuke, in beggary.” (Sura 17:28-32)

“For behold, are we not all beggars? Do we not all depend upon the same Being, even God, for all the substance which we have…all you who deny the beggar, because ye have not; I would that ye say in your hearts that: I give not because I have not, but if I had I would give…I would that ye should impart of your substance to the poor, every man according to that which he hath…And see that all these things are done in wisdom and order; for it is not requisite that a man should run faster than he has strength.” (Mosiah 4:19, 24-27)

7. Satan is the source of contentions

“Enjoin my servants to speak in kindly sort: Verily Satan would stir up strifes among them, for Satan is man’s avowed foe.” (Sura 17:55)

“For verily, verily I say unto you, he that hath the spirit of contention is not of me, but is of the devil, who is the father of contention, and he stirreth up the hearts of men to contend with anger, one with another.” (3 Nephi 11:29)

8. The sacred books speak in direct language to be easy to understand

“Praise be to God, who hath sent down the Book to his servant, and hath not made it torturous, but direct; that it may warn of a grievous woe from him, and announce to the faithful who do the things that are right, that a goodly reward, wherein they shall abide for ever, awaiteth them” (Sura 18:1-2)

“For my soul delighteth in plainness; for after this manner doth the Lord God work among the children of men. For the Lord God giveth light unto the understanding; for he speaketh unto men according to their language, unto their understanding.” (2 Nephi 31:3)

Further Arguments Against View of the Hebrews as Source Material for the Book of Mormon

Most of what is used as evidence in “View of the Hebrews” (VOTH) is not new material. Ethan Smith bases almost all of his assertions off of previously published materials. A list of cited authors can be found just after the table of contents on page 6. There are at least 48 authors who are cited thoughout VOTH, and many more not included in the table of contents. The point of listing all of these outside sources cited by Ethan Smith is to show that it is extremely difficult to suggest that Joseph Smith used VOTH as a source of inspiration for writing the Book of Mormon (BOM). If VOTH never existed, it could still be argued that Joseph Smith borrowed ideas from any of the other 40+ sources cited in VOTH. Once multiple source materials show that the same ideas and information have been circulated for decades, then the argument that any one document served as inspiration for another work of literature falls apart. I will be referring to the VOTH found in http://www.thechristianidentityforum.net/downloads/View-America.pdf

Below is a list of authors cited in VOTH. This list is found after the table of contents. Many of these authors argue that the Native Americans are the lost ten tribes of Israel, and many of these authors provide evidence of Hebrew origins found in Native American traditions:

“Adair, 80,84,88,89,92,95,98.

Archaelogia Americana, page

Bartram, 113,123-125.

Beatty, 96,98,116,119.

Boudinot, 87,91,93,96,98,100.

Buttrick , 130.

Carver, 123,154.

Casas, 176.

Chapman, 123,157.

Charlevoix, 85,174.

Clavigero, 116.

Colden, 94,109.

Columbus, 132.

Commissioners, 137.

Cushman, 105,174.

Dodge & Blight, 104. 174, 175.

Don Alonzo de Erici lla, 158.

Edwards, 86,89,162.

Esdras, 74.

Frey , 118.

Giddings, 88,102.

Gook in, 107.

Hebard, 101. 154.

Heckewelder, 107. Some of his

arguments, 147-

Herman, 140. 112,116,121,123.

Humboldt, 177.

Hunter, 162 188.

Hutchinson, 93,174.

Immanuel de M oraez, 97.

Jarvis, 79,116,120,123-125,133,134.

Lewis & Clark, 106,124.

Long, 141,160.

M’ Kenzie, 97,114,115, 138.

Mather, 127.

Melverda & Acasta, 162.

Morse, 91,126,142.

Occum, 106.

Pedro de Cicca, 88.

Penn, 107,174.

Pixley, 111,113,130.

Pratz, 87,175.

Robertson, 153.

Sauard, 92.

Schoolcraft, 145.

Smith, (C ol.) 117,126,134,136.

Ulloa, 83.

Williams, (Roger) 107

Williams, 88,101,110,114”

To gain a better understanding of just how heavily Ethan Smith relies on previously published works, here are just a few examples of how he cites other works in VOTH:

“Manasses Ben Israel, in a work entitled “The Hope of Israel,” has written to show that the American Indians are the ten tribes of Israel.” (p. 33) [p. 81]

“The main pillar of his evidence is James Adair, Esq. Mr. Adair was a man of established character, as appears from good authority. He lived a trader among the Indians, in the south of North America, for forty years. He left them and returned to England in 1774, and there published his “History of the American Indians;” and his reason for being persuaded that they are the ten tribes of Israel.” (p. 33)

“Mr. Adair gives his opinion that the ten tribes, soon after their banishment from the land of Israel, left Media, and reached this continent from the north-west, probably before the carrying away of the Jews of Babylon.” (p. 33) [p. 81]

“In the “Star in the West,” published by the Hon. Elias Boudinot, LL. D. upon this subject, that venerable man says; “The writer of these sheets has made a free use of Mr. Adair’s history of the Indians; which renders it necessary that something further should be said of him. Sometime about the year 1774, Mr. Adair came to Elizabethtown, (where the writer lived,) with his manuscript…” (P. 34) [p. 84]

“Mr. Adair expresses the same opinion; and the Indians have their tradition, that in the nation from which they originally came, all were one colour” (p. 36) [p. 88]

“Du Pratz says, in his history of Louisiania [sic], “The nations of North America derived their origin from the same country, since at bottom they all have the same manners and usages, and the same manner of speaking and thinking.” (p. 36) [p. 88]

“In the course of their remarks they add; ‘To the testimonies here adduced by Doctor Jarvis, (i.e. that the Indians are the ten tribes of Israel,) might have been added several of our New England historians, from the first settlement of the country.’ Some they proceed to mention; and then add, that the Rev. Messrs. Samuel Sewall, fellow of Harvard College, and Samuel Willard, vice president of the same, were of opinion, that “the Indians are the descendants of Israel.” Doct. Jarvis notes this as an hypothesis, which has been a favorite topic with European writers; and as a subject, to which it is hoped the Americans may be said to be waking up at last.” (p. 32) [p. 80-81]

“Doctor Williams, in his history of Vermont says; ‘In whatever manner this part of the earth was peopled, the Indians appear to have been the most ancient, or the original men of America. They had spread over the whole continent, from the fiftieth degree of north latitude, to the southern extremity of Cape Horn. And these men every w here appeared to be the same race or kind of people. In every part of the continent, the Indians marked with a similarity of colour, features, and every circumstance of external appearance. Pedro de Cicca de Leon, one of the conquerors of Peru, and who had travelled [sic] through many provinces of America, says of the Indians; ‘The people, men and women, although there are such a multitude of tribes or nations, in such diversities of climates, appear nevertheless like the children of one father and mother.’” (p. 36) [p. 88-89]

“Their language appears clearly to be Hebrew. In this, Doctor Edwards, Mr. Adair, and others were agreed. Doctor Edwards, after having a good acquaintance with their language, gave his reasons for believing it to have been originally Hebrew. Both, he remarks, are found without prepositions, and are formed with prefixes and suffixes; a thing probably known to no other language” (p. 36) [p. 89]

“Mr. Faber remarks; “They (the Indians) call the lightning and thunder, Eloha; and its rumbling, Rowah, which may not improperly be deduced from the Hebrew word Ruach, a name of the third person of the Holy Trinity, originally signifying, the air in motion , or a rushing wind.” Who can doubt but their name of thunder, Eloha, is derived from a Hebrew name of God, Elohim?” (p. 38) [p. 93]

“Bartram informs; ‘We arrived at the Apalachnela town, in the Creek nation. This is esteemed the mother town sacred to peace. No captives are put to death, nor human blood spilt here.’” (p. 46) [p. 113]

“In the Archaeologia Americana, containing Transaction s and Collections of the American Antiquarian Society,’ published at Worcester, Mass. in 1820; are found antiquities of the people who formerly inhabited the western part of the United States.’ Of some of these I shall give a concise view, as additional arguments in favour of my theory…” (p. 76) [p. 188-189]

“The celebrated William Penn gives accounts of the natives of Pennsylvania, which go to corroborate the same point. Mr. Penn saw the Indians of Pennsylvania, before they had been affected with the rude treatment of the white people. And in a letter to a friend in England he thus writes of those natives; ‘I found them with like countenances with the Hebrew race; and their children of so lively a resemblance to them, that a man would think himself in Duke’s place, or Barry street in London, when he sees them.’” (p. 44) [p. 108]

There are many more authors and citations that I could list, but a brief perusal of VOTH by the reader would provide evidence enough that VOTH is hardly the first nor the last publication to provide information that is vaguely similar to the BOM. This is important information for believers of the Book of Mormon because it shows that broad parallels can be drawn between many different works of literature, and yet two works with somewhat similar (and contradictory) assertions can exist together coincidentally.

Exaggerated Similarities between View of the Hebrews and the Book of Mormon (Part V)

SIMILARITY #6:  A SACRED BOOK LOST OR BURIED BY THE NATIVE AMERICANS

This similarity, like the others, fails to account for the complexity of the Book of Mormon and the contradictions between the two works. VOTH claims that the Native American tradition about a sacred book that was taken from them is similar to the Lost Tribes of Israel being exiled and fulfilling the prophecy of Amos 8:11-12. The BOM claims that the Nephites had brass plates that contained the writings of the prophets up until the reign of Zedekiah and were used to preserve the commandments of God and preserve the language of the people while in the Americas. I will now give a more in-depth analysis of the differences between the two works to show that Joseph Smith did not copy Ethan Smith’s work.

VOTH states:“Doctor Boudinot gives it as from good authority, that the Indians have a tradition ‘that the book which the white people have was once theirs. That while they had this book things went well with them; they prospered exceedingly; but that other people got it from them; that the Indians lost their credit; offended the Great Spirit, and suffered exceedingly from the neighboring nations; and that the Great Spirit then took pity on them, and directed them to this country” (Smith,1825, http://www.thechristianidentityforum.net/downloads/View-America.pdf, p. 47 [p. 115]). This tradition, according to VOTH, is no doubt proof that the Native Americans have a memory of their time in ancient Israel and their being exiled. Because of their wickedness, they lost the word of God and were attacked by the surrounding nations, but God had mercy on them and directed them to the Americas.

This quote comes as an isolated paragraph in a long list of “evidence” proving that Native American traditions have their origin in ancient Israel. He continues by stating that the Native Americans have traditions of the “longevity of the ancients” (p. 47) [p. 115] such as Adam and Methuselah, that there was a great flood and those who survived built “a great canoe” (p. 48) [p. 116], that they built a high place and “lost their language” (p. 48) [p. 116], that their ancestors “had a common father” with “twelve sons”, like the Biblical Jacob (p. 48) [p.116], that they had a “sanctified rod, which budded in one night’s time” like the rod of Moses (p. 48) [p. 116], they have feasts similar to pentecostal feasts (p. 48) [p.116-117], they never eat the “hollow of the thigh” of what they kill (p. 48) [p. 117], they give the first of their harvests to the Great Spirit (p. 49) [p. 119], they offer burnt sacrifices (p. 49) [p. 119-120], they have traditions of Abel being murdered by Cain (p. 49) [p. 120-121], they have a high priest who wears sacred ornaments and is anointed with bear’s oil (p. 49) [p. 121], the high priest makes a yearly atonement for sin (p. 50) [p. 121], they fast, abstain from sex and purify themselves before going to war (p. 50) [p. 122], they bury their dead with their fine belongings (p. 51) [p. 125], etc. Based on these descriptions from VOTH, it seems that Ethan Smith is using a shot-gun approach to find every single Native American tradition that bears any similarity to the traditions of ancient Israel. It is no wonder, then, that the Book of Mormon and VOTH would deal with such similar subject matter, even though they are completely separate and unique works.

Ethan Smith argues that the Native American traditions of a sacred book that was taken from them is in fulfillment of Amos 8:11 about the Lost Tribes of Israel having a famine of “hearing the words of the Lord.” He never argues that the Natives had the Old Testament with them in the Americas, but that these traditions refer to their time spent in ancient Israel (p. 47) [p. 115].

Ethan Smith gives more details about this Native American tradition:

It has been stated that the Indians have a tradition that as they once, away in another country, had the old divine speech, the book of God; they shall at some time have it again, and shall then be happy” (p. 53) [p. 130]. Once again, VOTH argues that the Native Americans believed they had a sacred book in their homeland, and not in the Americas.

Not only does VOTH argue that the Natives are referring to the Bible that was taken away from the Ten Tribes of Israel when they became exiled, but he also argues that the Native Americans may have had Jewish Phylacteries that were worn on the forehead in ancient Israel. He states:

An old Indian informed him that his fathers in this country had not long since had a book which they had for a long time preserved. But having lost the knowledge of reading it, they concluded it would be of no further use to them; and they buried it with an Indian chief” (p. 90) [p. 223]. Ethan Smith goes on to argue that this preserved book may have been Phylacteries, or pieces of parchment that were worn on the forehead which contained select verses from the books of Moses. Ethan Smith then goes on to argue that such a phylactery may have been found in his present day, but they somehow were misplaced by those who found it.

Ethan Smith describes the phylacteries further: “The writer conversed with Rev. Mr. Frey (the celebrated Jewish preacher in this country) upon this subject; who could give no account of the incident from any Jewish custom. He in formed that the Jew s have a custom of burying their leaves of phylacteries when  worn out and illegible; as they had also any old leaf of a Hebrew bible. They would
roll it up in some paper, and put it under ground from respect. But these leaves were w hole and good, and w ere sewed up (as has been stated) in thick raw hide, and with the sinews of some animal; a thing which no Jew in Christendom would have done.” (p. 90) [p. 222]. The description bears no resemblance to the origin of the Book of Mormon or the Brass Plates, nor any of the other records mentioned in the Book of Mormon or LDS history.

We conclude then the wearing of these phylacteries was a noted custom in Israel at the time of their final expulsion from Canaan. And it is natural to believe that Israel, being in exilement, would preserve these fragments of their better days with the utmost care. Wherever they went then, they would have these phylacteries with them. If they brought them to this country, they would keep them with diligence. They would most naturally become some of the most precious contents in their holy ark…old Indian in Stockbridge to Dr. West, that his fathers had buried, not long ago, a book which they could not read. And it may give a striking view of the vigilant care of the Watchman of Israel, who never slumbers…to bring to light that outcast people, who were to be exhibited to the world in the last days” (p. 90-91) [p. 223-225]. The fact that the Lost Tribes of Israel had the writings of Moses before being exiled, and that the Native Americans may have had Jewish Phylacteries shows that this similarity is nothing like the sacred records spoken of in the Book of Mormon.

The Brass Plates most resemble the supposed ancient Native American traditions, but the similarities are very broad and do not suggest that ideas had to have been stolen from VOTH in order to write the BOM. The Brass Plates found in the BOM are a complicated record different from anything described by VOTH. The two accounts of sacred books differ significantly in time, location, content, and purpose.

Lehi was commanded to get the Brass Plates from Jerusalem. “For behold, Laban hath the record of the Jews and also a genealogy of my forefathers, and they are engraven upon plates of brass.” (1 Nephi 3:3). This occurred around 600 B.C. which was after the expulsion of the Ten Tribes.

Plates of Brass contain (1 Nephi 5:10-16):

  1. The “five books of Moses,” gave an account of creation, Adam, and is a record of the Jews to the reign of Zedekiah
  2. The prophecies of Jeremiah
  3. A genealogy of Lehi’s and Laban’s fathers
  4. Lehi prophesies that the Brass Plates will go to all the nations of his seed: “These plates of brass should go forth unto all nations, kindred, tongues, and people who were of his seed. Wherefore, he said that these plates of brass should never perish; neither should they be dimmed any more by time…insomuch that we could preserve the commandments of the Lord unto our children.” (1 Nephi 5)
  5. The Brass Plates are similar to the Bible but the Brass Plates have more records. (1 Nephi 13:23) “The book that thou beholdest is a record of the Jews…and it is a record like unto the engravings which are upon the plates of brass, save there are not so many
  6. Nephi took the sacred records with him when his people fled from the Lamanites: (2 Nephi 5:12)= “And I, Nephi, had also brought the records which were engraven upon the plates of brass; and also the ball, or compass…
  7. The Brass Plates were important in preserving the language of the people. (Omni 1:14)= “And they discovered a people, who were called the people of Zarahemla. Now, there was great rejoicing among the people of Zarahemla; and also Zarahemla did rejoice exceedingly, because the Lord had sent the people of Mosiah with the plates of brass which contained the record of the Jews.
  8. They were written in the language of the Egyptians. (Mosiah 1:4)= “For he having been taught in the language of the Egyptians therefore he could read these engravings…

The Brass Plates refers to many scriptures and prophets that are not found in Bible: (1 Nephi 19)

  1. Prophecies of Joseph: There will be a remnant of his seed that will be preserved. A seer will be raised with the same name.
  2. 3 Nephi 10:17= “Behold, our father Jacob also testified concerning a remnant of the seed of Joseph. And behold, are not we a remnant of the seed of Joseph? And these things which testify of us, are they not written upon the plates of brass which our father Lehi brought out of Jerusalem?
  3. Prophecies of Jacob: Saw a ripped portion of Joseph’s coat, which had been preserved, and prophesied that a righteous branch would be preserved while the rest would be destroyed.
  4. Prophecies of Zenos: Christ will be buried in a sepulcher/three days of darkness which would be a sign of his death to those on the Isles of the sea. (Alma 33:13) “Ye must believe what Zenos said; for, behold he said: Thou has turned away they judgments because of they Son.”
  5. (Alma 33:3-11) Prophecies of Zenock: God will come to earth and will be killed by wicked and will be raised up/ (Alma 33:16) “For behold, he said: Thou art angry, O Lord, with this people, because they will not understand thy mercies which thou has bestowed upon them because of thy Son…and because the people would not understand his words they stoned him to death.
  6. Prophecies of Neum: Jesus will be crucified.
  7. Ezias: Prophesied of Christ, along with Zenos, Zenock, Isaiah, and Jeremiah.

In Summary:

VOTH lost book:

  1. Identified as possibly referring to the Phylacteries used by ancient Israelites.
  2. Identified as the Bible, but it was lost after the expulsion of the Ten Tribes from Canaan because of their wickedness.
  3. The ten tribes may have brought phylacteries to the new world.
  4. They forgot how to read them and then sealed them up in leather bags and buried them.
  5. They were written in Hebrew.
  6. They were most likely carried in small sacks, which is similar to the Ark of the Covenant.
  7. They were possibly written on old dark yellow parchment similar to Arab parchment (p. 91).

BOM Plates of Brass:

  1. 5 books of Moses
  2. Prophecies from Moses to Jeremiah and reign of King Zedekiah
  3. Genealogy of Lehi’s fathers
  4. Written on brass plates
  5. Written in Egyptian
  6. Additional prophecies from unknown prophets Zenos, Zenock, Neum, Ezias, and unknown prophecies from Joseph and Jacob.
  7. Prophets prophesied of Jesus Christ, his death, and his Resurrection.
  8. Brought from Jerusalem to the Americas.

Exaggerated Similarities between the Book of Mormon and View of the Hebrews (Part IV)

Similarity #5: The Great White Bearded Leader (Quetzalcoatl)

The similarity here is that VOTH goes into great detail in describing a legend that the Native Americans have about a white, bearded legislature who brought in a golden age of plenty and happiness, and had a somewhat supernatural origin. The BOM makes a similar suggestion, saying that the resurrected Jesus Christ came to the Americas in 34 A.D. to teach a portion of the Native Americans his gospel.

While there exist generic similarities between the two works, the conclusion that they come to about who the legend is about, when it occurred, and how it occurred are very different. I will give descriptions of the Legend of Quetzalcoatl as described in VOTH and a description of the coming of Jesus Christ to the Americas in the BOM. Quotes are take from the 1825 version of View of the Hebrews (EthanSmith, http://www.thechristianidentityforum.net/downloads/View-America.pdf) and from the 1981 Edition of the Book of Mormon (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints).

1. The Description of Quetzalcoatl in VOTH:

1. The name Quetzalcoatl means “the serpent of green feathers” (Ethan Smith, p. 83)[p. 204]. This, according to Ethan Smith, refers to Moses and the Brazen serpent. “The name of the serpent of green plumage being given to this legislator, leads the mind to Moses’ brazen serpent in the wilderness.” (pg. 84)[p. 207]

2. He was a white, bearded man who was the leader of a religious sect that would punish themselves physically. “[He] was at the same time (in their own description) “a white and bearded man.” “He was high priest of Tula, legislator, chief of a religious sect who inflicted on themselves the most cruel penance.” (p. 83)[p. 205]

3. He made them pierce their ears and lacerate their bodies, which represent some Mosaic rituals. “Introducing the custom of ‘piercing the ears;’—reminds of the noted law of Moses, of boring the ear of the servant who was unwilling to leave his master. This teaching to lacerate the body with prickles and thorns, is a striking Hebrew figure of the many self-denying services demanded in the Mosaic rituals” (p. 84)[p. 207]

4. He led them to this country and taught them. “Though their ancient ‘legislator’ is called by a name importing the serpent of green feathers; yet he was an ancient man, a white man and bearded; called by Montezuma, a saint, who led them to this country, and taught them many things. Who could this be but Moses, the ancient legislator of Israel?” (p. 83)[p. 206]

5. His reign brought on a golden age of plenty and happiness. “The golden age with spontaneous harvests, naturally suggests the seven years of plenty in Egypt; and may include also and especially) the happy period during the theocracy in Israel.” (p. 84)[p. 208]. This golden age eventually ended. “The close of this golden age strikingly exhibits the expulsion of Israel from that happy land.” (p. 84)[p. 208]

6. He preached peace and offering the first fruits of the harvest as a sacrifice. “He preached peace to men, and would permit no other offerings to the Divinity than the first fruits of the harvests.” (p. 83)[p. 205] “alludes to the preaching of the gospel under the Old Testament; and to the signal institution of the offerings of the first ripe fruits” (p. 84)[p. 208]

7. He retired to a volcano and walked bare foot. “This legislator’s retiring to the place of a volcano, and a speaking mountain, most naturally leads to the mind to Moses retiring, in the land of Midian, to the back side of the wilderness, to the mount of God, where God spake to him in the burning bush, and in after days made the same mountain appear like a tremendous volcano indeed, as well as like a speaking mountain;–when from the midst of the terrible fire, and sound of thetrumpet, God commanded his people in the giving of the law. This legislator’s walking barefoot, naturally alludes to Moses’ ‘putting his shoes from his feet,’ at the divine direction, before the burning bush” (p. 84)[p. 207-208]

8. He disappeared and would return again one day. “He disappeared, after he had declared to the Cholulans that he would return and govern them again, and renew their happiness.”(p. 83)[p. 205-206]

9. The Leader was given a drink by the Great Spirit and gave him the desire to travel and made him immortal. ““The Great Spirit offered Quetzalcotl beverage, which in rendering him immortal,
inspired him with a taste of travelling [sic], and with an irresistible desire of visiting a distant country called Tlapallan.” (p. 83)[p. 205]

10. The figure taught the people in the arts, sciences, and fasting. “He dwelt twenty years among them, taught them to cast metals, ordered fasts, and regulated the intercalations of the Taltic year.” (p. 83)[p. 205]

2. The Description of Jesus Christ in the Book of Mormon

1. Jesus Christ, the Son of God, came to the Americas in 34 A.D. after a great destruction in the land “Behold, I am Jesus Christ, the Son of God. I created the heavens and the earth, and all things that in them are.” (3 Nephi 9:15)

2. He taught that sacrifices should end, and instead offer a broken heart and a contrite spirit. “your sacrifices and your burnt offerings shall be done away, for I will accept none of your sacrifices and your burnt offerings. And ye shall offer for a sacrifice unto me a broken heart and a contrite spirit” (3 Nephi 9:19-20)

3. He descended out of heaven and was wearing a white robe. “They saw a Man descending out of heaven; and he was clothed in a white robe; and he came down and stood in the midst of them.” (3 Nephi 11:8)

4. The people felt the prints of the wounds in his nails, feet, and side. “And it came to pass that the multitude went forth, and thrust their hands into his side, and did feel the prints of the nails in his hands and in his feet.” (3 Nephi 11:15)

5. He gave the people the power to baptize and commanded them to be baptized. “I give unto you power that ye shall baptize this people when I am again ascended into heaven.” (3 Nephi 11:21).

6. He preached peace among the people. “And there shall be no disputations among you, as there have hitherto been…” (3 Nephi 11:28).

7. Jesus quotes Matthew chapters 5-7, the Sermon on the Mount, Malachi 3-4, and Isaiah 54. (3 Nephi 12-14)

8. Jesus’ coming fulfills the words he spake saying that he would bring other sheep not of the fold in Israel. “And verily, I say unto you, that ye are they of whom I said: Other sheep I have which are not of this fold…” (3 Nephi 15:21).

9. The people no longer followed the law of Moses. “And they did not walk any more after the performances and ordinances of the law of Moses; but they did walk after the commandments which they had received from their Lord and their God…” (4 Nephi 1:12).

10. The people had a reign of peace that lasted almost 200 years. “And now, in this two hundred and first year there began to be among them those who were lifted up in pride…and from that time forth they did have their goods and their substance no more common among them.” (4 Nephi 1:24-25).

Similarities between the two works:

1. This figure taught them peace and gave them laws.

2. He was white (BOM only describes a white robe, VOTH says white skin and white beard)

3. There was a time of great plenty and happiness among the people, or a golden age.

4. This figure would come again in some future day

In summary, the similarities between these two works are very generic. If VOTH never existed, people could still argue that Joseph Smith plagiarized from the well-known legends of Quetzalcoatl, or Messianic prophecies in Judaism, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Messianism). The Savior archetype is also found in countless works of literature spanning centuries of human civilization. Such Messianic doctrine of a great ruler who ruled people in peace and then would return at some future date are shared by many different religions and theologies, which makes the generic similarities between these two works inconsequential.

Differences between the two works:

1. VOTH claims that these legends are hearkening back to memories of Moses in ancient Israel. The BOM argues that Jesus Christ visited the Americas after his resurrection.

2. VOTH claims that the golden age was the 7 years of plenty in Egypt and during the theocracy of Israel. The BOM says that the people in the Americas lived in righteousness and had all things in common for 200 years.

3. VOTH claims that the figure told them to offer the first fruits as sacrifices. The BOM claims that Jesus forbade the people to sacrifice anymore.

4. VOTH claims that the figure taught the people to pierce their ears and lacerate their bodies. The BOM makes no such claim.

5. VOTH claims that the figure retired to a volcano. The BOM makes no reference to Jesus retiring to a volcano.

6. VOTH claims that preaching peace and offering the first fruits is a reference to the gospel in the Old Testament. The BOM argues that the Law of Moses was done away and Jesus taught his Gospel instead.

7. The BOM says Christ established baptism, organized a quorum of twelve disciples, gave them the proper name of their church, and granted immortality to three Nephite disciples. The VOTH makes no references to any such events.

8. VOTH claims that the legislator was a man who was granted immortality by the great spirit after drinking a sacred beverage. The BOM argues that Jesus Christ was the resurrected Son of God and offered the sacrament of wine and bread to the people.

9. VOTH argues that the ending of the golden age was the expulsion of Israel from their lands. The BOM argues that their time of peace ended because of pride, the division of the people into classes, and wickedness.

10. The BOM argues that Jesus Christ’s coming to the Americas fulfilled a New Testament prophecy that he would gather in sheep that were not of the people in Israel. VOTH makes no such references to Christ’s New Testament prophecies in this chapter.

11. There is no record of Jesus teaching the people to cast metals or other scientific endeavors.

In summary, the differences between VOTH and the BOM outweigh the similarities. The generic similarities can be found across many sacred texts and religions, and nothing of uniqueness is found in VOTH that cannot be found in some other sacred work, tradition, or savior archetype. The BOM contradicts VOTH on most key points describing the nature and purpose of this sacred figure. This amount and nature of the differences suggests that VOTH was not a source of inspiration in concocting the BOM, but is rather a document that contradicts the claims of the BOM.

Exaggerated Similarities between the Book of Mormon and View of the Hebrews (Part II)

Similarity #1: THE DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM

I will now examine specific similarities that are cited most often by critics. The first supposed similarity is the fact that both View of the Hebrews and the Book of Mormon reference Jerusalem being destroyed. This is described in the first chapter of VOTH and Lehi is warned of Jerusalem’s destruction in the first chapter of 1 Nephi. As I will show, however, the only similarity between the two works is that they both say that at one point in time Jerusalem has been destroyed. This is not a significant similarity because the destructions referenced in the two works refer to two completely different events. I will be comparing the 1825 Edition of View of the Hebrews (Ethan Smith, http://www.thechristianidentityforum.net/downloads/View-America.pdf) and the 1981 Edition of the Book of Mormon (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints).

  1. The destruction of Jerusalem referenced in VOTH is the destruction that occurred in 70 A.D. by the Romans.
  2. In VOTH, Ethan Smith states the reason that Jerusalem was destroyed in 70 A.D. “Here were the city and the temple to be destroyed, for the infidelity, malice, hypocrisy, and persecution of the Lord of glory” (pg. 8).
  3. VOTH goes into explicit detail of Jerusalem being destroyed by Romans in 70 A.D. This is to illustrate that the predictions of Jesus about the future of Jerusalem came true, proving that he was the Son of God. See the first page of the chapter, which states “And the Messiah uttered against them, in consequence of their rejecting him, a new edition of these fatal denunciations, which we find in Matt. 24, Luke 19:41-44, chapter 21, and 23:27-30.” (pg. 7)
  4. The only reference in VOTH to the Babylonian destruction is a single sentence that states “that it [Jerusalem] should be consumed on the same month, on the same day of the month, on which the Babylonians had before destroyed it by fire.”
  5. In the BOM, however, Lehi’s family escaped the Babylonian attack on Jerusalem in 600 B.C. The Book of Mormon never mentions the destruction of Jerusalem by Romans, nor the prophecies of Jesus concerning its destruction in 70 A.D.
  6. This is not a significant parallel because the destruction referred to in both sources is hundreds of years apart, caused by different invaders, and serves a different purpose in the narrative of the BOM and VOTH.

 

Similarity #2: The Scattering of Israel/The lost ten tribes

This parallel is based on the fact that both the BOM and VOTH argue that Israelites were led to the Americas. However, many differences exist between the two works. The Book of Mormon does not claim that the Native Americans are descendants of the lost tribes of Israel, whereas View of the Hebrews states explicitly that the Native Americans are the ten lost tribes of Israel who were preserved by the Lord in an outcast and a savage state.

VOTH:

  1. The Native Americans are the lost ten tribes of Israel. “The ten tribes of Israel must now have, somewhere on earth, a distinct existence in an outcast state.” (pg. 30)
  2. They were expelled from Canaan in 725 B.C., living  in “an outcast state for thousands of years” (pg. 20) after they were carried out by Shalmanezer of Assyria.
  3. Expelled and outcast from the promised land because of their iniquity and idolatry (Amos 8:11,12)
  4. They became a savage people as vindictive Providence punished them for their idolatry in 725 B.C. (pg. 70)

BOM:

  1. This is not a record of the lost ten tribes of Israel. Lehi was a descendant of Joseph and Manasseh. (Alma 10:3)
  2. Two families (Lehi and Ishmael) were led out of Jerusalem in 600 B.C. to avoid destruction from the Babylonians as well as the Jews for preaching heresy. Mulek, a son of Zedekiah, was also led out of Jerusalem during its destruction. (1 Nephi 2:1-2/Helaman 8:21)
  3. Lehi’s family was led from Jerusalem because of their righteousness and to avoid death. “And it came to pass that the Lord commanded my father, even in a dream, that he should take his family and depart into the wilderness.” (1 Nephi 2:2)
  4. Three separate peoples come to the Americas by way of boats (Jaredites, Mulekites, Nephites)
  5. BOM prophets acknowledge that they do not know where the lost ten tribes of Israel are. “But now I go unto the Father, and also to show myself unto the lost tribes of Israel, for they are not lost unto the Father, for he knoweth whither he hath taken them.” (3 Nephi 17:4)
  6. Lehi’s family was led out of Jerusalem to be preserved as a righteous branch, according to the prophecies of Joseph and Jacob: “Wherefore, Joseph truly saw our day. And he obtained a promise of the Lord, that out of the fruit of his loins the Lord God would raise up a righteous branch unto the house of Israel; not the Messiah, but a branch which was to be broken off, nevertheless, to be remembered in the covenants of the Lord that the Messiah should be made manifest unto them in the latter days, in the spirit of power, unto the bringing of them out of darkness unto light—yea, out of hidden darkness and out of captivity unto freedom” (2 Nephi 3:5).
  7. “The words of Jacob, before his death, for behold, he saw that a part of the remnant of the coat of Joseph was preserved and had not decayed. And he said—Even as this remnant of garment of my son hath been preserved, so shall a remnant of the seed of my son be preserved by the hand of God, and be taken unto himself, while the remainder of the seed of Joseph shall perish, even as the remnant of his garment.” (Alma 46:23)

VOTH: 1. The lost tribes of Israel will be outcast and will travel in a north-east direction, and will cross the frozen ocean to the Americas. They will not have the word of God among them. “There is a prophecy is Amos viii. 11, 12, relative to the ten tribes of Israel while in their state of banishment from the promised land, which appears exactly to accord with the account by Esdras…As an event to be accomplished in their outcast state, the prophet gives this striking descriptive prediction. Verse 11, 12; ‘Behold, the days come, saith the Lord God, that I will send a famine in the land, (or upon the tribes of Israel,) not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water; but of hearing the words of the Lord. And they shall wander from sea to sea, and from the north even to the east; they shall run to and fro to seek the word of the Lord, and shall not find it.’…The prediction implies that Israel in their exilement should know that they had been blessed with the word of God, but had wickedly lost it; as a man in a famine knows he has had bread, but now has it not. They shall feel something what they have lost, and shall wander…shall wander in a north-east direction as far as they can wander, from sea to sea…from the northern frozen ocean, to the southern ocean at Cape Horn.” (Ethan Smith, pg. 33)

2. The lost tribes were outcast because of their idolatry: “Amos was a prophet to the ten tribes of Israel…The symbol is thus explained; ‘Then said the Lord unto me, The end is come upon my people of Israel; I will not pass by them anymore.’ The prophet in this chapter announces that ‘they that swear by the sins of Samaria, and say, Thy God, O Dan, liveth; and, The manner of Beersheba liveth; even they shall fall.’ Here is a description of the idolatry of the ten tribes, and their utter banishment then just about to take place; from which they have never been recovered to this day.” (Ethan Smith, p. 33)

VOTH and the BOM refer to separate people’s in separate centuries, being led by different paths to a distant land for different purposes. Critics of the BOM try to overgeneralize this similarity by saying that ‘both works say the Israelites come to Americas for religious reasons,’ and ignore all other details/differences.

Exaggerated Similarities between View of the Hebrews and The Book of Mormon (Part I)

The View of the Hebrews is a rather thin volume written by the minister Ethan Smith, and was first published in 1823, with a subsequent re-release in 1825 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/View_of_the_Hebrews). It is written in an essay format and sets out to prove that the Native Americans are descendants of the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel. He attempts to prove this by making a case for the Ten Tribe’s literal outcast state and subsequent restoration by appealing to the Bible. In addition, the book is comprised of the experiences of several individuals and institutions who had close contact with Native Americans and argue that their traditions are remarkably similar to Hebrew traditions. There are those who claim that because of the extensive similarities between the Book of Mormon and View of the Hebrews, that Joseph Smith must have used View of the Hebrews as inspiration for inventing the story of the Book of Mormon. I will set out to prove that the similarities between the two works are exaggerated and details are often contradictory. For the meantime, I will assume that the reader has a basic understanding of what is contained in both The View of the Hebrews (VOTH) and the Book of Mormon (BOM). For Part I of my study of the similarities between the BOM and VOTH, I would like to provide a summary of several differences between the two works. A more in-depth analysis of each of the supposed similarities between the two works will follow in future posts.

A summary of major differences:

  1. VOTH claims that the Native Americans are the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel, whereas the Book of Mormon claims they are descendants of Joseph living in Jerusalem after the scattering of the ten tribes. (see http://publications.maxwellinstitute.byu.edu/fullscreen/?pub=1082&index=10&keyword=view%20of%20the%20hebrews)
  2. VOTH claims that the Ten Tribes were taken out of the Land of Canaan by the Assyrians in 725 B.C. and these Ten Tribes are the ancestors of the Native Americans. The BOM claims that those who came to the Americas came from Jerusalem in 600 B.C. to avoid the destruction caused by the Babylonians. In addition, the Book of Mormon argues that a separate group of people came to the Americas shortly after the confounding of languages at the Tower of Babel.
  3. VOTH claims that the Ten Tribes came to the Americas by way of the Bering Strait, whereas the BOM asserts that they came by boat through the Arabian Sea.
  4. VOTH claims that the Ten Tribes of Israel were led to the Americas for their wickedness, while the BOM says that those who are led to the Americas are led for their righteousness.
  5. VOTH claims that those who came to the Americas traveled in a north-east direction from Canaan. The BOM states that Lehi’s family traveled in a south-east direction from Jerusalem.
  6. VOTH claims that Ten Tribes traveled from a frozen land. The BOM claims that Lehi’s family left from “Bountiful,” a land of wild honey and fruit.
  7. VOTH claims that the legend of Quetzalquatl is based on the Ten Tribes’ early traditions and experiences of Moses as their lawgiver, over 900 years before being taken from Canaan. The BOM claims that Jesus Christ came to the Americas in 34 A.D.
  8. VOTH claims that the tradition of the Urim and Thummim can be found in Native American breastplates made of conch shells, elk beads and straps of otter skin. The BOM never once mentions the name “Urim and Thummim” nor does it describe a breast plate.
  9. VOTH claims that Native Americans kept sacred items in bags or boxes like the Ark of the Covenant. The BOM never mentions the Ark of the Covenant or its likeness.
  10. VOTH claims that the Natives would bring this “ark of the covenant” with them every time they went to war. The peoples in the BOM never do anything like this.
  11. VOTH speaks of the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. by the Romans to show Christ’s prophecies being fulfilled about Jerusalem’s destruction. The BOM speaks of Lehi escaping the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonians just after 600 B.C.
  12. VOTH claims that the Native Americans lost the word of God according to the prophecy of Amos 7:11,12. The BOM asserts that Nephites had the Bible and preached the Law of Moses and Christianity.
  13. VOTH claims that there may be evidence of Phylacteries like those used in Jerusalem in the Americas, and they were written in Hebrew. The BOM argues that the Brass Plates and the Golden Plates contained the fullness of the Gospel and were written in “reformed Egyptian.”
  14. VOTH claims that the Native Americans became savage and wicked because Providence was punishing them for the idolatry of the Ten Tribes of Israel. The BOM claims that the savage Native Americans (Lamanites) rebelled against God and were jealous that their younger brother Nephi was a ruler over them. They would serve as a way to stir up the Nephites to remembrance of the Lord.
  15. VOTH claims that the Americas were uninhabited since the great flood. The BOM argues that the Americas were inhabited by the Jaredites after the confounding of languages at the Tower of Babel.
  16. VOTH describes animals known to Native Americans, such as the buffalo, deer, porcupine, rattlesnake, bear, otter, beaver, elk, etc. The BOM, instead, references animals such as horses, cattle, sheep, goats, cureloms, cumoms, and elephants.
  17. VOTH claims that the ancient Israelites could have built the pyramids found in the Americas today. The BOM never mentions pyramids.
  18. VOTH claims that the Native Americans commonly use the word “Hallelujah,” a Hebrew word. The BOM uses the word “Hosanna” instead, on three occasions.
  19. VOTH claims that when grieving the Native Americans will touch their hands to their mouths, then their mouths to the ground. “It is well known that laying the hand on the mouth, and the mouth in the dust, is a distinguished Hebraism.” The BOM never mentions this Hebraism.
  20. VOTH asserts that the Native Americans abstain from matrimonial intercourse three days prior to going to war. The BOM never mentions this Hebraism.
  21. VOTH asserts that several Indian words are similar to Hebrew words, and the comparisons are presented in table format. The BOM never mentions these words or their likeness.
  22. VOTH asserts that like the Hebrews, the Native Americans have cities of refuge where blood cannot be spilt. The BOM never mentions cities of refuge or their likeness.
  23. VOTH asserts that Native Americans hold certain tribes in reverence like the Tribe of Levi. This is not found in the BOM and Levi is only mentioned in 3 Nephi 24:3 when Jesus quotes Malachi 3.
  24. VOTH asserts that the Native Americans believe the name of God is “Yohewah, Aleh, or Yah.” The BOM never mentions these words.
  25. VOTH says that the Native Americans must appear three times annually at the temples. The BOM never mentions this.
  26. VOTH says the Native Americans purified themselves with bitter vegetables. The BOM never mentions this.
  27. VOTH says that the Native Americans separated their women. The BOM never mentions this Hebraism.
  28. VOTH says that an old Jewish Phylactery was written on dark yellow “leaves” of parchment, preserved much like ancient Arabian parchment. The BOM argues that parchment must decay, so they wrote on plates (or leaves, described by Joseph Smith) of gold and brass.
  29. VOTH asserts that the Natives believe they had a book of “the old divine speech” (which was Hebrew). The BOM asserts that the Brass Plates, a sacred book like the Bible, was written in reformed Egyptian and not the “divine speech.”