A Sample of Biblical Motifs in the Book of Mormon (Part II)

The following is a list of Biblical motifs and phrases found in the Book of Mormon.

  1. If you do not preach, the blood of the wicked will be on you (Jacob1:19)/(Ezekiel 3:18-20)
  2. Set a mark on their foreheads (Alma 3:18)/(Ezekiel 9:4)
  3. Genealogies written in books (1 Nephi 5:14)/(1 Chronicles 9:1)
  4. The tribe of Manasseh lives in Jerusalem (Alma 10:3)/(1 Chronicles 9:3)
  5. Make it after the pattern shown thee in the mount (1 Nephi 17:7-8)/(Exodus 25:40)/(Hebrews 8:5)
  6. White as snow (1 Nephi 11:8)/(Mark 9:3)/(Isaiah 1:18)
  7. True and living God (Alma 11:27)/(Jeremiah 10:10)
  8. They are the gods among us (Alma 18:4)/(Acts 14:11)
  9. 3 days of darkness/vapor of darkness (3 Nephi 8:20/10:10)/(Exodus 10:21-23)
  10. Land will be desolate (Alma 22:30)/(Jeremiah 6:8)
  11. Child of hell/devil (Alma 11:23)/(Acts 13:10)
  12. Seen and heard (Mormon 1:1)/(Acts 4:20)
  13. Spirit which giveth utterance (2 Nephi 28:4)/(Acts 2:4)
  14. Bond and free, male and female (Alma 11:44)/(Galatians 3:28)
  15. With our might (Mormon 2:4)/(Ecclesiastes 9:10)
  16. Taste of the goodness of the Lord (Mormon 1:15)/(Psalm 34:8)
  17. As dung on the face of the earth (Mormon 2:15)/(Jeremiah 8:2)
  18. Perverted the way (2 Nephi 28:15)/(Jeremiah 3:21)
  19. Burst their bands (1 Nephi 7:17)/(Jeremiah 2:20)
  20. 4th Generation (2 Nephi 26:9)/(Genesis 15:16)
  21. Built an altar to the Lord (1 Nephi 2:7)/(Genesis 8:20)
  22. My Spirit shall not always strive with man (2 Nephi 26:11)/(Genesis 6:3)
  23. Cursed is the land for your sakes (Mormon 1:17)/(Genesis 3:17)
  24. Be as gods, knowing good and evil (2 Nephi 2:18)/(Genesis 3:4)
  25. Stars in the firmament (1 Nephi 1:10)/(Genesis 3:4)
  26. Type and a shadow (Mosiah 13:10)/(Hebrews 8:5)
  27. No hair of the head will be lost (Alma 40:23)/(Acts 27:34)
  28. Swallowed up (2 Nephi 26:5)/(Lamentations 2:2)
  29. Blot out their name (Mosiah 5:11)/(Deuteronomy 9:14)
  30. Prophet given a book to read (1 Nephi 1:11-12)/(Ezekiel 2:8-9)
  31. Jerusalem, I have seen thy abominations (1 Nephi 1:13)/(Ezekiel 8:6)
  32. Left hand of God (Mosiah 5:10)/(Matthew 25:23)
  33. Same yesterday, today, and forever (2 Nephi 2:4)/(Hebrews 13:8)
  34. Sins which easily beset me (2 Nephi 4:18)/(Hebrews 12:1)
  35. Armor of righteousness (2 Nephi 1:23)/(II Corinthians 6:7)
  36. God cannot lie (Enos 1:6)/(Hebrews 6:18)
  37. Fight a good fight/warfare (Alma 1:1)/(I Timothy 6:12)
  38. Trump of God (Alma 29:1)/(I Thessalonians 4:16)
  39. Every knee shall bow (Mosiah 27:31)/(Philippians 2:10-11)
  40. Fiery darts (1 Nephi 15:24)/(Ephesians 6:16)
  41. Awake from deep sleep (2 Nephi 25:2)/(Ephesians 5:14)
  42. Ye were past feeling (1 Nephi 17:25)/(Ephesians 4:19)
  43. Works of darkness (2 Nephi 1:13)/(Ephesians 5:14)
  44. According to his will and pleasure (Jacob 5:14)/(Ephesians 1:5)
  45. Strength in weakness (Ether 12:26-27)/(II Corinthians 12:9-10)
  46. Whether they be good or evil (Mosiah 3:24)/(II Corinthians 5:10)
  47. Gone out of the way (2 Nephi 28:11)/(Hebrews 5:2)
  48. Writing on wall written by the finger of God (Alma 10:2)/(Daniel 5:5)
  49. Called with a holy calling (Alma 13:3)/(II Timothy 1:9)
  50. Water my couch/pillow with tears (2 Nephi 33:3)/(Psalm 6:6)
  51. Judgments and statutes of the law (2 Nephi 5:10)/(Deuteronomy 4:8)
  52. Trial of your faith (Ether 12:6)/(I Peter 1:7)
  53. Stir you up to remembrance (1 Nephi 2:24)/(II Peter 3:1)
  54. Pollutions (Mormon 8:31)/(Jeremiah 3:2)
  55. Elements will melt with fervent heat (Mormon 9:2)/(II Peter 3:12)
  56. Everlasting chains (2 Nephi 28:19)/(Jude 1:6)
  57. Fell as though he was dead (Alma 22:18)/(Revelation 1:17)
  58. As a scroll rolled together (Mormon 9:2)/(Revelation 6:14)
  59. Rocks and mountains fall on us to hide us from the Lord (Alma 12:14)/(Revelation 6:16)/(Hosea 10:8)
  60. The harvest is ripe (Alma 26:5)/(Revelation 14:15)
  61. Make my path straight before me (2 Nephi 4:33)/(Psalm 5:8)
  62. Bow of steel (1 Nephi 16:18)/(Psalm 18:34)
  63. Grievous to be borne (Mosiah 7:23)/(Matthew 23:4)
  64. The residue of men (Moroni 7:32)/(Acts 15:17)
  65. Lord will hide your sins from his face (3 Nephi 9:5)/(Psalm 51:9)
  66. Gates of righteousness (2 Nephi 4:32)/(Psalm 118:19)
  67. Fill up the garners (Alma 26:5)/(Psalm 144:13)
  68. Apply your heart to understanding; be wise (Mosiah 12:27)/(Proverbs 2:2)
  69. Cords of sin (2 Nephi 26:22)/(Proverbs 5:22)
  70. Ordained elders in the church (Alma 6:1)/(Acts 14:23)

Some “textual errors” in the Book of Mormon also found in the Bible

The Book of Mormon is often criticized as being full of grammatical errors that have been changed over the years. What is rarely acknowledged, however, is that many of the “errors” are also found in the King James version of the Bible. The following compares changes made from the first edition of the Book of Mormon to the 1981 edition.

  1. An extra “for” which was deleted in later editions of the Book of Mormon

a. “and their precious things, for to perish in the wilderness” (1 Nephi 2:11)

b. “the daughters of the Lamanites did gather themselves together for to sing” (Mosiah 20:1)

c. “And if ye will receive it, this is Elias, which was for to come” (Matthew 11:14)

d. “he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read” (Luke 4:16)

e. “Then drew near unto him all the publicans and sinners for to hear him” (Luke 15:1)

f. “Him hath God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins” (Acts 5:31) (See also Acts 8:27/11:2/12:25/15:6/16:4/17:15/20:1/22:5/Romans 13:6/II Corinthians 2:9/Psalm 75:1)

2.  A superfluous “a” which was deleted 

a. “As I was a journeying to see a very near kindred” (Alma 10:7)

b. “and there he found Muloki a preaching the word unto them” (Alma 21:11)

c. “For he had only one daughter, about twelve years of age, and she lay a dying” (Luke 8:42)

d. “thou hast destroyed all them that go a whoring from thee” (Psalm 73:27)

e. “in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing” (I Peter 3:20)

3. A superfluous “that” which was deleted

a. “wherefore, after that I have abridged the record of my father” (1 Nephi 1:17)

b. “because that he was a visionary man” (1 Nephi 2:11)

c. “And after that the angel had spoken unto us, he departed.” (1 Nephi 3:31)

d. “Until the day in which he was taken up, after that he through the Holy Ghost had given commandments” (Acts 1:2)

e. “But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you” (Acts 1:8)

f. “And Paul, after that the governor had beckoned unto him to speak” (Acts 24:10)

4. Changing “exceeding” to “exceedingly”

a. “I, Nephi, being exceeding young” (1 Nephi 2:16)

b. “when Laban saw our property, and that it was exceeding great” (1 Nephi 3:25)

c. “and the workmanship thereof was exceeding fine” (1 Nephi 4:9)

d. “Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth” (Matthew 2:16)

e. “And his raiment became shining, exceeding white as snow” (Mark 9:3)

f. “My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto death” (Mark 14:34)

5. Switching past tense with present tense

a. “And I saith unto them: If God had commanded me to do all things” (1 Nephi 17:50)

b. “he was also wroth; and he saith: Who is Abinadi” (Mosiah 11:27)

c. “And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream” (Matthew 2:13)

d. “Then the devil taketh him up into the holy city” (Matthew 4:5)

e. “When Jesus heard it, he saith unto them” (Mark 2:17)

6. Changing “which” to “who” and “whom”

a. “pointing their fingers towards those which had come at and were partaking of the fruit” (1 Nephi 8:27)

b. “Behold the twelve disciples of the Lamb, which are chosen to minister unto thy seed” (1 Nephi 12:8)

c. “show unto them that fight against my word and against my people, which are of the house of Israel” (2 Nephi 29:14)

d. “even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect” (Matthew 5:48)

e. “Then one of them, which was a lawyer, asked him a question” (Matthew 22:35)

e. “there be some of them that stand here, which shall not taste of death” (Mark 9:1)

A Sampling of Motifs from the Bible in the Book of Mormon (Part I)

The following is a list of random motifs found in both the Book of Mormon and the Bible. This is meant to further help the reader grasp the complexity and magnitude of the Book of Mormon in its use of Biblical motifs.

  1. Mist of darkness (1 Nephi 8:22)/(II Peter 2:17)/(Revelation 9:2)
  2. caught away…into an exceedingly high mountain (1 Nephi 11:1)/(Revelation 21:10)
  3. I looked…and I saw him not (1 Nephi 11:12)/(Revelation 1:12)
  4. a tree, whose fruit was desirable (1 Nephi 8:10/11:22)/(Revelation 2:7)
  5. abominable church; and I saw the devil that he was the founder of it (1 Nephi 13:6)/(Revelation 2:9/3:9)
  6. a rod of iron (1 Nephi 8:19/11:24-25)/(Revelation 2:26-27/19:3)/(Psalm 23:4)
  7. holding fast to the rod of iron (1 Nephi 8:30)/(Revelation 3:3)
  8. the fall thereof was exceedingly great (1 Nephi 11:36)/(Matthew 7:27)
  9. waters which run continually (1 Nephi 2:9)/(Psalm 58:7)
  10. eye of the Lord (2 Nephi 9:44)/(Psalm 33:18)
  11. great lights in heaven (Helaman 14:3)/(Psalm 136:7)
  12. not be afraid of ten thousands of people (1 Nephi 4:1)/(Psalm 3:6)
  13. What seest thou? (Jeremiah 1:11-13)/(1 Nephi 11:2,10,14)/(Jeremiah 24:3)
  14. Never hath man dwelt (Jeremiah 2:6)/(Ether 2:5)
  15. Fountain of living waters (Jeremiah 2:13)/(1 Nephi 11:25)
  16. Imagination of the heart (Jeremiah 3:17/7:24/9:14)/(1 Nephi 2:11)
  17. captain of fifty (Isaiah 3:3)/(1 Nephi 3:31)
  18. Cursed who trust in the arm of flesh (Jeremiah 17:5)/(2 Nephi 3:34)
  19. Tree planted by water (Jeremiah 17:8)/(1 Nephi 8:20)
  20. east wind (Jeremiah 18:17)/(Mosiah 7:31)
  21. Tree planted by river of water (1 Nephi 8:13/Psalm 1:3/Jeremiah 17:8)
  22. Tree of life (1 Nephi 15:22/Revelation 2:7/Proverbs 3:13-18)
  23. Church of Satan (1 Nephi 13:6/Revelation 2:9/3:9)
  24. Fountain of Living Waters (1 Nephi 11:25/Revelation 7:17/Psalm 36:9/Jeremiah 2:13/17:13)
  25. Pit of Hell (1 Nephi 14:3/Revelation 9:2/Psalm 7:15-16)
  26. Whore of the earth (1 Nephi 14:10-11/Revelation 17:1)
  27. Drown in waters (1 Nephi 8:32/1 Timothy 6:9/Psalm 124:3-5)
  28. Dreamed a dream (1 Nephi 8:2/Daniel 2:3)
  29. Multitude of tender mercies (1 Nephi 8:8/Psalm 51:1)
  30. Love of God shed abroad in our hearts (1 Nephi 11:22/Romans 5:5)
  31. Yoke of iron (1 Nephi 13:5/Jeremiah 28:14)
  32. A marvelous work (1 Nephi 14:7/Isaiah 29:14)
  33. A great gulf diving wicked and righteous (1 Nephi 12:18/Luke 16:26)
  34. By the mouth of his holy prophets (2 Nephi 9:2/Acts 3:21)
  35. From generation to generation (2 Nephi 9:2/Isaiah 13:20)
  36. Fold of God (2 Nephi 9:2/Jeremiah 23:3)
  37. Lift up your heads (2 Nephi 9:3/Psalm 24:7)
  38. Searched diligently for salvation to come (2 Nephi 9:4/1 Peter 1:10)
  39. In our flesh we will see God (2 Nephi 9:4/Job 19:26)
  40. We are subject unto Christ (2 Nephi 9:5/Hebrews 2:8)
  41. Corruption must put on incorruption (2 Nephi 9:7/1 Corinthians 15:53)
  42. An angel fell from heaven (2 Nephi 9:8/Isaiah 14:12)
  43. Satan can transform into angel of light (2 Nephi 9:9/II Corinthians 11:14)
  44. How great is the goodness of God (2 Nephi 9:10/Psalm 31:19)
  45. Death and Hell (2 Nephi 9:10/Revelation 6:8)
  46. Robe of righteousness (2 Nephi 9:14/Isaiah 61:10)
  47. Judgment seat of Christ (2 Nephi 9:15/Romans 14:10)
  48. God’s word will not pass away (2 Nephi 9:16/Mark 13:31)
  49. Righteous will be righteous still; filthy will be filthy still (2 Nephi 9:16/Revelation 22:11)
  50. Lake of fire and brimstone (2 Nephi 9:16/Revelation 19:20)
  51. Flame/smoke ascends forever (2 Nephi 9:16/Revelation 14:11)
  52. Endure the cross and despise the shame of it (2 Nephi 9:18/Hebrews 12:2)
  53. Inherit the kingdom of God prepared from the foundation of the world (2 Nephi 9:18/Matthew 25:34)
  54. Joy may be full (2 Nephi 9:18/John 1:4)
  55. Uncircumcised of heart (2 Nephi 9:33/Jeremiah 9:26)
  56. Carnally minded is death (2 Nephi 9:39/Romans 8:6)
  57. Speak hard things (2 Nephi 9:40/Psalm 60:3)
  58. Path of righteousness (2 Nephi 9:41/Psalm 23:3)
  59. Fools before God (2 Nephi 9:42/1 Corinthians 3:18)
  60. The wise and the prudent (2 Nephi 9:43/1 Corinthians 1:19)
  61. Shake my garments to rid myself of you blood (2 Nephi 9:44/Acts 18:6)
  62. Stand with brightness (2 Nephi 9:44/Ezekiel 28:7,17)
  63. Rock of my salvation (2 Nephi 9:45/Psalm 62:2)
  64. Chains of hell (2 Nephi 9:45/2 Peter 2:4/Jude 1:6)
  65. Plainness of speech (2 Nephi 9:47/II Corinthians 3:12)
  66. Stone which builders rejected (Jacob 4:15-16/Psalm 118:22/Matthew 21:42)
  67. Vineyard of the Lord (Jacob 5:3/Isaiah 5:7/Matt 20:1)
  68. The house of Israel is an olive tree (Jacob 5:3/Romans 11:24/Jeremiah 11:16-17)
  69. Pruning, digging, nourishing (Jacob 5:4,64/Luke 13:8/Isaiah 5:6)
  70. Young and tender (Jacob 5:4,6/Ezekiel 17:22/1 Chronicles 22:1)
  71. Wild olive tree (Jacob 5:7,9/Romans 11:17,24)
  72. Not cumber the ground (Jacob 5:9/Luke 13:7)
  73. Corrupt trees bring evil fruit (Jacob 5:38-39/Matt 7:17,19)
  74. Let good and bad grow together (Jacob 5:65/Matt 13:30)
  75. Moses’ prophecy of Christ’s coming (1 Nephi 22:20/Acts 3:22-23)
  76. Cut to the heart (Mosiah 113:7/Acts 5:33)
  77. Scales fell from his eyes (2 Nephi 30:6/Acts 9:18)
  78. Now I know of a surety (1 Nephi 5:8/Acts 13:11)
  79. Who shall declare his generation? (Mosiah 14:7-8/Isaiah 53/Acts 8:32-33)
  80. The Lord’s wings (2 Nephi 4:25/Psalm 17:8)
  81. Run a race, win the prize (Mosiah 4:27/1 Corinthians 9:24)
  82. Bands of death (Alma 4:14/Psalm 73:4)
  83. The provocation (Alma 12:36/Hebrews 3:8/Psalm 78:40)
  84. Grind to powder (2 Nephi 26:5/Matthew 21:44)
  85. Trample under foot (1 Nephi 19:7/Matthew 7:6)
  86. Mysteries of God (Matthew 13:11/1 Nephi 1:1)
  87. Finger of God (2 Nephi 3:17/Luke 11:20)
  88. They would have repented if they saw your miracles (2 Nephi 10:3/Matthew 11:21)
  89. Two or three witnesses (2 Nephi 11:3/Matthew 18:16)
  90. Cleanse the inward vessel (Alma 60:23-24/Matthew 23:26-27/Luke 11:39)
  91. The heavens opened (1 Nephi 11:14,27,30/ Mark 1:10)
  92. Give half of my kingdom (Alma 20:23/Mark 6:23)
  93. Pondered in my heart (1 Nephi 11:1/Luke 2:19)
  94. If ye are brought up in the gospel ye will not depart from it (2 Nephi 4:5/Proverbs 22:6)
  95. Seal you his (Mosiah 5:15/II Corinthians 1:22)
  96. O wretched man that I am (2 Nephi 4:17/Romans 4:15)
  97. Vengeance is mine; I will repay (Mormon 3:15/Romans 12:19)
  98. Let things be done in order (Mosiah 4:27/1 Corinthians 14:40)
  99. Be steadfast and immovable (1 Nephi 2:10/1 Corinthians 15:58)
  100. The true vine (1 Nephi 15:15/John 15:1)
  101. Death swallowed in victory (Mosiah 16:8/Isaiah 25:8)
  102. Armor of righteousness (2 Nephi 1:23/Isaiah 59:17/Ephesians 6:14)
  103. The serpent beguiled (2 Nephi 9:9/Genesis 3:13)
  104. Blood cries from the ground (2 Nephi 28:10/Genesis 4:10)
  105. Greater than I can bear (1 Nephi 16:1/Genesis 4:13/1 Corinthians 3:2)
  106. Nimrod the mighty hunter (Ether 2:1/Genesis 10:8-9)
  107. Enter into his rest (Jacob 1:7/Hebrews 3:11)
  108. Hedge up the way (Mosiah 7:29/Hosea 2:6)
  109. Fiery indignation (Alma 40:14/Hebrews 10:27)
  110. Dregs of a bitter cup (Alma 40:26/Psalm 75:8)
  111. Great and terrible (1 Nephi 12:18/Deuteronomy 1:19)
  112. Who can stand before his armies? (Ether 14:18/Deuteronomy 9:2)
  113. Turn aside out of the way (1 Nephi 19:13-15/Deuteronomy 9:12)
  114. They seek my life, to take it away (1 Nephi 1:20/1 Kings 19:10)
  115. Break the rocks into pieces (Helaman 14:21/1 Kings 19:11)

“As it is written”: New Testament References to Old Testament Scriptures

The following is a list of references in the New Testament to Old Testament scriptures, as demarcated by the phrase “as it is written” or other introductory quotes. This list does not include all New Testament references that allude to Old Testament scriptures; just those that are explicitly quoted. Some references may have been included/excluded due to human error.

  1. “Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Behold, a virgin shall be with child” (Matthew 1:22)
  2. “And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son” (Matthew 2:15)
  3. “Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying, In Rama was there a voice heard, lamentation, and weeping…” (Matthew 2:17)
  4. “And he came and dwelt in a city called Nazareth: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, He shall be called a Nazarene.” (Matthew 2:23)
  5. “For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Esaias, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight” (Matthew 3:3)(Luke 3:4)(John 1:23)
  6. “But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God” (Matthew 4:4)(Luke 4:4)
  7. “cast thyself down: for it is written, He shall give his angels charge concerning thee” (Matthew 4:6)(Luke 4:10)
  8. “Jesus said unto him, It is written again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God” (Matthew 4:7)
  9. “Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve” (Matthew 4:10)(Luke 4:8)
  10. “That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying, The land of Zabulon, and the land of Nephthalim…” (Matthew 4:14)
  11. “Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever killeth shall be in danger of the judgment” (Matthew 5:21)
  12. “Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery” (Matthew 5:27)
  13. “Again, ye have heard that it hath been said by them of old time, Thou shalt not forswear thyself” (Matthew 5:33)
  14. “Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thing enemy” (Matthew 5:43)
  15. “That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying, Himself took our infirmities, and bare our sicknesses.” (Matthew 8:17)
  16. “For this is he, of whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee” (Matthew 11:10)(Mark 1:2-3)(Luke 7:27-18)
  17. “But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungered, and they that were with him…” (Matthew 12:3)
  18. “That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying, Behold my servant, whom I have chosen” (Matthew 12:17)
  19. “And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which saith, By hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand” (Matthew 13:14)(Acts 28:25-28)
  20. “That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, I will open my mouth in parables…” (Matthew 13:35)
  21. “Ye hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying, This people draweth night unto me with their mouth…” (Matthew 15:7-8)(Mark 7:6)
  22. “All this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee…” (Matthew 21:4-5)(John 12:13-16)
  23. “And said unto them, It is written, My house shall be called the house of prayer; but ye have made it a den of thieves” (Matthew 21:13)(Mark 11:17)(Luke 19:46)
  24. “Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner” (Matthew 21:42)(Mark 12:10)(Luke 20:17-18)(Acts 4:11)
  25. “When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place” (Matthew 24:15)(Mark 13:14)
  26. “The Son of man goeth as it is written of him: but woe unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed!” (Matthew 26:24)
  27. “Then saith Jesus unto them, All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad” (Matthew 26:31)(Mark 14:27)
  28. “But all this was done, that the scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled” (Matthew 26:56)
  29. “Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was valued, whom they of the children of Israel did value” (Matthew 27:9-10)(Zechariah 11:12)
  30. “And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots” (Matthew 27:35)(John 19:24)
  31. “But I say unto you, That Elias is indeed come, and they have done unto him whatsoever they listed, as it is written of him” (Mark 9:13)
  32. “And as touching the dead, that they rise: have ye not read in the book of Moses, how in the bush God spake unto him, saying, I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob?” (Mark 12:26)
  33. “And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors” (Mark 15:28)(Luke 22:37)
  34. “As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, which have been since the world began: that we should be saved from our enemies” (Luke 1:70)(Acts 3:18)
  35. “Saying, Master, Moses wrote unto us, If any man’s brother die, having a wife, and he die without children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother” (Luke 20:28)
  36. “And David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, Till I make thine enemies thy footstool” (Luke 20:42-43)
  37. “For, behold, the days are coming, in the which they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck” (Luke 23:29)
  38. “And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day” (Luke 24:46)
  39. “And the disciples remembered that it was written, The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up” (John 2:17)
  40. “And herein is that saying true, One soweth, and another reapeth” (John 4:37)
  41. “Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat” (John 6:31)
  42. “It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me” (John 6:45)
  43. “He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water” (John 7:38)
  44. “Hath not the scripture said, That Christ cometh of the seed of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was?” (John 7:42)
  45. “It is also written in your law, that the testimony of two men is true.” (John 8:17)
  46. “Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods?” (John 10:34)
  47. “Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again, He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart” (John 12:39-40)
  48. “I speak not of you all: I know whom I have chosen: but that the scripture may be fulfilled, He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me” (John 13:18)
  49. “But this cometh to pass, that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause” (John 15:25)
  50. “While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name: those that thou gavest me I have kept, and none of them is lost, but the son of perdition; that the scripture might be fulfilled” (John 17:12/18:10)
  51. “For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken” (John 19:36)
  52. “And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced” (John 19:37)
  53. “For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead” (John 20:9)
  54. “Men and brethren, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas, which was guide to them that took Jesus” (Acts 1:16)
  55. “For it is written in the book of Psalms, Let his habitation be desolate, and let no man dwell therein” (Acts 1:20)
  56. “But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel; And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh” (Acts 2:16-17)
  57. “For David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved” (Acts 2:25)
  58. “Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began” (Acts 3:21)
  59. “For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me” (Acts 3:22)(Acts 7:37)
  60. “Ye are the children of the prophets, and of the covenant which God made with our fathers, saying unto Abraham, And in thy seed shall all the kindreds of the earth be blessed” (Acts 3:25)
  61. “Who by the mouth of thy servant David hast said, Why did the heathen rage, and the people imagine vain things?” (Acts 4:25)
  62. “And said unto him, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and come into the land which I shall shew thee” (Acts 7:3)
  63. “Howbeit the most High dwelleth not in temples made with hands; as saith the prophet, Heaven is my throne, and earth is my footstool” (Acts 7:48-49)
  64. “The place of the scripture which he read was this, He was led as a sheep to the slaughter; and like a lamb dumb before his shearer” (Acts 8:32)
  65. “And when they had fulfilled all that was written of him, they took him down from the tree, and laid him in a sepulchre” (Acts 13:29)
  66. “God hath fulfilled the same unto us their children, in that he hath raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee” (Acts 13:33)
  67. “Wherefore he saith also in another psalm, Thou shalt not suffer thine Holy One to see corruption” (Acts 1:35)
  68. “And to this agree the words of the prophets; as it is written, After this I will return, and will build again the tabernacle of David, which is fallen down” (Acts 15:15-16)
  69. “saying none other things than those which the prophets and Moses did say should come: that Christ should suffer, and that he should be the first that should rise from the dead, and should shew light unto the people, and to the Gentiles” (Acts 26:22-23)
  70. “For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, the Just shall live by faith” (Romans 1:17)
  71. “God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged” (Romans 3:4)
  72. “As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one” (Romans 3:10)
  73. “For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness” (Romans 4:3)
  74. “As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations” (Romans 4:17)
  75. “As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter” (Romans 8:36)
  76. “For this is the word of promise, At this time will I come, and Sara shall have a son” (Romans 9:9)
  77. “As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated” (Romans 9:13)
  78. “For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion” (Romans 9:15)
  79. “For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth” (Romans 9:17)
  80. “Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved” (Romans 9:27)
  81. “And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha” Romans 9:29)
  82. “For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed” (Romans 10:11)
  83. “And how shall they preach, except they be sent? as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace” (Romans 10:15)
  84. “But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?” (Romans 10:16)(John 12:38)
  85. “But Esaias is very bold, and saith, I was found of them that sought me not; I was made manifest unto them that asked not after me” (Romans 10:20)
  86. “But to Israel he saith, All the day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people” (Romans 10:21)
  87. “According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see” (Romans 11:8)
  88. “And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumblingblock” (Romans 11:9-10)
  89. “And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob” (Romans 11:26)
  90. “Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord” (Romans 12:19)(Hebrews 10:30)
  91. “For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God” (Romans 14:11)
  92. “For even Christ pleased not himself; but, as it is written, The reproaches of them that reproached thee fell on me” (Romans 15:3)
  93. “And that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy; as it is written, For this cause I will confess to thee among the Gentiles, and sing unto thy name” (Romans 15:9)
  94. “And again he saith, Rejoice, ye Gentiles, with his people” (Romans 15:10)
  95. “And again, Praise the Lord, all ye Gentiles; and laud him, all ye people” (Romans 15:11)
  96. “And again, Esaias saith, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles; in him shall the Gentiles trust” (Romans 15:12)
  97. “But as it is written, To whom he was not spoken of, they shall see: and they that have not heard shall understand” (Romans 15:21)
  98. “For it is written, I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent” (1 Corinthians 1:19)
  99. “But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him” (1 Corinthians 2:9)
  100. “For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written, He taketh the wise int their own craftiness” (1 Corinthians 3:19)
  101. “For it is written in the law of Moses, Thou shalt not muzzle the mouth of the ox that treadeth out the corn” (1 Corinthians 9:9)(1 Timothy 5:18)
  102. “In the law it is written, With men of other tongues and other lips will I speak unto this people; and yet for all that will they not hear me, saith the Lord” (1 Corinthians 14:21)
  103. “For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures” (1 Corinthians 15:3-4)
  104. “And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit” (1 Corinthians 15:45)
  105. “So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory” (1 Corinthians 15:54)
  106. “We having the same spirit of faith, according as it is written, I believed, and therefore have I spoken, we also believe, and therefore speak” (II Corinthians 4:13)
  107. “As it is written, He that had gathered much had nothing over; and he that had gathered little had no lack” (II Corinthians 8:15)
  108. “As it is written, he hath dispersed abroad; he hath given to the poor: his righteousness remaineth for ever.” (II Corinthians 9:9)
  109. “For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them” (Galatians 3:10)
  110. “Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree” (Galatians 3:13)
  111. “For it is written, Rejoice, thou barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not” (Galatians 4:27)
  112. “Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts” (Hebrews 4:7)
  113. “As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec” (Hebrews 5:6)
  114. “Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount” (Hebrews 8:5)
  115. “Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy” (1 Peter 1:16)
  116. “Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded” (1 Peter 2:6)
  117. “But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog is turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing mire” (2 Peter 2:22)

The Vision of the Tree of Life (Part II): Biblical Comparisons

The following is a comparison of Nephi’s/Lehi’s vision of the Tree of Life to several other scriptures in the Bible. This portion of the Book of Mormon uses motifs from multiple sources in the Bible, and makes changes to reflect the circumstances of Lehi’s family rather than blatantly copying from such sources. This further illustrates the complexity of the Book of Mormon and supports the notion that it is not simply a regurgitation of memorized scriptures. The vision of the tree of life comprises 1 Nephi 8 and 1 Nephi 11-14 respectively.

  1. STRUCTURE OF THE VISION OF LEHI AND NEPHI = The vision presented to Nephi and Lehi follow similar patterns of visions given to John the Revelator as well as other Old Testament Prophets like Jeremiah and Ezekiel.

a) I WAS TAKEN TO A HIGH MOUNTAIN= Multiple prophets refer to being carried away in a vision. They are taken to different locations, such as high mountains.

  • “For it came to pass after I had desired to know the things that my father had seen, and believing that the Lord was able to make them known unto me, as I sat pondering in my heart I was caught away in the Spirit of the Lord, yea, into an exceedingly high mountain, which I never had before seen, and upon which I never had before set my foot” (1 Nephi 11:1)
  • “And there came unto me one of the seven angels which had the seven vials…And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God” (Revelation 21:9-10)” (Revelation 21:10)
  • “Afterwards the spirit took me up, and brought me in a vision by the Spirit of God into Chaldea” (Ezekiel 11:24)

b) I TURNED TO LOOK= Both John and Nephi turn to see the voice that is speaking to them, but they turn and no longer see the person speaking, but rather continue to see the vision unfold.

  • “he said unto me: Look! And I looked as if to look upon him, and I saw him not; for he had gone from before my presence” (1 Nephi 11:12)
  • “And I turned to see the voice that spake with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks” (Revelation 1:12)

c) WHAT SEEST THOU? = The Spirit who guides the visions asks those who see the vision to identify what they are seeing.

  • “and an angel came down and stood before me; and he said unto me: Nephi, what beholdest thou? And I said unto him: A virgin, most beautiful and fair…” (1 Nephi 11:14-15)
  • “Then said the Lord unto me, What seest thou, Jeremiah? And I said, Figs; the good figs, very good and the evil, very evil…” (Jeremiah 24:3)


a) THE ROD OF IRON = (See “The Vision of the Tree of Life: Part I”)

b) TREE OF LIFE= The tree of life is a motif used in both the Old Testament and New Testament. On many occasions, the Bible refers to trees that are planted near rivers of water. While this may be a minor consistency, it is nevertheless important to note that the Tree of Life in Nephi’s/Lehi’s vision is placed near a river of water and a tree planted near a river of water is a common metaphor used in the Old Testament. Proverbs 3:13-18 also combines the emotion of happiness to the tree of life.

  • “I beheld a river of water; and it ran along, and it was near the tree of which I was partaking of the fruit” (1 Nephi 8:13)
  • “And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season” (Psalm 1:3)
  • “For he shall be as a tree planted by the waters, and that spreadeth out her roots by the river” (Jeremiah 17:8)
  • “He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God” (Revelation 2:7)
  • “And it came to pass that I beheld a tree, whose fruit was desirable to make one happy” (1 Nephi 8:10)
  • Happy is the man that findeth wisdom…she is a tree of life to them that lay hold upon her: and happy is everyone that retaineth her” (Proverbs 3:13-18)

c) CHURCH OF SATAN = There is a subtle difference between the revelations of Nephi and John. John, who has witnessed the persecution of the saints by the Jews, has identified them as being members of the “synagogue of Satan” (Revelation 2:9/3:9). Nephi, on the other hand, identifies a church among the Gentiles that is founded by the devil. Both are similar motifs used to describe different circumstances.

  • “Which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan” (Revelation 2:9)
  • “Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which they say are Jews” (Revelation 3:9)
  • “I beheld this great and abominable church, and I saw the devil that he was the founder of it” (1 Nephi 13:6)

d) FOUNTAIN OF LIFE = In addition to this being a Biblical motif, it is interesting that Nephi uses “fountain of living waters” and “the tree of life” interchangeably. As far as I know there are no examples in the Bible of these two motifs combined in such a manner. It is also important to note that John (Revelation 7:17) states that Jesus Christ will lead the righteous to the fountain of life. Similarly, Nephi’s and Lehi’s vision show a rod of iron, interpreted as the “word of God,” leading to the fountain of living waters (Jesus Christ is sometimes referred to as “the Word” (John 1:14))

  • “And it came to pass that I beheld that the rod of iron, which my father had seen, was the word of God, which led to the fountain of living waters, or to the tree of life, which waters are a representation of the love of God; and I also beheld that the tree of life was a representation of the love of God” (1 Nephi 11:25)
  • “For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters…” (Revelation 7:17)
  • “For with thee is the fountain of life: in thy light shall we see light” (Psalm 36:9)
  • “they have forsaken me the fountain of living waters” (Jeremiah 2:13/17:13)

e) PIT OF HELL = This motif seems to be a synthesis of the “bottomless pit” described in the book of Revelation and the pits described by David as being digged by the wicked to ensnare him, only for them to fall in their own pits. Nephi’s vision combines these two motifs.

  • “And that great pit, which hath been digged for them by that great and abominable church, which was founded by the devil and his children…that great pit which hath been digged for the destruction of men shall be filled by those who digged it” (1 Nehpi 14:3)
  • “And he opened the bottomless pit; and there arose a smoke out of the pit, as the smoke out of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of the pit” (Revelation 9:2)
  • “The heathen are sunk down in the pit that they made: in the net which they hid is their own foot taken” (Psalm 9:15)
  • “They have prepared a net for my steps; my soul is bowed down: they have digged a pit before me, into the midst whereof they are fallen themselves. Selah” (Psalm 57:6)
  • He made a pit, and digged it, and is fallen into the ditch which he made. His mischief shall return upon his own head, and his violent dealing shall come down upon his own pate” (Psalm 7:15-16)

f) THE WHORE OF THE EARTH = This motif is also founded in the book of Revelation and other scriptures in the Old and New Testaments, but the motif is used somewhat differently in the Book of Mormon. John uses Bablyon as a metaphor of wickedness, whereas the vision presented to Nephi and Lehi excludes the great city of Bablyon, and substitutes the metaphor with a “great and spacious building.” This may be due to the fact that Lehi and his family left before the Jews were taken captive by Babylon. While Lehi and his descendants knew that Babylon and destroyed Jerusalem, the metaphor would not have been as significant for them since they had been in the wilderness for many years before the Babylonian captivity.

  • “belongeth to that great church, which is the mother of abominations; and she is the whore of all the earth…and she sat upon many waters” (1 Nephi 14:10-11)
  • “I will shew unto thee the judgment of the great whore that sitteth upon many waters” (Revelation 17:1)
  • “And the woman which thou sawest is that great city, which reigneth over the kings of the earth” (Revelation 17:18)

g) BABYLON HAS FALLEN = This further expands upon the metaphor described previously, but combines language similar to Matthew 7:27. Once again, Nephi’s vision replaces the city of Babylon with the great and spacious building.

  • “the great and spacious building was the pride of the world; and it fell, and the fall thereof was exceedingly great” (1 Nephi 11:36)
  • “And he cried mightily, with a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils…” (Revelation 18:2)
  • “And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell: and great was the fall of it.” (Matthew 7:27)


 “And saying, Alas, alas, that great city, that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls!” (Revelation 18:16)

“Behold the gold, and the silver, and the silks, and the scarlets, and fine-twined linen, and the precious clothing, and the harlots, are the desires of this great and abominable church” (1 Nephi 13:8)

i) DROWNING IN THE RIVER = On several occasions in the Bible, the wicked are described as being drowned in iniquity or overcome by water. This motif is reflected in the vision of the tree of life, where those who stray from the rod of iron are drowned in the filthy water of the river.

“And it came to pass that many were drowned in the depths of the fountain; and many were lost from his view, wandering in strange roads” (1 Nephi 8:32)

“But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition” (1 Timothy 6:9)

“Then they had swallowed us up quick, when their wrath was kindled against us: Then the waters had overwhelmed us, the stream had gone over our soul. Then the proud waters had gone over our soul” (Psalm 124:3-5)

j) MISTS OF DARKNESS = Take note of Proverbs 2:12-16, which describes wicked people who leave the path of righteousness to walk in darkness after the temptations of a harlot. This imagery is very similar to the harlot described in the book of Revelation and the Book of Mormon, where the mother of harlots draws the wicked to her to fight against the Lamb of God. The mist of darkness seems absent from the Book of Revelation, other than a reference to the land being darkened by smoke coming from the bottomless pit.

“And it came to pass that there arose a mist of darkness; yea, even an exceedingly great mist of darkness, insomuch that they who had commenced in the path did lose their way, that they wandered off and were lost.” (1 Nephi 8:23)

“And after they had tasted of the fruit they were ashamed, because of those that were scoffing at them; and they fell away into forbidden paths and were lost.” (1 Nephi 8:28)

“And the mists of darkness are the temptations of the devil” (1 Nephi 12:17)

“These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.”   (II Peter 2:17)

“and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of the pit” (Revelation 9:2)

“To deliver thee from the way of the evil man, from the man that speaketh froward things; who leave the paths of uprightness, to walk in the ways of darkness; who rejoice to do evil, and delight in the frowardness of the wicked; whose ways are crooked, and they froward in their paths; to deliver thee from the strange woman, even from the stranger which flattereth with her wordsNone that go unto her return again, neither take they hold of the paths of life” (Proverbs 2:12-16, 19)



  • “I have dreamed a dream; or, in other words, I have seen a vision” (1 Nephi 8:2) 
  • “And the king said unto them, I have dreamed a dream” (Daniel 2:3)


  • “I began to pray unto the Lord that he would have mercy on me, according to the multitude of his tender mercies” (1 Nephi 8:8)
  • Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy lovingkindness: according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions.” (Psalm 51:1)


  • “And I answered him, saying: Yea, it is the love of God, which sheddeth itself abroad in the hearts of the children of men; wherefore, it is the most desirable above all things” (1 Nephi 11:22)
  • “And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us” (Romans 5:5)


  • “yea, and tortureth them and bindeth them down, and yoketh them with a yoke of iron, and bringeth them down into captivity” (1 Nephi 13:5)
  • I have put a yoke of iron upon the neck of all these nations, that they may serve Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon” (Jeremiah 28:14)


  • “For the time cometh, saith the Lamb of God, that I will work a great and a marvelous work among the children of men” (1 Nephi 14:7)
  • “I will proceed to do a marvellous work among this people, even a marvellous work and a wonder” (Isaiah 29:14)


  • “And the large and spacious building, which thy father saw, is vain imaginations and the pride of the children of men. And a great and a terrible gulf divideth them; yea, even the word of the justice of the Eternal God” (1 Nephi 12:18)
  • “And beside all this between us and you there is a great gulf fixed: so that they which would pass from hence to you cannot; neither can they pass to us, that would come from thence” (Luke 16:26)


  • “and whoso shall publish peace, yea, tidings of great joy, how beautiful upon the mountains shall they be” (1 Nephi 13:37)
  • How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace; that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth salvation” (Isaiah 52:7)

Biblical Motifs and Doctrines in 2 Nephi 9

The following is a list of Biblical references to doctrines, events, or motifs contained in 2 Nephi 9 of the Book of Mormon. References will be listed by verse as they appear in 2 Nephi 9. The purpose of this reference is to help the reader better understand the complexity and precision of the author in using Biblical motifs in the writing of 2 Nephi 9. This represents only a portion of the motifs found in 2 Nephi 9 that can be traced back to the Bible.

  1. By the mouth of his holy prophets

(2 Nephi 9:2) “That he has spoken unto the Jews, by the mouth of his holy prophets, even from the beginning down”

(Acts 3:21) “which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began”

2. From generation to generation

(2 Nephi 9:2) “from generation to generation”

(Isaiah 13:20) “neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation”

(Daniel 4:3) “and his dominion is from generation to generation”

(Luke 1:50) “on them that fear him from generation to generation”

3. Fold of God

(2 Nephi 9:2) “restored to the true church and fold of God”

(Jeremiah 23:3) “And I will gather the remnant of my flock out of all countries…and will bring them again to their folds”

4. Lift up your heads

(2 Nephi 9:3) “rejoice, and lift up your heads forever”

(Psalm 24:7) “Lift up your heads, O ye gates”

5. Have searched to know of things to come

(2 Nephi 9:4) “ye have searched much, many of you, to know of things to come”

(1 Peter 1:10) “Of which salvation the prophets have inquired and searched diligently”

6. We will die, but we will see god in our flesh.

(2 Nephi 9:4) “Our flesh must waste away and die; nevertheless, in our bodies we shall see God”

(Job 19:26) “And though after my skin worms shall destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God”

7. Become subject unto Christ

(2 Nephi 9:5) “that all men might become subject unto him”

(Hebrews 2:8) “For in that he put all in subjection under him, he left nothing that is not put under him”

8. Power of the resurrection

(2 Nephi 9:6) “there must needs be a power of resurrection”

(Phillippians 3:10) “That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection”

9. Corruption must put on incorruption

(2 Nephi 9:7) “Save it should be an infinite atonement this corruption could not put on incorruption”

(1 Corinthians 15:53) “For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality”

10. An angel fell from heaven

(2 Nephi 9:8) “our spirits must become subject to that angel who fell from before the presence of the Eternal God”

(Isaiah 14:12) “How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning!”

11. Devil can transform into an angel of light

(2 Nephi 9:9) “who transformeth himself night unto an angel of light”

(II Corinthians 11:14) “for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light”

12. Devil beguiled Adam and Eve

(2 Nephi 9:9) “yea, to that being who beguiled our first parents”

(II Corinthians 11:3) “But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.”

13. Goodness of God

(2 Nephi 9:10) “O how great the goodness of our God, who prepareth a way…”

(Psalm 31:19) “Oh how great is thy goodness, which thou hast laid up for them that fear thee”

14. Death and Hell

(2 Nephi 9:10) “yea, that monster, death and hell, which I call the death of the body, and also the death of the spirit”

(Revelation 6:8) “And I looked, and behold a pale horse: and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him”

15. Death and Hell must deliver up the captives/The second death. 

(2 Nephi 9:12) “And this death of which I have spoken, which is the spiritual death, shall deliver up its dead; which spiritual death is hell; wherefore, death and hell must deliver up their dead, and hell must deliver up its captive spirits, and the grave must deliver up its captive bodies…”

(Revelation 20:13-15) “And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them; and they were judged every man according to their works. And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.”

(Revelation 21:8) “shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.”

16. The robe of righteousness

(2 Nephi 9:14) “being clothed with purity, even with the robe of righteousness”

(Isaiah 61:10) “he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness”

17. The judgment seat of Christ

(2 Nephi 9:15) “they must appear before the judgment-seat of the Holy One of Israel; and then cometh the judgment”

(Romans 14:10) “for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ”

(II Corinthians 5:10) “For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ…”

18. God’s word shall not pass away

(2 Nephi 9:16)”for the Lord God hath spoken it, and it is his eternal word, which cannot pass away…”

(Mark 13:31) “Heaven and earth shall pass away: but my words shall not pass away”

19. Righteous will be righteous still; filthy will be filthy still. 

(2 Nephi 9:16) “they who are righteous shall be righteous still, and they who are filthy shall be filthy still”

(Revelation 22:11) “He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still”

20. Lake of fire and brimstone

(2 Nephi 9:16) “their torment is as a lake of fire an brimstone, whose flame ascendeth up forever and ever and has no end”

(Revelation 19:20) “These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone”

21. Flame/smoke ascends forever and ever

(2 Nephi 9:16) “and their torment is as a lake of fire and brimstone, whose flame ascendeth up forever and ever and has no end”

(Revelation 14:11) “And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day or night”

22. Endure the cross and despise the shame of it

(2 Nephi 9:18) “they who have believed in the holy one of Israel, they who have endured the crosses of the world, and despised the shame of it…”

(Hebrews 12:2) “who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God”

23. Inherit the kingdom prepared from the foundation of the world. 

(2 Nephi 9:18) “they shall inherit the kingdom of God, which was prepared for them from the foundation of the world”

(Matthew 25:34) “Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world”

24. Your joy may be full

(2 Nephi 9:18) “and their joy shall be full forever”

(John 1:4) “And these things write we unto you, that your joy may be full”

25. Endure to the end

(2 Nephi 9:24) “And if they will not repent…and endure to the end, they must be damned”

(Matthew 10:22) “but he that endureth to the end shall be saved”

26. No law, no sin

(2 Nephi 9:25) “Wherefore, he has given a law; and where there is no law given there is no punishment…”

(Romans 4:15) “Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression.”

27. Uncircumcised of heart

(2 Nephi 9:33) “Wo unto the uncircumcised of heart, for a knowledge of their iniquities shall smite them at the last day”

(Acts 7:51) “Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears…”

(Jeremiah 9:26) “and all the house of Israel are uncircumcised in the heart”

28. Carnally minded is death

(2 Nephi 9:39) “Remember, to be carnally-minded is death, and to be spiritually-minded is life eternal”

(Romans 8:6) “For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace”

29. Spoken hard things

(2 Nephi 9:40) “Do not say that I have spoken hard things against you”

(Psalm 60:3) “Thou hast shewed thy people hard things: thou hast made us to drink the wine of astonishment”

30. Go on the straight path

(2 Nephi 9:41) “Behold, the way for man is narrow, but it lieth in a straight course before him…”

(Psalm 5:8) “Lead me, O Lord, in thy righteousness because of mine enemies; make thy way straight before my face”

(Matthew 3:3) “Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.”

31. Path of righteousness

(2 Nephi 9:41) “Remember that his paths are righteous” (originally “righteousness”)

(Psalm 23:3) “he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name’s sake”

32. Consider yourself a fool before God

(2 Nephi 9:42) “And save they shall cast these things away, and consider themselves fools before God, and come down in the depths of humility…”

(1 Corinthians 3:18) “If any man among you seemeth to be wise in this world, let him become a fool, that he may be wise.”

33. The wise and the prudent

(2 Nephi 9:43) “But the things of the wise and the prudent shall be hid from them forever…”

(1 Corinthians 1:19) “For it is written, I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent”

34. Shake my garments to rid myself of your blood

(2 Nephi 9:44) “Behold, I take off my garments, and I shake them before you…I shook your iniquities from my soul…and am rid of your blood”

(Acts 18:6) “he shook his raiment, and said unto them, Your blood be upon your own heads; I am clean…”

35. The searching eye of the Lord 

(2 Nephi 9:44) “I pray the God of my salvation that he view me with his all-searching eye”

(Psalm 139:23) “Search me, O Go, and know my heart: try me, and know my thoughts”

(Psalm 33:18) “Behold, the eye of the Lord is upon them that fear him…”

(Proverbs 15:3) “The eyes of the Lord are in every place, beholding the evil and the good.”

36. Stand with brightness

(2 Nephi 9:44) “That I stand with brightness before him”

(Isaiah 62:1) “I will not rest, until the righteousness thereof go forth as brightness…”

(Ezekiel 28:7,17) “and they shall defile thy brightness…thou hast corrupted by wisdom by reason of thy brightness”

37. Rock of my salvation

(2 Nephi 9:45) “come unto that God who is the rock of your salvation”

(Psalm 62:2) “He only is my rock and my salvation”

38. Chains of Hell

(2 Nephi 9:45) “shake off the chains of him that would bind you fast”

(2 Peter 2:4) “but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness”

(Jude 1:6) “he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.”

39. Plainness of speech

(2 Nephi 9:47) “Would I be plain unto you according to the plainness of the truth if ye were freed from sin?”

(II Corinthians 3:12) “Seeing then that we have such hope, we use great plainness of speech”

40. Delight in righteousness

(2 Nephi 9:49) “Behold, my soul abhorreth sin, and my heart delighteth in righteousness…”

(Psalm 40:8) “I delight to do thy will, O my God; yea, thy law is within my heart.”